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Questions tagged [heresy]

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1answer
173 views

How did Tzedukim practice fundamental Halachic principles not mentioned in the written Torah?

Many basic and fundamental Halachic principles are not mentioned in the Torah at all but learned by the Sages only from some [even seemingly unrelated] Psukim. For example, Kiddushin is not mentioned ...
3
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69 views

which Divrei Minus are forbidden to read/hear today?

The Talmud in (Avodah Zara 16b–17a) brings that Rabbi Eliezer was upset that he had been accused by the Romans. His student, Rabbi Akiva suggested that perhaps he had heard a teaching of the minim and ...
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2answers
155 views

Does the story of R. Bena'a in the Cave of Macpelah imply that G-d has a physical form?

On Bava Basra 58a it says (from Sefaria): כי מטא למערתא דאדם הראשון יצתה בת קול ואמרה נסתכלת בדמות דיוקני בדיוקני עצמה אל תסתכל הא בעינא לציוני מערתא כמדת החיצונה כך מדת הפנימית ולמ"ד שני בתים זו ...
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4answers
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What is the status of someone who denies one of the Rambam's 13 Principles?

i.e. are they considered an apikores etc? Or that they just hold an incorrect belief. Previously I had assumed their status was dependent on the principle they denied, so a person who denied the first ...
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2answers
127 views

The case of the expanding heresy

Mitzvah # 387 in the Sefer Hachinuch is not to go astray towards heresy and licentiousness. In that mitzvah, the Sefer Hachinuch writes the following line: ענין לאו זה שנמנענו שלא ניחד מחשבותינו ...
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73 views

Rambam's seemingly contradictory statements about one who denies the Oral Law

Rambam clearly and explicitly states on a number of occasions that one who denies the Oral Law is a heretic, and that this includes Tzadok and Baythus and their followers (Sadducees and Boethusians). ...
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1answer
186 views

Is one who only keeps Rabbinic laws he agrees with a Apikores?

There is a world famous Jewish speaker who believes in Torah Misinai and the like but only keeps the Rabbinic laws that make sense to him. For example, he does not keep Yom Tov Sheini in Chutz La'...
3
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1answer
59 views

Temporary doubt and becoming a min

The Rambam says that one of the categories of a 'min' is someone "who says there is no God and the world has no leader" Does it have to be him actually saying it, or is just believing that sufficient?...
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3answers
160 views

How to understand Hilchot Mamrim 3?

In Hilchot Mamrim 3a, it states: מי שאינו מאמין בתורה שבעל פה, אינו זקן ממרא האמור בתורה, אלא הרי הוא בכלל המינים, ומיתתו ביד כל אדם. [ב] מאחר שנתפרסם שהוא כופר בתורה שבעל פה--מורידין ולא מעלין, ...
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1answer
138 views

What is the Halachic protocol for assessing an alleged Apikores?

Today, people cavalierly throw around accusations of Apikorsut to identify practically anyone who doesn't think the identical way as them. Throughout Jewish history, claims of Apikorsut have been ...
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1answer
901 views

Is the study of biblical criticism considered heresy according to Jewish law? [duplicate]

The Rambam writes (Hilchos Teshuva 3:8) that one who says Torah is not from God, or even that one verse in the Torah, if Moses said it, he said on his own - is considered a heretic. Does this apply to ...
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1answer
213 views

what are Sifrei Minim today?

in Sanhedrin 100b: Rabbi Akivah says "Even one who reads foreign Seforim (has no chelek in Olam Haba)". Beraitha there "He refers to Sifrei Tzedukim" (or "Sifrei Minim" according to all of the old, ...
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120 views

Understanding the Zohar's Anthropomorphism of God

Unlike the Rambam's now-conventional ideas against anthropomorphizing God, there are kabbalistic texts studied today which seem to espouse completely antithetical ideas. I am familiar with the ...
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1answer
123 views

How does the 19th brocho of the shmona esrai open?

I see nusach taiman has it starting with למשומדים אל תהי תקוה  I see the rambam has that too Rambam (mechon mamre) לַמְּשֻׁמָּדִים אַל תְּהִי תִקְוָה, כָּל הַמִּינִים כְּרֶגַע יֹאבֵדוּ, ...
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1answer
384 views

What specifically was the sin of Acher (Elisha ben Avuyah)?

In Chagigah 14b-15a it says What is the meaning of "Acher destroyed the plants"? Of him scripture says: "Do not let your mouth make your flesh sin". What does this mean? Acher saw that Metatron ...
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1answer
152 views

How is this belief muttar?

