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2answers
118 views

“Hanukkah 8th day/Tevet 3/New Years Day” triple coincidences - What makes them so Rare?

I very recently became aware that Hanukkah 8th day sometimes (but rarely) falls on Tevet 3. What causes this to happen? At the same time, I also noticed that when Hanukkah 8th day/Tevet 3 happen ...
2
votes
0answers
37 views

What was done with the orders of the cohanim during a leap year?

In 1 Chronicles chapter 24 David set out orders for the cohanim to serve in the Beis Hamikdash. What he established is intuitive for a 12 month year, but what was done in a 13 month year? If possible, ...
3
votes
0answers
140 views

On which evening should we start saying “V'tein tal u'matar li'vrachah”? (The ArtScroll siddur disagrees with The Book of Our Heritage.) [duplicate]

If a Jew lives outside of Israel, they should start saying "וְתֵן טַל וּמָטָר לִבְרָכָה" ("And give dew and rain for a blessing") during evening prayers on a certain evening in December. Various ...
0
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0answers
37 views

Why the Second day of Rosh Hashanah isn't בל תוסיף? [duplicate]

Rosh-Hashanah is clearly one day from the Torah. As it falls on the first day of the month, in the days of keeping the Real New Moon, there's no way of informing the other places outside Jerusalem, so ...
2
votes
4answers
688 views

Which Brachas are said only once a year?

I am looking for a list of Berachos/blessings that are recited a maximum of once per year. Which blessings (from prayer, Jewish rituals, or otherwise, by men or women) are recited only once per year?...
-5
votes
2answers
172 views

Is the year “5778” that will come into effect on 1 Tishrei (tomorrow), six months early or six months late? [closed]

Is the world at least six months older or younger than 5,778 Years? Is the year "5778" that will come into effect on 1 Tishrei (tomorrow), six months early or six months late, knowing that the New ...
4
votes
2answers
134 views

When exactly in history did the Sages adopt the 24 hour day?

When exactly in history did the Chachamim adopt the 24 hour day? Our calendar goes by chalakim (which are sections of the amount of daylight), but when it comes to waiting a certain amount of hours ...
4
votes
1answer
67 views

Maleh month with Rosh Chodesh on Shabbos

Does our Jewish calendar contain a Maleh month with its first day starting on Shabbos (contain parts of six calendar weeks), and if yes, how often does it occur?
1
vote
0answers
85 views

What factors were used for determining leap years while the Israelites were in the desert?

I am trying to "co-ordinate" Rambam"s explanation of how to determine Judaic leap years with a key verse in the Torah. Ranbam states in Mishneh Torah, Sanctification of the New Month 4:2: Mishneh ...
7
votes
1answer
205 views

Is Shushan Purim observed (in theory) in Shush, Iran?

Shushan, Achashveirosh's capital, is identified with the modern Iranian archaeological site of Susa. A city, Shush, has been established nearby. In modern-day Shush, (if any Jews lived there), what ...
1
vote
1answer
427 views

On what days do we say shir hamalos before birkat hamazon?

Concerning saying shir hamalos before birkat hamazon, I have seen three different instructions in various bentchers: On days when we say musaf One days we do not say tachanun When we are celebrating ...
4
votes
0answers
75 views

What if two communities had two different Shabbat days?

Imagine this: One community, A, keeps Shabbat on what we identify as Saturday. However, another community, B, for whatever reason, actually keeps Shabbat on what we identify as Sunday. These two ...
1
vote
1answer
168 views

Is secular New Year tree considered OK?

this question presupposes that celebrating secular New Year's eve in the first place is OK. I looked here: " Is it ok to celebrate New Years Eve? " and the answers seemed not fully resolved, but my ...
4
votes
3answers
554 views

Is it ok to celebrate New Years Eve?

Is it ok to celebrate New Years Eve? Which (orthodox, not modox or non-orthodox) rabbinical authority was against it and which one was in favor of it (if such opinions exist).
1
vote
0answers
197 views

Menorah with uneven spacing

The following assumes lighting an additional candle for each day of Chanukkah: Two may light in a single Menorah for the first three days of Chanukkah; each in his end of the Menorah. This does not ...
-1
votes
1answer
54 views

Why were leap years decided only by judges and not with the cooperation of witnesses?

Ramba"m Hilchot Kiddush Hachodesh 4:9 says: The year can be made full only by [judges] who were invited [to participate in the deliberations]. What is implied? The head of the High Court tells [...
4
votes
3answers
204 views

Secular Names for Days of the Week

Is there a problem using the secular names for the days of the week? If there is a problem, is it because: 1) The names originally come from Polytheistic gods OR 2) The people forbidding them are ...
7
votes
5answers
656 views

Is it permissible to write the English/secular date?

Is it permissible to write the secular/Christian date? Example: On a letter (bad example but you get what I mean). Some conceivable issues: We're told "this month (Nisan) shall be for you the head ...
4
votes
0answers
187 views

Cutting nails before Yom Tov

BSD I know that it says in Shulchan Aruch one shouldn't cut one's nails on Thursday (really two days before Shabbat) in deference to the Shabbos. Does this apply to Yom Tov as well? Meaning, should ...
8
votes
2answers
899 views

If Yom Kippur hypothetically fell on Sunday, would you make havdalah?

