Questions tagged [estates-inheritance]

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Why was Cheshbon given by the Gadites?

In Bamidbar 32:37 it says that Cheshbon was rebuilt by Reuven - seemingly, it was given to them after they reached the agreement with Moshe on the settlement of the land. In Yehoshua 13:17 it says ...
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What or how much did a woman own within the household during Ancient Israel?

In Shemoth/Exodus 21:10 it states: If he marries another wife, her [the first wife's] food, her clothing, and her conjugal rights, shall he not diminish. אִם-אַחֶרֶת, יִקַּח-לוֹ--שְׁאֵרָהּ כְּסוּתָהּ ...
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Laws of inheritance according to the Torah still applicable?

I was wondering if the inheritance Torah laws were still applicable in Western countries like US or France. First question For example, in France, by law a parent can not disinherit one of his ...
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127 views

Source of the first verse of the sectarian

It has been proposed that Rabban Gamliel quoted from Matthew 5 17 in his debate with a sectarian in maseches Shabbos 116a-b. See here http://www.jewishencyclopedia.com/articles/6495-gamaliel-ii My ...
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Inheritance laws and dina d'malchuta dina

If someone dies and halacha says you get to inherit, but civil law says I do, who does? If we both agree to let a bet din decide the matter, then you inherit and the matter is closed. But if I take ...
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149 views

Is it fine to exploit the loophole in the laws of inheritance?

After my last question on mi yodeya, I learnt thanks to the answer and comments that a trick was possible in inheritance law according to the halacha to make daughters get the same inheritance parts ...
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Is God a kosher witness?

Moshe's death is attested to by God Deutoronimy 34,5 (see Sotah 13b), There were no other witnesses. At what point did Gershom and Eliezer inherit his posessions and Assuming he and Tzippora were ...
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Did the daughters of Tzlafhad make two separate requests to Moshe or just one?

In both Bamidbar 36:5 and Bamidbar 27:6, we find that G-d commands Moshe regarding 2 different requests from B'not (daughters of) Tzlafhad. Even though the Torah records these in separate places, and ...
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183 views

Father as an heir

In Parashat Pinchas we learn about the rules of inheritence. A son inherits first. This is implicit from the first statement of the Parsha. It says that if the deceased person didn't have a son, then ...
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Is "Half the tribe" an administrative unit?

The Torah says that the land was handed to two AND A HALF tribes (Num 32:33): וַיִּתֵּן לָהֶם מֹשֶׁה לִבְנֵי־גָד וְלִבְנֵי רְאוּבֵן וְלַחֲצִי שֵׁבֶט מְנַשֶּׁה בֶן־יוֹסֵף אֶת־מַמְלֶכֶת סִיחֹן׃ So ...
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Estate of a convert whose only possible heir is just that: only a possible heir

The last mishna in chapter 11 of Y'vamos says that if a woman didn't wait long between two marriages and therefore we don't know whether her son, say Samuel, is from the first husband, Aaron, or the ...
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321 views

Who owns the Cave of Machpelah today?

In Genesis 23, Abraham purchased the Cave of Machpelah from Efron the Hittite. Several generations of Abraham's family were buried there, although eventually new burials ceased. According to Jewish ...
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Who inherits if a man and wife die together?

Bava Batra 158a talks in the mishna about the case where a man and his wife (with no children) die together. The heirs of the man claim that the woman died first so they inherit everything, while the ...
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77 views

What is the decree of Toledo (תקנות הנישואין של קהל טוליטולה)?

What is the decree of Toledo? I am not understanding it (I am not good with reading Hebrew). Something to do with the wife inheriting (half of) her husband's property? (I always thought she does not ...
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1k views

May I name my child after someone who lent me money, if I did not repay the loan yet?

If I borrowed money from someone, and he died before I paid him back, (in a situation where I now owe the debt to the children of the deceased lender), may I name my child after him, or, since not ...
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Is there any rabbinical precedent, ancient or recent, to tell somebody that they are Jewish?

Is there any rabbinical precedent, ancient or recent, to tell somebody (for any reason) that they are Jewish (if such a person is unaware and does indeed have matrilineal Jewish descent)? Scenarios ...
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The probate court of Reb Chaim Volozin resolves an estate of 17 cows -- part 1

A friend recently told me the following story. He told me that he has known the story his whole life, he's read it or heard it in many places (including Olomeinu Magazine), and he feels sure that the ...
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301 views

Why is a female heiress allowed to marry out of the tribe?

In Bamidbar 27:7, Rashi says that the commandment in Bamidbar 36:7 (That daughters who inherit from their father must marry in that tribe) was only for the Generation that entered the land. The ...
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How would Yosef's additional children have been factored into inheritance?

Bereishis 48:6 refers to what the status of any future children after Ephraim and Menashe that Yosef would have had would be: וּמוֹלַדְתְּךָ אֲשֶׁר-הוֹלַדְתָּ אַחֲרֵיהֶם, לְךָ יִהְיוּ; עַל שֵׁם ...
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Did Ishmael receive "שְׁנַיִם, בְּכֹל אֲשֶׁר-יִמָּצֵא, לוֹ" like a firstborn does?

Did Ishmael ben Avraham receive a double-portion in accordance to the rights of the firstborn? Or did he forfeit them because he was estranged from the family? I know that the law of the double ...
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1answer
151 views

What should one who inherits forbidden items do?

