Questions tagged [fast-days]

Days where Jews refrain from eating and drinking.

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The Fast of Gedaliah [duplicate]

Why must we fast on Tzom Gedalya? Was he the greatest leader Bnai Yisroel had that we fast on account of his assasination? Was Moshe not a greater leader for he took us out of Egypt yet we do not ...
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How are sunrise and sundown observed in places with 24-hour day/nights [duplicate]

Some practices are time bound by sunrise or sunset (e.g. fasting on Yom Kippur). Far northern/southern areas have 24 hour long day/nights at certain times of the year, so a sundown/sunrise never ...
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Mouthwash on a public fast day?

Is it permitted to use mouthwash on a public fast day? Would a sensitive mouth, due to medical reasons be a good reason to be lenient? (I can see it being less problematic than brushing one's teeth, ...
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Listerine strips on Yom Kippur and Pesach

I heard recently in the name of Rav Hershel Schachter that you can consume Listerine strips (such as these) on both Yom Kippur and Pesach without worry. I wonder if anyone can confirm this, and ...
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Headache remedy on a fast day?

Even with proper pre-fast hydration and caffeine reduction, I almost always get a headache starting around hour 20-22 of a fast and growing from there. Taking a nap is sometimes possible and ...
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Do communities set public fast days for hurricanes or other natural disasters?

I hear occasionally about fast days in Israel when there's no rain. Some examples are in this answer. From one of the links there, R' Mosheh Lichtenstein is not in favor of fasting for rain in a ...
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130 views

Why is there no Kaddish after Torah reading at mincha on a fast day?

Every Torah reading is followed by half Kaddish, except for Shabbat and fast day mincha. Mishnah Berurah #4 on O.C. 292:1 says that on Shabbat and fast days we don't say Kaddish after Torah reading ...
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Accidentally ended שמע קולנו with העונה בעת צרה

What should you do if, on a fast day, you said Aneinu in Shema Koleinu and then accidentally continued with the conclusion for Aneinu, ברוך אתה ה' העונה בעת צרה, instead of finishing with כי אתה שומע? ...
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What happens if an individual accidentally says Aneinu before Re'eh instead of during Shema Koleinu?

Let’s say that a congregant, who’s normally supposed to say Aneinu in Shema Koleinu instead of before Re'eh, accidentally says it as a stand-alone Beracha before Re'eh. He doesn’t realize until well ...
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What to do in the case of dropping tefillin?

I heard that in the case of tefillin falling on the floor, this is a serious thing and one must give $25 in tzedaka. I did a little research and found that halacha offers an alternative option of ...
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Chewing gum on a fast?

In a fast, as you probably know, it is forbidden to eat. So anything that would be halachicaly considered eating wouldn't be allowed. While reading some answers on this site, I found that chewing gum ...
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Breaking a fast with meat

Someone told me that it's assur (or inappropriate? either way...) to break any fast with meat. They didn't have a source, and I wasn't familiar with one, so I looked into it. I only found one relevant ...
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Why do all our fast days revolve around the Beis Hamikdash?

We have a few "official" fast days: Tzom Gedalia – The last Jewish administrator killed and the final Jewish community sent into exile 10th of Teves – Siege in the time of the 1st Beis Hamikdash  ...
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When does a private fast begin?

When does a private fast (תענית יחיד) begin? At sunset or at dawn? Is it considered a fast like Yom Kippur (24 hr.) or like a half-day fast? Are there any sources that address this?
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Restaurants opening on fast days

Assuming a kosher restaurant or a café that attracts significant quantity of non-Jewish customers, what is their policy on fast days? Do they keep open? If so, what do they do with Jews, who have ...
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Can a single fast be used for multiple purposes? [duplicate]

Brachos daf 31b says that one who fasts on Shabbos should fast another day to atone for his fast. Suppose the next day is a previously ordained fast (e.g 17th of Tammuz, etc.), does that fast count to ...
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Placement of Aneinu on the day of a fast

On days when the community fasts the prayer of "aneinu" is added to the repetition of the leader in the morning and is said after the blessing of "Re'eh Nah". In Mincha the community adds this prayer ...
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Can a public fast day be used for a Yahrtzeit fast?

