Questions tagged [commentaries]

Questions related to Jewish commentaries, their meaning and their origin.

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3
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2answers
154 views

Why is the Ba'eir Heiteiv citing himself?

In the Ba'eir Heiteiv (באר היטב) commentary to the Shulchan Aruch, Orach Chaim 1, at the end of s'if katan 13, we find the words: וכן העתיק הבאר היטב אשר לפני ע״ש ולא ידעתי למה. And likewise, the Ba'...
6
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1answer
181 views

Ben David and ben Yoseph not describing the herritage

Is it possible that the titles ‘ben David’ and ‘ben Yoseph’ do not refer to blood kinship or origin, but serve as a reference to the fact that someone possesses certain qualities, traits, abilities or ...
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50 views

In the Tanakh, what are the Hebrew verbs and/or nouns associated with the word “Sinai” (which starts with the letter SAMECH)?

In the Tanakh, what are the Hebrew verbs and/or nouns associated with the word "Sinai" (which starts with the letter SAMECH)? The usual explanation that "Sinai" refers to "...
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117 views

How does the Beta Israelite community interpret Wayikra/Leviticus 16 in regards to the scapegoat, “Azazel”?

To my understanding, the Beta Israel community accepts HaSepher Chanoch within their canon. That being said within HaSepher Chanoch, Azazel is described as a fallen angel (Enoch Literature) which is ...
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2answers
76 views

Super-commentary and or index

Many times, a given seffer has a commentary and or index written on it, but due to lack of knowledge about it or lack of accessibility, the commentary/index remains largely unknown. This question ...
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2answers
160 views

The fear and anxiety of Yaakov before meeting Eisav

Bereshit 32:8: "וַיִּירָא יַעֲקֹב מְאֹד וַיֵּצֶר לוֹ וַיַּחַץ אֶת־הָעָם אֲשֶׁר־אִתּוֹ וְאֶת־הַצֹּאן וְאֶת־הַבָּקָר וְהַגְּמַלִּים לִשְׁנֵי מַחֲנוֹת׃" "Jacob was greatly frightened; in ...
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3answers
143 views

How to define the meaning of the punishment of the snake?

If I’m correct Sforno in his commentary on Bereshit 3:1 teaches in short that the snake represents ‘the power of imagination’ (imaginative faculty). The Or HaChayim teaches that Adam and Chava were ...
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1answer
274 views

Beit Av v.s. Mishpechah

In Joshua 2:12-13(Mechon Mamre translation) the Torah reads: 12 Now therefore, I pray you, swear unto me by the LORD, since I have dealt kindly with you, that ye also will deal kindly with my father'...
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90 views

Did Ralbag's predecessors help him, or make things more difficult for him?

At the end of his commentary to Parshat Bereishit, Ralbag writes that he had difficulty composing his commentary to this parshah because the earlier commentaries practically pushed him away from ...
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2answers
159 views

Why did HaShem allow Yeshayahu to serve naked?

Maybe I misunderstood the verse, but Yeshayahu 20:3 teach us that Yeshayahu was a servant and walked naked and barefoot for three years. Why would HaShem allow him to do so? While Adam and Eve had to ...
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1answer
47 views

What is the lashon in Rabbeinu Yona, Iggeres Hateshuva?

What is the exact lashon of Rabbeinu Yona in Iggeres Hateshuva (Hadrash Hashlishi) that says, "they send the children to school and look after them when they return home. they influence their ...
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1answer
77 views

Translation of Radak's commentary

I am still learning Hebrew, so some aid in translating this short passage would be much appreciated. Seems to say something about the Babylonian exile and regarding kere and ketiv? Radak's commentary ...
3
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2answers
52 views

“Rambam In Context” Sefer

Is anyone aware of a Sefer which traces the psokim of the Rambam to their source in the Gemoro together with providing the necessary background and other varying halachic opinions? In other words a ...
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0answers
74 views

אדנים - Singular vs. Plural

I don't know if this is more Hebrew or if it is about biblical explication. In Malachi 1:6, the text reads וְאִם־אֲדוֹנִ֣ים אָנִי֩ which is translated (on Sefaria and Chabad) as "If I am a master&...
3
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1answer
96 views

Ibn Ezra List of Secrets

Often times, Ibn Ezra will say something to the effect of "There is a secret here", and provide perhaps a few terse phrases by way of explanation. For example, there is his famous Sod ...
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2answers
117 views

Why did G-d choose to speak creation into existence

“Great art is the outward expression of an inner life in the artist, and this inner life will result in his personal vision of the world.” - Edward Hopper. In Menoras Hameor R. Yitzchak Abuhav ...
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1answer
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I need help understanding the Seforno's commentary on Shir HaShirim

It is Perek Hay Pasuk Yud Daled (5:12) and I can't understand it. עֵינָ֕יו כְּיוֹנִ֖ים עַל־אֲפִ֣יקֵי מָ֑יִם רֹֽחֲצוֹת֙ בֶּֽחָלָ֔ב יֹשְׁב֖וֹת עַל־מִלֵּֽאת׃ Here it is for anyone who wants to have a ...
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1answer
102 views

