Questions tagged [fast-days]

Days where Jews refrain from eating and drinking.

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Why is an infant firstborn child not simply exempt from the firstborns' fast?

The Fast of the First Born was instituted for the day before the first Passover Seder. I have an older brother, so I'm not obligated to fast then. But my first child was a son, and he is obligated to ...
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Fasting for Medical Recovery

Yesterday, a request was publicized in the name of R' Chaim Kanievsky to accept a fast in the afternoon to fast today for the medical recovery of R' Y.S. Elyashiv, unless it interferes with one's ...
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Relief from fasting while traveling?

I fly multiple times a week nearly every week for work. It has happened a few times that I had to travel on a minor fast day and I was at times surprised to see visibly religious people eating and ...
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How far can you go in Shabbos leniency in order to prepare food?

I am referring to situations in which it is very likely that there will not be any food unless Shabbos leniencies are exploited. For example, if literally all my food is all in the fridge, but I know ...
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Fasting on the wedding day - when getting married right before or after a fast

When a person gets married a day before Yom Kippur or a day after Tzon Gedalya - does he/she have to fast two days in a row?
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Are there different shitos for when fasts end? What are they?

Are there different shitos for when fasts end? (Similar Motzei Shabbos, when some people wait 72 minutes past shkiya to do melacha, where other people wait less.)
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How to deal with the parts of the Torah reading that are pre-empted by the congregation

Sometimes, our traditional approach to the reading includes having the congregation recite a short section of the reading aloud before the Torah reader does it, and then he follows. The most ...
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678 views

Why is fasting not permitted in the first 12 day of Sivan?

The Yahrzeit for my father falls on 7 Sivan. In the past it was always my custom to fast on 8 Sivan unless it was a Shabbat. Then I would fast on 9 Sivan. This came up in discussion with my (Chabad) ...
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Who observes Yom Kippur Katan, and how?

Which groups of Jews observe the monthly holiday known as "Yom Kippur Katan," in which one dedicates the day before Rosh Chodesh to repentance, often including fasting and selichot? In what ways do ...
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Please translate “Shem Yinone mechoilol maichovim” in a selicho for Tzom Gedaliah

Please could someone offer a translation of the phrase “Shem Yinone mechoilol maichovim” in the Selicho for Tzom Gedaliah that begins “Oz Terem Nimtochu” (near the beginning of the selichos)?
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Breaking a fast with meat

Someone told me that it's assur (or inappropriate? either way...) to break any fast with meat. They didn't have a source, and I wasn't familiar with one, so I looked into it. I only found one relevant ...
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How does prolonged (multiday) fasting work?

In Esther 4:16, Esther tells Mordecai to have the entire Jewish community fast for three straight days: ‘Go, gather together all the Jews that are present in Shushan, and fast ye for me, and ...
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Why not start BaHaB on Iyar / Marcheshvan 3?

Shulchan Aruch Orach Chaim 492 discusses the custom some have to fast on Monday, Thursday and Monday (BaHaB) following the months of Nissan and Tishrei. Rama in his gloss notes that the custom is to ...
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731 views

Should animals not be fed on Yom Kippur?

There is a line in The Book of Jonah that says: And he caused it to be proclaimed and published through Nineveh by the decree of the king and his nobles, saying: 'Let neither man nor beast, herd ...
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Good idea to fast on the day of conversion?

Is there any reason someone would refrain from eating on the day of conversion up until it is complete?
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Why is the torah reading for minor fast days different by just one verse from when that reading occurs in the regular cycle?

On minor fast days we read Sh'mot 32:11-14 and 34:1-10. The latter is almost the fifth aliyah of Ki Tisa, which is Sh'mot 34:1-9. I've been taught that aliyah boundaries are thoughtful (not ...
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Why is there no Kaddish after Torah reading at mincha on a fast day?

