Questions tagged [choshen-mishpat-civil-law]

Questions about the Jewish Code of monetary and civil law.

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3
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0answers
94 views

Is it forbidden to buy bad merchandise in order to get a refund?

The background: I bought neodymium magnets from China off of ebay. The magnets were NOT neodymium and the item was not as good as I expected. This is a common Chinese practice on ebay. The Chinese ...
24
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3answers
385 views

The two stamp question

One man owns two of the only very expensive stamps in the world. Let us say each stamp was worth a million dollars. A second man comes along and destroys stamp one. The catch is that now according to ...
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2answers
101 views

Justice, mercy and halacha?

The prophet Micah said: Micah 6:8 It has been told you, O man, what is good and what the Lord requires of you: Only to act justly [‘asot mishpat], to love mercy [ahavat chesed], and to walk ...
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1answer
87 views

Convert, Orphan, Widow possible immunity

In Devarim 24:17 לֹא תַטֶּה מִשְׁפַּט גֵּר יָתוֹם וְלֹא תַחֲבֹל בֶּגֶד אַלְמָנָה. ‏You shall not subvert the rights of the stranger or the fatherless; you shall not take a widow’s garment in ...
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3answers
114 views

Damages and two defendants — how would a beit din resolve?

A friend recently sat on a jury in a civil case where there were two defendants in the case of an injured party, each claiming the other was responsible, and the jury had to decide. I'm curious how a ...
5
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1answer
93 views

Secular law vs. Halacha: is this theft?

In a case where secular law is at odds with Halacha, and one goes to a secular court to claim that which he is entitled to in secular law but not by Halacha, I know that he is transgressing chilul ...
4
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1answer
140 views

Return item at supermarket (consumer's fault?)

Say I buy a food item at a supermarket and later discover it was opened. I then am unsure whether I opened it or not. Is one allowed to return it if there is doubt (one is not completely sure) that ...
11
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1answer
856 views

Is a check considered cash?

If one paid someone with a check, and the recipient lost the check, does the giver have to write up a new check? One can say its like cash and if he lost then its not my problem, or one can say if I ...
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27 views

Difference between “בני העיר” and “בני המדינה”

Shu"a C"M 231, 27: "רשאים בני העיר לקוץ להם שער לכל דבר שירצו ולהתנות ביניהם שכל מי שיעבור קונסים אותו כך וכך: " ibid 15: "בני מדינה שרצו להוסיף על המדות או על המשקלות לא יוסיפו יותר על שתות" ...
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1answer
990 views

Black? I ordered it dyed red!

The משנה in בבא קמא‎ (9:4, as explained by the רע״ב and קהתי) says that if I give wool to a dyer to dye red, and he dyes it black instead, then he must return the black wool to me, and I must pay ...
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144 views

Liability for bed bugs

If one tenant in an apartment brings in bed-bugs (and that can be proven), and they spread throughout the building, and the other tenants have to vacate their apartments to be fumigated, or whatever ...
7
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2answers
92 views

Understanding the split payments for embarrassment in Kesubos 6:1

Kesubos 6:1 says: מְצִיאַת הָאִשָּׁה וּמַעֲשֵׂה יָדֶיהָ, לְבַעְלָהּ. וִירֻשָּׁתָהּ, הוּא אוֹכֵל פֵּרוֹת בְּחַיֶּיהָ. בָּשְׁתָּהּ וּפְגָמָהּ, שֶׁלָּהּ. רַבִּי יְהוּדָה בֶן בְּתֵירָא אוֹמֵר, בִּזְמַן ...
11
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1answer
410 views

Why is the talmud concerned about judges being swayed by each other only for capital cases?

Sanhedrin 4:2 teaches that in a monetary case or one involving (im)purity, judges give their opinions starting with the most senior, while in a capital case they begin with the most junior. In the g'...
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0answers
54 views

Where's the Ketzos Hachoshen about hashava?

I remember many years ago learning a ketzos who quotes an acharon (with a name similar to sason, I think) that the monetary obligation incumbent on a thief flows from the torah's commandment to return ...
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1answer
45 views

Is translation of copyrighted material permitted?

Is there any violation in Halacha if someone translates copyrighted material to a dialect for the sole purpose of making it into a book so that people who do not know the dialect could benefit from it ...
2
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3answers
106 views

What Jewish monetary laws defy common logic?

