Questions tagged [calendar]

Questions about calendars. The Jewish calendar is a lunisolar calendar that determines the dates of Jewish festivals.

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When does a day start/end in the far North/South?

As I understand it, a day in the Jewish calendar is from sunset to sunset. How is this handled if you are living so far north or south that you have long periods of daylight or darkness?
Evan's user avatar
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12 votes
5 answers
3k views

Why use Babylonian calendar instead of our own?

Why did the Hebrews not create their own calendar system instead of copying the pagan Babylonians'? I find it interesting that they use a pagan calendar which often honours pagan gods. Why is this ...
roman.geroski34's user avatar
61 votes
8 answers
9k views

How do we know that the civil Saturday is the correct Shabbat?

Disclaimer: I am not a religious Jew, this question is only out of curiosity. I understand that observant Jews observe Shabbat from Friday night to Saturday. And from this question and this it seems ...
Fitri's user avatar
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24 votes
5 answers
4k views

Nittle Nacht Meaning

What is Nittle Nacht? What does the name mean? What is its significance? Which Halachic authorities speak about it, and what do they say? What is the actual date for it? How is it effected this ...
SimchasTorah's user avatar
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21 votes
4 answers
953 views

Is it heresy to follow secular dating on the destruction of the first Temple?

There is a discrepancy between rabbinic and secular sources regarding when the first Temple was destroyed -- a difference of some 165 years or so, which are called the "Missing Years." My question is ...
Premundane's user avatar
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15 votes
1 answer
1k views

Praying for rain in the Diaspora

Why on this year (and on other years that precede civil leap years) do we start praying for rain in the Diaspora (by inserting the phrase 'Vetein tal umatar") at maariv of December 5 and not maariv of ...
Double AA's user avatar
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7 votes
1 answer
564 views

6 chapters of Avos in 7 weeks

Some study pirke Avos weekly through the summer, from Pesach to Rosh Hashana. Others do so only for the six Shabasos between Pesach and Shavuos, one chapter a week. I've heard the latter custom ...
msh210's user avatar
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5 votes
1 answer
5k views

How long does one say Kaddish for a parent?

For example, if one's parent died on 1 Nissan, and was buried on 2 Nissan, what is the last day on which kaddish would be said for them?
Jeremy's user avatar
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35 votes
10 answers
2k views

Birthdays in Judaism

Is there any significance in Judaism attached to the day someone was born (aside for the 13th year)? Is there anything wrong with celebrating one's birthday? And is it more correct to celebrate the "...
yydl's user avatar
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18 votes
3 answers
744 views

First-Temple-Era names of the Hebrew months?

The Chumash refers to the months simply as "the first", "the second", and so on. Today we know them by their Babylonian names (Nisan, Iyar ...) Occasionally the Prophets from the First-Temple Era use ...
Shalom's user avatar
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10 votes
5 answers
3k views

What is the rarest Haftarah?

Which Haftarah is read with the least frequency?
Jeremy's user avatar
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7 votes
2 answers
461 views

An improved Jewish calendar after this one expires?

Conventional wisdom has it that about 1600 years ago, the latter Hillel utilized his Sanhedrin to sanctify the Hebrew calendar as we know it today until the year 6000. (Presumably by that point we'll ...
Shalom's user avatar
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6 votes
3 answers
1k views

Moshe Rabeinu's Yarzheit

It is common knowledge that Moshe Rabeinu was Niftar on 7 Adar. Was it a plain year with 1 Adar or a leap year with 2 Adars? If it was a leap year on what Adar was he Niftar?
Gershon Gold's user avatar
15 votes
1 answer
511 views

20 Sivan and the inappropriateness of new days of commemoration

The kina (elegy) "Mi yiten roshi mayim" recited on 9 Av was composed in commemoration of the events of the First Crusade as it passed through the Rhineland. It includes the following lines (freely ...
msh210's user avatar
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12 votes
6 answers
8k views

How Do I Know If it's a Hebrew Leap Year?

How can I tell if a given year is a Hebrew Leap Year? The simpler, the better. [Assuming we are using a fixed calendar, not like the "olden days".]
yydl's user avatar
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8 votes
1 answer
230 views

New date at sunset: question on Sifse Chachamim

Avoda Zara 25 cites a difference of opinion as to how long the sun stood still for Y'hoshua: twelve hours, twenty-four, or thirty-six. According to those who say twelve or thirty-six, the sun finally ...
msh210's user avatar
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8 votes
2 answers
975 views

Idolatrous origin of the name TAMMUZ

The Gemmorah in Jerusalem Rosh Hashana 6a explains the process of adopting the Babylonian names on Months instead of Biblical ones. דא"ר חנינה שמות חדשים עלו בידם מבבל R'Hanina said: the names ...
user16403's user avatar
  • 978
5 votes
1 answer
379 views

Tuesday and Friday nights

Bavli P'sachim 112:2 has a story of an angel of destruction who would work daily (see Rashash) until asked to quit. When she requested some time to work, the rabbi she was talking with allowed her ...
msh210's user avatar
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5 votes
1 answer
337 views

Aharon's and Miriam's Yahrtzeit

The Book of Numbers spans almost the entire 40 year period in the desert, documenting numerous events that occurred to the Jews as they wandered. I count only 5 dates mentioned in the text (listed in ...
Double AA's user avatar
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42 votes
4 answers
6k views

In a leap year, is the extra month Adar I or Adar II?

