Questions tagged [birchas-kohanim]

The Priestly Blessing. A blessing that the Kohanim (or Priests) traditionally give to the congregation on holidays in the Diaspora, and daily in Eretz Yisrael.

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13
votes
2answers
1k views

Why do we mention dreams during *Birchas Kohanim*?

I don't know how many sects actually do this, but some people have the custom to say a tehfillah which is all about dreams. In it we ask Hashem to make all our good dreams come true whether "...I have ...
12
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3answers
791 views

Kohanic Hand Gestures?

How are Kohanim supposed to position their hands and in what shape during Birkhat Kohanim? Answer with most opinions backed by sources wins.
10
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5answers
511 views

An Ashenazi kohain lives outside Israel. When it is not Yom Tov, can he bless the people in a Sefardi shul?

I am a kohain living outside Israel where the Ashenazi custom is that we only bless the people (duchan) on Yomim Tovim. Where I live, there are Sefardi shuls where the kohanim duchan on Shabbos and ...
10
votes
1answer
202 views

Birchas Kohanim in the Diaspora

Why do we (ashkenazim) not do birchas kohanim in chutz la'aretz (except on yom tov), but in Israel, we do?
9
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4answers
266 views

Duchaning without a talis

I recently prayed mincha on a fast day where no talis was present. The kohen present did not bless us, since he could not cover his hands with a talis. (No one called him to do so, so he wasn't in ...
9
votes
1answer
179 views

Does the Levi who washes the hands of the Kohanim have to be over bar mitzvah?

The Leviim wash the hands of the Kohanim when they go up to bless the people. If a Levi is not available a first born (to the mother) can wash (according to the Askenazi custom) instead, Orach Chaim ...
8
votes
2answers
559 views

Baldness as a disqualification for Kohanim

Is it true that most authorities say that baldness and left handedness disqualify a man for Kehunah? Does the same apply for Birchas Kohanim? And why?
8
votes
3answers
129 views

What if, when the Kohanim washing their hands, less than ten remain?

Before Birkas Kohanim, the Levi'im wash the Kohanim's hands. In many communities, this occurs during the chazzan's repitition of Shemoneh Esrei, and in a room outside the main shul. Normally, there ...
8
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2answers
857 views

Why do the Leviim wash the hands of the Kohanim when they go up to bless the people?

When the Kohanim washed their hands and feet in the Beis HaMikdosh they did not have anyone to help. Why then do the Kohanim need others to wash their hands when they go up to bless the people? Why ...
8
votes
4answers
692 views

Shalom Rav / Sim Shalom - by Mincha according to Nusach Ashkenaz

Nusach Ashkenaz says Shalom Rav at Mincha most days. However, when there is Birchas Kohanim (such as a fast day), they say Sim Shalom. Is there a connection between Birchas Kohanim and Sim Shalom? If ...
8
votes
2answers
567 views

Significance of the Kohen's hand gestures?

What is the significance of the shapes (windows?) created by the kohen during birkas cohanim? This question and the ensuant answers detail at least 3 opinions of the gesture, I would really appreciate ...
7
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3answers
798 views

Who says the Ribbono shel Olam in Birkas Kohanim?

I've "seen" many Talmidei Chachamim not saying the Ribbono shel Olams following each bracha of Birkas Kohanim. At least, I hear them chanting with the Kohanim from start to finish. Are these tefilos ...
7
votes
2answers
996 views

Is a Cohen who had a vasectomy allowed to perform Birkat Kohanim?

Is Cohen who had a vasectomy allowed to Bless the congregation? Also marry? What happens if he does marry?
7
votes
1answer
298 views

Washing Kohen's Hands

Following kedusha during mussaf on a day when there is birchas kohanim (duchening), the Leviyim and Kohanim assemble at the sink and a Levi washes each Kohen's hands. What procedure of hand-washing ...
7
votes
1answer
185 views

Can/Should a Kohen Disqualify Himself from Birchas Kohanim because of Tumah?

Is it proper for a kohein to disqualify himself from duchaning if he feels that he is ritually unpure at that particular moment?
7
votes
1answer
123 views

Should the chazzan say amen after the Priestly Blessing?

The chazzan says the words of the Priestly Blessing word after word, and Kohanim (priests) repeat after him. Should the chazzan say "amen" after each blessing? What about "amen" after the blessing ...
7
votes
1answer
87 views

Priestly blessing for a different minyan - any need for kohen to participate?