While most laws stem from the Sages' logic presented in the Gemmorah, there is a subset of Halochos called Hukim (decrees) that are to be taken without understanding their reasoning. Are there Hukim ...
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39 views

Commentaries on aruch hashulchan

Did anyone write a peirush on aruch hashulchan?(on the choshen mishpat part) I am looking for a english or hebrew commentary.
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0answers
38 views

What responsibility does a current tenant have to warn a prospective future tenant?

A tenant is leaving the property he had rented at the end of the contract period. The landlord has arranged for prospective future tenants to view the property, while the current tenant is still there....
4
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1answer
89 views

Is “Any laws” better than “No laws”?

One of the seven Noahide laws, applicable to all humankind, is: Establish courts of justice. The implication is that there must be law and order in a healthy society. But these laws can be vicious, ...
4
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2answers
255 views

Rabbi's liability for giving a wrong psak

Companion question to Questioner's liability for receiving a wrong psak. Let's say that someone asks his Rav, for example, if a certain food is Kosher, and the Rav paskens that it is not, and ...
12
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2answers
223 views

Status of Paper Money as Currency

According to this question, Maasar Sheni cannot be redeemed using paper money. That certainly seems to be the common assumption, but is that discussed anywhere? Is paper money the same as banknotes, ...
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37 views

Why verbally hurting one's wife is found in Choshen Mishpat?

צריך ליזהר באונאת אשתו לפי שדמעתה מצויה:‏ (C"M 228) I understand that the whole chapter is about fraud (הונאה) and לשון נופלת על לשון, but the question is: Does the fact that haMechaber listed ...
3
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1answer
34 views

What is a refund considered, halachically?

If I return something to the store to get a refund, is that equivalent to declaring the original sale a mekach ta’us, a mistaken sale, and the refund is returning the money which is rightfully mine? ...
12
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1answer
380 views

What are the halakhic considerations when it comes to patronizing a business whose workers are on strike?

Crossing a picket line and patronizing a business whose workers are on strike, against the will of the workers, is a controversial action with some people saying it should never be done. I read an ...
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2answers
372 views

Do any communities have the non-Jew come get some of his chametz?

There is an established practice to sell one's chametz (leavened products) to a non-Jew over Passover to avoid the biblical prohibition of a Jew owning chametz during the festival. Unfortunately, ...
9
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1answer
77 views

Estate of a convert whose only possible heir is just that: only a possible heir

The last mishna in chapter 11 of Y'vamos says that if a woman didn't wait long between two marriages and therefore we don't know whether her son, say Samuel, is from the first husband, Aaron, or the ...
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3answers
120 views

Taking ownership by writing one's name on an item

A person replaced a 3 seat sofa and took the old one down to the building's Chatzer and willingly Hefkered it. He advertised it online to come and take it for free, mentioning it is in the Chatzer. A ...
13
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4answers
286 views

In the Bible, why did robbers bother tunneling into houses to rob them?

Exodus 22:1 speaks about the robber who was found "tunnelling in" to someone's house (vis-a-vis self-defense). Is that just a figure of speech, or did they actually go to that much trouble? (What ...
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1answer
482 views

Is a car considered movable or immovable property?

The Mishnah (Kiddushin 1:5) differentiates between how one acquires movable and immovable property (translation follows Yachin): נְכָסִים שֶׁיֵּשׁ לָהֶם אַחֲרָיוּת נִקְנִין בְּכֶסֶף וּבִשְׁטָר ...
10
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2answers
292 views

Saving Parking Spots

Reuven calls Shimon to ask if Shimon may stand inside a parking spot and reserve it until Reuven gets there in five minutes. While standing there, Levi pulls up and directs Shimon to vacate the spot ...
2
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2answers
130 views

Using a siddur to Daven from in a seforim store

There are many seforim stores that have a minyan for Mincha in the store. If someone were to use a siddur from the store in order to daven with that minyan in a way that there's no perceived damage on ...
14
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3answers
443 views

What is the halachic status of things in outer space?

Is everything in outer space hefker? For example if a private person lands on the moon or an asteroid can he be koneh it? Do you retain the rights to something that you send into space?
5
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1answer
89 views

Why don't sellers have to clean their measures after every use?

In daf yomi I came across this mishna on Bava Batra 88a (quote with glosses is from Sefaria): A storekeeper, who constantly sells merchandise in small quantities, cleans his measuring vessels twice ...
2
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1answer
38 views

Does promising salvation in return to a donation border on fraud?

