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Questions tagged [haman]

A minister in the ancient Persian empire of King Ahasuerus who sought to exterminate the Jewish people. He is the primary antagonist in the book of Esther.

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16 votes
2 answers
15k views

What meaning do the names of the ten sons of Haman have?

Is there a meaning behind the names of the ten sons of Haman who were killed and hung (Esther 9:7-9)? They are: פַּרְשַׁנְדָּתָא Parshandasa דַּלְפוֹן Dalphon אַסְפָּתָא Aspasa פּוֹרָתָא Porasa ...
Joan's user avatar
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15 votes
6 answers
514 views

Were Haman's possessions hung on a tree?

In Maoz Tzur we say: רב בניו וקנייניו,‏ על העץ תלית His many sons and his possessions, You hung on a tree Were Haman's possessions really hung on a tree?
SimchasTorah's user avatar
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13 votes
3 answers
656 views

Why did Haman change his mind and decide to immediately hang Mordechai?

In Esther 3:6, it states that Haman was embarrassed to harm Mordechai alone, so he casts lots to decide which date to kill the entire Jewish people. In 5:14, Haman builds a special gallows for ...
DanF's user avatar
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12 votes
2 answers
2k views

Why is Haman called an Agagite and not an Amalekite?

In Megillas Esther 3:1 Haman is called the Agagite which I always assumed meant he was a descendant of Agag the king of the Amalekite in 1 Shmuel 15:8. His lineage is confirmed in Megillah 13a as ...
please remove my account's user avatar
9 votes
3 answers
366 views

Does anyone draw a parallel between Haman selling himself to Mordechai and Esav selling the birthright to Yaakov?

There’s a famous Yalkut Shimoni (Nach 1056:18, referenced by Rashi in explaining Megillah 15a), which reads as follows: א"ר חסדא זה בא בפרוזבולי וזה בא בפרוזבוטי, פעם אחת נתן המלך ממון ושגרם בראשי ...
DonielF's user avatar
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9 votes
2 answers
283 views

Was Haman so discourteous as to bother the king's sleep?

There are 2 related parts to this question: 1) Haman is annoyed with Mordechai and discusses with Zeresh, his wife and his wise advisers what to do. In Esther 5:14, they tell him to make a tall tree, ...
DanF's user avatar
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8 votes
4 answers
488 views

What happened to Haman's money?

One of the more interesting encounters in the megilla takes place between Achashveirosh and Haman right after Haman decides to kill the Jewish people. Having decided on a date, Haman approaches ...
eykanal's user avatar
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8 votes
2 answers
498 views

Why did Mordechai not stand before Haman?

I understand that (one of) the reason(s) that Mordechai did not bow before Haman was that Haman wore an idol around his neck and therefore bowing to him would (appear to?) be bowing before an idol. ...
postinganonymously's user avatar
8 votes
4 answers
274 views

Why does the Targum switch the order when identifying Memuchan and Hasach?

Targum on Esther identifies Memuchan as Haman (in 1:16): ממוכן הוא המן Memuchan, who is Haman Yet on 4:5, when he identifies Hasach as Daniel, he switches the order: דניאל דמתקרי התך ...
DonielF's user avatar
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7 votes
5 answers
938 views

When and how did Haman amass so much wealth?

In Megillah 15a at the bottom, Rav Chisda brings a teaching on the passuk in Esther 5:13 that Mordechai came with his wealth and Haman came with his poorness as Rashi explains the situation: וזה ...
sam's user avatar
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7 votes
2 answers
436 views

Haman's gallows originating from Noach's ark

There is an interesting Yalkut Shimoni, remez 256 (on parshas Beshalach) where it details that when Haman was searching for a large enough beam of wood with which to make the gallows - he ended up ...
Dov's user avatar
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7 votes
2 answers
294 views

Why would Haman "restrain himself"?

In Esther (5:9), when Haman leaves the king's palace after Queen Esther's first party, all happy and feeling on top of the world, gets very upset when he sees Mordechai sitting there, and not bowing ...
MTL's user avatar
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6 votes
3 answers
1k views

Why only ten? Why not all of Haman's children?

