Questions tagged [beis-hamikdash]

Relating to (one or two) of the two Temples that stood in Jerusalem.

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Mishmaros and Leap Years

So there were 24 mishmaros in the BHMK, and both kohanim, leviim went 2x a year, along with ma'amados of Yisraelim. This work for a shana peshutah, but what about for a shana meuberes? Does the ...
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In the third beis hamikdash, how will the duchan affect the height of the ezras kohanim?

BH In Yechekiel's prophecy of the third Beis Hamikdash: if the inner courtyard was 100 by 100 amos on the inside, and whose gates from the north, east and south sides all we positioned in the center ...
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In the third Beis Hamikdash, will the outer gates have tall walls also on the outside?

BH In Yechezkayl 40:6 and some other pesukim it talks about the gates for the outer walls of {the Ezras Nashim of} the third Beis Hamikdash: Then he came to the gate which looks toward the east, and ...
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In Meseches Tamid 31b why are the karbonos interupted for shema?

https://www.sefaria.org/Tamid.31b.1?lang=bi&with=all&lang2=en There is a very detailed description of how the animal is cut up, exactly how the kohanim are to hold it, and then all of the ...
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Goren Arvana/Ornan as the Location of the Temple

The last chapter of Samuel (24) describes King David's sin of counting the Jewish people and the resulting epidemic in which 70,000 Jews were killed. At the end of the account, the prophet describes ...
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Source of the expression בית עולמים referring to the temple

Where does the term בית עולמים come from in reference to the Temple?
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Why Pompey didn't die when he entered the Holy of Holies? [duplicate]

During the Siege of Jerusalem at about 63 BC, the Romans managed to conquer the city. And Pompey - the general of this siege had entered the Holy of Holies, which only the High Priest was allowed to ...
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Why did the 4 miracles of the Temple stop 40 years before the destruction of the Temple?

According to the Sefaria translation of Yoma 39b: The Sages taught: During the tenure of Shimon HaTzaddik, the lot for God always arose in the High Priest’s right hand; after his death, it occurred ...
2 votes
1 answer
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Where was Maaeser Sheni brought before the beit hamikdash was built?

This was eaten in Yerushalayim, but prior to the beit hamikdash what was done? I haven't seen an answer to this. Any sources would be great.
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Temple and an Islamic shrine simultaneously on the Temple Mount

Is there any halachic work around for a Jewish Temple and an Islamic shrine to be on the Temple Mount at the same time? I am talking about the the shrine know as Qubbat aṣ-Ṣakhra (or in English as the ...
7 votes
2 answers
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Obligation to leave through a different gate

The prophet Ezekiel (46:9) tells us of an obligation when visiting the Temple. וּבְב֨וֹא עַם־הָאָ֜רֶץ לִפְנֵ֣י יְהוָה֮ בַּמּֽוֹעֲדִים֒ הַבָּ֡א דֶּרֶךְ־שַׁ֨עַר צָפ֜וֹן לְהִֽשְׁתַּחֲוֺ֗ת יֵצֵא֙ דֶּרֶךְ־...
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Women and childbirth: Where are the sources related to the sacrifices brought related to childbirth?

Specifically all sacrifices brought by a woman before, during, and in the year after childbirth. I seem to recall that there is something a week or few after childbirth, but would like to be reminded ...
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How was Daniel in the Great Assembly?

I have heard people say that the Knesses Hagdolah was established in the beginning of Bais Sheni. Is that correct? As quoted from chabad.org "Anshei Knesses Hagdolah ... among its more prominent ...
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Which Mishmar did the descendants of Eli Kohen Gadol belong to?

Kohenim serving in the Beit haMikdash were divided into mishmarot. Do we know which one the descendants of Eli Kohen Gadol and his sons were members of?
3 votes
1 answer
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How were sins atoned for after the destruction of the 1st Temple until the establishment of the 2nd Temple?

