Questions tagged [geography]

Questions about places with Jewish connections.

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14
votes
2answers
646 views

When does a day start/end in the far North/South?

As I understand it, a day in the Jewish calendar is from sunset to sunset. How is this handled if you are living so far north or south that you have long periods of daylight or darkness?
1
vote
1answer
281 views

What spot is on the other side of the World from the Beit HaMikdash?

If an axis goes through the world, where is the spot exactly opposite Har HaBayit where the axis comes out? Is it in the middle of the Ocean? Should there be anything special expected about this point?...
1
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0answers
40 views

Who are the Sinnites? [duplicate]

In Modern Hebrew, china is refered to as סין(Sin). There are three mentions of סין throughout tanach: ויסעו מאלים ויבאו כל עדת בני ישראל אל מדבר סין אשר בין אילים ובין סיני, בחמשה עשר יום לחדש השני ...
23
votes
2answers
469 views

How do we determine “population statistics” for population-dependent Halachot?

There appear to be several halachot that are based on "a majority of Israel". For example: Mishnah Berachot 54a: הרואה מקום שנעשו בו נסים לישראל אומר ברוך שעשה נסים לאבותינו במקום הזה IF ...
-2
votes
1answer
134 views

Gr"A stating that Africa is [at] the South Pole

(Saw it today at the Kolel in Mikraot Gedolot, sorry can't find it online, please help). At the beginning of Divrei Hayamim, Pirush HaGr"a explains various nations coming out of Noah's sons and ...
1
vote
2answers
106 views

Who or what was Gilaad?

In parshas pinchas ch 26 vs 29 we find Menasheh had a son Machir who had a son Gilaad (גלעד). In fact this family group was called "Gilaadi" (גלעדי). At the end of parshas Matos ch 32 vs 39 - 40 we ...
1
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1answer
104 views

Legal minyan in Stamford Hill

As of October 2020 the UK government has established strict laws and very specific guidelines for the currently ongoing holiday. It would seem that we have to keep these regulations, especially since ...
5
votes
1answer
136 views

Source for the boundaries of Egypt

The Rambam codified the triplicate biblical injunction not to dwell permanently in the Land of Egypt as follows: וּמֻתָּר לִשְׁכֹּן בְּכָל הָעוֹלָם חוּץ מֵאֶרֶץ מִצְרַיִם. מִן הַיָּם הַגָּדוֹל וְעַד ...
10
votes
4answers
14k views

Why blessings on Mt. Gerizim and curses on Mt. Ebal?

Devarim 11:29 says: וְהָיָה, כִּי יְבִיאֲךָ יְהוָה אֱלֹהֶיךָ, אֶל-הָאָרֶץ, אֲשֶׁר-אַתָּה בָא-שָׁמָּה לְרִשְׁתָּהּ--וְנָתַתָּה אֶת-הַבְּרָכָה עַל-הַר גְּרִזִים, וְאֶת-הַקְּלָלָה עַל-הַר עֵיבָל. And it ...
15
votes
2answers
238 views

Ritual locations during the times of the Mishkan

There are certain, rituals such as the sending away of the scapegoat on Yom Kippur or the drawing of water on Sukkot which are described in Mishna as relating geographically to the location of the ...
2
votes
1answer
55 views

What is the mountain of the Amorite?

Moshe discusses in Devarim how the people were supposed to approach the Mountain of the Amorite and conquer the land. Then, after Where is this mountain geographically? Does it have any special ...
10
votes
1answer
433 views

Is Juneau, Alaska — surrounded by natural barriers — a natural eruv

I recently visited Juneau, Alaska. It is a small city of 35,000. The city limits are quite large, however – 3,225 square miles – but much of this area is separated from downtown Juneau on Douglas ...
-2
votes
2answers
175 views

Is there a spiritual significance to the fact one of the most heavily Jewish neighborhoods in NYC is “Crown” Heights? [closed]

This may seem like a strange question but I was curious if there was any religious significance to this. Possibly, Jews following the opinion of a Rabbi who saw the name as signifying a place of ...
21
votes
3answers
475 views

Why don't islands read the m'gila two days?

Bavli, M'gila 5 amud 2, cites a doubt as to when the m'gila is read in T'verya: on the fourteenth of Adar, as in most places, or on the fifteenth, as in a city walled since the time of Y'hoshua. The ...
5
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2answers
278 views

Did the Talmudic rabbis know about America?

Is there any evidence in the ancient Sources that the Talmudic rabbis were aware of the existence of America?
10
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2answers
270 views

How did the Sages know that Jerusalem had a wall in the times of Joshua?

