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Questions tagged [commentaries]

Questions related to Jewish commentaries, their meaning and their origin.

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1answer
41 views

Let the sun come in.. or is it under?

Genesis 15:17 states: ויהי השמש באה ועלטה היה What I would like to know why השמש באה is often translated as: 'the sun set (the going away of the sun) or was going down' while באה or בא has the ...
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1answer
81 views

Did David held kashrut when invited to a meal?

In relation to the following question If Jews don't eat cheeseburgers, why did Abraham serve a calf with milk? I wondered how one should interpret the verse of 2 Samuel 17:29 which states that David ...
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1answer
93 views

When to start counting the Omer [duplicate]

It is written that one needs to count the Omer: From the day after the Shabat.. count off seven full weeks (Vayikra 23:15). Count off fifty days up to the day after (from the morrow after) the seventh ...
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0answers
23 views

Mefarshim on Avos d'Rebbi Nassan?

Are there any popular mefarshim on Avos d'Rebbi Nassan not brought down in the standard Vilna Shas (i.e. not Tomas Yesharim or Binyan Yehoshua)?
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1answer
68 views

Connection Hell and Hinnom?

Why are the Jewish concepts - of what often is translated as - 'Hell' and which is often seen as a place for cleansing, purification, refining and correcting the soul (purgatory), related and ...
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4answers
284 views

Do Any Commentators Say Bananas were the 'forbidden fruit'?

In an effort to have more kavanah when saying a bracha I began to learn about fruits and vegetables common in my diet. I stumbled across an amazing book called: Banana - The Fate of the Fruit that ...
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1answer
98 views

Tophet, Gehinom and Sheol related to Hell

Looking at the Jewish view of what 'Hell' is (something spiritual), how are physical places like Sheol, Tophet and Gehinom connected/related to it? What do their names mean, and how do those ...
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1answer
46 views

Offerings made by fire and food/Bread for HaShem

What's so special about אשי יהוה, and לחם אלהיו that the Kohanim are to be Holy because of it, and the ba'al mumim can't bring these?
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1answer
74 views

Which tasks ar left for a ba'al mum to perform

Although a ba'al mum (a kohen/priest with a blemish or defect) can't approach to bring near to offer food for his G-d (Vayikra/Leviticus 21:17), can't approach to bring near the offerings made by Fire ...
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1answer
50 views

Isaiah 57:15 The Dakah and Shaphal

Isaiah 57:15 reads: ואת-דכא ושפל-רוח להחיות רוח שפלים ולהחיות לב נדכאים Regards this part of the verse: What do the terms דכא and שפל literally and figuratively mean? - There are so many different ...
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0answers
26 views

ידע תדע what kind of knowing is this?

In a couple of verses like Genesis 15:13, 1 Samuel 28:1, 1 Kings 2:37, 2:42 and Proverbs 27:23 we find two verbal repetition: 'ידע תדע' quite literally translated as 'knowing you will know'. I know ...
3
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1answer
65 views

The darkness that came upon Avraham

At the brit bein habetarim (Bereshit 15:12) it is stated: 'vehinei eima chashecha gedola nofelet alav.' What was this fearfull/dreadfull great darkness that came upon Avraham? And why was it ...
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1answer
56 views

Avraham drove away the birds

At the time of the brit bein habetarim it is stated, that after Avraham took the animals which HaShem commanded and divides them, drove away the birds that came after these carcasses. (Bereshit/...
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3answers
97 views

Kohelet 12:13 what does kol ha'adam mean

Looking at the verse of Kohelet (Ecclesiastes) 12:13 I found a couple of translations for כי-זה כל-האדם : ...for this is the whole of man ... for these are for all of mankind ... for these applies ...
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1answer
146 views

Tehilim 51, “in sin did his mother conceive him”, What does that mean?

In Tehilim chapter 51 verse 7 King David writes that in sin did his mother conceive him. What does that mean? I've read a few opinions about this. Does anybody have anything else?
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1answer
66 views

Help Finding the Radak's Introduction to His Commentary on Torah

Rabbi Eliyahu Munk wrote an English translation of various Biblical commentaries called Hachut Hameshulash: Commentaries on the Torah by Rabbeinu Chananel, Rashbam, Radak & Seforno-4 Vol. Set. ...
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1answer
89 views

Who was the spirit that rested on Eldad and Medad

Who was the spirit that rested on Eldad and Medad? Two men remained in the camp, one named Eldad, and the other named Medad, and the spirit rested on them; they were among those registered, but they ...
0
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1answer
127 views

Different Circumcisions?