Every Torah reading is followed by half Kaddish, except for Shabbat and fast day mincha. Mishnah Berurah #4 on O.C. 292:1 says that on Shabbat and fast days we don't say Kaddish after Torah reading ...
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Caffeine pills vs. suppositories on Yom Kippur

It seems to be commonplace today for people to use caffeine suppositories on Yom Kippur, in order to deal with caffeine withdrawal from not being able to drink coffee. I have to assume that this is ...
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Why was Ta'anis Esther established? The story has a happy ending!

I understand why we fast the other public fast days (Tisha B'av, 17 Tammuz, Tzom Gedaliah). All of these fasts commemorate events which we are still affected by (primarily lack of a Beis Hamikdash). ...
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Chewing gum on a fast?

In a fast, as you probably know, it is forbidden to eat. So anything that would be halachicaly considered eating wouldn't be allowed. While reading some answers on this site, I found that chewing gum ...
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Does someone not fasting still try their best?

If someone is exempt from fasting on a minor fast day, with the example that I have in mind being a nursing woman, is there any concept that they should still fast as much as possible, or do we say ...
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Does the COVID19 epidemic in NYC qualify as "Dever B'ir - a Plague in the City"?

Shulchan Aruch (Orach Chaim, 576) defines dever r"l or pestilence as an epidemic killing 3 people in 3 days (not 3 people in 4 days; not 3 people in 2 days) for a city of 500 working age men. How is ...
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Fasting to increase chances of getting prayer answered

It used to be that rabbis made the community fast to increase their chances of getting their prayers answered. This was done particularly if rain was late in coming. (The first thing God promises if ...
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Smoking versus snuffing tabac on Tisha Beav [duplicate]

In SA OC 554 the Caf Hachyim SK 3 rules that to smoke hookah is prohibited almost before Chats it, if not as a mean to treat constipation. But in SK 4 he allows to snuff tabac. My question is if to ...
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Fasting in Nissan for epidemic

In general we refrain from observing fast days during the month of Nissan (S"A O"C 429:2). There are some exceptions, like a taanis chalom. For a communal distress such as a deadly epidemic a ...
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Medicines on fast days which need to be taken with food

I had seen on this Halachipedia page in the name of R' Shlomo Zalman Auerbach that one may drink a minimal amount of water, as needed, in order to swallow pills. However, R' Belsky, as quoted in this ...
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Taking Tylenol on a Taanith: Defining "ill"

With regard to hilkhoth shabbath, a choleh she'ein bo sakana (one with a non-life-threatening illness) is allowed to engage in therapeutic activites, such as taking medication. This is not the case ...
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If someone has broken their fast on Yom Kippur is anything extra added to birchas hamazon? [duplicate]

Possible Duplicate: Benching on yom kipper I have heard that if one breaks his fast on Yom Kippur he should add into his birchas hamazon the section of "Yaaleh V'yavo". Is this true or do you add ...
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is it permitted to swallow spit on a fast day?

is it permitted to swallow spit on a fast day or must one spit? this would lead to worse dehydration and if the motivation isn't eating but ridding the saliva in one's mouth without becoming ...
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Are minor fasts obligatory?

Are "minor" fasts such as Taanit Esther ("Fast of Esther"; i.e. the day before Purim) or Tzom Gedaliyah ("Fast of Gedaliyah"; i.e. the day after Rosh Hashanah) optional or obligatory? Under what ...
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Can women pray when on their period?

I've recently learned that Muslim women aren't supposed to pray when they're on their period and do not fast when on their period. I've never heard of anything similar in Judaism. Can women pray when ...
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Fasting on Modern Days of Mourning

I was wondering if some people fast on Yom HaShoah or Yom HaZikaron. After all, these are somber days and hit close to home for many people. Do some people fast on these days? Why or why not?
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Fasting on shabbas 10 Teves

One opinion brought in the Beis Yosef (whom we do not hold of) is if the fast of 10 Teves came out on shabbat we would have to fast, but it cannot happen due to the setup of our calendar. How can ...
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Fasting on Chanukah

Are you allowed to fast on Chanukah?
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Should a child wash his hands before eating on Yom Kippur?

