Questions tagged [commentaries]

Questions related to Jewish commentaries, their meaning and their origin.

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Facing the Tent of Meeting from the tents of the people?

Balaam saw that the tent openings of the Israelites do not face each other; rather each opening was behind the next one, so that no one would look in the house of his friend. (BT Bava Batra 60a) I ...
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117 views

Tophet, Gehinom and Sheol related to Hell

Looking at the Jewish view of what 'Hell' is (something spiritual), how are physical places like Sheol, Tophet and Gehinom connected/related to it? What do their names mean, and how do those ...
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95 views

Hell or something else: גהנום/ גהנם and שאול what are these?

'Hell' as described in most dictionaries doesn't seem to be the right translation. Yet a lot of translations of the Tanakh uses this word to translate words such as Sheol and Gehinom ( גהנום/ גהנם and ...
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37 views

Heaven is also a place among us?

The Targum Yonathan on Isaiah 6:3 teaches that "the most exalted heaven is the dwelling place of His Presence". Likewise Isaiah 66:1 teaches that heaven is His throne. But then I came acrosse these ...
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35 views

Malchut Shamyim working through us?

I learned that "Kabalat Ol Malchut Shamayim"--acceptance of the "yoke" of heaven (accepting the Heavenly Kingdom)--is refering to G-ds rule/reign and thus means 'accepting the the Authority of Heaven'....
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2answers
47 views

Warlike qualities of HaShem?

Exodus 15:3 The LORD, the Warrior - LORD is His name! (NJPS) Exodus 15:3 The LORD is a man of war, The LORD is His name (OJPS). I came across a note in "The commentators bible, the JPS miqra'ot ...
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75 views

How far did the mixed multitude went along [duplicate]

I would like to ask a short question about Shemot 12:38, at the time of the Exodus there was a mixed multitude which went up with the Israelities. How far did this mixed multitude went along? Did ...
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48 views

What is the Shaḥaf according to Ḥizquni?

The שחף (Shaḥaf) is a bird forbidden by the Torah in both Sefer Wayiqra and Devarim. Ḥizquni (חזקוני, Rabbi Ḥizqiyah ben Manoaḥ), writing in Old French, states (Wayiqra 11:16): אשפמר"א ויש אומרים: ...
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56 views

What is the most effective way to translate non-Hebrew translations found in Rabbinic literature?

Non-Hebrew translations are often included by our Sages when attempting to clarify words or concepts. There are myriad examples in RaSh"I (Shemot 5:7) and Hizquni (Wayiqra 11:16). For relatively ...
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62 views

Sinai and hatred

What is the exact meaning of this Gemara [Shabbat 89a]: דרב חסדא ורבה ברי' דרב הונא דאמרי תרווייהו מאי הר סיני הר שירדה שנאה לעכו"ם עליו It is usually translated as: Rav Ḥisda and Rabba, son of ...
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53 views

Categorization of Mepharshim by PaRDeS?

I was wondering if anyone has ever come across a classification or categorization of the different mepharshim on the Chumash or Na"Kh, grouping them by the type of perush they give (i.e., whether ...
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76 views

Looking for an interpretation of Shir Hashirim that follows the parsha breaks

Coming off of some tangential discussion in the comments here, I'm looking for an interpretation of Shir Hashirim that follows the parsha breaks. It doesn't have to explicitly address every one, but ...
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34 views

Counting and cleansing

VaYikra/Leviticus 15:2-3 Speak unto the children of Israel, and say unto them: When any man hath an issue out of his flesh, his issue is unclean. And this shall be his uncleanness in his issue: ...
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112 views

Establishing the relative order of Rashi's commentaries

In learning Masekhet Ketubot, I encountered Rashi's definition of בי שמשי on daf 103a. There, since the passage is clearly referring to twilight on erev shabbat in particular, Rashi explains why so ...
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40 views

Conversion in Egypt?

I found this quote from Bereshit Rabbah 84:4: Ya'akov, his father, made many converts in Egypt. And another in Shemot Rabbah 18:10 G-d made a joyous occasion for Israel, since He redeemed them - ...
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1answer
55 views

How could the pesach-offer be made by the whole nation in one single place?

I noticed in Devarim 16:2 in my own words that at the times wehen the Beit HaMikdash still stood one had to sacrifice the Pesach lamb in the place which the Lord will choose to make His Shekinah dwell ...
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42 views

Erev rav - the people of the children of Israel?