The criterion for whether a city celebrates Purim on 14 Adar or Shushan Purim on 15 Adar is whether it was walled in the times of Joshua (about 3300 years ago). (Well, Shushan itself is an exception, ...
2
votes
4answers
553 views

Was the whole earth covered during The Flood?

Are there commentaries that suggest that the flood during the time of Noach was localised to one geographic area, as opposed to the whole Earth. In Bereishit 8:9 when the dove was sent out it says: ...
12
votes
4answers
2k views

Walled cities for Purim other than Jerusalem

The holiday of Purim is unique in that some locations celebrate it on different days. The rule is: if the city was walled at the time of Joshua's conquest of the Land of Israel then they celebrate on ...
6
votes
0answers
71 views

What is the halachic boundary of modern day Jerusalem in regards to Purim

I would like to know what the halachic boundaries of Jerusalem are today in terms of where one would be obligated in the mitzvot of Shushan Purim.
4
votes
4answers
216 views

How does the law of prayer direction apply to a spherical Earth?

A Beraita is cited in Berachot 30a as follows: ת"ר סומא ומי שאינו יכול לכוין את הרוחות יכוין לבו כנגד אביו שבשמים שנא' והתפללו אל ה' היה עומד בח"ל יכוין את לבו כנגד ארץ ישראל שנא' והתפללו אליך דרך ...
0
votes
0answers
40 views

Geographical importance of Me'arat Hamachpela for Adam

Does anybody mention the geographical importance of the Me'ara being situated about 40KM South of Jerusalem? As it preceded Hebron as a city, why did Adam choose this site specifically for his ...
7
votes
1answer
162 views

Why didn't Terach go to the Land of Canaan?

In Genesis 11:31, Terach takes Avraham (then Avram), Sarah (then Sarai), and Lot to the Land of Canaan, i.e. Israel. However, they stopped in Charan, and Terach spent the rest of his life there. Why ...
1
vote
0answers
154 views

Orientation of Kahati's map of the Beis Hamikdash

R' Kahati's map of the Beis Hamikdash - that is printed just before the beginning of Meseches Midos - has South at the top and North at the bottom. I have always found this a little confusing, being ...
4
votes
0answers
66 views

Maps that can aid the locations of the cities referenced in Masechet Gittin?

I’m currently learning Masechet Gittin and would like to know where I can find maps of the cities referenced in the first daf or so that can assist me. Cities like heger, rekem, kfar lud, etc is what ...
6
votes
4answers
954 views

Where is the Sambatyon?

Where is the Sambatyon? Is there really a river somewhere that throws stones all week and rests on Shabbos?
7
votes
1answer
725 views

Where does the Maharsha mention the Bermuda Triangle?

Someone once told me that the Maharsha talks about Bermuda Triangle in meseches berachos. Does anyone know where the Maharsha speaks about it?
-4
votes
1answer
132 views

Why did G-d create everything important off-center?

I hope not to argue that the Heliocentric view is true as is our current understanding of [our position in] the Universe, the Earth is rotating around the Sun, that is rotating around the center of ...
3
votes
2answers
396 views

Where is “Nachal Mitzrayim”?

According to Numbers 34:5 the south-western most point of (Biblical) Israel is "Nachal Mitzrayim". My first question is what river is this referring to? The first time I remember reading this I ...
2
votes
0answers
49 views

How the areas of the tribes were possibly equally valued?

I base my question solely on the WIKI of the division of the Land of Israel between the 9.5 tribes (the final division by Yehoshua). I'm not a big of a geographer, but I live in Israel, and I know ...
1
vote
2answers
94 views

Was Africa destined for the Europeans - descendants of Yefet?

A little follow-up to my previous question: There are two interesting Targumim suggesting that Africa was oroginally destined for the descendants of Yefet (Gen 10,2): תרגום ירושלמי, בראשית י׳:ב׳: ...
6
votes
1answer
234 views

Location of the Beit HaDeshen

In "aizeho mekomon" (the 5th chapter of Maseches Z'vachim)we learn that the the porim hanisrofim were burned in the Beit HaDeshen. What please was the location of the Beit HaDeshen? I seem to remember ...
2
votes
0answers
49 views

Are the borders of Eretz Israel going to be the same in regard to the Torah when moshiach comes? [closed]

I have read before an opinion that they are not going to be the same borders, I am hoping for some backup information.
2
votes
1answer
75 views

Is Mt Hermon located within the biblical boundaries of the Holy Land?

