Questions tagged [fast-days]

Days where Jews refrain from eating and drinking.

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7
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2answers
368 views

Why is a Haftorah recited on fast days?

I think the title is essentially my question. Fast days are the only time when a haftorah is said during mincha. What makes fast days unique to have a haftorah recited then?
7
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1answer
538 views

Difference between "taanit" and "tzom"?

Is there a difference between taanit and tzom and what is it? At first I thought it was the difference between public and private fasts, but there are public and private taanit so that is not the case....
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366 views

Taanis Chalom on shabbos when a fast day is pushed off

If a fast day which normally falls out on shabbos is pushed off, such as the 17th of Tammuz, and a person fasts on that shabbos for another permissible reason, such as a taanis chalom (fast for having ...
7
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3answers
268 views

Why do all our fast days revolve around the Beis Hamikdash?

We have a few "official" fast days: Tzom Gedalia – The last Jewish administrator killed and the final Jewish community sent into exile 10th of Teves – Siege in the time of the 1st Beis Hamikdash  ...
6
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3answers
155 views

Fast of the Tenth of the month of Teves

What is the significance of the Fast of the Tenth of Teves?
6
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2answers
129 views

Why do the Destruction-related Fasts not have names?

There are three Fasts on our calendar that commemorate stages in the destruction of Jerusalem and the Temple: 17 Tammuz 9 Av 10 Tevet (I realize that we could consider Tzom Gedaliah a partial ...
6
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5answers
3k views

Headache remedy on a fast day?

Even with proper pre-fast hydration and caffeine reduction, I almost always get a headache starting around hour 20-22 of a fast and growing from there. Taking a nap is sometimes possible and ...
6
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3answers
4k views

Is one allowed to smoke on minor fast days?

There are various opinions on whether it is ever permissible to smoke, with rabbinic opinion shifting more toward "no" in recent years, but among those who permit smoking generally, is it permissible ...
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2answers
2k views

Under what circumstances may one eat or drink on a fast day?

When and for what health reasons should we break our fasts? (assume the person is not elderly or pregnant.)
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2answers
113 views

Asara B'Teveis on a Friday

This year Asara B'Teveis came out on a Friday. Suppose you would Daven Mincha before Plag and Kaballas Shabbos right after Plag and come home when it is still light outside, would you be allowed to ...
6
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1answer
213 views

Chatam Sofer on Tenth of Tevet falling on the Shabbat

Abudarham argued that should we not use a calculated calendar and should Tenth of Tevet fall on the Shabbat, we would be required to fast instead of postponing it. He learns this from the common ...
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3answers
694 views

If you're really thirsty (e.g. breaking a fast), do you make a bracha first on the water or solids?

I know generally speaking, when prioritizing brachos, if you have food and drink, the food goes first; also, shehakols tend to rank low. But what if you're really, really thirsty (e.g. breaking a ...
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1answer
441 views

Placement of Aneinu on the day of a fast

On days when the community fasts the prayer of "aneinu" is added to the repetition of the leader in the morning and is said after the blessing of "Re'eh Nah". In Mincha the community adds this prayer ...
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2k views

What is the source for taanit dibur?

I recall meeting someone on Yom Kippur once who would not respond when I spoke to him. Instead he handed me a piece of paper which said that he was engaged in a taanit dibur, a 'fast' where that which ...
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1answer
123 views

When did the custom start to fast Tannis Esther on 13th Addar?

This question is not a duplicate of Tannis Esther reason because it is not a question of the reason just about the time. In Megilat Taanit it is mentioned that people should not fast on the day ...
6
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1answer
247 views

When did Yom Kippur Kattan originate?

The day before Rosh Hodesh is considered like a "mini" Yom Kippur. (I understand that there are some months, I think before Tishrei and Nissan that do not have YKK? Correct me if I'm mistaken.) Some ...
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1answer
253 views

What are the opinions regarding eating small-bits-at-a-time ("leshiurin") on Tisha B'Av when necessary?

I know on Yom Kippur, if someone is medically required to eat, s/he should do so with only a bit of food every few minutes, to avoid the full severity of eating "a full serving in one sitting." On ...
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1answer
288 views

Meaningful ways to spend Tisha b'Av?

