Questions tagged [chazzan-prayer-leader]

Questions about the person who leads Jewish prayers when a minyan is present.

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7
votes
1answer
137 views

Is it permissble to practice parts of davening that require a minyan to be recited?

Generally, an individual may not recite certain sections of the prayer service that are considered "holy" such as Kaddish, barchu, kedusha, chazaras hashatz unless he is part of a minyan. Would one ...
2
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1answer
82 views

Why do some people say the end of the 2nd bracha before Shema with the Shat"z?

I have noticed in many shuls (mainly Nusach Ashkenaz, though, I have seen in Nusach Sefard, as well) I have attended that some people conclude the end of the 2nd bracha before the Shema (Shacharit - ...
1
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0answers
84 views

Jewish tune to replace “Holy Night” in Harry Chapin's “Mr. Tanner”? [closed]

From Wikipedia: "Mr. Tanner" is a song by Harry Chapin from his 1974 album, Short Stories. Big John Wallace plays Mr. Tanner by singing the chorus to "O Holy Night" in the background to the song's ...
1
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0answers
87 views

What was the primary motive for using a chazzan who is musically skilled?

O.C. 53:4 says that one of the requirements for a "proper" shaliach tzibbur (shat"z) is that he have a "pleasant voice". (There are other qualities included.) 53:5 states that if one cannot find all ...
3
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1answer
112 views

Explain the use of the chazzan to end paragraphs

My understanding of the "history" of the shaliach tzibbur (shat"z) is that few people could read or pronounce Hebrew, and, there were few siddurim printed. Thus, the use of an "expert" to represent ...
18
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12answers
4k views

What are the oldest Jewish songs (tune plus words) that are still popular today?

When I say "song", I mean the combination of tune and words; and yes I'm probably thinking Ashkenazically here. It seems like any European old-timer I've met knows the "good old fashioned" tune for ...
0
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0answers
23 views

Can the Shaliach Tzibbur rely on the Amidah repetition to recover from something he forgot to say? [duplicate]

If someone frogot to recite ya'aleh Veyavo during Rosh Hodesh Shacharit, and he has finished the Amidah, he would need to repeat the whole Amidah. Let's say the chazan forgot this during his silent ...
1
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0answers
61 views

Candles or lights at the amud [duplicate]

I have noticed that quite a few shuls have candles or electric lights at the amud where the chazzan davens from. These are well lit establishments and I don't the lights are there for a practical ...
1
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0answers
25 views

Chazzan forgot to say Tachanun during mincha - how to proceed? [duplicate]

While at shul for mincha the other day, the chazzan began to say Kaddish after finishing *Chazarat Hashat"z' (Shemoneh Esreh repetition). Ata bout the point people answered Yehei Shmei Rabba, people ...
6
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0answers
66 views

Can the Shaliach Tzibbur walk around while praying?

For any of the prayers other than the Amidah, are there sources that allow the prayer leader to walk around (for no special purpose) while praying? The question is specific to the Shaliach Tzibbur, ...
1
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1answer
115 views

Israeli Chazzan outside of Israel says “tal umotor” at the right time for him but not us

We know that the shaliach tzibbur must follow the local custom even to the extent of his own silent Amidah . What should be done, then, when a resident of Israel who is acting as shaliach tzibbur ...
3
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1answer
291 views

Answer after “Morid haTal” in the Amida

In my shul, people answer something after "Morid hatal" in the Hazara of the Amida. It sounds like "Livraha". Do you know what word it is exactly and what it means? Thank you
1
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0answers
78 views

Shaliach Tzibbur and shul “politics”

Shulchan Aruch O.C. 53:4-5 discusses some qualifications for an ideal shaliach tzibbur as well as other "non-ideal" qualifications. It seems that one necessity is that the congregation prefers him and ...
4
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2answers
168 views

Do Lubavitch chassidim extend shacharit to 90 minutes?

In the end of Chapter 1 of Igeret HaKodesh (often published with the Tanya), the Baal haTanya writes that businessmen should not be invited to lead prayer on weekdays, but only those with the free ...
5
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3answers
536 views

Why is a prayer leader still removed for omitting V'lamalshinim?

TL;DR The Ashkenazi nusach of V'lamalshinim omits explicit mention of heretics. Therefore, recitation or omission of this blessing by the prayer leader seems to no longer serve as a signal for ...
3
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1answer
56 views

Could a Levi be the one who leads Birkas Kohanim?

