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Questions tagged [challah-shabbat-bread]

Questions about the usually braided, pair of breads eaten at Shabbat and holiday meals.

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22 votes
2 answers
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Lechem Mishneh by the Third Shabbos Meal

Is one required to have Lechem Mishneh by the Third Shabbos Meal?
yydl's user avatar
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19 votes
1 answer
508 views

Lechem Mishlesh?

(Based on Tosfot Pesachim 116a and Aruch haShulchan 274:5 I assume that the man did not fall on Yom Tov and double fell on Erev Yom Tov, and that this is why we have lechem mishne on Yom Tov.) When ...
Double AA's user avatar
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16 votes
5 answers
1k views

What is the status of a pull-apart challah for "lechem mishneh"?

On Shabbat, we're supposed to begin the meals with two whole loaves - "Lechem Mishneh." According to Shmirat Shabbat KeHilchato as quoted in the article linked above, "If two loaves bake together in ...
Isaac Moses's user avatar
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15 votes
11 answers
3k views

What is the source not to eat the endpiece of the challah?

At the shabbos meal, why do some people (such as Yodeyan NBZ) not eat the end piece of the challah? Some people don't even just start at the middle, they avoid the end-piece altogether.
Eliyahu's user avatar
  • 2,055
13 votes
7 answers
2k views

Challah Friday Night

When you make Hamotzi on Shabbos you use the top Challah. However, on Friday night you use the bottom. Therefore, so as not to pass over the Mitzvah you hold the bottom one closer. My question is why ...
SimchasTorah's user avatar
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12 votes
4 answers
2k views

Schlissel Challah

What is the source for the "Key Challah" Segulah (charm) that is said to bring Parnassah (prosperity)? And which is it: do you put the key in the Challah or do you make the Challah in the shape of a ...
SimchasTorah's user avatar
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11 votes
1 answer
556 views

What cracks disqualify a Shmurah Matzah as whole?

What cracks disqualify a hand-baked (typically Shmurah) Matzah as whole for the purposes of lechem mishneh and the Seder? I've been told that: Cracks in the center of the matzah that do not reach ...
Dan Osborne's user avatar
10 votes
1 answer
2k views

Why do we cover the challot on Shabbos?

The answer I learned growing up was that "we don't want to embarrass the bread because we are first making kiddush" or some variation thereof. I later learned that is a zecher for the ma'n which fell ...
Identitytheft-Dave's user avatar
10 votes
3 answers
598 views

Challa knife - Non serrated

Recently I met someone who told me there are those that specifically only use a non serrated Challa knife at the Shabbos meal. I was wondering if there is a source that discusses this and what is the ...
Gershon Gold's user avatar
10 votes
3 answers
3k views

Why are challot traditionally braided?

What is the reason that challot are traditionally braided? When did this tradition begin?
not-allowed to change my name's user avatar
10 votes
3 answers
1k views

What do you do if your Shabbos host serves chocolate chip challah? [closed]

Based on this shiur from R. Sobolofsky, chocolate chip challah is no different from chocolate babka or other cake and thus has the bracha of mezonos If that is the case, one would only be able to ...
Curiouser's user avatar
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9 votes
1 answer
660 views

what sources discuss dipping challah in both salt and honey or only honey during rosh hashanna?

Many people dip their bread in only honey over rosh hashanna but I was under the impression that one should dip in both salt and honey. What sources discuss either dipping in both salt then honey or ...
Laser123's user avatar
  • 1,269
8 votes
1 answer
391 views

Is braiding challah the melacha of weaving?

Oreig (weaving) does not appear to be a permitted melacha on Yom Tov. Braiding is oreig - may one braid challos on Yom Tov? If so, would it follow that one may braid anything on Yom Tov so long as ...
yoel's user avatar
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8 votes
2 answers
314 views

Using a Frozen Challah for Lechem Mishneh

If the only available Challah I have for Lechem Mishneh is frozen solid - may it be used ?
eramm's user avatar
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8 votes
3 answers
2k views

Why dip the challah in salt?

I recently saw by a Friday night dinner that the challah bread was dipped in salt a few times. Is there a specific amount of times to dip it, and why dip it in the first place?
learning's user avatar
8 votes
2 answers
350 views

Should separating pull apart Challah rolls be considered a forbidden act of completion?

I have heard many people state that using Challah* rolls that are baked in one unit to be pulled apart might be a problem for making Leḥem** Mishneh on Shabbath. In fact, there are rolls that are sold ...
Seth J's user avatar
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8 votes
2 answers
384 views

Did manna fall on yontif?

For kiddush on yontif we use two challot. We did not collect manna on Shabbat because of carrying. But carrying is allowed on yontif. Does that mean that manna did not fall on yontif?
Yehuda W's user avatar
  • 8,249
7 votes
2 answers
153 views

Lechem Mishneh - Do both challot have to be touching?

