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Questions tagged [challah-shabbat-bread]

Questions about the usually braided, pair of breads eaten at Shabbat and holiday meals.

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1 vote
1 answer
78 views

Taking Challah: Practical Question

All accounts I read about taking Challah refer to pounds or kilos of flour used. Here’s my question: How do these amounts translate into actual loaves of bread? (As a non-baker, those kilos etc don’...
1 vote
0 answers
53 views

A blessing on an incomplete Mishnah bread on Shabbat

Is it permissible to make a blessing on Shabbat on an incomplete loaf of bread? And in the event that it looks outwardly complete but is actually incomplete, is it allowed? For example, the Challah ...
0 votes
1 answer
61 views

Is there any reason to have lechem mishnah when eating cake?

I heard that there's an inyan to have lechem mishnah even when eating cake. Does anyone know of a source for this?
1 vote
0 answers
76 views

Why eat bread and drink wine on Shabbat?

Why eat bread and drink wine on Shabbat? Please help me understand the biblical background. Thank you
2 votes
1 answer
87 views

May fried dough be used for Lechem Mishneh?

May fried dough be used for the Lechem Mishneh (double loaves of bread) of Shabbat? Or is there any requirement for it being baked? If being baked is not an inherent requirement, is it still preferred ...
1 vote
1 answer
178 views

May Jews have non-Jews/minors make dough with their ingredients to be Petur from challah (if they own the dough)

According to Halacha, is it permissible for a Jew to give their eggs/flour to a gentile or a minor Jew to knead so they are exempt from Terumat Challah (when the jew still owns the dough)? So if a ...
0 votes
1 answer
104 views

Minimum amount before obligation of Challah

How much bread does one have to be baking for it to be obligated in Challah? Does it depend Ashkenazi vs. Sephardic? Sources much appreciated please.
3 votes
4 answers
2k views

Throwing out bread or Challah

In todays generation when there is leftover bread or Challah we often discard it. As bread is the food for life there are those that either feed it to the birds, make kugel, breadcrumbs, etc. instead ...
1 vote
0 answers
145 views

Can someone fulfill his Shabbat meal obligation through his family if they eat a k'betza and he eats just a bit?

Suppose someone for health reasons can't eat a full k'betza of bread but can eat a crumb. He wants to l'chatchila (or bedi'eved) fulfil the standard Shabbat obligation of seuda and lechem mishna for ...
3 votes
1 answer
79 views

At the Shabbos meals, I've seen hosts give each head of a household their own Lechem Mishna. Is this a minhag that is written somewhere?

Is there a benefit to doing this? Is there a drawback?
1 vote
1 answer
198 views

If I arrive late to a shabbos meal, do I need Lechem Mishneh, or can I rely on the others?

If I arrive late to a shabbos meal, and the others at the meal have already made Hamotzi on Lechem Mishneh, when I join them and wash for bread, do I need Lechem Mishneh of my own as well? Or can I ...
4 votes
1 answer
440 views

One Challah or Two?

If two challahs are braided and baked together on one pan, and before they are completely baked, they have stuck together, do I have one challah or two? i.e. can I separate them and still have two ...
4 votes
1 answer
310 views

Why does the bracha-maker eat a piece of challah first?

I'm wondering if anyone knows the origins of why the one who makes the bracha on challah on Shabbat takes a piece for himself first. I'm most curious if this actually shows up in sources, or if it's a ...
3 votes
2 answers
454 views

The number of Challot on Shabbat and salt

If my understanding is correct we use two Challot on Shabbat to represent the two portions of mana the Jews received in the desert of Friday to prevent them from having to collect on Shabbat. We use ...
4 votes
2 answers
2k views

Sourdough starter and Passover

Sourdough starter is a kind of pet. A pet yeast colony, if you want to be scientific about it. Owners give it a name, feed it (daily or weekly, depending on how often they bake bread), make sure it's ...
2 votes
3 answers
310 views

If Shabbat falls immediately after Pesach, what could Sephardim use for Hamotzi on Shabbat?

If Matzah is mezonot for some Sepharadim, and Shabbat were to fall immediately after Pesach, what could such Sephardim use for hamotzi on Shabbat, given the obligation of lechem mishneh? One could not ...
8 votes
2 answers
350 views

Should separating pull apart Challah rolls be considered a forbidden act of completion?

