Questions tagged [commentaries]

Questions related to Jewish commentaries, their meaning and their origin.

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What's the symbolic meaning of stones in the Tenach?

Whether it are stones being erected, building blocks for the Temple, stones being used for the breastshield, the stones that became one etc. Stones seem to represent lots of meanings. So what exactly ...
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151 views

Our bodies are our Temple?

On the Chabad Website, I found this quote: "With the destruction, G-d temporarily removed the Temple from its geographic location and placed it within us. Instead of traveling to Jerusalem, G-d ...
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4answers
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Looking for a sefer explaining the tosfos of maseches kesubos [duplicate]

Is anyone familiar with a sefer that explains the tosfos of maseches kesubos? (Aside from the first two chapters).
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81 views

Why is it always YHVH Elohim and not in the reverse order?

If I'm correct within the Tenach it's always the term Elohim following the term YHVH. You always read verses and phrases stating: 'YHVH Elohim' and never 'Elohim YHVH'. So why is this?
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49 views

Barach v.s. Kalal/Arar

Bereshit 12:3 spreaks about: 'va.a.var.cha m'va.ra.chey.cha u.me.ka.lel.cha a.or' While in Devarim 30:19 it states: 'ha.be.ra.cha v'hak.la.la'. Are kalal and arar the same thing? As both seem to be ...
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100 views

Love HaShem with lev, nefesh en me'od, why not something else or just lev and nefesh

Why does the command to love HaShem tells us to love him with all our lev, with all our nefesh and with all our me'od? Why doesn't the verse says or add something like, with all you neshama or with ...
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183 views

Why does it say to love HaShem meodecha

The verse of Devarim 6:5 reads: Love HaShem your G'd, with all your heart bechol levav'cha, with all your being uvechol nafshecha, and uvechol ... meodecha. If I'm correct it's the only place in the ...
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178 views

Rule of first occurrence?

Searching online I came across a nice article which wrote: link It is a teaching of Chassidic thought (the only source I have for this is Shlomo Carlebach!) that the first occurrence of a certain ...
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157 views

Did the Rashbam Practice what he Preached Regarding Shabbat?

Rashbam, on Bereishit (Genesis) 1:5, states: ויהי ערב ויהי בקר - אין כתיב כאן ויהי לילה ויהי יום, אלא ויהי ערב, שהעריב יום ראשון ושיקע האור, ויהי בוקר, בוקרו של לילה, שעלה עמוד השחר, הרי הושלם יום ...
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94 views

Count seven weeks or seven shabbats?

Vayikra 23:15 reads the phrase: sheva shabbatot t'miymot. Why is this rendered as 'seven weeks' and not 'seven shabbats'? On basis of what is it defined, that the meaning of shabbatot in this case ...
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63 views

Translation of karmelit

In a article i read online: http://www.tosfosinenglish.com/pdf/Shabos/6a7karmlis.pdf i read the following: כרמל (Karmel) is comprised of two (opposite) terms: רך with the meaning soft and not yet ...
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Nation, people, kingdom?

What definitions fit the most with these words: לאם/לאום (l'om) עם (am) גוי (goy) ממלכה (mamlachah) They are all refering to Israel and the other people in the world; but how do i understand them ...
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64 views

Connections between Biur Chametz and Tashlich?

Are there any commentators that discuss the parallels between the rituals of biur chametz and tashlich? At a surface level, both involve destroying or eliminating bread, one via fire and one via ...
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90 views

The development of conversion

On this site conversion history, an article states it's about: The evolution of Israel as a nation into Judaism as a religion was paralleled by a move from assimilation of strangers to a more ...
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133 views

HaShem's day, what is it refering to? [closed]

I would like to know what Yom HaShem is refering to and when it will have it's impact Isaiah 2:12 Yom L'HaShem Tzevaot Ezekiel 13:5 Yom HaShem, 30:3 Isaiah 13:6 & 9 Joel 1:15, 2:1, 2:11, 3:4, 3:...
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134 views

Is it possible to keep the entire Torah?

I once read that when we look at our tzitzit we're reminded of our obligation to keep all 613 commandments (and possibly more). Because it's written: 'And you shall see it and remember all the mitzvot ...
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1answer
1k views

The time periods of the Acharit HaYamim?