I'm implementing support for the Hebrew calendar in Noda Time, my date/time library for .NET. I think I'm mostly there aside from text support (although beta testers would be very welcome!) but one ...
Jon Skeet's user avatar
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21 votes
3 answers
648 views

Why does the Torah give us exact dates for the flood?

This question asks why the flood didn't end on the 18th of Cheshvan (one year after the start). My question is more basic: why does the torah give us precise dates here at all? Bereishit 7:11 tells ...
Monica Cellio's user avatar
14 votes
3 answers
414 views

Why not two days of Rosh Hodesh, as we have two days of yontif?

The reason for two days of yontif (outside Israel) is based on uncertainty about the date due to distance from Jerusalem and time needed to travel to convey the news of when the month started. The ...
Yehuda W's user avatar
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12 votes
3 answers
71k views

When is the next shmita year (as of 5772)?

When is the next shmita year? Is there disagreement about which year? If so, which Jewish sects or traditions believe the shmita is in which years? If you specify years since creation, please also ...
Null's user avatar
  • 123
10 votes
1 answer
465 views

When is "vesain tal umotor" said in Australia?

When is "vesain tal umotor" said in the Southern Hemisphere eg Australia?
Avrohom Yitzchok's user avatar
9 votes
1 answer
1k views

Who divided the Tehillim into days?

Who divided the Sefer Tehillim into daily sections (both day of week and day of month)?
ertert3terte's user avatar
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8 votes
3 answers
1k views

Why still keep two days of Yom Tov outside of Israel?

Why do we continue to keep two days of Yom Tov outside of Israel? The reason for two days was revelant during the temple era as we needed two witnesses to see the new moon. But today, with no Temple ...
Ken's user avatar
  • 3,794
7 votes
3 answers
863 views

Eclipse of the moon, bad sign for the Jews

Tonight, December 20, 2010, there will be a full lunar eclipse visible from North America and many other areas. I recall there is a Gemara that says that a lunar eclipse is a bad omen for the Jews as ...
Gershon Gold's user avatar
6 votes
4 answers
669 views

Cheshvan or MarCheshvan?

The month of Cheshvan is called by many MarCheshvan. Are both correct or which one is more correct?
Gershon Gold's user avatar
6 votes
1 answer
319 views

Late Yom Hatzmaut

What is the rule: when is Yom Hatzmaut moved from the fifth of Iyar to an earlier or later date?
SimchasTorah's user avatar
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6 votes
1 answer
511 views

When was the last time the "Leap Year" postponement rule was used to delay the date of Rosh Hashannah?

This site explains that there are 4 rules that would cause Rosh Hashannah to be postponed 1 or 2 days after the date of Molad Tishrei. You can view all 4 rules on the web site, but rule 4 states: 4)...
DanF's user avatar
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5 votes
3 answers
410 views

Time Parameters of Mishenichnas Adar Marbin B'Simcha

Is "Mishenichnas Adar Marbin B'Simcha" just for the month of Adar, and then you take a step down in simcha for Nisan? Or are you supposed to raise your level of simcha and stay there until Av, when ...
DaagahMinayin's user avatar
2 votes
3 answers
9k views

Does Passover occur on the first full moon after the equinox?

Christians claim that Jesus was put to death on Passover eve Nisan 14 they make the date for easter based on the first full moon after the spring equinox(paschal full moon) This year (2016) Passover ...
Kris's user avatar
  • 245
21 votes
3 answers
3k views

When did we start counting the Year since Creation?

This year is 5772 / תשעב (Taf-Shin-Ayin-Bet) on the Hebrew Calendar. What is the earliest reference to the Year counting from the Creation of the world?
David P. Hochman's user avatar
12 votes
4 answers
2k views

Walled cities for Purim other than Jerusalem

The holiday of Purim is unique in that some locations celebrate it on different days. The rule is: if the city was walled at the time of Joshua's conquest of the Land of Israel then they celebrate on ...
Double AA's user avatar
  • 98.6k
12 votes
2 answers
687 views

Why does the date for the prayer for rain change from one century to the next?

