Questions tagged [birchas-kohanim]

The Priestly Blessing. A blessing that the Kohanim (or Priests) traditionally give to the congregation on holidays in the Diaspora, and daily in Eretz Yisrael.

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1answer
61 views

Yehi Ratzon After Birkas Kohanim

Is there reason to say the Yehi Ratzon in Birkas Kohani after the third stanza (ending in 'shalom')? I always said it quietly based on the Artscroll Machzor but have have been uncertain due to the ...
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592 views

Why do we say כן יהי רצון in response to each blessing of Birkat Kohanim?

In most congregations (as far as I know), when the chazzan recites Birkat Kohanim (Priest's blessing) as part of the repetition of Shmoneh Esreh, after each of the 3 blessings, the congregation ...
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23 views

Ribono shel olam in Birchas Kohanim on 2nd day Yom Tov

The Biur Halacha in O.C. 130 says that on the 2nd day Yom Tov one should skip the first line (quoted here Who says the Ribbono shel Olam in Birkas Kohanim?) . Is this commonly done and why do ...
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1answer
162 views

Tefilah, birkat kohanim bowing vs. oseh shalom

Weekdays, by the repetition of the Amida, it is the Ashkenazik custom for the chazzan to say an abridged version of Birkat cohanim. The Artscroll siddur says the chazzan is to bow to the right side ...
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101 views

Priestly blessing with split minyan

This morning, a member of our synagogue raised an interesting question. Assume a congregation in Israel, which has to split the minyan in two in order to comply with precautionary measures due to the ...
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3answers
180 views

How much volume and singing should the chazzan use during holiday Birkat Kohanim?

In the various Ashkenazic services outside Israel that I have attended, where Birkat Kohanim is only performed on holidays, and with holiday-level pomp and circumstance, I have seen various types of ...
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1answer
181 views

Ayin or Aleph, blessing or curse?

This site: https://www.torahmusings.com/2014/08/mispronouncing-hebrew-2/ quotes Rashi as saying: "By using an ayin sound rather than an alef in birkas kohanim, they change the blessing into a curse." ...
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Birkat kohanim at shacharit and ne'ilah of Yom Kippur

Rema Orach Chayyim 128:44 notes that some Ashkenazi communities recite birkat kohanim at ne'ilah of Yom Kippur, and some even at shacharit. Every Ashkenazi synagogue (outside of Israel) that I've ...
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1answer
56 views

Can a deaf Cohen duchen?

This answer indicates that today Cohanim with disabilities may duchen. I am asking here if a deaf person may do so, not because he is disabled, but because he cannot hear the prompt by the Shat"z. ...
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303 views

Why ken yehi ratzon and not Amen? [duplicate]

Why is that in the Ashkenaz circles (non Sephardi) by the daily birchat kohanim, the congregation responds “Ken yehi ratzon” rather than the usual response of Amen, after a blessing is recited? Why ...
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76 views

Socks versus shoes for the priestly blessing

I always see kohanim remove their shoes before n'si'as kapayim, even those without leather, but not their socks. In other contexts I'm familiar with, socks are the same as non-leather shoes. For ...
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3answers
100 views

Multiple Leviyim Washing the Kohanim's hands

The minhag I've seen is that a levi washes the hands of the kohen before he recites the birchas kohanim. I have often seen numerous Levittes teaming up to wash a kohen together - each of them grasps ...
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93 views

Is a kohen who embarrasses someone publicly prohibited to duchen?

Since embarrassing one in public is considerred like murder and one should give up their life rather than transgress (Bava Metzia 59B, see Tosfas Sotah 10B on top), does this mean a kohen cannot ...
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164 views

If a kohen participates in a stoning is he still allowed to bless the people?

The shulchan aruch codifies that a Kohen who kills someone may not bless the people. If, in the times when the Sanhedrin administered capital punishment, a Kohen saw a situation that warranted the ...
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1answer
79 views

Should an Israeli Cohen visiting Diaspora duchen when it's not Yom Tov?

Scenario (based on Ashkenazi practice): An Israeli Cohen who is visiting in Diaspora is there on either Shabbat 8th day of Pesach or Shabbat 2nd Day Shavu'ot. For him, it is a "regular" Shabbat. He ...
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1answer
54 views

Priestly blessing grammar - וישם

In the Priestly blessing (במדבר ו:כד-כה), for the word וישם, is the the root שים or is the root ישם? ישם -'Implement', https://pealim.com/dict/864-leyasem שים - 'Put', https://www.pealim.com/dict/45-...
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1answer
49 views

Standing right in front of the Kohanim by Birkas Kohanim

I recently read that Rav Hillel Zacks whould stand right in front of the Kohanim during Birkas Kohanim. I've seen many great men do this as well. Why is this done?
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100 views

Source for not looking at a kohens hands.