I know that you're not allowed to eat or wash on Yom Kippur. But suppose a child (not obligated to fast) is going to eat bread - should he wash his hands before eating it?
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Didn't have enough fasters at the beginning of the service, now do (or might): do you change over to the fast-day liturgy?

On a public fast you only do the liturgical changes (like Avinu Malkeinu) if you have at least six actual fasters present. If you don't have that quorum at the beginning and therefore start doing a ...
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Does a minyan use fast-day liturgy for the fast of the firstborn if some will override the fast?

This answer refers to the practice of over-riding the fast of the first-born, which is my experience too. My question is: should the shaliach tzibbur ever do the fast-day liturgy? If the community ...
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Regretting intentionally breaking a fast

My daughter asked me what would happen if someone started the day not fasting -- intentionally! He wakes and says "this is dumb so I'm having breakfast." Then, due to some intervening act or ...
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What does "responsive recitation" mean for Selichos?

There are a bunch of Selichos that are supposed to be "recited responsively." I think for many of them, I've seen the format: Chazan: line 1 Kehila: line 1 Kehila: line 2 Chazan: line 2 Kehila: ...
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Are women required to keep the Fast of Esther?

I had learned that women are only required to fast on Yom Kippur and Tisha B'Av.* But sometimes, women are obligated in mitzvos that they wouldn't ordinarily be expected (such as the time-bound ...
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Were the 8th and 9th of Teves once fasts?

In slichos this morning I noticed a mention of the 8th and 9th of Teves also being fasts. Were these three days ever fasts all at once or were these fasts independently observed and replaced each time ...
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When does fasting Erev Rosh Hashanah officially begin and end?

May seem like a simple question considering erev means evening... But does fasting erev Rosh Hashanah which is similar to Erev Yom Kippur katan (aka Erev Rosh Chodesh) officially begin at nightfall ...
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Are there any nuschaos which drop one of the closing phrases when עננו is said in שמע קולנו?

We add in the special prayer עננו on fast days. It is added in two different locations. (1) as a separate brocho between גואל and רופא and (2) as an addition into the brocho of שמע קולנו. In (1) the ...
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Eating for strength to bury on Tisha B' Av

Can one (halachically) eat to have the strength to dig a grave for a recently passed away Jew? Assume you can't pay a gentile to do it for you.
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Music on Tannis Esther

Can you listen to music on Tannis Esther? (are haircuts allowed? it was asked but I want to know if Tannis esther is different as it seems to be Less of a fast?)
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Holocaust Remembrance Fast Day

Rabbi Yom Tov Schwarz (See: “EYES TO SEE: Recovering Ethical Torah Principles Lost in the Holocaust”) argues that the Jewish people (led by the Torah observant community) should designate a fast day ...
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What happens if someone misses a day of Bahab?

Let’s say that someone, for whatever reason (say he forgot it was Behab), accepted upon himself to fast Behab but didn’t fast one of the days (say, for instance, he fasted Monday but not Thursday). ...
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282 views

Can one say the fast-day selichos before the morning prayers?

There seem to be two sorts of selichos: (1) those in Elul and the 10 days of Repentance and (2) the selichos for fast days. Type (1) are typically said before all the morning prayers and type (2) ...
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Fasting on yarhzeit of parent -- must be "m'kabel" the fast from the day before?

When someone is fasting a "taanis yachid" (individual fast) he must be "m'kabel" (accept upon himself) the fast from the day before in the Tefillah of Mincha. Is the same true for the fast that one ...
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Halachic ramifications of using a digital lollipop

A device known as the digital lollipop sends electric signals to the tongue, stimulating taste. It can theoretically represent any taste, when correctly coupled with a smelling device, similar to how ...