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Questions tagged [challah-shabbat-bread]

Questions about the usually braided, pair of breads eaten at Shabbat and holiday meals.

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Taking Challah: Practical Question

All accounts I read about taking Challah refer to pounds or kilos of flour used. Here’s my question: How do these amounts translate into actual loaves of bread? (As a non-baker, those kilos etc don’...
Antlers's user avatar
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1 vote
0 answers
53 views

A blessing on an incomplete Mishnah bread on Shabbat

Is it permissible to make a blessing on Shabbat on an incomplete loaf of bread? And in the event that it looks outwardly complete but is actually incomplete, is it allowed? For example, the Challah ...
Avi's user avatar
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0 votes
1 answer
61 views

Is there any reason to have lechem mishnah when eating cake?

I heard that there's an inyan to have lechem mishnah even when eating cake. Does anyone know of a source for this?
DavidM's user avatar
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1 vote
0 answers
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Why eat bread and drink wine on Shabbat?

Why eat bread and drink wine on Shabbat? Please help me understand the biblical background. Thank you
stefaniecg's user avatar
2 votes
1 answer
87 views

May fried dough be used for Lechem Mishneh?

May fried dough be used for the Lechem Mishneh (double loaves of bread) of Shabbat? Or is there any requirement for it being baked? If being baked is not an inherent requirement, is it still preferred ...
Kirk's user avatar
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1 vote
1 answer
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May Jews have non-Jews/minors make dough with their ingredients to be Petur from challah (if they own the dough)

According to Halacha, is it permissible for a Jew to give their eggs/flour to a gentile or a minor Jew to knead so they are exempt from Terumat Challah (when the jew still owns the dough)? So if a ...
Kirk's user avatar
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0 votes
1 answer
104 views

Minimum amount before obligation of Challah

How much bread does one have to be baking for it to be obligated in Challah? Does it depend Ashkenazi vs. Sephardic? Sources much appreciated please.
Kirk's user avatar
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1 vote
0 answers
145 views

Can someone fulfill his Shabbat meal obligation through his family if they eat a k'betza and he eats just a bit?

Suppose someone for health reasons can't eat a full k'betza of bread but can eat a crumb. He wants to l'chatchila (or bedi'eved) fulfil the standard Shabbat obligation of seuda and lechem mishna for ...
Rabbi Kaii's user avatar
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3 votes
1 answer
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At the Shabbos meals, I've seen hosts give each head of a household their own Lechem Mishna. Is this a minhag that is written somewhere?

Is there a benefit to doing this? Is there a drawback?
Daniel's user avatar
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1 answer
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If I arrive late to a shabbos meal, do I need Lechem Mishneh, or can I rely on the others?

If I arrive late to a shabbos meal, and the others at the meal have already made Hamotzi on Lechem Mishneh, when I join them and wash for bread, do I need Lechem Mishneh of my own as well? Or can I ...
david's user avatar
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4 votes
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Why does the bracha-maker eat a piece of challah first?

I'm wondering if anyone knows the origins of why the one who makes the bracha on challah on Shabbat takes a piece for himself first. I'm most curious if this actually shows up in sources, or if it's a ...
Efrayim13's user avatar
0 votes
0 answers
66 views

Cutting the Chalah diagonal slices

Is there a special reason why people cut the Chalah on Shabbos in diagonal slices
Joe B's user avatar
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3 votes
1 answer
423 views

OK if lechem mishneh is partially cut?

I'm wondering if I can use use some bread that is partially sliced (but not completely severed in two) as lechem mishneh. An example is a bagel that was cut 90% of the way through, meaning that the ...
Josh Grinberg's user avatar
10 votes
3 answers
598 views

Challa knife - Non serrated

Recently I met someone who told me there are those that specifically only use a non serrated Challa knife at the Shabbos meal. I was wondering if there is a source that discusses this and what is the ...
Gershon Gold's user avatar
4 votes
2 answers
2k views

Sourdough starter and Passover

Sourdough starter is a kind of pet. A pet yeast colony, if you want to be scientific about it. Owners give it a name, feed it (daily or weekly, depending on how often they bake bread), make sure it's ...
Galastel supports GoFundMonica's user avatar
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0 answers
27 views

For Lechem Mishneh, can one of the challot remain in its package? [duplicate]

Let's say someone wants to keep the second challah in its package to maintain its freshness for the next day. Can one have one challah out to be used and leave the second one in its package while ...
DanF's user avatar
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5 votes
2 answers
275 views

Why are huge challot displayed on the wedding couple / Bar Mitzvah's table?