It's commonly known that non Kohanim shouldn't look at a kohens hands during Birchas Kohanim. What is the source for this?
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3answers
136 views

What different pronunciation should a Kohen give to each letter to be strict in halacha? (SA 128:33)

When Halacha says that a Kohen should distinguish between all the Hebrew letters in Siman 128 Seif 33 from where it says "similar examples": מי שאינו יודע לחתוך האותיות כגון שאומר לאלפי"ן עייני"ן ...
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79 views

At what age does a minor kohen start to recite Birkat Kohanim?

Shulchan Aruch 128:34 rules that a minor kohen performs nesiat kapayim (lit. 'rasing the palms', i.e. reciting the Priestly Blessing) in order to learn and become accustomed to the practice (as long ...
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98 views

why do kohanim make a bracha on birkat kohanim if they are safek kohanim?

If Kohanim nowadays are safek kohanim how can they make a bracha on Birkat kohanim isn't the rule "safek brachot le'hakel"?
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158 views

Why do we add ותערב and why only in Musaf?

On Yom Tov (usually during the repetition of the Amida in Musaf) the Kohanim ascend to bless the people. In preparation, the congregation (and Kohanim and the chazzan) say a paragraph after R'tzei ...
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69 views

Does the congregation say “am kedoshecha ka'amur” before birchas kohanim?

Does the congregation say "am kedoshecha ka'amur" before birchas kohanim? Or only the chazzan?
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142 views

Is there a halacha or minhag that says that Duchenin should not be done in perfect harmony?

Considering this answer which cites a halacha that Cohanim must duchen together, I'm curious as to why so many shuls that I have attended throughout many years seem to have a group of Cohanim that don'...
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4answers
155 views

Birkas Kohanim when wife is a niddah

I remember seeing somewhere that a kohen whose wife is a niddah should not recite the birkas kohanim. Does anyone know where this is cited? I don't beileve anyone practices this anymore.
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857 views

Why do the Leviim wash the hands of the Kohanim when they go up to bless the people?

When the Kohanim washed their hands and feet in the Beis HaMikdosh they did not have anyone to help. Why then do the Kohanim need others to wash their hands when they go up to bless the people? Why ...
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1answer
122 views

Answering 'Amen' to Birkas Kohanim during regular Shemonei Esrei (Chabad Nusach)

Can one answer 'Amen' to Birkas Kohanim when in the middle of Psukei Zemira of Shacharis, and the Tzibbur has already reached repetition of Shemonei Esrei? There is a permitted-interruption guide in ...
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1answer
231 views

Can a Kohen wear striped socks?

While I tried to make the title as click-baity as possible, my question isn't limited only to striped socks. Some background information: One is not supposed to stare at the Kohanim when they do ...
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102 views

A Kohan married to a Convert Blessing the People

May a Kohan who is married to a convert bless the People (Birkhat HaKohanim?)
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567 views

Significance of the Kohen's hand gestures?

What is the significance of the shapes (windows?) created by the kohen during birkas cohanim? This question and the ensuant answers detail at least 3 opinions of the gesture, I would really appreciate ...
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3answers
159 views

Where does the comma go in the Birkas Kohanim, and why?

In which of the positions (1) or (2) does the comma go in the introduction to Birkas Kohanim, ברכנו בברכה המשלשת (1) בתורה (2) הכתובה על ידי משה עבדך Bless us with the blessing which is tripled (1) ...
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63 views

procedure for birkat kohanim

The Mechaber in Orach Chaim 128:13 writes: "מתחילין הכהנים לומר יברכך: הגה וי"א שגם מלת יברכך יקרא אותם ש"צ תחלה [טור ור"ן פ' הקורא והגהות מיימוני] (וכן נוהגים בכל מדינות אלו) ואח&...
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3answers
791 views

Kohanic Hand Gestures?

How are Kohanim supposed to position their hands and in what shape during Birkhat Kohanim? Answer with most opinions backed by sources wins.
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1answer
192 views

Origin of using priestly blessing on Friday night

I know why we use Ephraim and Menashe when blessing the children on Friday nights, (see: Why Does Hashem Bless Us Like Efraim And Menashe?) but why do we use Birkat Kohanim? Is there any specific ...
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2answers
1k views

Why do we mention dreams during *Birchas Kohanim*?

