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Questions tagged [heterodox]

General questions about non-Orthodox Jewish practice and ideology.

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How do groups who reject the oral Torah explain David's election [closed]

How can the oral law deniers explain the election of David ben Yishai when the Torah says "no Ammonite or Moabite shall enter into thd congregation of HaShem, none of their descendants, even to ...
Davies's user avatar
  • 91
1 vote
0 answers
104 views

Nusach of Jewish Renewal

Jewish Renewal was founded by Reb Zalman, who was formerly Chabad Lubavitch, which follows Nusach Ari. Is the nusach followed by Jewish Renewal derived from Nusach Ashkenaz, Nusach Sefard or Nusach ...
Zeca Szymon Botafogo Worcman's user avatar
2 votes
0 answers
61 views

Were there those who believed that the Hasmonean dynasty was messianic?

The majority branches of Judaism believes that the Messiah must be from the line of David. But were there other sectarian points of view? In particular, I am interested in the opinion about the ...
Dankl-Franl bar Uri-Hirschl's user avatar
2 votes
1 answer
185 views

Obligation of rebuke with non halachic converts

In my understanding, the command to rebuke a sinner only applies if we have reason to believe the sinner will listen. As example, an atheist Jew who breaks Shabbat and won’t listen to rebuke there’s ...
Kirk's user avatar
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1 vote
1 answer
87 views

Historical references for non-halachic conversion

As of late much ado has been made about in the Torah world about the non-halachic conversion crisis. This is especially controversial in Israel due to halachic problems with gentiles owning land there....
Kirk's user avatar
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0 votes
1 answer
134 views

Jewish Renewal and patrilineality [closed]

Reform Judaism and Reconstructionist Judaism recognize as Jews by birth children of a Jewish father and a non-Jewish mother who were raised exclusively in Judaism. What does Jewish Renewal say about ...
Zeca Szymon Botafogo Worcman's user avatar
1 vote
1 answer
101 views

Non-Jewish philosophical defense of religion

Is there an issue, Hashkafically or otherwise, with using a non-Jewish philosophical argument to defend the belief in Hashem or utility of religion without referencing the Torah? Like referencing Leo ...
Kirk's user avatar
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1 vote
0 answers
104 views

Normative Shabbat prohibitions in Jewish Renewal

The Shabbat restrictions are normative in Jewish Renewal? If yes, what are the leniences in comparison with Orthodox Judaism and Conservative Judaism?
Zeca Szymon Botafogo Worcman's user avatar
0 votes
1 answer
116 views

Orthodox Lieberman clause

Have there been any Orthodox Rabbis who recognize the Saul Lieberman clause in a Ketubah or something similar to it? I understand originally there was working together between Joseph B. Soloveitchik ...
Kirk's user avatar
  • 4,630
3 votes
2 answers
211 views

How does the Torah reading cycle work in Reform and Conservative communities?

I’ve noticed that Kriyat Ha-Torah works differently in Reform and Conservative synagogues. The aliyot are shorter. I heard that this is because they work on a three year cycle, rather than an annual ...
ezra's user avatar
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1 vote
2 answers
225 views

Where can I find polemics between Reform and Orthodoxy?

I am looking for polemics between Reform and Orthodoxy. Surprisingly, despite spending some time searching on Google, I didn't find anything online. (Preferably not a book that I would have to buy in ...
Tzvi K's user avatar
  • 153
2 votes
0 answers
163 views

How many adherents does Haymanot (version of Judaism from Ethiopia) have nowadays?

According to Wikipedia; The population of Beta Israel is; Israel: 160,500 (2021), Ethiopia: 12,000 (2021), US: 1,000 (2008). They practise a non-Talmudic form of Judaism that is similar in some ...
Tzvi K's user avatar
  • 153
0 votes
0 answers
98 views

Do the non-traditional branches of Judaism claim to be rejecting the original foundations and replacing it with something superior?

R Dovid Gottlieb made the following claim to me: "The non-traditional branches (Reform, Conservative, Reconstructionist) of Judaism claim to be rejecting the original foundations and replacing ...
Tzvi K's user avatar
  • 153
3 votes
1 answer
373 views

What is the position of each of these Non-Orthodox groups regarding the Oral Torah presented by Orthodox Judaism?