In Israel in as shul that has two shacharis minyanim one after the other, a kohen comes in for the second minyan just as the first minyan is coming to the priestly blessing. Should this kohen perform ...
7
votes
1answer
231 views

Can a Kohen wear striped socks?

While I tried to make the title as click-baity as possible, my question isn't limited only to striped socks. Some background information: One is not supposed to stare at the Kohanim when they do ...
7
votes
1answer
357 views

Birkat Kohanim under the Chuppah - Source?

There is a mainly Sepharadic custom to do Birkat Kohanim under the Chuppah, but I can't seem to find a concrete source for it. In Yalkut Yosef, Sova Semachot 8:5, Rav Yitzchak Yosef merely addresses ...
6
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2answers
592 views

Why do we say כן יהי רצון in response to each blessing of Birkat Kohanim?

In most congregations (as far as I know), when the chazzan recites Birkat Kohanim (Priest's blessing) as part of the repetition of Shmoneh Esreh, after each of the 3 blessings, the congregation ...
6
votes
1answer
100 views

Source for not looking at a kohens hands.

It's commonly known that non Kohanim shouldn't look at a kohens hands during Birchas Kohanim. What is the source for this?
6
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2answers
196 views

Why not remove shoes before washing hands for the priestly blessing?

As far as I've seen, Kohanim who are about to bless the congregation first untie their shoes (if necessary), then have their hands washed, then remove their shoes, and finally recite the blessing. As ...
6
votes
2answers
249 views

Birkat Kohanim at a late Musaf

Generally speaking, Birkat Kohanim can/is done at any daytime prayer. We do not do so at mincha because in the afternoon people have already eaten and the kohanim may have drunk some alcohol which ...
6
votes
1answer
122 views

Answering 'Amen' to Birkas Kohanim during regular Shemonei Esrei (Chabad Nusach)

Can one answer 'Amen' to Birkas Kohanim when in the middle of Psukei Zemira of Shacharis, and the Tzibbur has already reached repetition of Shemonei Esrei? There is a permitted-interruption guide in ...
6
votes
1answer
331 views

Is each part of birkat Kohanim a full blessing?

I'm confused as to whether or not birkat kohanim is a true "blessing" in the halachic sense. Part of my confusion arises from how we respond when it is said. In many ashkenazic minyanim outside of ...
6
votes
1answer
162 views

Tefilah, birkat kohanim bowing vs. oseh shalom

Weekdays, by the repetition of the Amida, it is the Ashkenazik custom for the chazzan to say an abridged version of Birkat cohanim. The Artscroll siddur says the chazzan is to bow to the right side ...
5
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2answers
287 views

What do you do if there is no Levi or Bechor to wash the Kohain's hands?

What do you do by Duchaning when there is no Levi or Bechor to wash the Kohain's hands?
5
votes
3answers
334 views

Humming as an interruption during Birkat Kohanim

Is the humming by the kohanim during birkat kohanim considered a hefsek of their bracha? Please be clear what halachik reasoning allows or disallows this humming.
5
votes
1answer
145 views

What about the Kohen?

It is a given that the Kohen blesses the people, but who blesses the Kohen? Is the Kohen excluded from the Brakha or is he included in the one he makes on the kehillah's behalf?
5
votes
1answer
181 views

Can a talit be a tent?

There are two situations in which a talit is held aloft in a possibly tent-like manner that make me wonder whether they present any danger of transgressing the prohibition of "Building" on Shabbat and ...
5
votes
1answer
73 views

How does saying “pasim” help us safely enunciate the name of Hashem?

I'm reading an article about the kesones pasim and birchas kohanim here, and one paragraph had me confused. The article is discussing the portion of the yehi ratzon in which we ask Hashem to act like ...
5
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1answer
86 views

“Bizchus Avrohom ovinu”. Why is it said as a response to “bircas kohanim”?

Why do some answer the bircas kohanim pesukim with “kein yehi rotzon bizchus Avrohom ovinu” etc. How does the “bizchus” phrase help?
5
votes
2answers
235 views

Why must the birkas kohanim be “with love”?

The bracha that the kohanim recite before birkas kohanim ends with "be'ahavah" (with love). I have read that this expresses that the fact that the kohanim are required to feel love when saying birkas ...
5
votes
1answer
158 views

Why do we add ותערב and why only in Musaf?