When holding the Lechem Mishneh together while making the bracha - Do both challot have to be touching ? What if one challah was wrapped in cellophane or in a bag (yet held next to the other challah ...
eramm's user avatar
  • 3,857
7 votes
1 answer
338 views

(Why) is there a custom to have round challah for Rosh HaShanah?

I have noticed that the local kosher bakeries sell round challot (as opposed to their usual braided loaves) in advance of Rosh HaShanah. Is such a custom noted in any written sources? If yes, what ...
Joel K's user avatar
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7 votes
4 answers
1k views

Cutting Challah on Shabbos

Is there a source for why many people (Ashkenazim) use a knife to pre-mark the challah where they will cut it before making the bracha on Shabbos?
Mike S's user avatar
  • 241
7 votes
1 answer
320 views

Lechem Mishneh : holding challos procedure

What's the exact procedure for holding the challos in lechem mishneh. I'm not asking about the number of challos used or which one to cut (top / bottom) but how do we hold them : do we hold them ...
Frank's user avatar
  • 1,171
6 votes
4 answers
2k views

How can someone on a gluten free diet fulfill the mitzvah of eating challah on Shabbat?

I have a relative who has a list of food ilnesses including egg, nut, wheat, soy and gluten allergies. As far as I know, he cannot eat anything that has the bracha "hamotzi". How can he fulfill the ...
DanF's user avatar
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6 votes
1 answer
249 views

Why are we not concerned about zugos with lechem mishneh?

There is a gemara (Pesachim 110) describing the concern for ruach ra with eating even numbers of foods, in particular: 109b - Question: Why did Chachamim enact to drink four cups? This is ...
SAH's user avatar
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6 votes
2 answers
537 views

How much must be eaten from the lechem mishneh

Inspired by following 2 questions: Not eating from the Lechem Mishnah Challah Loaves on Shabbat have a minimum size? When eating a Shabbos Seudah how much must the ones that are being yotzee from ...
Yehoshua's user avatar
  • 16.1k
6 votes
2 answers
1k views

How to discard leftover challah

Is there a special way of discarding leftover bread/challah?
Savta's user avatar
  • 61
6 votes
3 answers
202 views

Why must we acquire Lehhem Mishneh for every Shabbat meal?

The Torah (Shemot 16; Parashat BeShalahh) details the miracle of the mahn ("manna"), which HaShem brought down from the Heavens to sustain 'Am Yisra'el in their journey through the desert. In a shi'...
Lee's user avatar
  • 7,472
6 votes
1 answer
285 views

Why hold the second loaf unwrapped?

We use two loaves of bread at Shabas and yom tov meals. Some people cut into both loaves, but some only cut into one, merely holding the other with it while reciting the b'racha. Rav Chayim Pinchas ...
msh210's user avatar
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6 votes
3 answers
3k views

Cutting chala with a knife

Are people insistent upon cutting bread with a knife rather than tearing it apart manually? If so, why?
WAF's user avatar
  • 23.8k
6 votes
2 answers
462 views

Not eating from the Lechem Mishnah, rather from the incomplete bread

If someone only has one broken piece of bread, can he borrow from his neighbor two whole challas and make ha'motzei on everything together (the 2 challas and the piece of bread); however not eat from ...
Yehoshua's user avatar
  • 16.1k
5 votes
1 answer
357 views

Did the Terumas haDeshen write a challah recipe?

Reading this article about challah-making, I noticed the following: Using the starter, I tried the Rich Sourdough Barches recipe from Inside the Jewish Bakery, which the authors say is adapted from ...
Curiouser's user avatar
  • 7,931
5 votes
2 answers
275 views

Why are huge challot displayed on the wedding couple / Bar Mitzvah's table?

I noticed that among Orthodox and, seemingly Hareidi Bar Mitzvah's and weddings, a huge challah is cut by the chattan or Bar Mitzvah. I assume that there must be some minhag behind this that ...
DanF's user avatar
  • 70.7k
5 votes
3 answers
326 views

Can one make hamotzi Friday night on pat haba bekisnin?

Within This article that focuses mainly on the bracha made on pizza, it mentions that most poskim state that when one eats pat haba bekisnin as a meal, one says Hamotzi. Friday night meal requires ...
DanF's user avatar
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5 votes
2 answers
2k views

Challah Loaves on Shabbat have a minimum size?

In this article regarding the Shabbat Challah loaves, The Shmirat Shabbat KeHilchata (vol. II 55:5) is quoted as saying: The loaves must each be at least the size of an olive Normally, the size of ...
Menachem's user avatar
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5 votes
2 answers
505 views

Which challah does one cut on a Shabbas yom tov?