I don't know how many sects actually do this, but some people have the custom to say a tehfillah which is all about dreams. In it we ask Hashem to make all our good dreams come true whether "...I have ...
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1answer
73 views

How does saying “pasim” help us safely enunciate the name of Hashem?

I'm reading an article about the kesones pasim and birchas kohanim here, and one paragraph had me confused. The article is discussing the portion of the yehi ratzon in which we ask Hashem to act like ...
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135 views

Birkat Kohanim in entirely israeli minyan in chutz laaretz

According to the book hilchot tzava by Harav Zecharya Ben Shlomo a minyan of entirely israeli soldiers in chutz laaretz should have the kohanim go up and duchan. What is the halachic rationale for ...
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88 views

What are the requirements for the vessel used to wash the hands of the kohanim before birkas kohanim?

The hands of the kohanim are washed before birkas kohanim. Mishnah Berurah 128:21 (כא) עד הפרק - ככהן המקדש ידיו לעבודה [רמב"ם]. וע"כ כתבו האחרונים דאפשר דבעינן דוקא נטילה מכלי וכח גברא ושלא ...
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129 views

What if, when the Kohanim washing their hands, less than ten remain?

Before Birkas Kohanim, the Levi'im wash the Kohanim's hands. In many communities, this occurs during the chazzan's repitition of Shemoneh Esrei, and in a room outside the main shul. Normally, there ...
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87 views

Priestly blessing for a different minyan - any need for kohen to participate?

In Israel in as shul that has two shacharis minyanim one after the other, a kohen comes in for the second minyan just as the first minyan is coming to the priestly blessing. Should this kohen perform ...
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2answers
242 views

Why is Birkas Kohanim Modified on Simchas Torah

On the morning of Simchas Torah, in the synagogue I attend, we recite Birkas Kohanim during Shacharis rather than Musaf. I asked around, and was told that because many people make Kiddush before Musaf,...
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51 views

birkat kohanim at mincha on yom hakippurim

Since the halacha is that we don't do birkat kohanim at mincha of yom hakippurim, why is the ashkenazi practice that the chazzan recites the elokeinu passage?
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68 views

Quiet Birchas Kohanim

According to many mainstream authorities, the widespread practice of Ashkenazic Kohanim outside of Israel of refraining from birchas kohanim is a minhag ta'us and possibly even forbidden biblically as ...
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4answers
692 views

Shalom Rav / Sim Shalom - by Mincha according to Nusach Ashkenaz

Nusach Ashkenaz says Shalom Rav at Mincha most days. However, when there is Birchas Kohanim (such as a fast day), they say Sim Shalom. Is there a connection between Birchas Kohanim and Sim Shalom? If ...
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1answer
357 views

Birkat Kohanim under the Chuppah - Source?

There is a mainly Sepharadic custom to do Birkat Kohanim under the Chuppah, but I can't seem to find a concrete source for it. In Yalkut Yosef, Sova Semachot 8:5, Rav Yitzchak Yosef merely addresses ...
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2answers
337 views

How did the “custom” of not duchaning on Yom Tov that falls on Shabbos arise

Some synagogues do not have birkas kohanim (duchaning) on Yom Tov that falls on Shabbos. How did this idea arise?
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1answer
128 views

Source for skipping the Yehi Ratzon in Birchas Kohanim on Shabbos

During Birchas Kohanim, before the Kohanim answer the last part of each Brocha, the congregation says a Tefilla titled Yehi Ratzon. (Before the last Brocha from the Kohanim the Tefilla starts Ribono ...
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4answers
266 views

Duchaning without a talis

I recently prayed mincha on a fast day where no talis was present. The kohen present did not bless us, since he could not cover his hands with a talis. (No one called him to do so, so he wasn't in ...
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82 views

Birkat Kohanim by a Kohen Shatz

What is the basis for a kohen who is the shatz to do Birkat Kohanim even if there is more than one kohen present like is done in at least a few Israeli Ashkenazi communities? The Shulchan Aruch states ...
3
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1answer
114 views

Birkat Kohanim in Chutz Laaretz

Why is the Eastern Ashkenazi minhag in Chutz Laaretz to only do Birkat Kohanim at Mussaf of Yom Tov and not at shacharit or neila on Yom Kuppur? Presumably if it is a time that we feel is worthy of ...