I would like to ask a question before the erev of Pesach begins. I found this article online of the chabad website and in it the claim is being made that Yosef and Ya'akov converted different people ...
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35 views

Did the Erev rav had a role in the complaints of Bamidbar 14?

The עֵרֶב רַב is often connected to the הָאסַפְסֻף and often described by our sages as a group among the Israelites which caused and initiated a lot of the complaints made by the people. Did this ...
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82 views

Israel as the moon which reflects the light of the sun which is HaShem?

I can't remember the source but there was a teaching in which Israel was compared to the moon and HaShem to the sun as a metaphor in which Israel should reflect the light of HaShem. Does anyone know ...
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937 views

Does my uncircumcised friend still needs to be circumcised in order to join the meal for Pesach?

The Korban Pesach was made to be able to keep a meal in order to hold a celebration which serves as a remembrance (Shemot 12:14, 16). A remembrance of the moment we took a lamb and used it's blood to ...
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23 views

How did the word Shiur acquire its meaning of lesson? [duplicate]

I found out that the word שִׁעוּר/שיעור means measure or amount, and from here it derives it's meaning of rate, frequency and occurance. But how come this word also carries the meaning of lesson/...
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32 views

Different roots applied to the same verse of 2 Samuel 11:24

2 Samuel 11:24 (Westminster Leningrad Codex) reads: [וַיֹּרְאוּ כ] (וַיֹּר֨וּ ק) [הַמֹּורְאִים כ] (הַמֹּורִ֤ים ק) Two of these come from the root (ק) ירה while the other two come from the root (...
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88 views

Midrash digest in English on the Web?

Where on the Internet might it be possible to find a summary of the most important midrashim (aggadot) for each parshah in English? Something like The Midrash Says but online. Even less thorough, eg ...
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36 views

Affliction and refraining from work

Leviticus 23 describes some commands in regards to Yom Kippur in which it teaches us to afflict ourselves (verse 27). Although I'm familiar with most of the commentaries which teach what this '...
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1answer
73 views

If I'm unconscious about it should I still apologise?

Someone else points out to me that I have hurt another person by something I've done or said, but any of the following apply, then how should I deal with it? How should I react? 1) I'm unaware of it ...
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92 views

Fasting, Yom Kippur

In relation to this question, I would like to know why Vayikra 16:31 says v'initem, often translated as afflicting, cause if afflicting is about fasting then why isn't the word tzom צום used if this ...
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218 views

Difference between sins of Saul and sins of David?

Two of the most prominent Kings of Israel in the Scripture are Saul and David. These two men are given the most attention in 1 and 2 Samuel. David and Saul are foils of one another. Saul was rejected ...
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72 views

Full Kaddish - Titkabel or Titkabal? [duplicate]

There is this line in the full kaddish: ..תתקבל צלותהון but the nikkud in my siddur read Titkabel, while in another it says Titkabal; What's the difference? Which one should be used? .
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111 views

How did we live in Goshen in our own houses while still being slaves?

Bereshit 47:27 states that the Israelites (or Hebrews) settled in Egypt in the region of Goshen. It also say they got them possessions therein. From 45:10 it seems they also had their own flock. ...
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61 views

Exodus points for discussion?

I have a few questions abou the Exodus. Is there any way to know in which era or year the Exodus took place? And do we take Pharaoh to mean Pharaoh or could it be any family member, vice or under ...
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1answer
63 views

Translation of karmelit

In a article i read online: http://www.tosfosinenglish.com/pdf/Shabos/6a7karmlis.pdf i read the following: כרמל (Karmel) is comprised of two (opposite) terms: רך with the meaning soft and not yet ...
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1answer
103 views

Intermarriage allowed or not? [duplicate]

Devarim/Deuteronomy 7 talks about different commitments and relations with Non-Jewish idolatrous people. One of those is intermarriage often defined as a prohebition of marrying gentiles or Non-Jews. ...
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49 views

Menorah a way to wipe out Amalek and tool which helps us not to 'cool off'?

