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Questions tagged [grammatical-gender]

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6
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0answers
48 views

Meaning of grammatical gender in Hebrew for inanimate objects

For English (and many other languages) grammatical gender in Hebrew constitute a serious problem: how come that in Hebrew a book (ספר - ספרים) is masculine and a lamp (מנורה - מנורות) is feminine? Do ...
2
votes
2answers
107 views

Agreement of nouns and adjective in Rosh HaShana greeting

If addressing more than one person, would one say Ktivot V'chatimot Tovot in place of the common "k'tiva vachatima tova" to achieve agreement between the adjective and its nouns? Why or why not? ...
0
votes
0answers
53 views

Making Kiddush for a group of women

If one makes kiddush for a group of women should they say סברי גברותי before the bracha instead of סברי מרנן? I ask because saying listen up misters when making kiddush for only women feels weird. it ...
2
votes
2answers
54 views

Bereishis 2:15 - Inconsistent Gender of “Gan” and “le'Avdah u'leShamrah”?

In Verse 2:15 "Gan" (garden) is a masculine noun and "le'Avdah u'LeShamrah" (to till it and to keep it) are feminine inflections... I was told, the Zohar would explain it as follows: a) le'Avdah = all ...
1
vote
0answers
29 views

Grammar question: G'mar tov [duplicate]

Why does the agreement of gender seem to change from Gmar Chatima Tova (feminine) to g'mar tov (masculine), all the more puzzling since the second is an abbreviation for the first.
2
votes
1answer
42 views

Inconsistent gender of מִנְחַת קְנָאֹת

In Parashat Naso, the verse says that כִּֽי־מִנְחַ֤ת קְנָאֹת֙ ה֔וּא (Bamidbar 5:15) in the masculine form, however a few pesukim later we hear that מִנְחַ֥ת קְנָאֹ֖ת הִ֑וא (Bamidbar 5:18) in the ...
3
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0answers
39 views

Invalid verb conjugation מצות יאכל

In Shemos 13:7, the verse uses the passive form מצות יאכל, where the subject is feminine plural but the verb is masculine singular. A similar occurrence is in Pinchas for Pesach korbanos (Bamidbar 28:...
4
votes
1answer
82 views

Why are trees referred to in female form in ברכת האילנות?

On Nissan we say ברכת האילנות on blossoming fruit trees. The nusach of the bracha is: בָּרוּךְ אַתָּה ה' אֱלֹקֵינוּ מֶלֶךְ הָעוֹלָם, שֶׁלֹּא חִסֵּר בָּעוֹלָמוֹ כְּלוּם, וּבָרָא בּוֹ בְּרִיּוֹת ...
3
votes
0answers
71 views

Prayer for the Government if the President or VP is female

The prayer Hanosen Teshuah as recited in the US has the line את הנשיא ואת משנהו. To me, these terms sound masculine. If the President and/or Vice President of the United States were female, would this ...
3
votes
3answers
135 views

Why is “(his) song” in Psalms 42:9 written in the feminine form?

In Psalms 42:9, (his) song is written with a ה yet apparently recited with a ו. Is there a significance to it being written in the feminine form?
0
votes
0answers
78 views

Why is the feminine form often used instead of the masculine in Biblical Hebrew grammar?

In Sefer Shmot, 4:1, it is written: ויען משה ויאמר והן לא יאמינו לי...‏ Moshe answered, and said, "They (f.) won't believe me"... Shouldn't it be הם (hem) and not הן (hen)? In fact, I'm ...
5
votes
1answer
117 views

Why is the word “mitzvos” treated as grammatically masculine in certain prayers?

The prayer accompanying several mitzvos (such as putting on tallis and tefillin) expresses the desire that it be considered that the mitzvah is fulfilled as well as all the "613 mitzvos dependent on ...
2
votes
2answers
91 views

Why is שלחה used as a masculine word?

In Shmuel 1 16:11, the word שלחה is used as a masculine word. The Mesora there lists 6 places where שלחה seems to be used as a masculine word. Another case is Bereishis 43:8 and another is Melachim 2 ...
5
votes
3answers
125 views

Why is “שבי” switched from masculine to feminine?

The beginning of Parshas Ki Seitze says: כִּי תֵצֵא לַמִּלְחָמָה עַל אֹיְבֶיךָ וּנְתָנוֹ יְהֹוָה אֱלֹהֶיךָ בְּיָדֶךָ וְשָׁבִיתָ שִׁבְיוֹ וְרָאִיתָ בַּשִּׁבְיָה אֵשֶׁת יְפַת תֹּאַר וְחָשַׁקְתָּ ...
8
votes
2answers
373 views

Why does the Torah sometimes refer to Shabbat as a masculine noun and other times as a feminine noun?

There are times when the Torah refers to Shabat in feminine as in Shmot (Ex.) 31:13 "...But you shall observe my Shabbats, for SHE is a sign". Other times the masculine voice is used as in Shmot (Ex.) ...
1
vote
1answer
146 views

Why is birkas kohanim in the masculine singular?

If the kohanim are blessing the entire people, one would think that it should be worded, "יברככם...וישמרכם" Why is it in the singular form? On a related note, if a father places this blessing on his ...
27
votes
4answers
535 views

Female praying in masculine language

When women daven (pray), even by ourselves, it is convention to daven with male-gendered words ("modeh" vs "moda" as one of many examples). Why is this; are there sources that say we should be doing ...