I noticed that among Orthodox and, seemingly Hareidi Bar Mitzvah's and weddings, a huge challah is cut by the chattan or Bar Mitzvah. I assume that there must be some minhag behind this that ...
DanF's user avatar
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5 votes
3 answers
326 views

Can one make hamotzi Friday night on pat haba bekisnin?

Within This article that focuses mainly on the bracha made on pizza, it mentions that most poskim state that when one eats pat haba bekisnin as a meal, one says Hamotzi. Friday night meal requires ...
DanF's user avatar
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4 votes
2 answers
816 views

Can Jews buy commercial challah at Whole Foods?

I know Whole Foods supermarkets have challah bread. I am not Jewish. But I once bought challah bread at Whole Foods and ate the whole bread in one sitting. It tasted like . . . bread. I am aware that ...
Double U's user avatar
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9 votes
1 answer
660 views

what sources discuss dipping challah in both salt and honey or only honey during rosh hashanna?

Many people dip their bread in only honey over rosh hashanna but I was under the impression that one should dip in both salt and honey. What sources discuss either dipping in both salt then honey or ...
Laser123's user avatar
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7 votes
1 answer
338 views

(Why) is there a custom to have round challah for Rosh HaShanah?

I have noticed that the local kosher bakeries sell round challot (as opposed to their usual braided loaves) in advance of Rosh HaShanah. Is such a custom noted in any written sources? If yes, what ...
Joel K's user avatar
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1 vote
0 answers
73 views

Bread machine for mixing Challah/Recipe for bread machine mixed Challah

The last time I tried to make challah I failed, because it wouldn't rise in the bread machine and just stayed kind of watery. Before I ask this, is Challah allowed to be mixed in a bread machine? If ...
Untitled's user avatar
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1 answer
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Must the Lechem Mishna be cut with a knife? [duplicate]

I've been told by a few people that Lechem Mishnah must be cut with a knife (as opposed to breaking off a piece with one's hand). I asked them to source it, and they're still looking. Is there any ...
user avatar
6 votes
1 answer
249 views

Why are we not concerned about zugos with lechem mishneh?

There is a gemara (Pesachim 110) describing the concern for ruach ra with eating even numbers of foods, in particular: 109b - Question: Why did Chachamim enact to drink four cups? This is ...
SAH's user avatar
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1 vote
0 answers
80 views

Challah roll and a matzah board for lechem mishnah - any preference?

If one has one challah roll and one matzah board for lechem mishna on Shabbat, is there any halacha stating which one should be used to eat from (sliced / broken)? Offhand, I'm thinking the challah ...
DanF's user avatar
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1 vote
0 answers
45 views

If one is allergic to bread, what should he do for Challah and Matzah? [duplicate]

Let's say that someone is allergic to bread. All five grains. Not fatally, but enough that it causes a serious allergic reaction (say, to a degree that he would be allowed to take medicine on Shabbos)....
DonielF's user avatar
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2 votes
3 answers
310 views

If Shabbat falls immediately after Pesach, what could Sephardim use for Hamotzi on Shabbat?

If Matzah is mezonot for some Sepharadim, and Shabbat were to fall immediately after Pesach, what could such Sephardim use for hamotzi on Shabbat, given the obligation of lechem mishneh? One could not ...
user2543822's user avatar
1 vote
0 answers
188 views

What is the origin of the minhag to bake challah for the ill? [duplicate]

Yesterday, I noticed on my Jewish community email group that someone was sponsoring a group challah "bake off" for refu'ah shleima (speedy recovery) for a group of ill people. I have seen these ...
DanF's user avatar
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4 votes
1 answer
307 views

The number of challot for Yom Tov?

How many challot should be on the table for Yom tov,for example Rosh Hashana? Two, or, one can be just fine?
Ana's user avatar
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11 votes
1 answer
556 views

What cracks disqualify a Shmurah Matzah as whole?

What cracks disqualify a hand-baked (typically Shmurah) Matzah as whole for the purposes of lechem mishneh and the Seder? I've been told that: Cracks in the center of the matzah that do not reach ...
Dan Osborne's user avatar
1 vote
1 answer
1k views

Jewish protocol towards challah

Can challah be given as a gift to a non-Jew? For instance, if one were to make too much challah Friday morning, would it be acceptable to give a loaf away to a Christian family?
james's user avatar
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4 votes
0 answers
31 views

Why is the Challah braided? [duplicate]

Every challah I've seen in my life is braided, regardless the country or customs. But what are the origins of preparing the challah in this way? The bread in the Beit HaMikdash wasn't like this as far ...
Gabriel12's user avatar
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8 votes
3 answers
2k views

Why dip the challah in salt?

I recently saw by a Friday night dinner that the challah bread was dipped in salt a few times. Is there a specific amount of times to dip it, and why dip it in the first place?
learning's user avatar
8 votes
2 answers
384 views

Did manna fall on yontif?