Some people have a minhag to fast on a yahrtzeit (see Shulchan Aruch OC 567,7-9). If the day of the yahrtzeit occurs on a public fast day such as 17 Tamuz, can the fasting done then count for the ...
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Relief from fasting while traveling?

I fly multiple times a week nearly every week for work. It has happened a few times that I had to travel on a minor fast day and I was at times surprised to see visibly religious people eating and ...
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Talmudic concept of a sensitive individual--“istus?”

There is a Talmudic term I've heard mentioned in passing but have not been able to locate. It relates to the concept of a person who is especially sensitive to physical discomfort in situations such ...
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Fasting to increase chances of getting prayer answered

It used to be that rabbis made the community fast to increase their chances of getting their prayers answered. This was done particularly if rain was late in coming. (The first thing God promises if ...
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How much time passes before we understand that the drought hasn’t ended?

In ta’anis (1:5-7) the Mishnayos discuss how and when to fast for rain in a drought, for example: הִגִּיעַ רֹאשׁ חֹדֶשׁ כִּסְלֵו וְלֹא יָרְדוּ גְשָׁמִים, בֵּית דִּין גּוֹזְרִין שָׁלשׁ תַּעֲנִיוֹת ...
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Why not start BaHaB on Iyar / Marcheshvan 3?

Shulchan Aruch Orach Chaim 492 discusses the custom some have to fast on Monday, Thursday and Monday (BaHaB) following the months of Nissan and Tishrei. Rama in his gloss notes that the custom is to ...
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What happens if someone misses a day of Bahab?

Let’s say that someone, for whatever reason (say he forgot it was Behab), accepted upon himself to fast Behab but didn’t fast one of the days (say, for instance, he fasted Monday but not Thursday). ...
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is it permitted to swallow spit on a fast day?

is it permitted to swallow spit on a fast day or must one spit? this would lead to worse dehydration and if the motivation isn't eating but ridding the saliva in one's mouth without becoming ...
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Seudat Mitzvah on a Personal Fast Day

May a person who accepts upon himself a personal fast eat a seudat mitzvah? For example, if a person finds himself at a bris on the day he accepted to fast, is he able to eat?
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Are women required to keep the Fast of Esther?

I had learned that women are only required to fast on Yom Kippur and Tisha B'Av.* But sometimes, women are obligated in mitzvos that they wouldn't ordinarily be expected (such as the time-bound ...
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How the 72 hours straight fast was possibly allowed?

We know that the danger of fasting two consecutive days is the reason Yom Kippur (and all other fasts) is not celebrated two days outside Israel. And still Ester commanded on the 3-day fast (Ester 4,...
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Why was Ta'anis Esther established? The story has a happy ending!

I understand why we fast the other public fast days (Tisha B'av, 17 Tammuz, Tzom Gedaliah). All of these fasts commemorate events which we are still affected by (primarily lack of a Beis Hamikdash). ...
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Tannis Esther reason

Why do we fast on Tannis Esther? In memory of what historical occurrence?
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How did Mordechai get *all* the Jews of Shushan to agree to fast for three days?

My question is a bit long-winded so I'll summarize first: TL;DR How did Mordechai rouse the will of all the Jews of Shushan to agree to fast for three days? And further, why did Esther limit her ...
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564 views

Seudas Bris on a pushed-off fast

When Tisha B'Av is pushed off from Shabbos to Sunday the "bal habris" may eat a seudah (meal). A few questions. (I have no other background information to give and I'm asking because simply a lack of ...
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Why is the torah reading for minor fast days different by just one verse from when that reading occurs in the regular cycle?