According to the Gemara Megila 15b Haman had 208 children. Why did they only hang 10 of them?
Gershon Gold's user avatar
5 votes
2 answers
380 views

How did Haman know Moshe Rabeinu's Yahrzeit but not his Birthday?

I remember learning some years ago in Gemarah Megillah 13: that when Haman drew lots he was happy it landed in Adar since it is the month that Moshe Rabeinu died. However, he didn't know that Moshe ...
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5 votes
3 answers
1k views

Did both King Ahasuerus and Haman practise Zoroastrianism?

What, if anything, do Jewish sources say about the religion practiced by King Ahasuerus and Haman? Does Jewish legend support the conjecture that they were Zoroastrian?
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5 votes
1 answer
1k views

Why are some letters in the names of Haman's sons little?

In Esther 9:7,9 there are letters in the names of Haman's sons which are written smaller than usual in the megillah. Barring the purimfest 1946 explanation, what is the reason for these letters being ...
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5 votes
1 answer
391 views

Source to make noise when Haman's name is mentioned?

Where is the source to make noise when Haman's name is read from the Megillah?
Renato S. Grun's user avatar
5 votes
2 answers
237 views

Does anyone say not to make noise for Haman?

Here is the source that you should make noise at the mention of Haman's name. However, as I was listening to the Megillah this year it occurred to me how counterproductive it is as an act of erasing ...
Y     e     z's user avatar
4 votes
1 answer
808 views

Haman going to the second feast dirty

In all story tapes/videos I've seen it always portrays that Haman was taken to Esther's second feast dirty while in the Megillah all it says is just that they took him while "he was still talking" "...
mmc99's user avatar
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4 votes
2 answers
267 views

How was Charvonah at Esther's private party?

If, as Haman states (Esther 5:12), only Haman and Achashveirosh were invited to Esther's party what is Charvonah doing there?
not-allowed to change my name's user avatar
4 votes
1 answer
1k views

Haman's daughter's name

Masechet Megilah says that Haman's daughter threw the garbage on him. Does the gemoro mention her name anywhere? I looked in Gemora Megilla 16a where the story is but it does not mention a name. Does ...
ari moskov's user avatar
4 votes
3 answers
343 views

How does Rashi knows that Shimshai safra is Hamman's son?

In Ezra, 4:8, a person called Shimshai is mentioned: רְחוּם בְּעֵל-טְעֵם, וְשִׁמְשַׁי סָפְרָא, כְּתַבוּ אִגְּרָה חֲדָה, עַל-יְרוּשְׁלֶם--לְאַרְתַּחְשַׁשְׂתְּא מַלְכָּא, כְּנֵמָא. translation: ...
yair's user avatar
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4 votes
2 answers
383 views

Source for Haman's hat

As a little kid, I was always told that a Hamantasch is representative of Haman's three cornered hat. Is there an actual source that says Haman wore a three cornered hat or is it just Folklore?
Bochur613's user avatar
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4 votes
1 answer
195 views

What does the Targum have against Tattenai?

In Ezra 5-6 appears the governor of Ever Hanahar (the southern side of the Euphrates in this case), Tattenai. Tattenai, upon seeing that the Jews got back to building the Temple after several years of ...
Harel13's user avatar
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4 votes
0 answers
77 views

How can Rashi seemingly say that Mordechai had attended the feast of Achashverosh?

We find in a discussion in the Gemara (Megillah 12a): ״לַעֲשׂוֹת כִּרְצוֹן אִישׁ וָאִישׁ״, אָמַר רָבָא: לַעֲשׂוֹת כִּרְצוֹן מָרְדֳּכַי וְהָמָן "That they should do according to every man's [ish, ...
The Targum's user avatar
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3 votes
1 answer
2k views

Did Haman kill Daniel?