A friend of mine mentioned yesterday during our se'udah with the way in which the Zohar comments on a particular mitzvah lo ta'ase. In Devarim 16, Hashem commands us not to erect an asherah by the ...
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3answers
179 views

Loving an Apikores?

Are we commanded to love an Apikores as a fellow Jew, or are the regarded as something else? My question is: does the Mitzva of Viahavta Lereiacha Kamocha apply to an Apikores?
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1answer
178 views

At what point is someone considered an apikoris?

If someone has doubts about what many consider foundation principles of Judiasm does that make him a heretic? Or is it only if a person comes to a conclusion that it is false at which point he ...
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2answers
285 views

Is it heretical to not accept the writings of the Prophets (besides of Moses)?

Is it heretical for someone to accept all the '5 books of Moses', but not the writings of the other prophets, namely from the 'Neviim' section in the Tanach? Note: for the purpose of this question, ...
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2answers
188 views

Can one keep all possible Halachot and still be a heretic?

If there's a person who, for example's sake, keeps all Halachot applicable to him or her, can they do or believe in anything that would be considered heresy? What brought this question on was a ...
4
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1answer
213 views

Is Panentheism considered heretical?

(Closely related to this post, but I think it is still a bit different) Panentheism: A doctrine that the universe subsists within Gcd, but that Gcd nevertheless transcends or has some existence ...
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1answer
168 views

Belief in the Exodus

Recently, someone who presents himself as a religious member of Jewish society told me that he feels it doesn't matter if the story of the Exodus actually happened, and can be viewed as a nice ...
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0answers
52 views

Selling fraudulent goods in the Rova

I was walking in the Rova (Jewish Quarter of the Old City) today after Shacharit and I noticed something which I found to be quite disconcerting. There is a Messianic "Jewish" store selling "...
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3answers
139 views

In Hilkhot Teshuvah 3:7 the Rambam says one who believes in more than one ruler is a heretic. What is the basis for this?

In Hil. Teshuvah 3:7 of the Mishneh Torah (in his listing of heretics - minim), the Rambam makes the following statement: והאומר שיש שם מנהיג אבל הן שנים או יותר "The one who says there is indeed a [...
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1answer
98 views

What does “made into a pile of bones” mean?

Several places in Chazal we find the expression נתן בו עיניו ועשהו גל של עצמות - someone was looked at and made into a pile of bones (e.g. Sanhedrin 100a, Bava Basra 75a, Brachos 58a, Shabbos 34a). ...
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2answers
383 views

Can a Gentile be a Heretic? (Apikores)

Is the category of Apikores- a heretic only limited to Jews or even non Jews? The Sdei Chemed quotes many opinions that forbid quoting from heretics Thus, is it permitted to quote a heretical ...
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61 views

Source of the first verse of the sectarian

It has been proposed that Rabban Gamliel quoted from Matthew 5 17 in his debate with a sectarian in maseches Shabbos 116a-b. See here http://www.jewishencyclopedia.com/articles/6495-gamaliel-ii My ...
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2answers
590 views

Moses Mendelssohn, permitted to quote him?

Is it permitted to quote Moses Mendelssohn, the father of the Jewish Enlightenment, as a source or reference? Is he considered in jewish lore a heretic? from wikipedia page linked above: In the ...
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2answers
147 views

Book/s about apostasy throughout Jewish history

I am looking for book/s on the subject of apostasy throughout Jewish history. I haven't been able to find anything that focuses on this subject. I would appreciate any pointers What I have in mind ...
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0answers
49 views

tevilat keilim - ger toshav and meshumad

Do keilim (eating utensils) bought from an artisan who is a ger toshav (observant non-Jew) require tevilah (ritual immersion)? Conversely, what if the artisan is a meshumad (Jewish idolator/heretic)?
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75 views

Celebrate 5 Iyar; not “Yom HaAtzmaut”?

Do any religious-zionist figures (or anyone else for that matter) advocate the commemoration of 5 Iyar but reject the adoption by the religious community of the name "Yom HaAtzma'ut" - "Independence ...
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73 views

Can someone blaspheme to save their life?