Could someone please explain me the concepts of the following terms? What do the different periods in time refer to and stand for? - Olam Hazeh (Acharit HaYamim) - Olam Haba - Yemot HaMashiach - ...
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94 views

What is the 'plain meaning of the text'? [duplicate]

There are four general categories of explanation to the Torah based on the acronym of 'Pardes ' פרדס, פשט רמז דרוש סוד. This is like is found by the Vilna Gaon in his commentary on Mishlei 1:21, the ...
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119 views

Are there any running commentaries on grace after meals?

I would like to know if there are any authors from the period of the rishonim or earlier who have compiled a running commentary on birkat hamazon.
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111 views

Are there any Yiddish Peruishim on the Parsha?

Are there any Yiddish Perushim on the Parsha? I am aware of the Tzena U'Reana,the Chumash Beis Yehuda which is a Yiddish Translation of Rashi and of the Lubavitcher Rebbe's Sichos written in Yiddish ...
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74 views

Head covering a sign of being a bride of HaShem?

Bnei Yisrael’s relationship with HaShem is often described as a marriage; HaShem is the groom and Bnei Yisrael are His bride. See Shir HaShirim for an extended example. The Prophets frequently ...
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HaSatan how should it be described?

The Babylonian Talmud (Bava Bathra 16a) states that the Evil Inclincation (Yetzer ha-Ra), the Angel of Death and HaSatan are identical. The Talmud seems to distinguish between HaSatan outside man (...
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48 views

Has anyone heard of this sefer?

There is a side note on the side of Yerushalmi Terumos 7:2 “עיין במגלת ספר לאוין רנ׳׳ח מש׳׳כ בזה באורך”. I cannot find this sefer anywhere. It appears to be an explanation of the סמ׳׳ג, but I haven't ...
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99 views

How to define yetzer

The word yetzer is often translated as impulse, inclination Rabbi Samson Raphael Hirsch's reading of yetzer in Bereshit 6:5 is not that of instinct or impulse, but rather that which the person, qua ...
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Why is the Ba'eir Heiteiv citing himself?

In the Ba'eir Heiteiv (באר היטב) commentary to the Shulchan Aruch, Orach Chaim 1, at the end of s'if katan 13, we find the words: וכן העתיק הבאר היטב אשר לפני ע״ש ולא ידעתי למה. And likewise, ...
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224 views

commentaries on the book Derech Hashem

Title says it all. I am looking for commentaries published for the Ramchal's book Derech Hashem (if any exist)
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1answer
64 views

The test of the bread from heaven

The verse of Shemot 16:4 tells that HaShem will cause bread to rain (come down) from heaven to (humble; Devarim 8:16 and) test the people whether or not they will walk in His Torah. The literal ...
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222 views

Why did HaShem have to introduce Himself to the Israelites in Mitzrayim?

In Shemot 3:6 HaShem introduces Himself to Moshe and says: 'I am Elohei Avicha, Elohei Avraham, Elohei Yitzchak and Elohei Ya'akov'. In verse 13, Moshe asks HaShem which name he should tell the people ...
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214 views

Exodus Rabbah 1:5 These are the names of the Children of Israel

Parashat Shemot starts with a list of the names of all who came to Egypt, the Midrash Rabba 1:5 rereads all these names, with a new set of meanings reflecting the upcoming exodus. Searching for the ...
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Daughter of Pharao doing Teshuvah?

Are there any commentaries which shows that the daughter of Pharao refuted idolatry, made a act of repentance or anything like that? I wonder what it was that made her save Moshe, that she had ...
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a non halachic pirush on maseches kelim

I recall once having seen a pirush on maseches kelim from a kabalah - chasidus viewpoint, and i since cant recall the name of the sefer or who wrote it, any ideas?
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Adam 's sin out of deveikut?

I found this online: In his sefer "Bilvavi Mishkan Evneh," R' Itamar Shwartz emphasizes the important point that our existence in this world is for the purpose of being davuk to our Creator; to be ...
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119 views

Idolatry in Mitzrayim?