This year one will read the Torah portion of Tetzaveh and the special designated Torah reading for the Shabbat prior to Purim, known as Shabbat Zachor, together. Rabbeinu Yehuda Aryeh DiModina (Yid ...
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1answer
60 views

Rephidim gematria

I can't remember where but I read that the Ba'al HaTurim points out that 'Am Yisrael Berifidim' has the same gematria as 'Rafu yedeyhem min HaMitzvot.' The closest I got was this: Kitzur Baal HaTurim ...
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75 views

The Meshech Chochma on Bereishis 49:26 and Rashi on Bereishis 43:34

The Meshech Chochma on Bereishis 49:26 comments: (Source(s) from Sefaria.org) ברכות אביך גברו על ברכות הורי וכו' תהיין וכו' נזיר אחיו הענין. דכל בניו של יעקב היו מצערים את אביהם במה שלא הגידו לו ...
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59 views

Torah is the Name of the Holy One

From where (which verses, or arguments) do the commentators derive that Torah is the Name of the Holy One (as seems to be refered to by many commentators and in the Zohar).
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356 views

What are some non-allegorical commentaries on Song of Solomon?

I'd like to find some good commentaries, preferably very old, on Song of Solomon that aren't focused on allegorical interpretations of it. What are some top titles in this area?
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1answer
53 views

The definition of ריב and its applications?

The verb ריב is often translated as quarrel, dispute, murmer, strife or argument, which seems quite logical when looking at Bereshit 13:7 when the herdsmen were bickering about land because it couldn'...
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1answer
32 views

Refidim/Rephidim an acronym?

When searching for the meaning of the phrase ברפידם I found out that the commentators read this as an acronym. But I found different of these: One says it's an acronym for rafu yadeyhem (or rifui ...
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30 views

what is the lashon in rabbeinu yona, iggeres hateshuva?

what is the exact lashon of rabbeinu yona in iggeres hateshuva (Hadrash Hashlishi) that says, "they send the children to school and look after them when they return home. they influence their children ...
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273 views

Yesh Me'Ayin - A transformation from a state of ‘nothing’ to ‘something’

Recently I came across this teaching from Chassidic or Kabalistic works which apparently has something to do with our 'task' in this world: Hayom Yom: Tackling Life's Tasks; Translated from the ...
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1answer
66 views

Why was it that Lot and the place he fleed to were saved from the destruction of Sodom and Gemorah?

Bereshit 12:4 Lot went with him (Avraham).. 13:1 Lot with him (Avraham).. 13:5 And Lot also, who went with Avram.. After these points Lot goes on a seperate way from Avraham, but HaShem still shows ...
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88 views

What are the 3 worlds of the Kli Yakar?

The Kli Yakar talks about 3 created worlds. What is he referring to? Kli Yakar Bereshit 1:1: ‏ויש עוד דרך שלישי, אבל אין כל אדם יכול לעמוד עליו והוא להכיר מציאת‏ השם ית' מתוך החקירה וידיעת ...
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1answer
53 views

Different words for curse

I noticed in translation different words are being used to describe 'curse' 1. מארה - m'erah, curse 2. קללה - klalah, curse 3. ארר - arar, curse 4. אלה - alah, curse 5. קבב - kavav, curse... maybe ...
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113 views

Tamei what causes it?

To sum things up quickly as an example: If a woman is in her state of nidah Vayikra 15 teaches that what she touches or if something/someone is touching her, or if someone is touching that which has ...
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57 views

Keitsad tsolin mefarshim

I need advice on mefarshim for the seventh chapter of pessahim keitsad tsolin. Most mefarshim left it. I am looking for rishonim or kadmone achronim, like Pney Yehoshua.
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139 views

Aish Tamid v.s. Ner Tamid

I noticed some similarities between the aish tamid (Leviticus 6:6) and the ner tamid (Exodus 27:20) and wondered if there's a connection between these two and if they share similar symbolisms?
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27 views

A command given before it's actually commanded?

I noticed something strange in the parshe of Tetzaveh regards the verse of Shemot 27:20 in which HaShem commands Moshe saying: "And thou shalt command the children of Israel, that they bring unto thee ...
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1answer
36 views

A heap of people and ingathering of food

Is there any connection between the word אסף (to gather, collect) and אסם (literally a barn or storehouse but could be from an unised root meaning to heap up). I wondered because there is a feast in ...
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147 views

Authenticity of Rosh's commentary to Torah

What do different sources state regarding the authenticity of the commentary to the Torah attributed to Rosh? I remember seeing people claiming that it is missatributed. If I recall, the suggested ...