As is well known, one is to die rather than murder a Jew, perform adultery and the like, or worship an idol (Sanhedrin 74a). Is blasphemy (i.e. denying one's dedication to the Torah) permissible to ...
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2answers
203 views

is one an apikores for believing that only Darwin's evolution is a possibility? [duplicate]

Given that the torah's account of creation clearly seems to state that man was created independently from the animals, and likewise, the animals, plants, were created from the ground, would someone ...
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1answer
91 views

Using a different text of Birkat Minim

It is known that we remove a sha"tz for omitting Birkat Minim. However, there are multiple texts that I know of, including: Vilmalshinim, Laminim, and Vilam'shumadim. There are also small variants in ...
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1answer
90 views

Self-referencing as an Apikorus

I have a friend who has a habit of joking about being an apikorus (because he wears his peyos behind his ears). Beyond the strictly judgmental, is there a problem with self-referencing as an apikorus, ...
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1answer
300 views

For those that consider Chabad to be heretical, would a woman that received a Get from their Beis Din require another Get?

For those that hold that Chabad are heretical in one way or another (see Rav Shach's speech, Rabbinical Council of America (1996) etc.), would a woman that was given a Get from their beis din require ...
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3answers
223 views

What's the source for the line “Nebach an Apikoirus”?

I've heard that R' Chaim Brisker said that "Nebach An Apikorus is Oichet an Apikorus" (A "poor" heretic is still a heretic). What's the source and what does it mean? Does it mean that, for example, ...
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1answer
250 views

How are “Orthoprax” people treated in halacha?

There are several cases of people who identify as "Orthoprax", meaning that they follow mitzvot, but do not believe in G-d. (Most notable have been the cases of anonymous rabbis like the aforelinked ...
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63 views

List of things that make one 'as if one rejects the core'

I was recently looking up something about lashon harah, and on Erchin 15A, Rav Yosi ben Zimra says that anyone that says lashon harah it is as if they reject everything, and I know I have seen similar ...
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197 views

Holy Objects of a Messianic

Messianic Judaism is a heretical offshoot of Judaism which maintains that Jesus was the Mashiach which may violate the prohibition of avodah zarah (see above link). Would the tefillin or tallit* used ...
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2answers
1k views

How can the Rambam's Eighth Principle of Jewish Faith be believed in light of Hazal?

The Rambam's eighth Principle of Jewish Faith states that the entire Torah in our possession - every verse - was dictated to Mosheh Rabbenu and that it has not changed. However, we have explicit ...
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3answers
284 views

Am I supposed to Ignore Most Non-Religious Jews?

Most of this question comes from Moznaim Rambam Mishneh Torah Hilchos Avodas Kochavim 2:5 In Hilchos Teshuva it says. "Five individuals are described as minnim: a) one who says there is no God or ...
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2answers
142 views

How does one become a Min?

What is a min (heretic)? And how does one become a min? And what are the Halachic Ramification about a min? Some Examples: Can't talk to a min. No matter what reject min's teshuva. etc. Thank You....
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1answer
407 views

Sabbateanism and Rav Yonasan Eibshitz

Is there any real substantial evidence that Rav Yonasan Eibshitz was a Sabbatean? On what basis did Rav Yaakov Emden hound him?
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1answer
1k views

Belief that a dead man will be the Messiah - Kfira?

Are there any documented halachik authorities that rule that the belief in a dead Messiah is beyond the pale of permitted Jewish belief and therefore would qualify as Kfira? If there are halachik ...
10
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2answers
611 views

Reading books about Avodah Zarah

Is it permissible to read books about Avodah Zarah? Is it permissible to read Greek mythology for informational purposes, seeing as it's not particularly tempting to anyone nowadays? Is it ...
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3answers
1k views

What is the difference between a kofer and apicorsis

I always hear the terms "apicorsis" and "kofer״, along with "kefirah" and amaratzit. What is the definition of each?
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3answers
502 views

Should someone who isn't 100% certain of God's existence be considered a kofer?

I was told by two respected Roshai Yeshiva that one who isn't certain of God's existence (an agnostic) is not deemed to be a kofer (denier of His existence) as long as he thinks that His existence is ...
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1answer
338 views

Entering / Davening in a Karaite synagogue

Is one permitted to enter and/or daven in a Karaite synagogue nowadays (according to Rabbinite law)?
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1answer
468 views

Why do Jewish people pray to God to punish someone who has ideas that are different from what Judaism teaches (Heresy) [duplicate]

On this Wikipedia article: http://en.wikipedia.org/wiki/Amidah On the "Structure of the weekday Amidah" One of the prayers: "Known as Birkat HaMinim ("the sectarians, heretics") this asks God to ...