Are there sources on the death to Daniel? Is there any truth in that there is a source that says Haman killed him?
yisrael's user avatar
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3 votes
2 answers
187 views

Did Haman actually try to rape Esther?

In the book of Esther, verse 7:8, most translations translate נָפַל as fallen, subdue, force or violate. A few actually translate it as "rape". Was this just a euphemism or could Haman have, ...
Jimmy Mac's user avatar
3 votes
2 answers
414 views

Haman servant of Mordechai: text of document

The gemara in Megillah 15 writes that Mordechai acquired Haman for a piece of bread. Rashi writes: וזה בא בפרוזבולי - מרדכי בא אליו בטענת עושר המן בא בטענת עוני שמכר המן את עצמו למרדכי קודם לכן ...
sam's user avatar
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3 votes
4 answers
332 views

Why was Achashverosh so angry about Haman's plot?

In Megilas Esther 7:4, Esther tells Achashveros that someone is planning on wiping out her people: כִּי נִמְכַּרְנוּ אֲנִי וְעַמִּי, לְהַשְׁמִיד לַהֲרוֹג וּלְאַבֵּד; וְאִלּוּ לַעֲבָדִים וְלִשְׁפָחוֹת ...
Daniel's user avatar
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3 votes
2 answers
625 views

Was Haman Jewish?

I read the question about whether Achashverosh was Jewish and I was wondering, why isn't Haman Jewish? He was Mordechai's slave (see Megillah bottom of 15a through the top of 15b with Rashi) and as an ...
Eliyahu's user avatar
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3 votes
6 answers
174 views

Was Haman rewarded for supporting Torah learners and building the Beis HaMikdash?

The Midrash Shochar Tov (22:25) writes לשלשה חלקים נחלק ממונו של המן. שליש למרדכי ואסתר. ושליש לעמלי תורה. ושליש לבנין בית המקדש - Haman's money was divided into thirds: 1/3 was given to Mordechai ...
NJM's user avatar
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3 votes
2 answers
120 views

Purim in Adar and not Av?

We all presume that Haman was well literate and familiar with our Tanachic sources. It is widely known that since the sin of the Spies (Meraglim) 9th of Av was chosen for all kinds of misfortunes for ...
Al Berko's user avatar
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3 votes
3 answers
110 views

Why does Achashveirosh ask who is responsible for the decree against the Jews?

In Esther 7:5 it says וַיֹּ֙אמֶר֙ הַמֶּ֣לֶךְ אֲחַשְׁוֵר֔וֹשׁ וַיֹּ֖אמֶר לְאֶסְתֵּ֣ר הַמַּלְכָּ֑ה מִ֣י ה֥וּא זֶה֙ וְאֵֽי־זֶ֣ה ה֔וּא אֲשֶׁר־מְלָא֥וֹ לִבּ֖וֹ לַעֲשׂ֥וֹת כֵּֽן׃ Thereupon King Ahasuerus ...
rikitikitembo's user avatar
3 votes
1 answer
125 views

How did Haman think he could get away with murdering Mordechai?

Haman persuaded Ahashverosh to sign a decree enabling the genocide of the Jews in the Persian empire. This much is clear from the text. But in between Esther's parties, Haman constructs a gallows 50 ...
Seth J's user avatar
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3 votes
1 answer
305 views

Who was worse: Lavan, Pharaoh or Haman?

In the hagadah we seem to indicate that Lavan was a worse enemy of the Jewish people because Pharaoh only decreed against the males while Lavan sought to uproot all. Based on this logic it would seem ...
not-allowed to change my name's user avatar
3 votes
0 answers
199 views

Is Purim recorded in Persian/Medean records?

In the book Let My Nation Live, there are sources brought down that one of the reasons Purim was established even in spite of possible tensions with gentiles was that either way it would be recorded ...
yisrael's user avatar
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2 votes
3 answers
390 views

Why didn't the Jews of Persia leave after Haman's decree?

