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Questions tagged [bo]

The weekly Torah portion of Bo (Exodus 10:1-13:16)

7
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1answer
272 views

Question about Shemot, locusts

I have a question that I've asked to multiple rabbis but that remains unanswered: Dear Rabbi:  Question about Parasha. In Exodus 10:19 the locusts enter the Red Sea. What is the connection ...
2
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0answers
34 views

In Exodus, when exactly they “could not delay” until the dough was leavened?

THe Torah says (Ex 12,39): וַיֹּאפוּ אֶת־הַבָּצֵק אֲשֶׁר הוֹצִיאוּ מִמִּצְרַיִם עֻגֹת מַצּוֹת כִּי לֹא חָמֵץ כִּי־גֹרְשׁוּ מִמִּצְרַיִם וְלֹא יָכְלוּ לְהִתְמַהְמֵהַּ וְגַם־צֵדָה לֹא־עָשׂוּ לָהֶם׃ ...
6
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3answers
151 views

How can G-d fight other gods?

During Passover, we read the following passage, from Exodus 12:12: וְעָבַרְתִּי בְאֶרֶץ מִצְרַיִם בַּלַּיְלָה הַזֶּה, וְהִכֵּיתִי כָל בְּכוֹר בְּאֶרֶץ מִצְרַיִם מֵאָדָם וְעַד בְּהֵמָה וּבְכָל ...
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0answers
26 views

Why did Geviha ben Pesisa give the response that he gave to the Mitzri'im?

Sanhedrin 91a records the following exchange: שוב פעם אחת באו בני מצרים לדון עם ישראל לפני אלכסנדרוס מוקדון אמרו לו הרי הוא אומר (שמות יב, לו) וה' נתן את חן העם בעיני מצרים וישאילום תנו לנו כסף ...
5
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1answer
120 views

Locusts don't damage Egypt. Really?

Rabenu Chanan'el, in his commentary to Bo 10:19, writes, in part: מעת עתרת משה רבינו עד עכשיו אין ארבה מפסיד בכל גבול מצרים ואם יפול בארץ ישראל ויבא ומכנס בגבול מצרים אינו אוכל מכל יבול הארץ כלום ...
1
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1answer
36 views

Four hundred years afflicted in Mitzraim - Bersheit 15:12; Four hundred thirty years - Shemot 12:40, Why this discrepancy? [duplicate]

Beresheit 15:13 "Know certainly that your descendants will be strangers in a land that is not theirs, and will serve them, and they will afflict them four hundred years." Shemot 12:40 "Now the ...
9
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1answer
97 views

Why are the 10 plagues in this specific order?

Is there a specific reason for the sequence of the plagues? Why the plague of blood is followed by the plague of frogs, for example?
2
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1answer
74 views

Why “your hand” is spelled ידכה instead of ידך?

In שמות יג:טז: "וְהָיָה לְאוֹת עַל־יָדְכָה וּלְטוֹטָפֹת בֵּין עֵינֶיךָ כִּי בְּחֹזֶק יָד הוֹצִיאָנוּ יְהוָה מִמִּצְרָיִם׃" the word ידכה is used. Why is it not spelled ידך?
5
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2answers
139 views

Were Children of Israel killed in the plague of the firstborn?

We know from Torah that all B'nai Israel who: Ate the Passover lamb Did not eat leavening (bread and beer) Were inside at midnight (and stayed inside until morning) Were in a house whose doorposts ...
5
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2answers
65 views

According to Rashi, how old was Avraham at B'rit Bein HaB'tarim?

Rashi to Shemot 12:40 says that B'rit Bein HaB'tarim took place thirty years before the birth of Yitzchak (when Avraham was one hundred years old), meaning that Avraham was seventy years old at the ...
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2answers
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What is the modern Jewish interpretation of Exodus 12:11?

I'm not Jewish, so please forgive me if my question sounds ignorant. My understanding is that in modern Judaism, the Passover meal is eaten sitting rather than standing. However, this seems to ...
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0answers
18 views

Why are the numbers not written down in Ki Sisa?

