Questions tagged [birchas-kohanim]

The Priestly Blessing. A blessing that the Kohanim (or Priests) traditionally give to the congregation on holidays in the Diaspora, and daily in Eretz Yisrael.

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18 views

Ribono shel olam in Birchas Kohanim on 2nd day Yom Tov

The Biur Halacha in O.C. 130 says that on the 2nd day Yom Tov one should skip the first line (quoted here Who says the Ribbono shel Olam in Birkas Kohanim?) . Is this commonly done and why do ...
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Yehi Ratzon After Birkas Kohanim

Is there reason to say the Yehi Ratzon in Birkas Kohani after the third stanza (ending in 'shalom')? I always said it quietly based on the Artscroll Machzor but have have been uncertain due to the ...
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Priestly blessing with split minyan

This morning, a member of our synagogue raised an interesting question. Assume a congregation in Israel, which has to split the minyan in two in order to comply with precautionary measures due to the ...
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Birkat kohanim at shacharit and ne'ilah of Yom Kippur

Rema Orach Chayyim 128:44 notes that some Ashkenazi communities recite birkat kohanim at ne'ilah of Yom Kippur, and some even at shacharit. Every Ashkenazi synagogue (outside of Israel) that I've ...
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Can a deaf Cohen duchen?

This answer indicates that today Cohanim with disabilities may duchen. I am asking here if a deaf person may do so, not because he is disabled, but because he cannot hear the prompt by the Shat"z. ...
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287 views

Why ken yehi ratzon and not Amen? [duplicate]

Why is that in the Ashkenaz circles (non Sephardi) by the daily birchat kohanim, the congregation responds “Ken yehi ratzon” rather than the usual response of Amen, after a blessing is recited? Why ...
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Socks versus shoes for the priestly blessing

I always see kohanim remove their shoes before n'si'as kapayim, even those without leather, but not their socks. In other contexts I'm familiar with, socks are the same as non-leather shoes. For ...
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Multiple Leviyim Washing the Kohanim's hands

The minhag I've seen is that a levi washes the hands of the kohen before he recites the birchas kohanim. I have often seen numerous Levittes teaming up to wash a kohen together - each of them grasps ...
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Is a kohen who embarrasses someone publicly prohibited to duchen?

Since embarrassing one in public is considerred like murder and one should give up their life rather than transgress (Bava Metzia 59B, see Tosfas Sotah 10B on top), does this mean a kohen cannot ...
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Should an Israeli Cohen visiting Diaspora duchen when it's not Yom Tov?

Scenario (based on Ashkenazi practice): An Israeli Cohen who is visiting in Diaspora is there on either Shabbat 8th day of Pesach or Shabbat 2nd Day Shavu'ot. For him, it is a "regular" Shabbat. He ...
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54 views

Priestly blessing grammar - וישם

In the Priestly blessing (במדבר ו:כד-כה), for the word וישם, is the the root שים or is the root ישם? ישם -'Implement', https://pealim.com/dict/864-leyasem שים - 'Put', https://www.pealim.com/dict/45-...
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Standing right in front of the Kohanim by Birkas Kohanim

I recently read that Rav Hillel Zacks whould stand right in front of the Kohanim during Birkas Kohanim. I've seen many great men do this as well. Why is this done?
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Source for not looking at a kohens hands.

It's commonly known that non Kohanim shouldn't look at a kohens hands during Birchas Kohanim. What is the source for this?
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At what age does a minor kohen start to recite Birkat Kohanim?

Shulchan Aruch 128:34 rules that a minor kohen performs nesiat kapayim (lit. 'rasing the palms', i.e. reciting the Priestly Blessing) in order to learn and become accustomed to the practice (as long ...
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why do kohanim make a bracha on birkat kohanim if they are safek kohanim?

If Kohanim nowadays are safek kohanim how can they make a bracha on Birkat kohanim isn't the rule "safek brachot le'hakel"?
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What different pronunciation should a Kohen give to each letter to be strict in halacha? (SA 128:33)

When Halacha says that a Kohen should distinguish between all the Hebrew letters in Siman 128 Seif 33 from where it says "similar examples": מי שאינו יודע לחתוך האותיות כגון שאומר לאלפי"ן עייני"ן ...
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Does the congregation say “am kedoshecha ka'amur” before birchas kohanim?