For kiddush on yontif we use two challot. We did not collect manna on Shabbat because of carrying. But carrying is allowed on yontif. Does that mean that manna did not fall on yontif?
Yehuda W's user avatar
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6 votes
3 answers
202 views

Why must we acquire Lehhem Mishneh for every Shabbat meal?

The Torah (Shemot 16; Parashat BeShalahh) details the miracle of the mahn ("manna"), which HaShem brought down from the Heavens to sustain 'Am Yisra'el in their journey through the desert. In a shi'...
Lee's user avatar
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4 votes
2 answers
476 views

When did the word challa start being used to mean our Shabbos bread?

In the Torah we seem to only find this word associated with Temple related breads. In Rabbinic writings the word challa was the word referring to the amount of dough separated to be given to a kohen. ...
user6591's user avatar
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7 votes
4 answers
1k views

Cutting Challah on Shabbos

Is there a source for why many people (Ashkenazim) use a knife to pre-mark the challah where they will cut it before making the bracha on Shabbos?
Mike S's user avatar
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15 votes
11 answers
3k views

What is the source not to eat the endpiece of the challah?

At the shabbos meal, why do some people (such as Yodeyan NBZ) not eat the end piece of the challah? Some people don't even just start at the middle, they avoid the end-piece altogether.
Eliyahu's user avatar
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6 votes
4 answers
2k views

How can someone on a gluten free diet fulfill the mitzvah of eating challah on Shabbat?

I have a relative who has a list of food ilnesses including egg, nut, wheat, soy and gluten allergies. As far as I know, he cannot eat anything that has the bracha "hamotzi". How can he fulfill the ...
DanF's user avatar
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8 votes
2 answers
314 views

Using a Frozen Challah for Lechem Mishneh

If the only available Challah I have for Lechem Mishneh is frozen solid - may it be used ?
eramm's user avatar
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7 votes
2 answers
153 views

Lechem Mishneh - Do both challot have to be touching?

When holding the Lechem Mishneh together while making the bracha - Do both challot have to be touching ? What if one challah was wrapped in cellophane or in a bag (yet held next to the other challah ...
eramm's user avatar
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2 votes
1 answer
161 views

Lechem mishneh - Two questions [closed]

1) When holding the Lechem Mishneh together while making the bracha - Do both challot have to be touching ? What if one challah was wrapped in cellophane or in a bag (yet held next to the other ...
eramm's user avatar
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10 votes
3 answers
3k views

Why are challot traditionally braided?

What is the reason that challot are traditionally braided? When did this tradition begin?
not-allowed to change my name's user avatar
4 votes
1 answer
143 views

Covering challas by 3rd meal on Shabbos

We cover the challas by the shabbos meals for a number of reasons. One however is because the mann was covered (with dew) on top and on the bottom (See Tosfos Pesachim 100b) and the challas that we ...
Yehoshua's user avatar
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6 votes
1 answer
285 views

Why hold the second loaf unwrapped?

We use two loaves of bread at Shabas and yom tov meals. Some people cut into both loaves, but some only cut into one, merely holding the other with it while reciting the b'racha. Rav Chayim Pinchas ...
msh210's user avatar
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4 votes
1 answer
440 views

One Challah or Two?

If two challahs are braided and baked together on one pan, and before they are completely baked, they have stuck together, do I have one challah or two? i.e. can I separate them and still have two ...
Bruce James's user avatar
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6 votes
2 answers
537 views

How much must be eaten from the lechem mishneh

Inspired by following 2 questions: Not eating from the Lechem Mishnah Challah Loaves on Shabbat have a minimum size? When eating a Shabbos Seudah how much must the ones that are being yotzee from ...
Yehoshua's user avatar
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6 votes
2 answers
462 views

Not eating from the Lechem Mishnah, rather from the incomplete bread

If someone only has one broken piece of bread, can he borrow from his neighbor two whole challas and make ha'motzei on everything together (the 2 challas and the piece of bread); however not eat from ...
Yehoshua's user avatar
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4 votes
1 answer
184 views

Why do we say we don't dip food on other days?

In the four questions, we ask "on all other nights, we don't dip, even once, but on this night, we dip twice" How can we ask this if we dip challah in salt on Shabbat (and other days)?
rosends's user avatar
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3 votes
3 answers
2k views

Minhag of throwing Challah at the Friday night Seuda

Aruch HaShulchan 167:31 and Be'er Hataiv 167:22 both say that it is forbidden to throw the (Challah) bread. I have heard that there are some people (I heard that there are some Rabannim who do so) ...
Gershon Gold's user avatar