I have a question about circumcision, looking at some verses I found a view occasions where circumcision is mentioned: At first there is the Brit "the convenant of circumcision" when HaShem ...
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1answer
88 views

Did the Netziv write the Emek Davar?

Was the commentary on the Torah written by the Netziv (Ha'emek Davar) actually written by the Netziv or was it compiled from the oral shiurim that he gave in the Yeshiva?
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0answers
49 views

The importance of a name with meaning

What is the importance of a name? I read this on the Aish website:link The naming of a Jewish child is a most profound spiritual moment. The Sages say that naming a baby is a statement of her ...
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1answer
90 views

Online commentary for 3 ENOCH — a Hekalot & Merkevah, mystical, apocalyptic, pseudepigraphal, Jewish text (400CE)?

I've been interested in Hekalot & Merkevah literature as of late. I'm not a Kabbalist, but I do study scriptures of the Near East, particularly within the realms of Judaism. I stumbled across 3 ...
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49 views

Why do Rishonim ignore the ta'amei di'krah when giving pshat in a posuk?

Why is it that sometimes one finds that Rishonim who attempt to explain the simple pshat of a posuk in Tehillim (Eben Ezrah, Radak, Me'iri, Seforno), will ignore the ta'amei di'krah (the simanim that ...
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1answer
50 views

Where can I find commentary on Mishnah Avodah Zarah 3:4?

Where can I find commentary on the Mishnah Avodah Zarah 3:4? If you could point me to a couple sources for where I can anything from rabbinical commentary to ACADEMIC commentary for the passage below ...
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0answers
90 views

When Am I obligated to forgive someone? [closed]

When am I obligated to forgive someone? When should one forgive and give forgiveness to another according to the Tenach and other commentaries regards it?
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2answers
213 views

What's so special about the Bartenura on Mishnayos? [closed]

Nowadays there are many peirushim that have been written on Mishnayis that are written clearly with full details and attention to all facets of understanding the mishna. Why is it that some people ...
1
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1answer
90 views

The light hidden in Torah?

In Bereshit 1:3-4 there is light(ness), and HaShem saw that it was good and seperated it from the dark(ness). I read (Baal Shem Tov, Zohar), that HaShem hid this light in the Torah? Could someone ...
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0answers
41 views

His Torah is He?

Within a book which translates some of the works of Menachem Nachum of Chernobyl called: 'Upright practices; The light of the eyes'* I found a quote but without a source: He is His Torah and His ...
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2answers
185 views

Are there two or more editions of the Rambam's Peirush HaMishnayos?

I heard that there are differences between the Rambam's Peirush Hamishnayos found most commonly in the Mishnayos Zecher Chanoch and the version found in Mishnayos which are paired with the Rash. Is ...
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1answer
147 views

Who was the author/compiler of the Ikkar Tosfos Yom Tov?

I've noticed when learning Mishnayos that with the more basic layouts consist of the Mishna and the commentaries of Rav Ovadia M'Bartenura and the Ikkar Tosfos Yom Tov. It is known that Rav Yom-Tov ...
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1answer
61 views

looking for english of kli yakar on noach 11:1

I'm looking for the English of the Kli Yakar in Parshas Noach, 11:1. or even just a summary. Can anybody help me with this?
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54 views

Is there possibly a requirement to write down your Chiddushei Torah?

There is a principal of "devarim shebichtav iy atah rashai le'omram b'al peh" - Torah that is written is not permitted to retell purely from memory. It is for this reason we do not permit the bal ...
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4answers
275 views

When did G-d create darkness?