I have heard many people state that using Challah* rolls that are baked in one unit to be pulled apart might be a problem for making Leḥem** Mishneh on Shabbath. In fact, there are rolls that are sold ...
6 votes
2 answers
462 views

Not eating from the Lechem Mishnah, rather from the incomplete bread

If someone only has one broken piece of bread, can he borrow from his neighbor two whole challas and make ha'motzei on everything together (the 2 challas and the piece of bread); however not eat from ...
16 votes
5 answers
1k views

What is the status of a pull-apart challah for "lechem mishneh"?

On Shabbat, we're supposed to begin the meals with two whole loaves - "Lechem Mishneh." According to Shmirat Shabbat KeHilchato as quoted in the article linked above, "If two loaves bake together in ...
10 votes
3 answers
3k views

Why are challot traditionally braided?

What is the reason that challot are traditionally braided? When did this tradition begin?
12 votes
4 answers
2k views

Schlissel Challah

What is the source for the "Key Challah" Segulah (charm) that is said to bring Parnassah (prosperity)? And which is it: do you put the key in the Challah or do you make the Challah in the shape of a ...
0 votes
0 answers
66 views

Cutting the Chalah diagonal slices

Is there a special reason why people cut the Chalah on Shabbos in diagonal slices
10 votes
3 answers
598 views

Challa knife - Non serrated

Recently I met someone who told me there are those that specifically only use a non serrated Challa knife at the Shabbos meal. I was wondering if there is a source that discusses this and what is the ...
3 votes
1 answer
423 views

OK if lechem mishneh is partially cut?

I'm wondering if I can use use some bread that is partially sliced (but not completely severed in two) as lechem mishneh. An example is a bagel that was cut 90% of the way through, meaning that the ...
8 votes
3 answers
2k views

Why dip the challah in salt?

I recently saw by a Friday night dinner that the challah bread was dipped in salt a few times. Is there a specific amount of times to dip it, and why dip it in the first place?
15 votes
11 answers
3k views

What is the source not to eat the endpiece of the challah?

At the shabbos meal, why do some people (such as Yodeyan NBZ) not eat the end piece of the challah? Some people don't even just start at the middle, they avoid the end-piece altogether.
6 votes
1 answer
285 views

Why hold the second loaf unwrapped?

We use two loaves of bread at Shabas and yom tov meals. Some people cut into both loaves, but some only cut into one, merely holding the other with it while reciting the b'racha. Rav Chayim Pinchas ...
0 votes
0 answers
27 views

For Lechem Mishneh, can one of the challot remain in its package? [duplicate]

Let's say someone wants to keep the second challah in its package to maintain its freshness for the next day. Can one have one challah out to be used and leave the second one in its package while ...
5 votes
3 answers
326 views

Can one make hamotzi Friday night on pat haba bekisnin?

Within This article that focuses mainly on the bracha made on pizza, it mentions that most poskim state that when one eats pat haba bekisnin as a meal, one says Hamotzi. Friday night meal requires ...
5 votes
2 answers
275 views

Why are huge challot displayed on the wedding couple / Bar Mitzvah's table?

I noticed that among Orthodox and, seemingly Hareidi Bar Mitzvah's and weddings, a huge challah is cut by the chattan or Bar Mitzvah. I assume that there must be some minhag behind this that ...
6 votes
4 answers
2k views

How can someone on a gluten free diet fulfill the mitzvah of eating challah on Shabbat?

I have a relative who has a list of food ilnesses including egg, nut, wheat, soy and gluten allergies. As far as I know, he cannot eat anything that has the bracha "hamotzi". How can he fulfill the ...
4 votes
2 answers
816 views

Can Jews buy commercial challah at Whole Foods?

I know Whole Foods supermarkets have challah bread. I am not Jewish. But I once bought challah bread at Whole Foods and ate the whole bread in one sitting. It tasted like . . . bread. I am aware that ...
5 votes
2 answers
505 views

Which challah does one cut on a Shabbas yom tov?

The Shulchan Aruch (274:1) brings down that on shabbas night you cut the bottom challah. The Rama adds that on Shabbas day and yom tov night you cut the top challah for kabbalistic reasons. What do ...
9 votes
1 answer
660 views

what sources discuss dipping challah in both salt and honey or only honey during rosh hashanna?