In Shulchan Aruch, Orach Chaim, Siman 128 Sif 22, the Mechaber writes that, regarding Birkas Kohanim, "we attempt to have the caller [i.e. the one who says the words of the Bracha before the Kohanim] ...
4
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1answer
339 views

Priority for multiple “chiyuvim” to be Shaliach Tzibbur

What is the priority for the following situations regarding who is Shaliach Tzibbur during a weekday (I'm excluding the possibility of various customs that exclude such people from leading services on ...
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0answers
97 views

Correcting the Shaliach Tzibbur

As far as I can see, we still view the repetition of the Amida as an obligation (as indicated in footnote two, here), and require the Shatz to be precise and say the right prayers in order to fulfill ...
7
votes
1answer
122 views

Should the chazzan say amen after the Priestly Blessing?

The chazzan says the words of the Priestly Blessing word after word, and Kohanim (priests) repeat after him. Should the chazzan say "amen" after each blessing? What about "amen" after the blessing ...
2
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0answers
47 views

Official position of the title “Chazzan”

My grandfather ז”ל (the Frankfurt connection) was a chazzan for much of his professional career. When he died several years back, I inherited his sifrei chazzanus and his cantorial levush (clothing). ...
3
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1answer
62 views

Should you answer Kadish s'fayka?

If someone is making a minyan which you beleive doesn't have the required ten people, he says that guy will answer but you see that he most likely will not, and all together you highly doubt whether ...
3
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0answers
73 views

Can a Shaliach Tzibur recite the High Holiday piyutim in English?

Some shuls (this seems common in non-Orthodox shuls) have a lot of English responsive reading during the High Holiday services. Usually the "larger" piyutim, i.e., those that are recited while the ...
1
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1answer
356 views

Congregation without a Minyan

What parts are to be omitted in davening if the congregation does not have a minyan? I know Kaddish and Borchu need a minyan, but what about things like the Chazzan's repetition of the Amidah? (...
2
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2answers
261 views

If we repeat amida to help those who cannot otherwise pray, what of maariv?

As discussed in answers to this related question, we repeat the amida of shacharis and mincha to aid those who do not have a siddur, have not memorized the brachot, or who cannot read, but we don't do ...
3
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2answers
177 views

“Yotzer Or” procedure

Right after borochu in shacharit there is a bracha “yotzer or uvoreh choshech, oseh shalom uvoreh et ha kol”. Should this bracha be said out loud by the shaliach tzibur? Regardless of whether it ...
2
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2answers
301 views

V'kara zeh el zeh v'amar - When does who bow left then right here?

At the beginning of Kedusha, the Chazzan says v'kara zeh el zeh v'amar. I've seen three types of chazzanim with regard to bowing left at the first zeh and right at the second: bow left and right at ...
1
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5answers
551 views

What is the benefit to praying with a Minyan?

What is the benefit(s) of Praying with a Minyan? Besides for all the additional things you can now do with a Minyan (Kaddish, Kriah etc). By prayer, I mean the Shmoneh Esreh. What is different in ...
2
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3answers
322 views

What does “responsive recitation” mean for Selichos?

There are a bunch of Selichos that are supposed to be "recited responsively." I think for many of them, I've seen the format: Chazan: line 1 Kehila: line 1 Kehila: line 2 Chazan: line 2 Kehila: ...
1
vote
1answer
160 views

When and why did the custom to have young children end Musaph Shabbat davening begin?

In most shuls that I have attended (mainly Nusach Ashkenaz), young children (below Bar Mitzvah age, usually) finish the Shabbat davening at the end of Musaph. I.e., they sing from En K'elokeinu ...
2
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2answers
505 views

What's the best way to learn how to lead mincha?

There are times where there's no one that's able to lead it, and it would be nice to be able to do so myself, but I'm not fluent in Hebrew but can read it slowly. What's the best way to practice for ...
0
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2answers
380 views

“Chiyuv” to be chazan vs. congregational approval and refusal

Follow-up to this M.Y. answer about a "chiyuv" to daven from the amud. The answer states that a mourner for a parent should try to be shaliach tzibbur. I question whether this rule contradicts some ...
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2answers
87 views

What is the Cantor's role in judaism?

What is the role of a Cantor? When and why did the Cantor come into place?
2
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2answers
125 views

In birkat kohanim, who calls out “kohanim”?

Should the chazan be the one to say kohanim or a member of the tzibbur? If you hold that it should be a member of the tzibbur due to Hefsek why would it be a Hefsek for the chazan to say kohanim?
4
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1answer
74 views

Answering the Chazzan from outside a Shul

If one is neither part of a certain Minyan nor Davening at all rather in a different room, but can hear the Chazzan, may he answer to Amen,Kaddish,etc. ?
3
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3answers
200 views

Is the chazzan allowed to wait to say kaddish?