I am struggling a bit on Tisha b'Av to find meaningful ways to spend the day. I am looking for advice on meaningful activities that fulfill the intent of the day (mourning for Jerusalem and the ...
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341 views

Anenu if planning to break the fast

I have two related questions about the fast day addition to the Amida "Anenu b'yom tzom taaniteinu": If an individual is fasting when he says mincha, but he plans to break the fast after mincha, ...
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256 views

Six fast days? What's the sixth?

On Mekor Judaica's website, I see a Sephardic siddur for sale, for the שש תעניות, the six fast days. I was only aware of 5 fast days: Ta'anit Esther Tzom Gedaliah 10th of Tevet 17th of Tammuz Tisha B'...
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1answer
258 views

Is the Fast of Tevet considered a 24 hour fast?

Is the Fast of Tevet considered a 24 hour fast, or does it begin in the morning until early evening?
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2answers
372 views

Fasts for pregnant women and new mothers

What fasts are pregnant women and women right after childbirth obligated to keep? Thanks.
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1answer
171 views

17 of Tammuz occurrences

What happened on the 17 of Tammuz to inspire the fast observed on that day?
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3answers
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Why did Rebbe want to get rid of Tishah b’Av Nidcheh?

Megillah 5a-b: אמר רבי אלעזר אמר רבי חנינא רבי נטע נטיעה בפורים ורחץ בקרונה של צפורי בשבעה עשר בתמוז ובקש לעקור תשעה באב ולא הודו לו אמר לפניו רבי אבא בר זבדא רבי לא כך היה מעשה אלא תשעה באב שחל ...
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52 views

What happens if an individual accidentally says Aneinu before Re'eh instead of during Shema Koleinu?

Let’s say that a congregant, who’s normally supposed to say Aneinu in Shema Koleinu instead of before Re'eh, accidentally says it as a stand-alone Beracha before Re'eh. He doesn’t realize until well ...
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93 views

Source for Rema re: Fasting in Sefer Tanya

Orach Chaim Simman 580 Seif 1 the SA writes אֵלּוּ הַיָּמִים שֶׁאֵרְעוּ בָּהֶם צָרוֹת לַאֲבוֹתֵינוּ וְרָאוּי לְהִתְעַנּוֹת בָּהֶם; וְאַף עַל פִּי שֶׁמִּקְּצָתָם בְּרֹאשׁ חֹדֶשׁ, יֵשׁ מִי שֶׁאוֹמֵר ...
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1answer
164 views

Looking for Ibn Ezra Riddle

I'm looking for the Hebrew of an Ibn Ezra riddle related to fast days: "the short, the long, the black, the white, the man, the woman." Does anyone have a source, or the Hebrew for this? ...
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1answer
82 views

Preparing for a fast by eating/drinking on Shabbos

If the fast of Tisha B'av comes out on Sunday, is it a problem of preparing for after Shabbos on Shabbos to eat or drink more than one normally would on Shabbos? If a fast were on Tuesday, and one ...
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1answer
705 views

Parshas Chukas Fast

Why do people fast on the Friday of Parshas Chukas?
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1answer
303 views

Is it permissible to learn Hilchot Teshuva on Tisha Beav?

The Shulchan Aruch paskens (OC 554) that it is forbidden to learn most parts of Torah on Tisha Beav, except for a few small sections about aveilut. The question is: the Shulchan Aruch doesn't ...
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2answers
216 views

Yehi Ratzons on Monday and Thursday only?

Are there any recent Halachic sources that discuss whether or not the Yehi Ratzons following the Torah reading would be recited a fast day that falls out on S/T/W/F? I realize that at Why are the Yehi ...
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4answers
201 views

Does a b'chor need to fast if he didn't partake in food from the siyum?

If a b'chor attended (or made) a siyum on taanis bechoros but did not partake of any food does he need to fast?
5
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1answer
252 views

Why is there no clear Chabad custom regarding Tzom G'dalya s'lichos: early morning or during shacharis?

In the 2005/5765 Kehot edition of סליחות על־פי מנהג חב״ד/Slichos appears part of a letter by the last Lubavitcher rebbe with no date on it. It reads, in part: לא שמעתי הוראה בסדר סליחות ליום זה (...
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1answer
228 views

Why do we honor Gedalia, who was condemned for murder, with a fast day?