The Shulchan Aruch (274:1) brings down that on shabbas night you cut the bottom challah. The Rama adds that on Shabbas day and yom tov night you cut the top challah for kabbalistic reasons. What do ...
sam's user avatar
  • 42.1k
4 votes
1 answer
310 views

Why does the bracha-maker eat a piece of challah first?

I'm wondering if anyone knows the origins of why the one who makes the bracha on challah on Shabbat takes a piece for himself first. I'm most curious if this actually shows up in sources, or if it's a ...
Efrayim13's user avatar
4 votes
1 answer
307 views

The number of challot for Yom Tov?

How many challot should be on the table for Yom tov,for example Rosh Hashana? Two, or, one can be just fine?
Ana's user avatar
  • 339
4 votes
1 answer
184 views

Why do we say we don't dip food on other days?

In the four questions, we ask "on all other nights, we don't dip, even once, but on this night, we dip twice" How can we ask this if we dip challah in salt on Shabbat (and other days)?
rosends's user avatar
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4 votes
2 answers
2k views

Sourdough starter and Passover

Sourdough starter is a kind of pet. A pet yeast colony, if you want to be scientific about it. Owners give it a name, feed it (daily or weekly, depending on how often they bake bread), make sure it's ...
Galastel supports GoFundMonica's user avatar
4 votes
1 answer
143 views

Covering challas by 3rd meal on Shabbos

We cover the challas by the shabbos meals for a number of reasons. One however is because the mann was covered (with dew) on top and on the bottom (See Tosfos Pesachim 100b) and the challas that we ...
Yehoshua's user avatar
  • 16.1k
4 votes
2 answers
476 views

When did the word challa start being used to mean our Shabbos bread?

In the Torah we seem to only find this word associated with Temple related breads. In Rabbinic writings the word challa was the word referring to the amount of dough separated to be given to a kohen. ...
user6591's user avatar
  • 33.7k
4 votes
1 answer
440 views

One Challah or Two?

If two challahs are braided and baked together on one pan, and before they are completely baked, they have stuck together, do I have one challah or two? i.e. can I separate them and still have two ...
Bruce James's user avatar
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4 votes
2 answers
816 views

Can Jews buy commercial challah at Whole Foods?

I know Whole Foods supermarkets have challah bread. I am not Jewish. But I once bought challah bread at Whole Foods and ate the whole bread in one sitting. It tasted like . . . bread. I am aware that ...
Double U's user avatar
  • 399
4 votes
0 answers
31 views

Why is the Challah braided? [duplicate]

Every challah I've seen in my life is braided, regardless the country or customs. But what are the origins of preparing the challah in this way? The bread in the Beit HaMikdash wasn't like this as far ...
Gabriel12's user avatar
  • 4,636
3 votes
1 answer
423 views

OK if lechem mishneh is partially cut?

I'm wondering if I can use use some bread that is partially sliced (but not completely severed in two) as lechem mishneh. An example is a bagel that was cut 90% of the way through, meaning that the ...
Josh Grinberg's user avatar
3 votes
2 answers
454 views

The number of Challot on Shabbat and salt

If my understanding is correct we use two Challot on Shabbat to represent the two portions of mana the Jews received in the desert of Friday to prevent them from having to collect on Shabbat. We use ...
morah hochman's user avatar
3 votes
3 answers
261 views

What sort of covering is required for Challa and cake while making Kiddush?

The Halacha is that we cover the Challa / Cake while we make Kiddush in order not to embarass it (Talmud Yerushalmi as quoted by the Tur, Orach Chaim 271) as we are not making Hamotzi / Mezonos first. ...
Gershon Gold's user avatar
3 votes
4 answers
2k views

Throwing out bread or Challah

In todays generation when there is leftover bread or Challah we often discard it. As bread is the food for life there are those that either feed it to the birds, make kugel, breadcrumbs, etc. instead ...
Gershon Gold's user avatar
3 votes
1 answer
79 views

At the Shabbos meals, I've seen hosts give each head of a household their own Lechem Mishna. Is this a minhag that is written somewhere?

Is there a benefit to doing this? Is there a drawback?
Daniel's user avatar
  • 61
3 votes
3 answers
2k views

Minhag of throwing Challah at the Friday night Seuda

Aruch HaShulchan 167:31 and Be'er Hataiv 167:22 both say that it is forbidden to throw the (Challah) bread. I have heard that there are some people (I heard that there are some Rabannim who do so) ...
Gershon Gold's user avatar
3 votes
1 answer
896 views

Source for segula of baking challah

I am looking for sources for the segula of baking challah on behalf of a sick person, a shidduch, a baby or even a World Series victory. Where does this come from? Why can men not be part of it? Why ...
Aaron Ross's user avatar