Many people dip their bread in only honey over rosh hashanna but I was under the impression that one should dip in both salt and honey. What sources discuss either dipping in both salt then honey or ...
7 votes
1 answer
338 views

(Why) is there a custom to have round challah for Rosh HaShanah?

I have noticed that the local kosher bakeries sell round challot (as opposed to their usual braided loaves) in advance of Rosh HaShanah. Is such a custom noted in any written sources? If yes, what ...
1 vote
0 answers
73 views

Bread machine for mixing Challah/Recipe for bread machine mixed Challah

The last time I tried to make challah I failed, because it wouldn't rise in the bread machine and just stayed kind of watery. Before I ask this, is Challah allowed to be mixed in a bread machine? If ...
6 votes
2 answers
537 views

How much must be eaten from the lechem mishneh

Inspired by following 2 questions: Not eating from the Lechem Mishnah Challah Loaves on Shabbat have a minimum size? When eating a Shabbos Seudah how much must the ones that are being yotzee from ...
6 votes
1 answer
249 views

Why are we not concerned about zugos with lechem mishneh?

There is a gemara (Pesachim 110) describing the concern for ruach ra with eating even numbers of foods, in particular: 109b - Question: Why did Chachamim enact to drink four cups? This is ...
1 vote
1 answer
132 views

Must the Lechem Mishna be cut with a knife? [duplicate]

I've been told by a few people that Lechem Mishnah must be cut with a knife (as opposed to breaking off a piece with one's hand). I asked them to source it, and they're still looking. Is there any ...
1 vote
0 answers
80 views

Challah roll and a matzah board for lechem mishnah - any preference?

If one has one challah roll and one matzah board for lechem mishna on Shabbat, is there any halacha stating which one should be used to eat from (sliced / broken)? Offhand, I'm thinking the challah ...
1 vote
0 answers
45 views

If one is allergic to bread, what should he do for Challah and Matzah? [duplicate]

Let's say that someone is allergic to bread. All five grains. Not fatally, but enough that it causes a serious allergic reaction (say, to a degree that he would be allowed to take medicine on Shabbos)....
11 votes
1 answer
556 views

What cracks disqualify a Shmurah Matzah as whole?

What cracks disqualify a hand-baked (typically Shmurah) Matzah as whole for the purposes of lechem mishneh and the Seder? I've been told that: Cracks in the center of the matzah that do not reach ...
1 vote
0 answers
188 views

What is the origin of the minhag to bake challah for the ill? [duplicate]

Yesterday, I noticed on my Jewish community email group that someone was sponsoring a group challah "bake off" for refu'ah shleima (speedy recovery) for a group of ill people. I have seen these ...
4 votes
1 answer
307 views

The number of challot for Yom Tov?

How many challot should be on the table for Yom tov,for example Rosh Hashana? Two, or, one can be just fine?
3 votes
3 answers
2k views

Minhag of throwing Challah at the Friday night Seuda

Aruch HaShulchan 167:31 and Be'er Hataiv 167:22 both say that it is forbidden to throw the (Challah) bread. I have heard that there are some people (I heard that there are some Rabannim who do so) ...
1 vote
1 answer
1k views

Jewish protocol towards challah

Can challah be given as a gift to a non-Jew? For instance, if one were to make too much challah Friday morning, would it be acceptable to give a loaf away to a Christian family?
13 votes
7 answers
2k views

Challah Friday Night

When you make Hamotzi on Shabbos you use the top Challah. However, on Friday night you use the bottom. Therefore, so as not to pass over the Mitzvah you hold the bottom one closer. My question is why ...
10 votes
3 answers
1k views

What do you do if your Shabbos host serves chocolate chip challah? [closed]

Based on this shiur from R. Sobolofsky, chocolate chip challah is no different from chocolate babka or other cake and thus has the bracha of mezonos If that is the case, one would only be able to ...
8 votes
2 answers
384 views

Did manna fall on yontif?

For kiddush on yontif we use two challot. We did not collect manna on Shabbat because of carrying. But carrying is allowed on yontif. Does that mean that manna did not fall on yontif?
4 votes
0 answers
31 views

Why is the Challah braided? [duplicate]

Every challah I've seen in my life is braided, regardless the country or customs. But what are the origins of preparing the challah in this way? The bread in the Beit HaMikdash wasn't like this as far ...