My due diligence: Praying for rain in the Diaspora How to calculate 60 days from tekufat tishri for any given year? On which evening should we start saying “V'tein tal u'matar li'vrachah”? I see ...
Chaim's user avatar
  • 2,217
11 votes
3 answers
723 views

What is the source for Hillel’s having included an expiration date in the calendar?

It’s often said that when Hillel instituted the current calendar, he set an “expiration date” of 6000 AM; at that point the calendar would be invalid. Since Mashiach presumably will come by then (as ...
DonielF's user avatar
  • 34.2k
9 votes
3 answers
503 views

Making my own Jewish calendar with paper and pencil

I would like to make my own Jewish calendar on paper with pencil ( using the help of programming for the more difficult calculations, ofcourse). How and where do I begin. Who makes the annual Jewish ...
Mars Sojourner's user avatar
8 votes
2 answers
343 views

"לְחֹדֶשׁ שְׁנֵים עָשָׂר" in the Megillah and Al Hanisim

As I was reading Al Hanisim this year, something odd struck me "לְחֹדֶשׁ שְׁנֵים עָשָׂר" - the 12th month. What struck me was that this year is a leap year so we actually celebrated Purim in the ...
R. Mo's user avatar
  • 633
8 votes
3 answers
563 views

Parashas Shavua calculation

I'm writing a site where the user would be able to see the calendar with jewish-civil translation of dates, and also which parasas shavua falls on which Shabbos. I'd like to know what is the formula ...
jutky's user avatar
  • 6,024
7 votes
3 answers
1k views

Mashiach in year 6000?

I have heard in various discussions that we have an idea that mashiach will come at the latest by year 6000. Is this a normative belief? Furthermore, is this a belief that is understood literally by ...
andrewmh20's user avatar
  • 2,462
5 votes
2 answers
711 views

Why not say tachanun until 2 Cheshvan?

It's recorded in most siddurim I've used that some people have the custom to skip tachanun on Isru Chag (the day after Sukkos), and start again the day after, while others don't resume saying it until ...
MTL's user avatar
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5 votes
1 answer
742 views

Rambam's method for calculating the conjunction of the moon (and sun)

I think I'm missing something basic here... The Rambam, in Hilchot Kiddush Hachodesh (6:3) says that the interval between one conjunction to the next is is 29 full days, 12 hours of the 30th day, and ...
LuxuryMode's user avatar
5 votes
1 answer
392 views

What will happen when our set calendar ends?

In a recent conversation I was told that the current Jewish calendar was only set till the year 6,000. There was conjecture as to what will happen after that time (assuming Moshiach has not yet ...
not-allowed to change my name's user avatar
5 votes
6 answers
2k views

When Adar Begins we increase our Joy-משנכנס אדר מרבים בשמחה

משנכנס אדר מרבים בשמחה- When Adar Begins we increase our Joy (I know it is not in Shulchan Aruch or the Rambam) What is the practical application of it?
SimchasTorah's user avatar
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4 votes
1 answer
177 views

Why do Kisidran years only occur when starting on a Tuesday or non-leap Thursday?

A careful analysis of the Tur's calendar chart will reveal that the only time the months alternate throughout the entirety of the year (with the exception of Adar Aleph) is if Rosh HaShanah is a ...
DonielF's user avatar
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3 votes
5 answers
1k views

Why do we count years from the date of Creation?

Why do we count years from the date of Creation? I intend two sub-questions here, of which the second is far more interesting, so please answer it: Whence did this tradition originate? Why do we ...
SAH's user avatar
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3 votes
4 answers
2k views

Why "hayom yom rishon", not "echad"?

Rabbi Menachem Greenblatt (St. Louis, Missouri) mentioned at s'uda sh'lishis (Shabas parashas "Ki Setze" 5772) that the correct name for Sunday is echad b(a?)shabas, as is written in k'suvos and ...
msh210's user avatar
  • 73.7k
2 votes
2 answers
778 views

How to calculate 60 days from tekufat tishri for any given year?

I'm trying to pin down an algorithm for calculating when to start saying ותן טל ומטר in diaspora. (In Israel it begins 7 Cheshvan.) I've gotten that we need to know how many centuries passed since ...
Moshe's user avatar
  • 2,251
0 votes
1 answer
487 views

247 year Jewish calendar cycle

I recently read on Matzav.com an article by Rabbi Dovid Heber discussing the 247 year cycle in the calendar. He mentioned that every 247 years the Hebrew calendar is exactly identical. Now in the ...
Gershon Gold's user avatar
23 votes
2 answers
2k views

How does one "add a year" in the Hebrew calendar?

I'm trying to support the Hebrew calendar in my Noda Time project, and need to support an operation of "add a year" - or more generally, answer the question of "Given an original date and a target ...
Jon Skeet's user avatar
  • 755