Questions tagged [commentaries]

Questions related to Jewish commentaries, their meaning and their origin.

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What is the 'plain meaning of the text'? [duplicate]

There are four general categories of explanation to the Torah based on the acronym of 'Pardes ' פרדס, פשט רמז דרוש סוד. This is like is found by the Vilna Gaon in his commentary on Mishlei 1:21, the ...
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Are there any running commentaries on grace after meals?

I would like to know if there are any authors from the period of the rishonim or earlier who have compiled a running commentary on birkat hamazon.
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Are there any Yiddish Peruishim on the Parsha?

Are there any Yiddish Perushim on the Parsha? I am aware of the Tzena U'Reana,the Chumash Beis Yehuda which is a Yiddish Translation of Rashi and of the Lubavitcher Rebbe's Sichos written in Yiddish ...
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Head covering a sign of being a bride of HaShem?

Bnei Yisrael’s relationship with HaShem is often described as a marriage; HaShem is the groom and Bnei Yisrael are His bride. See Shir HaShirim for an extended example. The Prophets frequently ...
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HaSatan how should it be described?

The Babylonian Talmud (Bava Bathra 16a) states that the Evil Inclincation (Yetzer ha-Ra), the Angel of Death and HaSatan are identical. The Talmud seems to distinguish between HaSatan outside man (...
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Has anyone heard of this sefer?

There is a side note on the side of Yerushalmi Terumos 7:2 “עיין במגלת ספר לאוין רנ׳׳ח מש׳׳כ בזה באורך”. I cannot find this sefer anywhere. It appears to be an explanation of the סמ׳׳ג, but I haven't ...
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How to define yetzer

The word yetzer is often translated as impulse, inclination Rabbi Samson Raphael Hirsch's reading of yetzer in Bereshit 6:5 is not that of instinct or impulse, but rather that which the person, qua ...
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Why is the Ba'eir Heiteiv citing himself?

In the Ba'eir Heiteiv (באר היטב) commentary to the Shulchan Aruch, Orach Chaim 1, at the end of s'if katan 13, we find the words: וכן העתיק הבאר היטב אשר לפני ע״ש ולא ידעתי למה. And likewise, the Ba'...
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commentaries on the book Derech Hashem

Title says it all. I am looking for commentaries published for the Ramchal's book Derech Hashem (if any exist)
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The test of the bread from heaven

The verse of Shemot 16:4 tells that HaShem will cause bread to rain (come down) from heaven to (humble; Devarim 8:16 and) test the people whether or not they will walk in His Torah. The literal ...
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Why did HaShem have to introduce Himself to the Israelites in Mitzrayim?

In Shemot 3:6 HaShem introduces Himself to Moshe and says: 'I am Elohei Avicha, Elohei Avraham, Elohei Yitzchak and Elohei Ya'akov'. In verse 13, Moshe asks HaShem which name he should tell the people ...
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Exodus Rabbah 1:5 These are the names of the Children of Israel

Parashat Shemot starts with a list of the names of all who came to Egypt, the Midrash Rabba 1:5 rereads all these names, with a new set of meanings reflecting the upcoming exodus. Searching for the ...
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Daughter of Pharao doing Teshuvah?

Are there any commentaries which shows that the daughter of Pharao refuted idolatry, made a act of repentance or anything like that? I wonder what it was that made her save Moshe, that she had ...
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a non halachic pirush on maseches kelim

I recall once having seen a pirush on maseches kelim from a kabalah - chasidus viewpoint, and i since cant recall the name of the sefer or who wrote it, any ideas?
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Adam 's sin out of deveikut?

I found this online: In his sefer "Bilvavi Mishkan Evneh," R' Itamar Shwartz emphasizes the important point that our existence in this world is for the purpose of being davuk to our Creator; to be ...
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Idolatry in Mitzrayim?