Bereshit 1:5 says: וַיִּקְרָ֨א אֱלֹהִ֤ים ׀ לָאוֹר֙ י֔וֹם וְלַחֹ֖שֶׁךְ קָ֣רָא לָ֑יְלָה וַֽיְהִי־עֶ֥רֶב וַֽיְהִי־בֹ֖קֶר י֥וֹם אֶחָֽד׃ (פ And God called the light Day, and the darkness He called ...
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1answer
60 views

Ein tov ela Torah

I'm looking for the source(s) of the saying: 'Ein tov ela Torah', it's meaning and explanation. For all that I could find is: ואין כבוד אלא תורה but this verse from Pirkei Avot 6:3 talks about Kavod ...
2
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2answers
132 views

The heart in Torah

בראשית ברא אלהים ... לעיני כל-ישראל The Torah begins with the letter Bet – ב and ends with the letter Lamed – ל. Together they form the word Lev - לב This seems to be a famous teaching which I ...
2
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1answer
61 views

Commentaries on Sifra

Are there any good, modern commentaries on Sifra (Torat Kohanim)? I am specifically asking for modern commentaries - I have mediaeval commentaries (like that of the Raavad), but I want something more ...
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2answers
116 views

17 and 8 refering to YHVH, His Torah and Good?

I found out that the gematria of the word tov is 17, which contracted to 1+7=8. Then I found out that the 17th word of the Torah is Elohim, but also that the words Torah (611=6+1+1=8) and YHVH (26=2+6=...
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0answers
28 views

Give and take a battle?

http://www.aish.com/jl/p/wayofg-d/17-Created-for-Pleasure.html?mobile=yes According to my own understanding the Ramchal thought that because HaShem is completely, perfectly, totally, absolutly, ...
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1answer
151 views

The anger of HaShem, Satan or David Himself? - 2 Samuel 24:1 v.s. 1 Chronicles 21:1

2 Samuel 24:1 v.s. 1 Chronicles 21:1 Both describe the same situation, but one verse talks about the anger of HaShem to be kindled against Israel, while the other one talks about 'satan'. When ...
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0answers
49 views

Teacher of the Pnei Yehoshua

What was the name of the rav/teacher of HoRav Ya'akov Yehoshua ben Tzvi, author of the Pnei Yehoshua?
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1answer
35 views

Akrasia and the Yetzer Harah

I asked many questions about the Yetzarim before trying to figure out the concept, the meaning and the way it works looking at myself and different cognitive studies. Recently I found a concept ...
3
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1answer
99 views

Intellect above heart; the way to beat the Yetzer hara?

Before I ask my question I would like to present a couple of teachings from the chabad website which have to do with my question: Looking at the sefirot there is this general accepted twofold ...
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1answer
96 views

Yetzer machshevot libo

There is a phrase in Bereshit/Genesis 6:5 which reads in hebrew: '.... v'kol yetzer machshevot libo...' I found different translations starting of with: The entire, every, the whole.. And ending ...
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0answers
37 views

To form, different roots

Are the roots צור (to form, shape, fashion) יצר (to create) and צר (to shape, form, model) related or do they just share similar meanings? Are there any commentaries, scriptures, that connect these ...
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0answers
156 views

How did the word Yetzer begot it's meaning of inclination?

Looking for the connection of Yetzer and the translation as inclanation, I was surprised that almost every Hebrew word derived from the same root had to do with creating. So how did a word (from a ...
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2answers
46 views

In Melachim 2 Chapter 6. It says the Aramean troops stopped invading the land of Israel but right after

But right after that it says that Israel was laid siege by the king of Aram. what's the idea here? Does it mean that those particular troops that were dealt with nicely by the king of Israel and ...
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0answers
27 views

No trust in His servants, and charging His malachim?

Iyov 4:18 Behold, In His (HaShem's) servants 'lo yamin', and in His messengers 'yasim toholah'. Behold, He putteth no trust in His servants, and His angels He chargeth with folly (or error). I ...
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1answer
88 views

Hell or something else: גהנום/ גהנם and שאול what are these?

'Hell' as described in most dictionaries doesn't seem to be the right translation. Yet a lot of translations of the Tanakh uses this word to translate words such as Sheol and Gehinom ( גהנום/ גהנם and ...
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2answers
124 views

Difference father and mother jew who would like to circumcise a son

If one is married to a non-jew and one begets a son, why is it that when the mother is jewish (but in some cases don't live a Jewish livestyle) can get her son circumcised, but when only the father is ...
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3answers
70 views

Fasting only physical?

What's the meaning of fasts, is it only a physical deed of abstain from food and drinks? Because often in scriptures it's listed or placed in context of prayer, repentance, mourning or done to show a ...
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0answers
21 views

To atone or to cover ? [duplicate]

The root for the word Kippur as in Yom Kippur is כפר but what does it mean linguistically or commentarial? It's explained that the root mean 'to cover' or 'to atone'? Where does this difference ...