After Haman's genocidal edict was sent out to all the people of the Persian kingdom why was there not a mass exodus of Jews to parts of the world not under the dominion of Achashveirosh and his law?
rikitikitembo's user avatar
2 votes
2 answers
143 views

Is Haman actually from Amalek?

From where do we know that Haman is actually descendant from Amalek? (I am looking for places besides Gemara Megillah https://www.sefaria.org/Megillah.13a.1?lang=bi) Please be specific with sources ...
The Targum's user avatar
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2 votes
1 answer
949 views

Who was Haman's mother?

Is there any mention of Haman's mother in rabbinic literature (Gemara, Midrash, etc.)? If she was discussed in the Gemara or other sources, what was her name?
MTL's user avatar
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2 votes
1 answer
181 views

Why was Mordechai Certain of רוח והצלה יעמוד if he Created the Danger?

Mordechai was sitting in the palace gate (Esther 2:21). The King had issued a general command - all servants of the king in the palace gate shall bow to Haman (Esther 3:2). Mordechai refused to bow. ...
GratefulD's user avatar
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2 votes
2 answers
117 views

Haman's gallow came from the kodesh hakodashim

Although there are a number of sources of where Haman had found a beam 50 cubits tall to use as a gallows, some say it was a beam from the teyva, some say it was a thorny tree etc but, there is an ...
The Targum's user avatar
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2 votes
2 answers
234 views

How was Daniel in the Great Assembly?

I have heard people say that the Knesses Hagdolah was established in the beginning of Bais Sheni. Is that correct? As quoted from chabad.org "Anshei Knesses Hagdolah ... among its more prominent ...
Menachem Drelich's user avatar
2 votes
1 answer
176 views

When was the war in which Haman sold himself to Mordechai?

There’s a famous Yalkut Shimoni (Nach 1056:18, referenced by Rashi in explaining Megillah 15a), which reads as follows: א"ר חסדא זה בא בפרוזבולי וזה בא בפרוזבוטי, פעם אחת נתן המלך ממון ושגרם בראשי ...
DonielF's user avatar
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2 votes
2 answers
746 views

Why did Memuchan make the decree on all women?

Memuchan states (Esther 1:16-20) that Achashveirosh should kill Vashti and decree that all women who rebel against their husbands should also be put to death. Achashveirosh (v. 21-22) agrees and does ...
DonielF's user avatar
  • 34.4k
2 votes
1 answer
148 views

Singing shoshanas yaakov on Pesach

I have seen that some sing Shoshanas Yaakov on Pesach to commemorate the death of Haman. Can someone please direct me to an authoritative source for this custom? See references to it here: http://...
Aba's user avatar
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2 votes
1 answer
77 views

Haman and God sleeping

Is there a source for Haman claiming that God is "sleeping" during the time he wanted to commit the genocide?
Vyacheslav Yosef Dobrovych's user avatar
2 votes
2 answers
208 views

Did King Achashverosh really not know that Haman was planning to kill the Jewish people?

It seems from the flow of the megillah that King Achashverosh had given Haman the authority to do what he wanted. Haman approached the king with the complaint that there was "a people who were ...
The Targum's user avatar
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2 votes
0 answers
395 views

Were the ten sons of Haman specifically Zeresh's sons?

Megillah 15b records three opinions as to how many children Haman had: Rava: Ten died in childhood, ten died at the end of the Megillah, and ten were reduced to poverty, totaling 30. Rabbanan: There ...
DonielF's user avatar
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2 votes
0 answers
195 views

How old was Haman in the Megillah?

I'm on a bit of a quest to contextualize the story of Purim by getting a better sense of the ages of the main characters. So far, with Mi Yodeya's help, I've explored the age of Esther, and I have ...
Chaim's user avatar
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2 votes
1 answer
261 views

How could Haman be a gilgul of Eisav?

The Arizal in Sefer HaGilgulim ch. 35 says that Haman was a gilgul (reincarnation) of Eisav. How is that possible being that Eisav had the din (status) of an Yisroel meshumad (apostate Jew Kidushin ...
Yehoshua Levy's user avatar