Within Ezekiel 20 there are a few verses that talk about idolatry and refer to Mitzrayim. That made me wonder if the Israelites in Egypt forgot the G-d of their parents or exchanged Him for the gods ...
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149 views

Authenticity of Rosh's commentary to Torah

What do different sources state regarding the authenticity of the commentary to the Torah attributed to Rosh? I remember seeing people claiming that it is missatributed. If I recall, the suggested ...
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47 views

The proper manner to rebuke? [closed]

Vayikra 19:17 is telling us about rebuking a fellow (someone near to us), the same verse also teach that one condition in order to do this is that one should have no hatefull thoughts of the heart ...
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Prayer in the Ran at the end of Neddarim

Printed at the end of Ran's pirush on maseches Neddarim, before the hadran, is a prayer for Torah and the Beis HaMikdosh. It reads: א-לקים משמים יאיר עינינו בתורתו כאור החמה שבעתים. ויזכנו לראות ...
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385 views

How to translate Olam in the Torah?

Bereshit 3:22: ‏…וְלָקַח גַּם מֵעֵץ הַחַיִּים וְאָכַל וָחַי לְעֹלָם In search for a definition of the word עֹלָם (Olam), as in this verse, I found different translations: 'Universe', '...
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Relating the Psalms to the Torah

A lot of the commentaries I come across for individual psalms are preoccupied by their prophetic qualities etc, but I would like momentarily to concentrate on how they present the relationship with ...
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114 views

Are there any commentaries (besides Rashi) on Nach in English online?

I am trying to go through the navi online. I have been using chabad.org and it has Rashi in English but i would like to learn other commentaries as well. Are there any commentaries (besides Rashi) on ...
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59 views

Authorship of Rabbenu Gershom's Commentary to Talmud

Who authored the commentary attributed to Rabbenu Gershom to tractate Temurah and other tractates such as Bava Batra? I recall reading some who doubted the traditional attribution, or suggesting that ...
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A Tabernacle while waiting? [duplicate]

Before the Temple (Beit Hamikdash) there was the Tabernacle (Mishkan Hakodesh). Now there's no longer a Temple and people are waiting till the (3rd) Temple will be rebuild, why isn't there a Mishkan ...
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71 views

Understanding the bestowment and receiving the greatest good (HaShem Himself)?

The Ramchal, in short, teaches (Derech HaShem) that HaShem is absolutely, completely and perfectly good; His essence/nature so to speak is the totality of goodness. Because of this He wanted to bestow ...
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1answer
72 views

goodness and pleasure the purpose of creation

The Ramchal teaches that goodness is the reason that G-d created the world, to give of His goodness to another (human). But he also wrote: Man was created for the sole purpose of rejoicing in G-d ...
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2answers
702 views

How the idea of “the bread of shame” aligns with free will

Jewish thinkers(Who?) sum up G-d's creation of the world as follows: It was the ultimate act of goodness. G-d is perfect and infinite. He has no need for a universe; He has nothing to gain from ...
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73 views

Hatov V'hameitiv origin

In relation to the following question:Kulo Tov, I wondered who wrote the hatov v'hameitiv and what its origin is. (Looking for sources that state that HaShem is [all/completely] good)
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54 views

searching for the source for Kulo Tov?

What is the original source for HaShem being called 'Kulo Tov', 'Completely Good'? It seems to be the source for the idea that HaShem created the creation to bestow His goodness. Could anyone explain ...
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203 views

Did the Rambam write in response to the Ibn Ezra?

According to some interpretations (including, it seems, the explanations of Spinoza) the Ibn Ezra's commentary makes allusion to the idea that some of the Torah (beyond the talmudic discussion of the ...
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2answers
1k views

What is the opposite of shalom?

Could anyone explain me the antonym of shalom? The antonym of light is darkness, but Yeshayahu seems to tell that the antonym of shalom is rah.. but isn't rah the antonym of tov, like in the etz hada'...
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55 views

what is rah good for? [duplicate]

Question 1: Yeshayahu 45:7 describes the fact that Adonai created rah. Bereshit 1:31 tells us that Adonai did watch all that he had made and saw that it was tov me'od. If something like rah is created ...
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513 views

Is the Hebrew Biur of Moses Mendelssohn Available Online

Inspired by this question, I was wondering whether the Hebrew Biur of Moses Mendelssohn is available online. Update: I found D'varim here, so I am looking for the first 4 books.