This is of course in reference to the period in time during which no Temple stood and when the Babylonian exile occurred. Do we have any particular reference from Jewish sources, in particular the ...
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Was wearing the Ephod allowed inside Kodesh Hakodashim? [closed]

Was the use of the Ephod allowed inside the temple in the Sanctum Sanctorum?
3 votes
1 answer
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Diagram showing the place where the wine offerings of the whole year collected and its relationship to the altar in the Temple

Gemoro Sukkah 49a refers to the “shittin”. In the Temple, there was a a narrow shaft that was formed on the west side of the gap between the ramp and the altar. Rashi on 'בין כבש למזבח' says: אויר יש ...
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Building copies of keilim from the Beis Hamikdash

The Gemara Avodah Zara .מג says: לא יעשה אדם בית תבנית היכל אכסדרה תבנית אולם חצר תבנית עזרה שולחן תבנית שולחן מנורה תבנית מנורה אבל הוא עושה של ה' ושל ו' ושל ח' ושל ז' לא יעשה אפילו של שאר מיני ...
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1 answer
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Why aren't all judicial powers stripped, why only capital punishment?

Why is capital punishment only adjudicated when the Temple is standing? If it is because the Sanhedrin needs to convene at the designated location described in Devarim 17:8, then wouldn't the rest of ...
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Pompey and the Holy of Holies

During the Siege of Jerusalem in 63BCE, the Roman general Pompey after defeating Jewish resistance and took control of the temple, entered the Kadosh hakodashim (holy of holies). This can be found in: ...
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Why would the Temple turn to a House of Prayer?

"וַהֲבִיאוֹתִים אֶל־הַר קָדְשִׁי וְשִׂמַּחְתִּים בְּבֵית תְּפִלָּתִי עוֹלֹתֵיהֶם וְזִבְחֵיהֶם לְרָצוֹן עַל־מִזְבְּחִי, כִּי בֵיתִי בֵּית־תְּפִלָּה יִקָּרֵא לְכָל־הָעַמִּים׃" "I will ...
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How Did We Afford All The Sacrificial Cattle In the Temple Era

How did the average Jews during the temple era afford all these sacrifices? Reading the Talmud it seems like with all the possible ways to mess up we would be buying up premium(unblemished) cattle and ...
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Why was Herod allowed to renovate the Temple?

Follow-up to this question. Why was Herod even allowed (/why was it suggested to him) to renovate the Temple, considering that he had so much blood on his hands? It was for this reason that David wasn'...
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Did Herod stop killing people after he began renovating the Second Temple?

I was reading some history about the Second Temple and how Herod renovated it, to much acclaim of many people (even though G'd told David not to build His temple because of all the blood he had shed ...
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Is cutting corners in the Temple allowed?

Last week I went on an archeology studies field trip from my university. We toured parts of the City of David and around and under the Kotel. It turns out that the bottom-most blocks that form the ...
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What does "Britain" have to do with "the destruction of the second Beis HaMikdosh"?

Abarbanel on Torah, Deuteronomy 28:49, writes "Now he mentions the destruction of the second Beis HaMikdosh. From afar. Who came from Britain and other distant countries speedily." I only ...
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May one perform Chaliztah in the Temple?

May one perform the Mitzvah of Chalitzah in the Beis HaMikdash, even though this involves wearing a leather shoe, which is generally prohibited due to the holiness of the area?
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How many Menoros were there by the Simchas Bais HaShoeva

The Mishna Succah 51A says: מְנוֹרוֹת שֶׁל זָהָב הָיוּ שָׁם, וְאַרְבָּעָה סְפָלִים שֶׁל זָהָב בְּרָאשֵׁיהֶם, וְאַרְבָּעָה סוּלָּמוֹת לְכׇל אֶחָד וְאֶחָד, So we know that each Menorah had 4 cups on ...
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Why will Mashiach do what the Midrash says he will?