Suppose a non-observant Jew dies while possessing items forbidden to own. I was taught recently in a class that inheritance, unlike other transfers of property, happens immediately and automatically; ...
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Do non-Jews inherit?

Inspired by this question. If a non-Jew dies, do his children (or other inheritors) automatically assume possession of his properties (karka), loose items (metaltelin), and debts the way Jewish ...
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B'nos Tzelofchad, Yerushah and "Nitnah Torah V'Nitchadshah Halacha"

In the middle of Bava Basra daf 110b the gemara debates the source for the primacy of sons inheriting their father over the daughters. One of the sources brought is from B'nos Tzelofchad who say 27:...
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Selling Chometz to a gentile who has a Jewish heir

Does Halacha recognize a concept of Kerovim (close relative) when it comes to a legal fiction of selling Chometz? I believe a convert would inherit halachically from their father. Does this ...
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Is Dina D'Malchusa a din in Gavra or in Cheftza?

Let's say that Reuvain owes Shimon money in American law, and Dina Demalchusa applies, does that mean: Reuvein has a halachic monetary obligation to Shimon which is as strong as any other obligation, ...
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If a man passes away and has a lot of acquired assets where do these assets go to?

A man passes away with two children: the elder is a daughter, who has children of her own, and the younger is a son, who is infertile but has adopted. My question is where do all the deceased's ...
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118 views

An exception to the rule of inheritance

I have heard strong concurrence among Jews that Jewish inheritance is passed only through the father to their sons, more specifically that the throne could only be passed through sons. In my ...
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How does a daughter inherit as one of the children

If there are children in a family, and one of them is a daughter that is 25 years old, according to Halacha how does the daughter inherit when her parents are dying/ dead? Does she inherit before ...
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Online maps of the Biblical Middle East overlaying the modern ME

Are there any maps online that contain relatively reliable Biblical landmarks, cities, routes, and boundaries overlaying the modern Middle East? I'm particularly interested in the boundaries of the ...
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What are the Judean boundaries with regard to contemporary landmarks?

What are the halachic boundaries of Judea (the inheritance of the Israelite tribe of Judah) with regard to contemporary landmarks/cities?
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649 views

Ma'aser on Inheritance

How does one calculate ma'aser on an inheritance? I believe (correct me if I am wrong) that ma'aser is paid on gain; not capital. Accordingly, if one inherits $1000 of which $100 is capital and $900 ...
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Do lost items belong to someone's heirs?

Let's say you found a dog on the street. You house and feed it, and place posters on the street. Two weeks later, the owner calls and identifies the dog, and plans to come to get it. On the way to ...
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Living Trust in Hebrew

For the purpose of a kethubah the groom is writing that the living trust that is in the bride's name shall remain her property. But i don't know how to render "living trust" in Hebrew. Does anyone ...
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106 views

Can an independent daughter inherit like a son?

Normally* in halacha women do not inherit or aquire property and are extensions of their fathers, brothers, and husbands who, in exchange, are obligated to support them. BUT in the case of the ...
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How was Ya'akov allowed to favor Yosef over Re'uven?

In Devarim 21:16 - 17 it states that the father cannot favor the son of the beloved wife over the older son of a hated wife. If we assume the notion that our forefathers performed all the mitzvot of ...
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Can one accomplish Tzedaka through a will?

If one gives Tzedaka through a will -- so it is meant to be given after death -- does that person get the Mitzvah of Tzedaka? The reason I would think "no" is because it is difficult to understand ...
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Verses indicating that each person has an equal entitlement to a land-plot

In Numbers 26:53–54 (JPS), the Israelites are commanded: Unto these the land shall be divided for an inheritance according to the number of names. To the more thou shalt give the more ...
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57 views

Is a deceased obligated to pay financial debts

Say someone becomes niftar and owes a petty sum (under 100 currency units) is his next-of-kin chayav to pay his debts under halachah?
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Jacob and the first born of the hated wife [duplicate]

In Ki Tetze we learn that If one has two wives and the firstborn is of the hated wife, he still gets the double portion. On this commandment, the commentary in the Artscroll Chumash notes that the ...
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What happened to Rabbi Akiva's money?

The Gemara in Nedarim (50a) lists six sources of wealth from which Rabbi Akiva became exceedingly wealthy, including half of Ben Kalba Savua's money (Kesuvos, 63a). Rashi on Bechoros (58a) maintains ...
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Kuntrus Midor L'Dor

Does anyone know where I can obtain a copy of the book Kuntrus Midor L'Dor by Rabbi Feivel Cohen? It has been out of print for some time now.
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What happens if the non-Jew the chometz was sold to dies?

I can't imagine it has never come up before: Someone sells their chometz before Pesach to a non-Jew. On Pesach the non-Jew dies. What happens now?
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Within what time frame does one have to give maaser on a large sum?

If someone suddenly has a large sum of money from a lottery or inheritance or gift, how much time does one have to disperse maaser money from that?
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268 views

Food utensil on loan from now-dead non-Jew

Do non-Jews have laws of inheritance in halacha? If so, what are they? Okay... that's not my real question, though I think it's a good part of my real question; in the interests of avoiding the so-...
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"V'Haishiv Es HaGezaila" - returning stolen goods

Suppose a person took something from someone and now the person is not alive anymore, and has no living Yoresh. How does he return that what he stole? or is it impossible?