From my vague general knowledge (without studying this in depth), there are 6 general “mathematical” (potential) positions available for groups regarding the Orthodox Oral Torah; G-d never Gave ANY ...
Tzvi K's user avatar
  • 153
3 votes
2 answers
349 views

The 'No True Scotsman' Fallacy and Judaism

I don't know if this has been asked before, perhaps with different terminology. There is a well-known fallacy, that in the realm of religious debates, comes up often especially with regards to "...
Harel13's user avatar
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5 votes
0 answers
515 views

Does Sefaria, as a resource, conform to Orthodox standards? [closed]

Sefaria.org has emerged as a very convenient and popular place to find hundreds of important Torah texts in Hebrew and English. Many people rely upon the site for study and for the generation of ...
LFE's user avatar
  • 433
2 votes
1 answer
111 views

Looking for a compilation of heresies

Is anyone aware of a book/essay/website/other that compiles all Chazalic sources that refer to heresies, heterodox ideas, minut, etc? Things such as the stories about Jesus, Mishna Megillah 4a, and so ...
Harel13's user avatar
  • 25.8k
3 votes
0 answers
132 views

Sefardi/Mizrahi rulings on non-Orthodox denominations

I'm aware why Chatam Sofer and R Feinstein had such harsh and castigating stances on associating/celebrating with non-Orthodox Jews or entering those prayer spaces, as they were actively fighting the ...
SarcasticAquarius's user avatar
0 votes
0 answers
118 views

Is there a Karaite answer to the Kuzari?

According to Wikipedia, the Kuzari was originally written as a reply by Rabbi Yehudah Halevi to a heretic, likely a Spanish Karaite. Indeed, sections of the book are dedicated to refuting the Karaite ...
Harel13's user avatar
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0 votes
1 answer
110 views

Usage of honorifics for non-Orthodox authorities

When speaking or when referring to a non-Orthodox Jewish authority, for example, a Reform rabbi (whether male or female), should one use their title of "rabbi" - maybe for דרכי שלום or ...
Harel13's user avatar
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0 votes
1 answer
226 views

What is the connection or relationship between the two vocalizations of ערב?

What is the connection between the two vocalizations of ערב? This word ערב in Exodus 12:38 is latinized as "eirev" or "erev" or "eruv" and is the exact same Hebrew ...
ninamag's user avatar
  • 43
0 votes
2 answers
641 views

How does Reform Judaism regard converts who leave Judaism?

I've come to understand over time that if an Orthodox convert leaves Judaism/stops practicing all or some of Judaism, the status of their Jewish identity is decided on a case-by-case basis by the ...
Harel13's user avatar
  • 25.8k
1 vote
1 answer
283 views

Is Reform conversion recognized by the Conservative movement?

Are people who have converted to Reform Judaism recognized as Jews by the Conservative movement?
Harel13's user avatar
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9 votes
1 answer
819 views

Why does the Reform Siddur cut out most of Krias Shema?

I noticed recently that for Krias Shema, Reform Jews only say the first paragraph (V'ahavta) and the last couple verses of the third paragraph (for an example: scroll down to page 18). I know the ...
alicht's user avatar
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3 votes
2 answers
1k views

What exactly is the Mussar movement and how does it differ from mainstream Judaism?

I've been hearing the term "Mussar Movement" being used a lot more often as of late and I even saw some advertisements for it on other Jewish forums. I'm speaking to a specific movement, not just the ...
user avatar
10 votes
4 answers
578 views

How observant were Jews throughout most of history?

This question relates to what we know about Jewish observance since the exile. I was curious if we knew for certain how observant most Jews were throughout most of history and if that observance ...
user avatar
2 votes
3 answers
776 views

What will happen to secular unafilliated Jews in the time of Mashiach?

What will happen to Conservative, Reform and unaffiliated Jews in the Messianic era?
Refoel's user avatar
  • 65
3 votes
0 answers
166 views

What's the origin of the Conservative recititive?

I've noticed that people who learned to daven in the Conservative movement have a particular recititive which they use for weekday nusach and another for Shabbat nusach (this is among those who ...
Noach MiFrankfurt's user avatar
-9 votes
1 answer
255 views

Are the Conservatives and all who practice it considered non-Jews in the eyes of Orthodoxy

From what I understand, the Orthodox declared all within the German Reform movement as karet, cut off, non-Jews, and they don't recognize any Reform Jew as Jewish to this day. However, some of these ...
eternalsquire's user avatar
1 vote
0 answers
169 views

Was Solomon Schechter shomer shabbos?

I heard anecdotally that the early JTS president Solomon Schechter was not, but I have been unable to find a citation either way on this claim. Schechter was allegedly one of the most accomplished ...
yakzo's user avatar
  • 311
2 votes
1 answer
172 views

Conservative procedures for avoiding intermarriage?

Conservative rabbis are prohibited from performing intermarriages (e.g., http://www.rabbinicalassembly.org/sites/default/files/public/ethical_guidelines/Code%20of%20conduct-2011-public.pdf). Is ...
Yehuda W's user avatar
  • 8,251
7 votes
2 answers
293 views

Source for story about the Maskilim's play mocking what the "orchei hamilchama" would look like according to chazal

Does anyone know of a reliable source for the story about how the Maskilim made a play to mock what a milchama would look like according to the torah/chazal, in which they depicted only the Chofetz ...
Hillel's user avatar
  • 79
9 votes
2 answers
844 views

Can a secular Jew drink non mevushal wine that he touched?