I was curious about this hypothetical situation. If Yom Kippur would fall on Sunday, Motzei Shabbat, so immediately when Shabbat ends, Yom Kippur starts. Would there be some sort of separation, בין ...
0
votes
0answers
105 views

What calendar-dependent laws must non-Jews follow?

While the calendar is vastly important in Judaism, it seems like it is barely applicable to non-Jews. The "big seven" Noahide laws seem to be perenially applicable; they dictate general rules for life ...
5
votes
2answers
259 views

Why announce Mashiv Haruach and not Vtein Tal?

When we start saying mashiv haruach there is an important requirement of announcing the liturgical change. If one does not hear the announcement, one does not say mashiv until the community would have ...
4
votes
1answer
118 views

Ulchaparat pasha in Chazarat haShatz

When "ulchaparat pasha" is said in the Chazarat haShatz of Rosh Chodesh, how should the amein of the tzibbur be handled? Should the amein from "velislichat avon" be deferred until after "pasha," or ...
10
votes
1answer
237 views

S'feika D'yoma in Niddah

There are several types of vestos (patterns in menstrual cycles) that a woman is able to aquire. One such vesses is the vesses hachodesh, which relies on the day of the (Jewish) month. So for instance,...
2
votes
1answer
108 views

Eating new grains on the 17th vs the 18th of Nisan

The Shulhan 'Aruch (OC 489:10) states: אסור לאכול חדש אף בזמן הזה בין לחם בין קלי בין כרמל עד תחלת ליל יח בניסן ובארץ ישראל עד תחלת ליל יז בניסן "It is forbidden to eat new (grains) even today ...
18
votes
3answers
392 views

Why don't islands read the m'gila two days?

Bavli, M'gila 5 amud 2, cites a doubt as to when the m'gila is read in T'verya: on the fourteenth of Adar, as in most places, or on the fifteenth, as in a city walled since the time of Y'hoshua. The ...
6
votes
1answer
85 views

Southern Birkas Ha'ilanos

I've seen Saying Mashiv HaRuach in the Southern Hemisphere. Similarly, is Birkas Ha'ilanos (ברכת האילנות) said in Tishrei in the southern hemisphere? That's when the trees bloom.
7
votes
1answer
256 views

Late sunset times and Jewish observance

This question is distinct from other questions which ask how and when to begin Shabbat, etc. when there is no sunset. I am asking about places in which sunset occurs very late during certain times of ...
11
votes
3answers
1k views

Walled cities for Purim other than Jerusalem

The holiday of Purim is unique in that some locations celebrate it on different days. The rule is: if the city was walled at the time of Joshua's conquest of the Land of Israel then they celebrate on ...
4
votes
2answers
519 views

Halachically skipping Purim

There have long been 'legends' of various liberal figures in Judaism, including Yeshayahu Leibovitz (brother of Nechama Leibovitz) that would 'skip' Purim. On the 14th of Adar they would be sure to be ...
5
votes
2answers
155 views

Why be happy Shushan Purim?

Rama (695:2) quotes from the Maharil (though I don't see it there): וחייב במשתה ושמחה קצת בב׳ ימים י״ד וט״ו and one must have a drinking party and joy, a little, on two days: the fourteenth and ...
8
votes
1answer
124 views

Getting a late start on being Maavir Sedra for the year

I remember hearing when I was younger that ואלה שמות - is Roshei Teivos V'Chayav A'dam L'haavir H'sedra S'htayim M'ikra V'echod T'argum. If someone who has not been Maavir Sedra so far this year is ...
16
votes
3answers
2k views

Why is Rosh Chodesh sometimes TWO days?

Why for certain months of the year do we celebrate the festival of Rosh Chodesh for two days while on other Roshei Chadashim we have one day of Rosh Chodesh?
8
votes
1answer
346 views

When is “vesain tal umotor” said in Australia?

When is "vesain tal umotor" said in the Southern Hemisphere eg Australia?
5
votes
1answer
728 views

Twelve Months of Mourning During a Leap Year

For those who are mourning a parent for the requisite twelve-month aveilus, would Adar 1 and Adar 2 count as two separate months towards the twelve? Or does one year mean a full year, i.e., from ...
4
votes
6answers
845 views

When Adar Begins we increase our Joy-משנכנס אדר מרבים בשמחה

משנכנס אדר מרבים בשמחה- When Adar Begins we increase our Joy (I know it is not in Shulchan Aruch or the Rambam) What is the practical application of it?
7
votes
3answers
742 views

Eclipse of the moon, bad sign for the Jews

Tonight, December 20, 2010, there will be a full lunar eclipse visible from North America and many other areas. I recall there is a Gemara that says that a lunar eclipse is a bad omen for the Jews as ...
3
votes
2answers
131 views

Haftarah for yahrtzeit

If one's yahrtzeit falls on a day when there is a haftarah, there is a discussion about whether it's a bigger merit for the deceased to recite the haftarah on that day or before the day of the ...
8
votes
3answers
1k views

Why still keep two days of Yom Tov outside of Israel?

Why do we continue to keep two days of Yom Tov outside of Israel? The reason for two days was revelant during the temple era as we needed two witnesses to see the new moon. But today, with no Temple ...