On Yom Tov (usually during the repetition of the Amida in Musaf) the Kohanim ascend to bless the people. In preparation, the congregation (and Kohanim and the chazzan) say a paragraph after R'tzei ...
5
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0answers
62 views

Why is the prayer for dreams repeated in Birchas Kohanim? [duplicate]

Possible Duplicate: Who says the Ribbono shel Olam's in Birkas Kohanim? At Birchas Kohanim outside Israel, where it is only said on Yom Tov (Ashkenazim), we say twice a prayer for bad dreams. ...
4
votes
3answers
164 views

If a kohen participates in a stoning is he still allowed to bless the people?

The shulchan aruch codifies that a Kohen who kills someone may not bless the people. If, in the times when the Sanhedrin administered capital punishment, a Kohen saw a situation that warranted the ...
4
votes
1answer
247 views

Can we say the “Adir bamarom” prayer after the prayer which we say instead of “Birkat Kohanim”?

Extracted from here: The prevailing custom in the Diaspora to relegate the Birkat Kohanim to the major holidays. After Birkat Kohanim, the congregation silently recites the short Adir bamarom prayer. ...
4
votes
1answer
139 views

Can a Kohain do Birchas Kohanim if he did not wash his hands?

Suppose a Kohain for some reoson forgot to wash his hands or was unable to, can he still do Birchas Kohanim?
4
votes
1answer
76 views

Socks versus shoes for the priestly blessing

I always see kohanim remove their shoes before n'si'as kapayim, even those without leather, but not their socks. In other contexts I'm familiar with, socks are the same as non-leather shoes. For ...
4
votes
3answers
159 views

Where does the comma go in the Birkas Kohanim, and why?

In which of the positions (1) or (2) does the comma go in the introduction to Birkas Kohanim, ברכנו בברכה המשלשת (1) בתורה (2) הכתובה על ידי משה עבדך Bless us with the blessing which is tripled (1) ...
4
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1answer
106 views

Why dictate Birchas Kohanim, but not the Bracha before?

In Birchas Kohanim, the Chazzan says each word of the actual Birchas Kohanim and the Kohanim repeat after him. On the other hand, when it comes to the bracha that's said before Birchas Kohanim, the ...
4
votes
3answers
100 views

Multiple Leviyim Washing the Kohanim's hands

The minhag I've seen is that a levi washes the hands of the kohen before he recites the birchas kohanim. I have often seen numerous Levittes teaming up to wash a kohen together - each of them grasps ...
4
votes
1answer
69 views

Does the congregation say “am kedoshecha ka'amur” before birchas kohanim?

Does the congregation say "am kedoshecha ka'amur" before birchas kohanim? Or only the chazzan?
4
votes
1answer
181 views

Cohanim standing on carpet by Bircas Cohanim

When the Cohanim go up to "duchen" by Bircas Cohanim they take off their shoes. I've seen in some places carpets put out for the Cohanim to stand on. Why do they stand on these carpets? What is this ...
4
votes
1answer
167 views

Why are you allowed to make letters with your hands on Shabbos?

In light of the comment here, that Koseiv involves creating any meaningful letter or symbol. It doesn’t have to be with ink on paper. A rubber stamp, carving into stone or cutting a letter out ...
4
votes
1answer
131 views

Kohen removing watch and cufflinks before performing the Priestly Blessing

My late father told me to take off my watch and cufflinks before going up to perform the Priestly Blessing. I did not ask him why. Two possible reasons suggest themselves: To avoid diverting the ...
4
votes
3answers
180 views

How much volume and singing should the chazzan use during holiday Birkat Kohanim?

In the various Ashkenazic services outside Israel that I have attended, where Birkat Kohanim is only performed on holidays, and with holiday-level pomp and circumstance, I have seen various types of ...
3
votes
4answers
155 views

Birkas Kohanim when wife is a niddah

I remember seeing somewhere that a kohen whose wife is a niddah should not recite the birkas kohanim. Does anyone know where this is cited? I don't beileve anyone practices this anymore.
3
votes
2answers
352 views

Can you/should you be blessed by an ignorant/non-orthodox Kohen?

Let's say you are part of a minyan during a holiday like Sukkot. There is only one Kohen present, so he goes up to perform the birchas kohanim. However, you know - either from reliable sources or even ...
3
votes
2answers
168 views

Choir practice for Birkat Kohanim

I am getting a bit tired of having to listen to another "jumbled" Birkat Kohanim this Yom Tov. It seems to be the same in almost every shul. There are always a group of Kohanim that sing a different ...