If a secular (non-observant) Jew touches wine that isn't mevushal does that render it not kosher for him to drink? Nafka Mina: gifting non-mevushal wine to a secular friend.
Ani Yodea's user avatar
  • 13.2k
6 votes
1 answer
424 views

Non-Orthodox converts and Olam Ha-Ba

Would a Gentile who converted through a non-orthodox movement be judged as a Gentile or a Jew in Olam Ha-Ba? In regards to the judgement, would his/her action of converting and living a "Jewish" ...
user avatar
3 votes
1 answer
452 views

What does it mean for atheists to raise their children 'Jewish'?

I was reading the book Battle Hymn of the Tiger Mom by Amy Chua. In this book she mention that her Jewish husband is not religious in the slightest but still when they got married insisted that the ...
Neil Meyer's user avatar
2 votes
2 answers
1k views

Does Orthodox Judaism Recognize Reform Conversions?

If a person converted into the Reform or Conservative (Masorti) Movements, would Orthodox Jews consider them to be Jewish in the first place? This is also assuming the person keeps basic Kosher (not ...
user avatar
6 votes
3 answers
3k views

Witnesses and the Ketubah

I heard from a chief rabbi of an Israeli city, who was officiating at a wedding I was at, that a Ketubah must be signed by two witnesses who are shomer mitzvos. What is the legal definition of this ...
TheRedRebbe's user avatar
6 votes
2 answers
663 views

Criteria to be considered a gentile for the purposes of selling chametz?

I understand that for some tasks or jobs (particularly those relating to kashrut), Judaism ritually requires more than the criteria of matrilineal descent to qualify as a Jew. E.g., as I understand it,...
Joshua Skrzypek's user avatar
5 votes
0 answers
104 views

Renting digital services to Jews who are known to work on Shabbes

Given the following scenario: A Jew is the sole owner of a digital business which rents its services (a digital platform that does not require human intervention from part of the owner) for a monthly ...
helloworld's user avatar
3 votes
1 answer
275 views

A Less-Observant Jew Leading Prayers

Can a Jew who does not observe Shabbat act as a shaliach tzibur (to lead prayers on behalf the congregation)? I know that many are lenient and find reasons to count a mechalel shabbat for a minyan, ...
Mike's user avatar
  • 5,435
0 votes
2 answers
1k views

Mother was adopted into Jewish family and raised Jewish, and she raised me as a Jew... Will my children be Jewish? [duplicate]

My mother was adopted, raised as a reform Jew and became Bat Mitzvah, continued with her Jewish studies through Confirmation...but I do recall her finding out one day that her parents never officially ...
ConfusedDaughter's user avatar
12 votes
3 answers
723 views

What is the Reform view of the origin of the Torah?

I recently attended a community Torah study hosted by a Reform rabbi. As we were discussing the weekly Torah portion, many of those in attendance (Reform Jews) kept referring to "the men" who wrote ...
Dror's user avatar
  • 289
6 votes
4 answers
3k views

Are non-Orthodox marriages recognized by Orthodox rabbis?

Let's suppose a couple was married by a Reform rabbi in a standard reform ceremony (with egalitarian ketubah, and many other modifications to traditional kiddushin). If the couple later become baalei ...
user avatar
11 votes
2 answers
935 views

May a halachically 'Jewish' Atheist work as a 'Shabbat goy'?

I am aware that in Judaism, adherents are forbidden from performing many types of work on the Sabbath/Shabbat/Shabbos. Although it has come to my attention that some consider the employment of a '...
A.Concerned.Lurker's user avatar
4 votes
1 answer
549 views

Non-observant Jew making kiddush

Can a Jew who does not observe Shabbat say kiddush for others?
user avatar
-1 votes
1 answer
3k views

Is there really evidence that the Rabbis changed the day's beginning from sunrise to sunset? [closed]

The writing of the two Rabbis quoted below state that the Rabbis changed the start of the day from sunrise to sunset. Rabbi Drazin wrote that "we know for certain that the day began in the Temple ...
shmuley's user avatar
  • 45
12 votes
1 answer
777 views

The Orthodox approach to R. Benamozegh's theology?

R. Elijah Benamozegh was a 19th century rabbi and kabbalist, who wrote many works of biblical commentary and Jewish responsa, but is chiefly known in the non-Jewish world for his book on religious ...
Aryeh's user avatar
  • 11.6k
14 votes
1 answer
1k views

Are there Jews not following the rabbinic laws?

Trying to learn about Judaism more I have been reading this StackExchange for the past few months. As a non-Jew using the correct terminology is a bit hard, so please do feel more than free to edit ...
David Mulder's user avatar
1 vote
2 answers
286 views

Partnership Minyan?

There are minyanim who self-identify as "partnership minyanim". Wikipdedia gives this definition of a partnership minyan: [A] prayer group that is both committed to maintaining halakhic standards ...
Noach MiFrankfurt's user avatar
15 votes
2 answers
3k views

How does Orthodox Judaism view the Dead Sea Scrolls?

I'm trying to understand how Orthodox Jews view the Dead Sea Scrolls. Are they considered authentic representations of Judaism? If there are textual variants between our current Tanach texts and the ...
user avatar