Does the congregation say "am kedoshecha ka'amur" before birchas kohanim? Or only the chazzan?
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Is there a halacha or minhag that says that Duchenin should not be done in perfect harmony?

Considering this answer which cites a halacha that Cohanim must duchen together, I'm curious as to why so many shuls that I have attended throughout many years seem to have a group of Cohanim that don'...
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Birkas Kohanim when wife is a niddah

I remember seeing somewhere that a kohen whose wife is a niddah should not recite the birkas kohanim. Does anyone know where this is cited? I don't beileve anyone practices this anymore.
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A Kohan married to a Convert Blessing the People

May a Kohan who is married to a convert bless the People (Birkhat HaKohanim?)
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Tefilah, birkat kohanim bowing vs. oseh shalom

Weekdays, by the repetition of the Amida, it is the Ashkenazik custom for the chazzan to say an abridged version of Birkat cohanim. The Artscroll siddur says the chazzan is to bow to the right side ...
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procedure for birkat kohanim

The Mechaber in Orach Chaim 128:13 writes: "מתחילין הכהנים לומר יברכך: הגה וי"א שגם מלת יברכך יקרא אותם ש"צ תחלה [טור ור"ן פ' הקורא והגהות מיימוני] (וכן נוהגים בכל מדינות אלו) ואח"כ מקרא אותם ש"ץ ...
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Ayin or Aleph, blessing or curse?

This site: https://www.torahmusings.com/2014/08/mispronouncing-hebrew-2/ quotes Rashi as saying: "By using an ayin sound rather than an alef in birkas kohanim, they change the blessing into a curse." ...
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How does saying “pasim” help us safely enunciate the name of Hashem?

I'm reading an article about the kesones pasim and birchas kohanim here, and one paragraph had me confused. The article is discussing the portion of the yehi ratzon in which we ask Hashem to act like ...
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Can a Kohen wear striped socks?

While I tried to make the title as click-baity as possible, my question isn't limited only to striped socks. Some background information: One is not supposed to stare at the Kohanim when they do ...
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242 views

Why is Birkas Kohanim Modified on Simchas Torah

On the morning of Simchas Torah, in the synagogue I attend, we recite Birkas Kohanim during Shacharis rather than Musaf. I asked around, and was told that because many people make Kiddush before Musaf,...
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Priestly blessing for a different minyan - any need for kohen to participate?

In Israel in as shul that has two shacharis minyanim one after the other, a kohen comes in for the second minyan just as the first minyan is coming to the priestly blessing. Should this kohen perform ...
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birkat kohanim at mincha on yom hakippurim

Since the halacha is that we don't do birkat kohanim at mincha of yom hakippurim, why is the ashkenazi practice that the chazzan recites the elokeinu passage?
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If a kohen participates in a stoning is he still allowed to bless the people?

The shulchan aruch codifies that a Kohen who kills someone may not bless the people. If, in the times when the Sanhedrin administered capital punishment, a Kohen saw a situation that warranted the ...
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Quiet Birchas Kohanim

According to many mainstream authorities, the widespread practice of Ashkenazic Kohanim outside of Israel of refraining from birchas kohanim is a minhag ta'us and possibly even forbidden biblically as ...
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134 views

Birkat Kohanim in entirely israeli minyan in chutz laaretz

According to the book hilchot tzava by Harav Zecharya Ben Shlomo a minyan of entirely israeli soldiers in chutz laaretz should have the kohanim go up and duchan. What is the halachic rationale for ...
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Birkat Kohanim under the Chuppah - Source?

There is a mainly Sepharadic custom to do Birkat Kohanim under the Chuppah, but I can't seem to find a concrete source for it. In Yalkut Yosef, Sova Semachot 8:5, Rav Yitzchak Yosef merely addresses ...
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What are the requirements for the vessel used to wash the hands of the kohanim before birkas kohanim?