Gedaliah was informed that Yishmael ben Nesania was going to try to kill him. He ignored this, thinking it a lie (Yirmiyahu 40:16). Because of this mistake, the Torah (Yirmiyahu 41:9) attributes ...
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2answers
196 views

Day of Yosef’s Sale

I saw in a medrash - but can’t recall where - that the brothers sold Yosef on the tenth of Teveis. Does any which medrash I could find this in?
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1answer
63 views

When does a private fast begin?

When does a private fast (תענית יחיד) begin? At sunset or at dawn? Is it considered a fast like Yom Kippur (24 hr.) or like a half-day fast? Are there any sources that address this?
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1answer
216 views

Restaurants opening on fast days

Assuming a kosher restaurant or a café that attracts significant quantity of non-Jewish customers, what is their policy on fast days? Do they keep open? If so, what do they do with Jews, who have ...
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2answers
571 views

Is Selichos recited in the house of a mourner during shiva on Asara B'Tevet?

Is Selichot said in the house of an avel during shiva on the 10th of Tevet? Does the mourner lead the Selichos?
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2answers
106 views

Can a public fast day be used for a Yahrtzeit fast?

Some people have a minhag to fast on a yahrtzeit (see Shulchan Aruch OC 567,7-9). If the day of the yahrtzeit occurs on a public fast day such as 17 Tamuz, can the fasting done then count for the ...
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1answer
1k views

On a "minor fast day" must one daven Maariv before eating once the fast is over?

Can a person eat once a fast is over and daven Maariv at a later time after eating? or is it a requirement to say Maariv prior to breaking one's fast?
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1answer
64 views

How to understand the first selicho for Asoro B'Teves

I do not understand the first selicho (in the Rosenfeld edition, p 343) for Asoro B'Teves. The first line reads, “I remember the distress that befell me; three blows he inflicted on me this month.” ...
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1answer
428 views

Fasting on Erev Shabbos/Yom Tov

Is it permitted to fast on Erev Shabbos or Erev Yom Tov? I've heard about people taking on fasts until chatzos, but no later. What is the halacha on this?
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1answer
96 views

When were these fasts observed?

The Tur (Orach Chayim 580), quoting the Bahag (Laws of the Ninth of Av), gives a list of days on which to fast. This list is copied or mentioned by some other rishonim (as quoted in the footnote to ...
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1answer
111 views

How the 72 hours straight fast was possibly allowed?

We know that the danger of fasting two consecutive days is the reason Yom Kippur (and all other fasts) is not celebrated two days outside Israel. And still Ester commanded on the 3-day fast (Ester 4,...
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1answer
2k views

Does Judaism forbid fasting on Fridays and Saturdays? If so, where is this rule written and what is the reasoning behind it?

I was reading the deuterocanonical Book of Judith, and I came across the following: Judith had lived as a widow in her house for three years and four months. She pitched a tent for herself on ...
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1answer
675 views

Caffeine while fasting

May a person take a caffeine tablet during their fast? The tablet would be placed under the tongue and dissolved without drinking any water so no food or water would be ingested.
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1answer
219 views

Water Fasts and Halacha

Some spiritual disciplines have a concept of a "water fast" (see https://en.wikipedia.org/wiki/Water_fasting), during which one consumes only water, tea w/o sugar, etc. Clearly, consuming even water ...
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1answer
199 views

May I intentionally generate saliva on Yom Kippur

By swishing my tongue around my mouth, I can trick my glands into exuding saliva. I can then swallow this and trick my body into thinking it has drank. Is this saliva Nolad for the purpose of Shabbos ...
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1answer
2k views

What to do in the case of dropping tefillin?

I heard that in the case of tefillin falling on the floor, this is a serious thing and one must give $25 in tzedaka. I did a little research and found that halacha offers an alternative option of ...
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3answers
449 views

Nebulizer on Yom Kippur

Is someone who suffers from asthma and needs to use a nebulizer to make it easier for them to breath (not pekuach nefesh) allowed to use it on Yom Kippur? (In a way of course that it'll be turned on ...