According to the very first Rashi in Seder Bamidbar: מתוך חיבתן לפניו מונה אותם כל שעה כשיצאו ממצרים מנאן וכשנפלו בעגל מנאן לידע מנין הנותרים כשבא להשרות שכינתו עליהן מנאן. באחד בניסן הוקם המשכן ...
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0answers
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Did the Egyptians know that Bnei Yisrael had light during Makas Choshech?

Did the Egyptians knows that Bnei Yisrael had light during Makas Choshech, the plague of darkness?
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0answers
40 views

Conversion in Egypt?

I found this quote from Bereshit Rabbah 84:4: Ya'akov, his father, made many converts in Egypt. And another in Shemot Rabbah 18:10 G-d made a joyous occasion for Israel, since He redeemed them - ...
0
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1answer
52 views

First Month of your year?

The Passover and the Festival of Unleavened Bread The Lord said to Moses and Aaron in Egypt “This month is to be for you the first month, the first month of your year. Exodus 12 What about Rosh ...
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2answers
74 views

How far did the mixed multitude went along [duplicate]

I would like to ask a short question about Shemot 12:38, at the time of the Exodus there was a mixed multitude which went up with the Israelities. How far did this mixed multitude went along? Did ...
0
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2answers
81 views

People joined the Israelites in Egypt during the night of the Exodus?

I noticed something strange in Shemot 12:43-50. I always assumed the commandments given there were for future generations (like most commentators teach). But then it says in verse 43: "And HaShem ...
3
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2answers
898 views

Does my uncircumcised friend still needs to be circumcised in order to join the meal for Pesach?

The Korban Pesach was made to be able to keep a meal in order to hold a celebration which serves as a remembrance (Shemot 12:14, 16). A remembrance of the moment we took a lamb and used it's blood to ...
1
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1answer
56 views

“One in 5, one in 50, two in 600,000” - can this be called a Geulah?

Different Midrashim give different estimates on the number of Jews actually exiting Egypt, ranging from one in 5 (חמושים) and up to 2 in 600,000, the rest dying in the Plague of Darkness. I was ...
3
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2answers
102 views

“A moon like this you should sanctify”?

In Parshas Bo G-d says to Moses to sanctify a new Moon, but Moses "had trouble understanding" and G-d showed him exactly the picture of a new Moon, saying "כזה ראה וקדש". Obviously, Moses knew the ...
0
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2answers
95 views

How much time do we have to perform mitzvot? [closed]

Is there a teaching that specifies how much time you have to perform mitzvot? For example, after you say the motzi, how much time do you have before you must eat a piece of bread? I am interested in ...
5
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1answer
81 views

How isolated was Israel in Goshen?

We know that Israel was still in Goshen during their enslavement, because the text tells us that the plague of hail didn't affect Goshen "where b'nai Yisrael were" (Shemot 9:26). It sounds like they ...
7
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2answers
148 views

Only arm tefillin are a sign?

The four parshas of tefillin appear slightly differently each time when the Torah describes the mitzvah. Shemos 13:9 וְהָיָה֩ לְךָ֨ לְא֜וֹת עַל־יָדְךָ֗ וּלְזִכָּרוֹן֙ בֵּ֣ין עֵינֶ֔יךָ לְמַ֗עַן ...
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0answers
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Four countings of Klal Yisrael - HaShem doesn't want us to decrease

The Ohr HaChaim at the beginning of Bamidbar asks why HaShem waited a month before counting Klal Yisrael, and how Klal Yisrael could have gained 3,550 from Mitzraim (600,000) to the Eigel (603,550) in ...
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0answers
50 views

Invalid verb conjugation מצות יאכל

In Shemos 13:7, the verse uses the passive form מצות יאכל, where the subject is feminine plural but the verb is masculine singular. A similar occurrence is in Pinchas for Pesach korbanos (Bamidbar 28:...
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2answers
104 views

The Head teffilin before the Arm teffilin - Rashi?

In Sefer Shemos perek 13:9 Rashi writes: על ידך ולזכרון בית עיניך. שֶׁתִּכְתּוֹב הַפַּרְשִׁיּוֹת הֲלָלוּ וְתִקְשְׁרֵם בְּרֹאשׁ וּבִזְּרוֹעַ:‏ That you should write these parshiyos and tie them on the head ...
7
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1answer
109 views

Uses of the word Etzem

In Shmot 12:41, we are told that the people left Egypt on that very day בְּעֶצֶם הַיּוֹם הַזֶּה with Etzem referring to the specific and exact day. Later, 12:46, in the laws of Pesach, we are ...
1
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1answer
35 views

Exodus 12:24 HaDavar Hazeh?

