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Questions tagged [hermeneutics]

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The tradition of a Gezeira Shava

A number of questions and answers (here is one, for example) have pointed out that expounding text by means of a gezeriah shava requires a mesorah, a teaching from one's teacher, and that different ...
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1answer
255 views

Which drashot require a mesorah?

From what I've heard, two of them have definite rules: Kal Vachomer doesn't need a mesorah. Gezeirah Shavah does need a mesorah. But what about everything else, such as a Hekesh, or a Clal u'prat, ...
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Logic behind אם אינו ענין

Every now and again Chazal use a method of exegesis of the form אם אינו ענין ל___ תנהו לענין ___‏ which means that if a word or phrase is extra, due to the halacha it apparently teaches being ...
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1answer
87 views

Applying hermeneutical rules nowadays

Chazal used various hermeneutical rules, such as R' Yishmoel's, to interpret the Torah and to derive novel halachos from it (as well as get support for existing ones). Can we use those rules ...
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What's the basis for “דברה התורה כלשון בני”א" (Torah used common language)?

The Sages used the "דברה התורה כלשון בני אדם" excuse (acc. to the WIKI page) in two ways - in the Gemmorah to resolve [the problem of] repeating languages in the Torah (like עלה נעלה or פדה תפדה) and ...
4
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For kiddushin, why does Rambam say kesef is “mi'divrei sofrim” but doesn't say that for shtar?

In Hilchos Ishus 1:2, the Rambam writes: לִקּוּחִין אֵלּוּ מִצְוַת עֲשֵׂה שֶׁל תּוֹרָה הֵם. וּבְאֶחָד מִשְּׁלֹשָׁה דְּבָרִים אֵלּוּ הָאִשָּׁה נִקְנֵית. בְּכֶסֶף. אוֹ בִּשְׁטָר. אוֹ בְּבִיאָה. ...
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2answers
149 views

Understanding תוד״ה תפילין on קידושין דף לו ע״א

The Talmud (Kiddushin 36a) cites a view that women are exempt from the prohibition on balding themselves in mourning. Rava there says that we know of this exemption because the same words "between ...
1
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2answers
78 views

How it it possible to use different words and yet still be a Gezeira Shava?

I can understand how a gezeira shava would work when the word used is similar, like "kicha kicha m'sdei Ephron" in the beginning of Maseches Kiddushin. But logically speaking, how can we have a 4 way ...
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How do we know that Shema is a time-based obligation and not an event-based obligation?

The time for reciting Shema is discussed in the Mishnah and various tannaic opinions are given, both for the morning Shema and for the evening Shema: Berachot 2a מאימתי קורין את שמע בערבין משעה ...
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35 views

Are There Two Kinds of “Don't Read” Expositions?

In The Practical Talmud Dictionary, by Yitzchak Frank, one can read that there are two kinds of “don’t read” expositions: one “not only in accordance with its Masoretic vocalization, but in accordance ...
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1answer
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Chalitza to wife? (Qidushin 3b)

Talmud Qidushin 3b סד''א תיתי בקל וחומר מיבמה מה יבמה שאינה יוצאה בגט יוצאה בחליצה, אשה שיוצאה בגט אינו דין שיוצאה בחליצה ... ספר כורתה ואין דבר אחר כורתה [You could think ... if a yevama that ...
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45 views

Beraita of Rabbi Ishmael

According to wikipedia: There is a dispute regarding the thirteen principles: Either the kal va-chomer is unique among the thirteen rules in that it may be applied by anyone in any circumstance in ...
2
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1answer
102 views

What does Rabenu Tam think is really the source for a minyan comprising ten?

We have two Biblical sources that show by deduction than "ceremonial" acts involving k'dusha must be done in a quorum of at least ten. One pasuk is the primary one cited in the Talmud Y'rushalmi - ...
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1answer
37 views

Akrasia and the Yetzer Harah

I asked many questions about the Yetzarim before trying to figure out the concept, the meaning and the way it works looking at myself and different cognitive studies. Recently I found a concept ...
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197 views

Adducing Gezerah Shavah (גזירה שוה), list of Gezerah Shavah (גזירה שוה) words

In Genesis 37:15 we read Then a man found him, and behold, he was straying in the field, and the man asked him, saying, "What are you looking for?" טווַיִּמְצָאֵ֣הוּ אִ֔ישׁ וְהִנֵּ֥ה תֹעֶ֖ה ...
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נִפְתַּ֛לְתִּי “my prayer was accepted” notarikon

In Genesis 30:8 Bilhah, Rachel's maidservant, conceived and Rachel named the son Naftali נִפְתַּלְתִּי It says here that for נִפְתַּ֛לְתִּי "my prayer was accepted" There are many aggadic ...
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203 views

Are there Published Legal Defenses Resolving Objections Against Rabbinic Authority?

Are there Rabbinic "apologetic or polemic works" that focus only on the rational validity, and logical objections raised by other Jews1 -- against: (1.) the Rabbinate's authority in Judaism over other ...
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1answer
100 views

Is a horse included within the definition of “behema” with regard to Shabbat melacha?

Related to this M.Y. question, which I relayed to a friend, he suggested asking this related question: Deuteronomy 5:14: וְי֙וֹם֙ הַשְּׁבִיעִ֜֔י שַׁבָּ֖֣ת ׀ לַיהוָ֖֣ה אֱלֹהֶ֑֗יךָ לֹ֣א תַעֲשֶׂ֣ה ...
5
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148 views

is there an authoritative list of the ways to expound the torah?

We are all familiar with Rebbi Yishmael's 13 principles for expounding the torah, however there are other systems not included in his list. I remember once hearing a shiur that there are over 40 ways ...