The hands of the kohanim are washed before birkas kohanim. Mishnah Berurah 128:21 (כא) עד הפרק - ככהן המקדש ידיו לעבודה [רמב"ם]. וע"כ כתבו האחרונים דאפשר דבעינן דוקא נטילה מכלי וכח גברא ושלא ...
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Source for skipping the Yehi Ratzon in Birchas Kohanim on Shabbos

During Birchas Kohanim, before the Kohanim answer the last part of each Brocha, the congregation says a Tefilla titled Yehi Ratzon. (Before the last Brocha from the Kohanim the Tefilla starts Ribono ...
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Birkat Kohanim by a Kohen Shatz

What is the basis for a kohen who is the shatz to do Birkat Kohanim even if there is more than one kohen present like is done in at least a few Israeli Ashkenazi communities? The Shulchan Aruch states ...
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Duchaning without a talis

I recently prayed mincha on a fast day where no talis was present. The kohen present did not bless us, since he could not cover his hands with a talis. (No one called him to do so, so he wasn't in ...
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Birkat Kohanim in Chutz Laaretz

Why is the Eastern Ashkenazi minhag in Chutz Laaretz to only do Birkat Kohanim at Mussaf of Yom Tov and not at shacharit or neila on Yom Kuppur? Presumably if it is a time that we feel is worthy of ...
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A minyan made entirely of cohanim

In the case of a minyan which is entirely made up of cohanim when it comes time to say birkas cohanim... c Do they wash their own hands or do they assist each other? May every cohen recite the ...
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Why not remove shoes before washing hands for the priestly blessing?

As far as I've seen, Kohanim who are about to bless the congregation first untie their shoes (if necessary), then have their hands washed, then remove their shoes, and finally recite the blessing. As ...
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Priestly Blessing: Origin of the Finger Formation

When kohanim bless the congregation, they raise their hands and couple two pairs of fingers, as in the image below: Older sources refer to this practice as "the raising of the hands", and it can be ...
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Could a Levi be the one who leads Birkas Kohanim?

In Shulchan Aruch, Orach Chaim, Siman 128 Sif 22, the Mechaber writes that, regarding Birkas Kohanim, "we attempt to have the caller [i.e. the one who says the words of the Bracha before the Kohanim] ...
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156 views

Why do we add ותערב and why only in Musaf?

On Yom Tov (usually during the repetition of the Amida in Musaf) the Kohanim ascend to bless the people. In preparation, the congregation (and Kohanim and the chazzan) say a paragraph after R'tzei ...
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How much volume and singing should the chazzan use during holiday Birkat Kohanim?

In the various Ashkenazic services outside Israel that I have attended, where Birkat Kohanim is only performed on holidays, and with holiday-level pomp and circumstance, I have seen various types of ...
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170 views

Birkat Kohanim for a Kohen who was very far from Judaism and decided to be a good Jew

Can a Kohen baal Teshuva who was previously not religious and married to a Christian woman perform birkas kohanim? How to deal with the fact that pursuing his truth research he was previously in ...
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Second and Third Person in Birchat Kohanim

I have been reading up on the shift in the text of many brachot from the second person (ata) to the third person (for example, "hemvarech et amO..."). One nice explanation comes from here: It is ...
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126 views

In birkat kohanim, who calls out “kohanim”?

Should the chazan be the one to say kohanim or a member of the tzibbur? If you hold that it should be a member of the tzibbur due to Hefsek why would it be a Hefsek for the chazan to say kohanim?
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142 views

Purity of Kohanim

If (theoretically) the great Temple was built again, would there be Kohanim pure enough (physically, etc.) to perform the worship and sacrifices?
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163 views

Why are you allowed to make letters with your hands on Shabbos?

In light of the comment here, that Koseiv involves creating any meaningful letter or symbol. It doesn’t have to be with ink on paper. A rubber stamp, carving into stone or cutting a letter out ...
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151 views

Is the traditional “Blessing of the Children” allowed?

There is a traditional blessing a parent/father says for his children in many communities on returning from the synagogue on the nights of the high holy days or all Friday nights, etc. The text ...
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Equal volume when doing birkat kohanim with a microphone

I attended a musical davening this week, and to accommodate the large crowd, the chazzan wore a microphone. The kohanim however did not. The result of this was that the chazzan's voice ended up much ...