Shemot/Exodus 12:24 quotes the following words: ושמרתם את הדבר הזה לחק לך ולבניך עד עולם - Translated something like: You shall observe this thing (word/matter) as an institution/ordinance for you and ...
3
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2answers
166 views

The Chacham, the Rasha, the She'eino Yodeya Lish'ol, and… What's that other son again?

In the Haggadah, the third son is known as the "Tam" ("innocent" or "simple") child. In the version presented in the Yerushalmi, he is known as the "Tipeish" ("stupid") child, a drastically different ...
1
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1answer
77 views

Shemot 7:28 vs 12:34

In Shemot 12:34 we are told that Bnei Yisrael left Mitzrayim מִשְׁאֲרֹתָ֛ם צְרֻרֹ֥ת בְּשִׂמְלֹתָ֖ם עַל־שִׁכְמָֽם Older translations followed Ibn Ezra and Targum, that they left Mitzrayim with their '...
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2answers
140 views

Why use an esoteric, foreign word which leads to different understandings?

In Shemot 12:9, the text reads, "אַל תֹּאכְלוּ מִמֶּנּוּ נָא " which is translated at chabad.org as "You shall not eat it rare ". The meforshim (as taken from sefaria.org) look at the word "Na" as ...
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0answers
32 views

Paroh Doesn't Listen in Different Words

(All Pesukim cited are in Shemos.) 7:4: "Paroh will not listen to you." 7:13 (after the staffs turning into snakes): "He did not listen to them." 7:22 (Dam): "He did not listen to them." 8:11 (...
3
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1answer
55 views

Paroh Refuses in Different Words

(All Pesukim cited are in Shemos.) 7:3: "I will 'kasheh' Paroh's heart." 7:13 (after the staffs turning into snakes): "Paroh's heart was 'yechazeik'." 7:22 (Dam): "Paroh's heart was 'yechazeik'." 8:...
6
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1answer
121 views

Leil Shimmurim Outdoors

On Shabbos the first night of Pesach, we don't say Magen Avot (Orach Chayim 487:1). The Mishna Berura says that this is because normally Magen Avot is to prevent people who were late to shul being ...
4
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2answers
176 views

Why was the first mitzvah given to B'nai Yisra'el the one dealing with sanctifying the New Moon?

In an epic explanation of the first verse in the Torah, Rash"i cites Rav Yitzhak's question, why the Torah did not begin with the mitzvah in Shemot 12:2 This month is for you the head of the months....
1
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1answer
2k views

How long did the plagues last?

From the beginning of the first plague with the Nile turning to blood up to the ninth plague of darkness, what is the time frame for the total length of time? I have not been able to find a definitive ...
2
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1answer
76 views

Why wasn't Pharoah allowed a chance to “repent” before the last plague (death of 1st born)?

Follow up to Why is every 3rd plague unannounced We see that in the warning, Moses uses the phrase, "Send my people and they shall worship me." There is a warning about the 10th plague. But, here, ...
3
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0answers
50 views

Why the change in language when warning about the plagues?

I noticed an interesting change in the language Moses uses when warning Pharoah about plagues: Dam - Shemot 7:17 "Thus said G-d" Tzefarde'ah - Shemot 7:26 "Thus said G-d" Arov - Shemot 8:16 "Thus ...
6
votes
2answers
436 views

Saying a pasuk to scare dogs

It seems somewhat widespread that Jews that are scared of dogs think that saying ולכל בני ישראל לא יחרץ כלב לשונו will either protect them or scare the dog away or something like that. Does this have ...
0
votes
2answers
68 views

Why are we told to either buy or take from our flock the pesach lamb

וַיִּקְרָ֥א מֹשֶׁ֛ה לְכָל־זִקְנֵ֥י יִשְׂרָאֵ֖ל וַיֹּ֣אמֶר אֲלֵהֶ֑ם מִֽשְׁכ֗וּ וּקְח֨וּ לָכֶ֥ם צֹ֛אן לְמִשְׁפְּחֹתֵיכֶ֖ם וְשַׁחֲט֥וּ הַפָּֽסַח׃ Then Moses called for all the elders of Israel, and ...
4
votes
1answer
122 views

Exodus 11:5 Why the firstborn?