On minor fast days we read Sh'mot 32:11-14 and 34:1-10. The latter is almost the fifth aliyah of Ki Tisa, which is Sh'mot 34:1-9. I've been taught that aliyah boundaries are thoughtful (not ...
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164 views

17 of Tammuz occurrences

What happened on the 17 of Tammuz to inspire the fast observed on that day?
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Do we fast when someone trips and falls while holding a Sefer Torah?

When dropping a Sefer Torah, the custom is to fast, but what is the minhag if I trip and fall while holding a Sefer Torah?
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Are you allowed to Vape on a fast day?

I was told that Vape has sugar in it. Are you inhailing enough for it to constitute a Shiur, and so not be able to Vape on a fast day?
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On a “minor fast day” must one daven Maariv before eating once the fast is over?

Can a person eat once a fast is over and daven Maariv at a later time after eating? or is it a requirement to say Maariv prior to breaking one's fast?
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When were these fasts observed?

The Tur (Orach Chayim 580), quoting the Bahag (Laws of the Ninth of Av), gives a list of days on which to fast. This list is copied or mentioned by some other rishonim (as quoted in the footnote to ...
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Accepting a fast upon oneself after the prayer of Mincha

If someone wants to do a personal fast (taanit) and forgot to receive it during Mincha. Can he still receive it after Mincha before the day is out? What should he recite?
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Fast some other day if can't fast on Yom Kippur?

If someone is sufficiently ill on Yom Kippur to be halachically allowed to eat, would there be any value in him fasting for a whole day after he gets well? I'm sure it would be voluntary, but is it ...
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Does Judaism forbid fasting on Fridays and Saturdays? If so, where is this rule written and what is the reasoning behind it?

I was reading the deuterocanonical Book of Judith, and I came across the following: Judith had lived as a widow in her house for three years and four months. She pitched a tent for herself on ...
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Is one forbidden to fast between Yom Kippur and Sukot?

I heard once that one shouldn’t fast between Yom Kippur and the end of Sukot , not sure its reason or if it’s an accurate statement
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What's the point of fasting?

What does fasting do? Is it to put us in a certain mindset? If so how does it do so? Does the pain itself atone? If so how and why? Or is it some other reason?
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Why is Tisha b'Av stricter than other mitzvos with regard to rabbinical prohibitions for a choleh?

Why is Tisha b'Av apparently stricter than other mitzvos--including Shabbos--with regards to rabbinical prohibitions for a choleh? On Shabbos, one who is in a state of choleh kol gufo (debilitating ...
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Caffeine pills vs. suppositories on Yom Kippur

It seems to be commonplace today for people to use caffeine suppositories on Yom Kippur, in order to deal with caffeine withdrawal from not being able to drink coffee. I have to assume that this is ...
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Adjust the selicho “מַשְׂאַת כַּפַּי" when the kehillo is not fasting on Yom Kippur Koton?

Related: Who observes Yom Kippur Katan, and how? In the mincha service of Yom Kippur Koton, the selicho “מַשְׂאַת כַּפַּי” is said: 1 חזן מַשְׂאַת כַּפַּי מִנְחַת עֶרֶב רְצֵה נָא בְכֹשֶׁר, ...
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Did King David really fast on alternate days?

Could you please let me know whether King David fasted on alternate days? Have you got this tradition in Judaism? Any historical reference?
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Extended fasting on 10 Av

The Bavli (Taanit 29a) teaches that the Temple was set aflame on the ninth of Av in the afternoon and it burnt until sundown on the tenth of Av. The Yerushalmi (Taanit 4:6) records that because of ...
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Do the customs in regards to *Yud Av* apply to *Yud-Aleph Av* on a year when the fast is pushed off?

I know that people have the custom (I don't know how universal it is), to keep a lot of the restrictions of the nine days until Chatzos on Yud Av, such as not eating meat or doing laundry. This year ...
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What to do if bar mitzvah is on a fast day

Just out of curiosity, what does one do if his bar mitzvah falls on a fast day such as Yom Kippur or Tisha BeAv or any other of the 6 fast days? Is the seudah passed on to the next day? The previous ...