According to interpreters, Is Mt Hermon located within the biblical boundaries of the Holy Land?
8
votes
4answers
458 views

Comprehensive map/list of active Orthodox synagogues in the U.S

Does anyone know of a map or list of all the active Orthodox shuls in the U.S.? When I was looking for which residencies to apply to it was my limiting factor and sometimes it was hard to find out ...
7
votes
1answer
107 views

Southern Birkas Ha'ilanos

I've seen Saying Mashiv HaRuach in the Southern Hemisphere. Similarly, is Birkas Ha'ilanos (ברכת האילנות) said in Tishrei in the southern hemisphere? That's when the trees bloom.
10
votes
3answers
250 views

Walled from the times of Joshua: Why Joshua?

The Halacha is that those who live in a city that was walled in the times of Yehoshuah reads on a different day (Rambam Hilchos Megillah 1:4-5). The question is why from Yehoshuah (Joshua) when the ...
5
votes
2answers
220 views

Is the Bnei Brak of the Hagada and Megila the same as modern-day Bnei Brak?

The Pesach Hagada mentions the story of five rabbis in Bnei Brak It happened once [on Pesach] that Rabbi Eliezer, Rabbi Yehoshua, Rabbi Elazar ben Azariah, Rabbi Akiva and Rabbi Tarfon were ...
6
votes
0answers
81 views

The application of the dispute about the borders of Babylon

The Talmud (Kiddushin 71b) discusses the differences in the lineage of people from different places in the vicinity of Bavel (Babylon) by analogy of health. Bavel is healthy (has a good lineage), ...
4
votes
2answers
308 views

Tzarfat and France in Rabbinic Literature

Why does rabbinic literature identify France with Tzarfat? Tzarfat itself is mentioned only a few times, namely 'Ovadia 1:20, along with the only istance of Sepharad (which is identified with Spain) ...
7
votes
1answer
282 views

Late sunset times and Jewish observance

This question is distinct from other questions which ask how and when to begin Shabbat, etc. when there is no sunset. I am asking about places in which sunset occurs very late during certain times of ...
3
votes
2answers
90 views

The “Galil” in the times of Chazal

The Galil is a portion of Eretz Yisrael mentioned often in Chazal (Mishnayos, Tosefta, Bavli, Yerushalmi.) It's generally referring to the "northern" part of Eretz Yisrael. We even see in the ...
6
votes
1answer
71 views

What's the difference between ציון and ירושלים?

What's the difference between ציון and ירושלים? Initially I thought that they are just synonyms but after reading some phrases in the bible I doubt whether it's correct or not. The phrases that ...
126
votes
4answers
6k views

Implications of Samoa skipping a Friday

This week, the island of Samoa is switching time zones, causing it to skip from Thursday directly to Saturday. Out of simple curiosity, what implications might this have on any Jews on the island? ...
2
votes
0answers
84 views

Modern Directions to Sambatyon River

A Rav recently mentioned a sefer was written by an American Rav in the 1930s called Kol Mevaser which provided exact directions to find the Sambatyon River. (The map began in Tibet and carefully ...
1
vote
1answer
83 views

Dividing the world for the sons of Noah

Rashi (Gen 12,6) mentions that Noah divided the world between his sons and that Israel was given to Shem and his descendants: והכנעני אז בארץ. הָיָה הוֹלֵךְ וְכוֹבֵשׁ אֶת אֶרֶץ יִשְׂרָאֵל ...
9
votes
1answer
477 views

How animals populated different continents after the flood?

What are some understandings as to how animals populated different continents after the flood? Did some species of animals survive the flood? Or are we to understand that the flood only affected the ...
3
votes
1answer
64 views

Sources for the location of the Red Sea

I am looking for Jewish sources that touch on the question of where (on a modern map) the crossing of the Red Sea (Sea of Reeds) took place. In my research, I'm finding several possible locations, ...
4
votes
1answer
115 views

Was There a Specific Location that the Babylonian Talmud was Written

The exact (think GPS) location of many biblical sites are known. We know exectly where Abraham bound Issac and suspect that is the same spot where the Holy of Holies was. Some of the ancient sites (or ...
4
votes
2answers
352 views

What nationality was Bilam?

In Numbers 22:5, the Torah is unclear as to where Pethor is. If it wants to tell us where Pethor is, then tell us, but one can only figure out where Pethor is if one knows of which people was Bilam. ...
14
votes
2answers
2k views

May one walk under the Arch of Titus?

I have heard that it is prohibited (or at least that the custom is not) to walk under the Arch of Titus in Rome. Is this accurate? If so, what is the source? Would it make a difference if a large ...