Within Ezekiel 20 there are a few verses that talk about idolatry and refer to Mitzrayim. That made me wonder if the Israelites in Egypt forgot the G-d of their parents or exchanged Him for the gods ...
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Authenticity of Rosh's commentary to Torah

What do different sources state regarding the authenticity of the commentary to the Torah attributed to Rosh? I remember seeing people claiming that it is missatributed. If I recall, the suggested ...
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The proper manner to rebuke? [closed]

Vayikra 19:17 is telling us about rebuking a fellow (someone near to us), the same verse also teach that one condition in order to do this is that one should have no hatefull thoughts of the heart ...
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Prayer in the Ran at the end of Neddarim

Printed at the end of Ran's pirush on maseches Neddarim, before the hadran, is a prayer for Torah and the Beis HaMikdosh. It reads: א-לקים משמים יאיר עינינו בתורתו כאור החמה שבעתים. ויזכנו לראות ...
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How to translate Olam in the Torah?

Bereshit 3:22: ‏…וְלָקַח גַּם מֵעֵץ הַחַיִּים וְאָכַל וָחַי לְעֹלָם In search for a definition of the word עֹלָם (Olam), as in this verse, I found different translations: 'Universe', '...
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Relating the Psalms to the Torah

A lot of the commentaries I come across for individual psalms are preoccupied by their prophetic qualities etc, but I would like momentarily to concentrate on how they present the relationship with ...
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Are there any commentaries (besides Rashi) on Nach in English online?

I am trying to go through the navi online. I have been using chabad.org and it has Rashi in English but i would like to learn other commentaries as well. Are there any commentaries (besides Rashi) on ...
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Authorship of Rabbenu Gershom's Commentary to Talmud

Who authored the commentary attributed to Rabbenu Gershom to tractate Temurah and other tractates such as Bava Batra? I recall reading some who doubted the traditional attribution, or suggesting that ...
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A Tabernacle while waiting? [duplicate]

Before the Temple (Beit Hamikdash) there was the Tabernacle (Mishkan Hakodesh). Now there's no longer a Temple and people are waiting till the (3rd) Temple will be rebuild, why isn't there a Mishkan ...
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Understanding the bestowment and receiving the greatest good (HaShem Himself)?

The Ramchal, in short, teaches (Derech HaShem) that HaShem is absolutely, completely and perfectly good; His essence/nature so to speak is the totality of goodness. Because of this He wanted to bestow ...
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goodness and pleasure the purpose of creation

The Ramchal teaches that goodness is the reason that G-d created the world, to give of His goodness to another (human). But he also wrote: Man was created for the sole purpose of rejoicing in G-d ...
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How the idea of “the bread of shame” aligns with free will

Jewish thinkers(Who?) sum up G-d's creation of the world as follows: It was the ultimate act of goodness. G-d is perfect and infinite. He has no need for a universe; He has nothing to gain from ...
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Hatov V'hameitiv origin

In relation to the following question:Kulo Tov, I wondered who wrote the hatov v'hameitiv and what its origin is. (Looking for sources that state that HaShem is [all/completely] good)
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searching for the source for Kulo Tov?

What is the original source for HaShem being called 'Kulo Tov', 'Completely Good'? It seems to be the source for the idea that HaShem created the creation to bestow His goodness. Could anyone explain ...
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Did the Rambam write in response to the Ibn Ezra?

According to some interpretations (including, it seems, the explanations of Spinoza) the Ibn Ezra's commentary makes allusion to the idea that some of the Torah (beyond the talmudic discussion of the ...
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What is the opposite of shalom?

Could anyone explain me the antonym of shalom? The antonym of light is darkness, but Yeshayahu seems to tell that the antonym of shalom is rah.. but isn't rah the antonym of tov, like in the etz hada'...
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what is rah good for? [duplicate]

Question 1: Yeshayahu 45:7 describes the fact that Adonai created rah. Bereshit 1:31 tells us that Adonai did watch all that he had made and saw that it was tov me'od. If something like rah is created ...
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Is the Hebrew Biur of Moses Mendelssohn Available Online

Inspired by this question, I was wondering whether the Hebrew Biur of Moses Mendelssohn is available online. Update: I found D'varim here, so I am looking for the first 4 books.
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Ps. 144:1 “Etzbe'otai l'milchama”?