Moses said, "Thus says the LORD, 'About midnight I am going out into the midst of Egypt, and all the firstborn in the land of Egypt shall die, from the firstborn of the Pharaoh who sits on his throne, ...
5
votes
4answers
1k views

Why does the Torah use the non-Hebrew word 'Totafot'

Related to this question. Rashi, on Shemot (13:16): "...וְהָיָה לְאוֹת עַל יָדְכָה וּלְטוֹטָפֹת בֵּין עֵינֶיךָ " writes: and for ornaments between your eyes: Heb. וּלְטוֹטָפֹת, tefillin. Since ...
2
votes
1answer
26 views

What type of reason was G-d giving Moshe to go to Pharaoh (Shemot 10:1)?

Exodus 10:1: וַיֹּ֤אמֶר יְהוָה֙ אֶל־מֹשֶׁ֔ה בֹּ֖א אֶל־פַּרְעֹ֑ה כִּֽי־אֲנִ֞י הִכְבַּ֤דְתִּי אֶת־לִבּוֹ֙ וְאֶת־לֵ֣ב עֲבָדָ֔יו לְמַ֗עַן שִׁתִ֛י אֹתֹתַ֥י אֵ֖לֶּה בְּקִרְבּֽוֹ׃ And the LORD ...
3
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0answers
29 views

Did B'nei Yisra'el do EXACTLY as Moshe had commanded them? [duplicate]

There appears to be a "conflict" in what two verses are stating regarding what B'nai Yisra'el asked from the Egyptians. The 2nd verse, which occurs just prior to their leaving Egypt says (Sefaria ...
1
vote
1answer
107 views

What do the commentators say is the message/meaning behind the miracles?

What do the commentators say is the message/meaning behind the miracles in Egypt?For example, i heard an explanation that the reason God turned the River into blood was to show that God had power over ...
3
votes
1answer
125 views

How did our forefathers bake the dough they took out of Egypt? Would it qualify as matzo now?

Shmos 12 (39) says: “They baked the dough that they had taken out of Egypt as unleavened cakes, for it had not leavened, for they were driven out of Egypt, and they could not tarry, and also, ...
-1
votes
1answer
60 views

Why the necessity of watching the wheat from the time of its cutting?

Exodus 12:17: וּשְׁמַרְתֶּם֮ אֶת־הַמַּצּוֹת֒ You shall watch the matzot Ibn Ezra on Exodus 12:17:1: ושמרתם. הנה צוה להיות המצות שמורים מימות הקציר My translation, which I hope is accurate:...
6
votes
1answer
195 views

Story of Pesach during 2nd year in desert - Where did they get the dough for matzot?

Rashi on Exodus 16:1:1: בחמשה עשר יום. נתפרש היום של חניה זו, לפי שבו ביום כלתה החררה שהוציאו ממצרים והצרכו למן, למדנו שאכלו משירי הבצק [משירי המצה] ששים ואחת סעודות, : Summary: The Torah ...
2
votes
0answers
52 views

What happened to the “notar” (left-over) of the 1st Pesach lamb?

Exodus 12:8: וְאָכְל֥וּ אֶת־הַבָּשָׂ֖ר בַּלַּ֣יְלָה הַזֶּ֑ה And they shall eat the flesh in that night. Exodus 12:10: וְלֹא־תוֹתִ֥ירוּ מִמֶּ֖נּוּ עַד־בֹּ֑קֶר וְהַנֹּתָ֥ר מִמֶּ֛נּוּ עַד־בֹּ֖קֶר ...
4
votes
1answer
183 views

What is the difference in definition for 3 terms used regarding “leavened” (chametz)?

The Torah uses 3 terms that all appear to mean "leavened food" (from English definitions that I could find): חמץ and שאור are mentioned in Exodus 12:15: שִׁבְעַ֤ת יָמִים֙ מַצּ֣וֹת תֹּאכֵ֔לוּ אַ֚ךְ ...