I have mixed feelings about very common (in Israel) advertisements like this one: (the ad says: "32 orphans are getting married and YOU ARE GRANTED SALVATION"... each one who donates 320 NIS WILL, ...
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0answers
25 views

Paying damages for rerouting flood to neighbor's property

Are you obligated to pay for damage done to a neighbor's property if you redirect a river from flooding your property which then hits another house down the street. (i.e. You place sandbags in front ...
2
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1answer
28 views

Unpaid Guardian Holding Object

If there was no duration assigned originally, when must an unpaid guardian return an object he was protecting? (e.g., Tom guards Harry's money for a couple weeks for free, but when Harry returns to ...
2
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0answers
20 views

How to beware of the prohibition of Ona'a?

When learning about Ona'a (ShuA CM רכ"ז) I notice, that despite the long list of Halochos there are no measures of prevention mentioned either for the seller or the buyer(as far as I could see). I ...
5
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2answers
121 views

Is there a stated freedom to contract?

In the United States (and other countries), there is the notion of the freedom to contract. This is the idea that two people of sound mind have the right to enter into any contract with one another ...
2
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3answers
211 views

How Overcharging or Undercharging (Ona'a) is figured?

The Halacha of Ona'a is that if an item was sold for more than 1/6 difference in real value the buyer and or seller can cancel the sale. How is Ona'a figured on for example fresh salmon? There are ...
3
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1answer
68 views

How is Ona'a (overcharging) determined? [duplicate]

Partially inspired by this question I would like to know exactly how ona'a (over/underchanging by more than 1/6th) is determined. For example tap water is free and in many parts of the united states ...
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1answer
94 views

Can G-d be put in Charem

I came across this article: The Time Has Come for God to Reveal the Messiah, Says Jerusalem’s Chief Rabbi. The jist of the article that Chief Rabbi Amar and two other Rabbis announced as a ruling ...
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2answers
181 views

Is an ex-employee allowed to work with the customers of his former employer?

Shimon works for Business A, he has access to the contact information of all the clients and is responsible for interacting with them. Moreover, he knows how much each client is paying for Business A'...
1
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1answer
72 views

Who’s stealing from whom?

Reuven is head of an institution and is paid by the board for specific hours of work for the members. Reuven is late every day by 15 minutes. The members complain to the board that Reuven gives 15 ...
14
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2answers
166 views

Are Jewish Court Rulings subject to appeal?

Is there such a thing as an appeal in Jewish law, or are rulings issued by Jewish courts absolutely final?
4
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1answer
79 views

Shoveling snow on to the neighbor's lawn or the street

Reuven and Shim'on are neighbors. They haven't discussed this matter, and Shim'on isn't available to consult. When Reuven is shoveling snow off of his walk, may he throw it onto Shim'on's lawn? Assume ...
4
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2answers
49 views

Do I have first rights to slaughter on the day I buy a child or parent animal?

Rule: וְשׁ֖וֹר אוֹ־שֶׂ֑ה אֹת֣וֹ וְאֶת־בְּנ֔וֹ לֹ֥א תִשְׁחֲט֖וּ בְּי֥וֹם אֶחָֽד׃ However, no animal from the herd or from the flock shall be slaughtered on the same day with its young. If I ...
47
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7answers
3k views

May I use my neighbor's Wi-Fi without asking permission?

My neighbor has never set up password protection on his wireless router. If I wanted, I could wirelessly connect to his high-speed Internet service. May I use his Internet service without asking him ...
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1answer
44 views

If …אין אדם נוגע במוכן לחבירו, then why is there an איסור of השגת גבול / יורד לאומנות חבירו to infringe on someone else's parnasah?

Gemara Yoma 38b גמרא יומא לח עמוד ב אין אדם נוגע במוכן לחבירו... אפי' כמלא נימא Everyone has a portion designated for him by God, and the individual is privileged to receive what is coming ...
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1answer
50 views

Is there an “implied” liability for damages caused after something was fixed?

You had a leak under your kitchen sink. You called someone to fix the broken pipe. The person fixes it and makes sure that the pipe no longer leaks. You use the sink "normally" (i.e., you didn't "...
10
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3answers
208 views

Can a Beit Din invalidate Kiddushin nowadays?

According to DoubleAA, R' Shechter says that any three people have a right to declare items hefker through Hefker Beis Din Hefker. According to that, why doesn't an average Beis Din have a power to ...