Have known him OR to have made him known

Bereshit 18:19 starts with the words 'For I have known him (כִּי יְדַעְתִּיו)', the Sefaria website translates these words as 'For I have singled him out', Rashi as 'I know him intimately'. In line ...
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1answer
97 views

Ma'aseh Oreg on Mishnah Machshirin

Artscroll edition of Machshirin refers to something called Ma'aseh Oreg making a comment on mishnah 5:7. I can't find any work of this name on either Hebrewbooks, Otzar or Bar Ilan. Or indeed Google......
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48 views

What commentators follow approach of Remez

I mean, could you please name some commentators on the Torah. For example: Pshat (Rashi, Rashbam, Radak, Ibn Ezra)
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1answer
77 views

Bells on the Kohen's tunic - what are they for?

What are they for bells that bring the priests in exodus and Leviticus? I find no comments about Rashi or other rabbis.
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1answer
83 views

Connections between Biur Chametz and Tashlich?

Are there any commentators that discuss the parallels between the rituals of biur chametz and tashlich? At a surface level, both involve destroying or eliminating bread, one via fire and one via ...
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1answer
80 views

Creation before using the waters?

At the beginning, in the book of Genesis there is this phrase: ‘ וְר֣וּחַ אֱלֹהִ֔ים מְרַחֶ֖פֶת עַל־פְּנֵ֥י הַמָּֽיִם׃’ At the beginning of G-ds creation of the heaven and the earth, when the earth was ...
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60 views

In Genesis 4:26 was HaShem (positively or negatively) known in the world due to אֱנ֑וֹשׁ Enosh?

In Bereishit 4:26, we read : "And to Seth also to him a son was born, and he named him Enosh; then it became common to call by the name of the Lord." (וּלְשֵׁ֤ת גַּם־הוּא֙ יֻלַּד־בֵּ֔ן ...
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385 views

HaSatan how should it be described?

The Babylonian Talmud (Bava Bathra 16a) states that the Evil Inclincation (Yetzer ha-Ra), the Angel of Death and HaSatan are identical. The Talmud seems to distinguish between HaSatan outside man (...
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1answer
58 views

In Shemot 12:23, Was הַמַּשְׁחִ֔ית Ha-Mashchit (The-Destroyer) actually HaShem Himself or a Mal’ak?

In Shemot 12:23, Was הַמַּשְׁחִ֔ית Ha-Mashchit (The-Destroyer) actually HaShem Himself or a Mal’ak? After reading verse 23 in Exodus 12 : “For when YHVH goes through to smite the Egyptians, He will ...
3
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1answer
106 views

Comparing the Heart and Luchot

I was reading in Mishlei (3:3, 7:3) the other day and noticed that our hearts are sometimes compared to tablets, and that on it the Words of HaShem should be inscribed. This reminded me of Yirmiyahu ...
4
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1answer
56 views

How old was Binyamin when he and his brothers went down to meet Yosef

Just like the title reads. Citing the interaction between the brothers and Yosef in Egpyt during the famine retold in Bereishit 42-44, I am curious to know if any mefarshim comment on the age of ...
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0answers
32 views

What does G-d do on Shabbat?

Shabbat is a day of rest, but are there any commentaries that tell us what G-d is doing on this day? Does He also rest or is He involved in certain activities, duties, tasks, work?
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1answer
90 views

2 Kings 3:27 a wrath came upon Israel

I would like to ask a question related to another question posted. Looking at 2 Kings 3:27 the wrath was caused after the sacrifice to an idol, yet it caused the Israelites to draw back, while they ...
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1answer
41 views

In Bamidbar 6:5, which is Holy for 30-days : [It] Hair, or [He] Nazir?

Rashi disagrees with Rav Mattana on the interpretation of Bamidbar 6:5. Rav Mattana believes the 30-day duration of Naziriteship (based on the gematria value of Yihye) makes the Nazir "holy"....
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29 views

Why are Kidneys כְלָי֗וֹת Klayot in Tehillim 7:10 associated with Counsel? [duplicate]

While reading commentary from the Schottenstein Edition (ArtScroll Series) of Tehillim 7:10 regarding כְלָי֗וֹת Klayot, you will find the statement: The kidneys are the seat of human counsel. Why ...
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1answer
78 views

Can you translate Rabbi Yosef's commentary on Shabbat 146a?

Could someone translate the following: בשעה שבא נחש על חוה. פשט המאמר הוא כמו שאמרו המפרשים ז"ל, דלא בא עליה ח"ו ביאה ממשית גופא בגופא, אלא ביאה מחשבית והטיל בה זוהמא בראיה, ואותה הזוהמא ...
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1answer
113 views

How was the non-Jewish city of Shushan “confounded”?

In Megillat Esther, 3:15, after the king sends out his edict, the text says וְהָעִ֥יר שׁוּשָׁ֖ן נָבֽוֹכָה, and the city of Shushan was confounded (or perturbed). Clearly, the Jews were, but the non-...
3
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1answer
148 views

Why did Rashi deduce Keruvim faces look like human infants (כְּר֨וּב = כְּיֶּ֔לֶד)?