Sometimes in my ashkenazik morning minyan (prayer service) we don't have a minyan (quorum of 10 men) when the shaliach tzibor (leader of the service) reaches the point of saying kaddish in pisukei d'...
11
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3answers
292 views

When there are four aveilim (mourners), Is it better to have one minyan of 40 people or 4 minyonim of ten each?

Today I was in a shul where there were four parallel mincha services because four mourners wanted to lead the services. I thought there was a principle of ברב עם הדרת מלך? What sources are there that ...
7
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5answers
421 views

Answering Baruch Hu UVaruch Shemo and Amen while learning

If someone is giving Shiur in the same room as people Davening, do the people learning answer Baruch Hu Uvaruch Shemo and Amen to the Hazarat HaShatz?
5
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2answers
427 views

Is Selichos recited in the house of a mourner during shiva on Asara B'Tevet?

Is Selichot said in the house of an avel during shiva on the 10th of Tevet? Does the mourner lead the Selichos?
4
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0answers
116 views

Where exactly should the amud be placed?

In some synagogues I have seen the amud (lectern) from where the chazan (prayer leader) stands to say the prayers, placed a few feet in front of the aron (cabinet) where the torah is kept or between ...
3
votes
1answer
97 views

Chazan's position and path when taking out the Torah?

When taking out the Torah from the ark, what is the proper procedure in these areas? On Shabbat, the Chazan faces the cong. (back to the ark) when saying Shema and Echad Elokeinu. Then he turns to ...
2
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0answers
78 views

Not taking three steps forward for the Chazzan's repetition

Last Shabbat we had a guy fill in for Minchah as Chazzan. He did a great job. I'm sure he was just nervous and didn't want to err. But I noticed he didn't take the 3 steps forward for the repetition. (...
4
votes
1answer
77 views

Steps after chazaras hashatz, if the chazan doesn't continue past Ashre

As user6591 notes, the Shulchan Aruch (OC 123:5) says that the prayer leader does not need to take three steps backward after his repetition of the amida, and the Mishna B'rura (:18) gives the reason: ...
6
votes
3answers
4k views

When exactly should an avel (mourner) not be davening before the amud?

An avel (mourner) if possible should also daven before the amud (be the chazan) on weekdays. But certain times of the year especially when tachanun is not said (but not every time) he should not be ...
4
votes
1answer
93 views

Bowing at borechu with the shaliach tzibbur

I've seen some people bowing at the same time as the shaliach tzibbur while he's saying "borechu" and then bowing again after for boruch hashem etc. What is the source of the practice for this first ...
6
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0answers
68 views

Why, in Yom Kippour and RH davening, when we say Tefilas responsively, does sometimes the baal Tefila go first, sometimes the congregation?

Why, in Yom Kippour and RH davening, when we say Tefilas responsively, does sometimes the baal Tefila go first, sometimes the congregation? For example, Shema Koilanu, aveenu Malkainu, the Baal tefila ...
7
votes
1answer
76 views

Praying directly before an aron

It is very common to have a pictorially adorned curtain on an aron kodesh (cabinet that hold the Torah scrolls in a synagogue). It is also very common to have the shatz (prayer leader) stand before ...
3
votes
1answer
530 views

Which is the height considered 3 tefachim for not “praying in height”? (30cm?)

Recently we had to make a synagogue for one day at a hall, and we used a scaffold for the Shaliach tzibbur to be well heard by all the public. The Scaffold was 1m x 1.5m, and I don't remember the ...
7
votes
1answer
208 views

Why is the Hineni prayer said before the silent Amida?

The Hineni prayer is said by the Chazan before the silent Amida on the high holidays. In it, the Chazan admits his personal flaws but asks still to be allowed to be a righteous and competent ...
2
votes
0answers
40 views

Seeking downloadable practice files for High Holiday Shacharit practice

IY"H, I shall be the Shaliach Tzibbur for 2nd day Rosh Hashanna Shacharit and Yom Kippur. I feel that I know the nuscah well, as I have been doing this for many years. However, I could use some tunes ...
2
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0answers
130 views

Can a Chazan silently say Yom Kippur piyutim in English?

Some shuls (such as mine) do many sections of most piyutim silently. Is the Shat"z allowed to do the silent portions in English and just say the ending of the piyut aloud in Hebrew?