Every motzaei Shabbat before ma'ariv, I have the custom to sing Tehillim 144 and Tehillim 67. However, the first passuk (verse) always confounds me: לְדָוִד: בָּרוּךְ יְהוָה, צוּרִי-- ...
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Difference between El and Eloah

El(אל) and Eloah(אלוה) are both singular forms (nouns), but its אל thats being used to form the plural Elim (אלים), and אלוה thats being used to form the plural Elohim (אלוה׳ם). Both singular forms ...
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Who were the “girls” that fasted with Esther?

Esther 4:16 says: גם אני ונערותי אצום כן Me and my "girls" will also fast Who were these "girls", and Why did she make these girls fast? Were they Jewish (converted, perhaps)? I ...
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Where does the Zohar mention each day's challenges?

The Artscroll Stone Chumash on page 80, note 11, says the following: באים בימים - Coming with [their] days. The Zohar says, "Each day in a person's life carries with it it's own challenge and ...
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Rishonim who wrote on Kodshim

Seder Kodshim is composed of largely currently non-applicable laws, relating to sacrifices and the running of the Temple. The Rambam wrote on Kodshim. So did Rashi and the Ba'alei Tosefos. To the ...
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Sefas Emes on Aharon lighting the Menorah

According to this article on Parshas Beha'aloscha on the Aish website, the Sefas Emes says that: Aaron lit the menorah, day in and day out, with the same degree of fresh enthusiasm. The same task ...
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The Sifra on peace

The Sifra in Parshas Bechukosi says, "Peace is the seal of all blessings, because without peace, prosperity, health, food, and drink are worthless." Does anyone know where I can find the Sifra in ...
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The chachamim on peace

Our chachamim teach that when there is peace and harmony between a man and his wife, the Divine Presence dwells with them. Does anyone know where the chachamim says this?
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Rambam's Talmud Commentary

Where can I find Rambam's commentary on Bavli (whatever remains of it) besides for his commentary on tractate Rosh HaShana?
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Man and woman bringing out unity in the service of Hashem

In the Artscroll Stone Chumash it says on page 15 the following: לבשר אחד - One flesh. ... The Tur says, “Man and wife are in reality one flesh, as they were at the beginning of Creation." Where ...
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Ein Mishpat Ner Mitswa and Massoret HaShass

In today's daf ketubot 6a can you please translate for me the Ein Mishpat Ner Mitswa and Massoret HaShass parts. I do not know how to read them with all these abreviations ... It could really help.
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Sefardim starting to study the Talmud with Rashi and Tosfot

When did the sefardim start to study the Talmud with Rashi and Tosfot? And which books did they use before knowing about Rashi and Tosfot?
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Were there specific locusts in reserve for the 8th plague?

Hashem's instructions to Moshe to bring the locusts reads as follows: וַיֹּאמֶר יְהֹוָה אֶל משֶׁה נְטֵה יָדְךָ עַל אֶרֶץ מִצְרַיִם בָּאַרְבֶּה וכו And Hashem said to Moses, "stretch out your ...
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Where can I get English commentaries on the Nach?

I was looking for English books containing full commentaries on Nach (such Ibn Ezra, Redak, Mesudat David/Tsion, Malbim, Abravanel and others). I am familiar with A. J. Rosenberg translation of ...
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158 views

Legend About Rashi

In the book "Rashi and Maimonides" (pg 302), I found the following (paraphrasing): Another story has it that Rashi sat fasting for 613 days to purify himself for the task of commenting on the Torah....
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Where in Avnei Nezer can I find this statement about Shabbos?

The Avnei Nezer writes that we the read the following posuk in the haftarah on Yom Kippur morning:.אם תשיב משבת רגלך. The superficial meaning of these words are, “If you restrain your foot because it ...
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Rav Hirsch and zachor

Rav Shimshon Raphael Hirsch says that the word zachor (in Exodus 20:7), meaning remember, is the statement telling us "to keep the Shabbos in our minds and hearts, and give verbal expression to its ...

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