Rashi on Shemot 25:18 כרבים CHERUBIM — They had the form of a child’s face (Sukkah 5b) כרבים. דְּמוּת פַּרְצוּף תִּינוֹק לָהֶם While no description of the Keruvim faces is given : Shemot 25:18 "...
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0answers
22 views

Cursing the ground because of the imagination of the heart?

In Genesis 3:17 G-d says that the ground shall be cursed because of Adam. Later on in Genesis 8:21 G-d tells Noah that He will never curse the ground again (since the devisings of man’s mind are evil ...
2
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0answers
43 views

Ana Nafshi Ketivat Yehavit - G-d in the Torah

In the Talmud (Babylonian Talmud, Shabbat 105a), Rabbi Yochanan teaches that Anochi is an acronym for: “Ana Nafshi Ketivat Yehavit”. This can be understood as that G-d Himself wrote and gave the Torah ...
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2answers
138 views

Did Shem's physical body (or) Shem's teachings remain alive 600 years?

Did Shem's physical body (or) Shem's teachings remain alive 600 years? What is the correct understanding of וַֽיְחִי־שֵׁ֗ם אַֽחֲרֵי֙ הֽוֹלִיד֣וֹ אֶת־אַרְפַּכְשָׁ֔ד חֲמֵ֥שׁ מֵא֖וֹת שָׁנָ֑ה וַיּ֥וֹלֶד ...
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1answer
44 views

Genesis 25:22 - Who was הַנָּבִ֜יא The Prophet רִבְקָ֥ה Rivqah went to?

Genesis 25:22 - Who was הַנָּבִ֜יא The Prophet רִבְקָ֥ה Rivqah went to? Commentary by Chizkuni on Bereishit 25:22 quoting וַתֵּ֖לֶךְ לִדְרֹ֥שׁ אֶת־יְהוָֽה could allude to one of many Nevi'im. -- Do ...
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133 views

Saadya Gaon on Adam

Shalom. Saadya Gaon, an Egyptian Jewish rabbi and philosopher, believed that Adam's activity of naming animals coincided with his search for a mate and was even intimate with them. The source should ...
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3answers
179 views

New heaven and earth?

Yeshayahu 65:17 (66:22): "כִּי־הִנְנִי בוֹרֵא שָׁמַיִם חֲדָשִׁים וָאָרֶץ חֲדָשָׁה וְלֹא תִזָּכַרְנָה הָרִאשֹׁנוֹת וְלֹא תַעֲלֶינָה עַל־לֵב׃ " writes about a new heaven and earth. Although I’m not ...
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2answers
133 views

I will descend to Sodom and Amorah

In Genesis 18:21 G-d seems to say something like: I will descend now and see, whether according to her cry, which has come to Me, they have done. Did He really descend right at that moment in time or ...
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3answers
133 views

HaShem Himself a reward?

I noticed that some translations chose to teach to translate the words of Bereshit 15:1 אנכי מגן לך שכרך הרבה מאד as something like: I am thy shield and thy (exceeding) great reward OR , your very ...
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2answers
139 views

Genesis 18:3 Adonai, My Lord or lords and why?

Rabbeinu Bahya (13th Century) wrote that in non-sacred usage the Nun of adonai has a Patah, and only with an Etnahta or Sof pasuk a Qamatz when the word stands on its own. ‘And for this reason in the ...
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1answer
67 views

Common denominator cases tumah

Looking for a common denominator for all mentioned cases of tumah, trying to find something that would bind them together, I found that a thematic denominator is death (or loss of life, diminution of ...
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1answer
68 views

Looking for Avot deRabbi Natan B ch 9 & 42 *in English*

I'm translating an essay from French into English, and the author references Avot deRabbi Nathan version B twice. One quote is from chapter 9. The other is cited as being from chapter 42 and ...
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1answer
73 views

What is the Shaḥaf according to Ḥizquni?

The שחף (Shaḥaf) is a bird forbidden by the Torah in both Sefer Wayiqra and Devarim. Ḥizquni (חזקוני, Rabbi Ḥizqiyah ben Manoaḥ), writing in Old French, states (Wayiqra 11:16): אשפמר"א ויש אומרים: ...
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2answers
168 views

Your name shall be 'Yisrael', but what does it mean and why so?

In relation to another question of mine I would like to know what the name Yisrael really means. It literally says Ya'akov is now names Yisrael because he has struggled AND has overcome. I heard ...
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1answer
91 views

One visitor healed Avraham

From were was the idea derived that one of the angels/messengers who visited Avraham healed him? Although tradition teaches us that Avraham had just been circumcised, the text in itself doesn’t ...
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2answers
400 views

Are we children or servants of HaShem?

HaShem teaches us to serve Him (Shemot 23:25), because we're His servants (Vayikra 25:42, 25:55), HaShem also teaches that we're His children (Devarim 14:1). There is a long explanation about these ...

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