In the Pesikta Rabbasi 36, brought in Yalkut Shimoni on Nach 499, it says: שנו רבותינו בשעה שמלך המשיח בא עומד על גג בית המקדש והוא משמיע להם לישראל ואומר ענוים הגיע זמן גאולתכם Our Rabbi's taught, ...
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6 votes
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Discussion of tumah issues when a Kohen Gadol died on Yom Kippur

I was wondering if there is any discussion anywhere of the tumah complications that occurred when the Kohen Gadol died in the Kodesh Kodashim. At an initial glance the issue one would need to worry ...
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Diagram showing how the one sprinkling the blood of the Poroh Adumoh saw the Heichal entrance

Rashi on Bamidbor 19 (4) says: אל נכח פני אהל מועד [HE SHALL SPRINKLE THE BLOOD] TOWARDS THE FRONT SIDE OF THE APPOINTED TENT He stands at the East of Jerusalem and must direct his gaze straight ...
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Where in the Torah is the "ascending order of importance" derived?

Where in the Torah is the "ascending order of importance" derived, as used by the Temple Institute in describing the basket of firstfruits? They wrote, [> "The fruits were arranged ...
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Who used the "Special seven tiered baskets" that "were employed to display the firstfruits"?

The Temple Institute wrote, "Likewise, pilgrims brought the firstfruits from their own fields and orchards, of the seven fruits of the land of Israel mentioned in Deuteronomy: Figs, grapes, ...
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Side Ramps on the Mizbeach [closed]

Someone asked me to build him a model of the mizbeach for his class. I understand the dimensions of the mizbach from the Mesaches Middos in the beginning of the third perek. It does not discuss the ...
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How does Rav Zevin see evidence of post-Churban editing in Vetechazena?

In HaMoadim BeHalachah, page 371, Rav Shlomo Zevin endorses the idea raised by Rav Yitzchak Isaac HaLevy that the tefillot were established before the destruction of the Second Temple. However, he ...
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Where is the source for the Ezrat Nashim and Ezrat Israel in the Temple?

Sorry for my ignorance, all sources I know speak of the de-facto existence of the two Azarot in the Temple and their measures. I would like to understand whether those parts are an intrinsic part of ...
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Is there a scriptural prohibition of establishing more than one Temple?

I'm aware of the fact that traditionally, there was one Mishkan and, derivatively, one Temple. I completely understand the logic of it - one nation, one God, one Temple. On the other hand, there are ...
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Validity and legitimacy of a non-Kosher High Priest

IIRC, in the second half of the Second Temple, starting with the Hasmonean revolt, many High Priests were either illegitimate (breaking Zadok's lineage), self-proclaimed, Sadducees, or appointed by ...
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The destruction of the Second Temple in the Mishnah?

Is there any explicit mention of the destruction of the Second Temple within the Mishnah specifically? If so, examples of passages? If not, why wouldn't such a momentous occasion be discussed within ...
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Why the dedication of the Mishkan and the Temples is not celebrated?

Traditionally we commemorate the destruction of the two Temples, falling on the same day. The dedication of the Mishkan occurred (IIRC) on the first day of Nissan, but the dedication of the first and ...
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What spot is on the other side of the World from the Beit HaMikdash?

If an axis goes through the world, where is the spot exactly opposite Har HaBayit where the axis comes out? Is it in the middle of the Ocean? Should there be anything special expected about this point?...
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Would it be forbidden to model a synagogue's design after the Beit Hamikdash?

The Beit Hamikdash has models. You can purchase them online if you so desire. That being said, those are purely models and are not used for anything beyond study/exhibition. My question is whether it ...
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Can a Yisroel perform shira for his own korban? Also, if a Yisroel does shira in the Beis Hamikdash (not for himself), is his shira kasher בדיעבד?

About the first question, if a Yisroel can perform shira on his own korban: According to the Meishiv Davar chelek 4 siman 11 Leviim are simply hired by Yisroelim to perform shira (therefore he says ...
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Was serious consideration ever given to building another Tabernacle?

I have been reading in Exodus, specifically about the construction of the Tabernacle. The question occurred to me, whether following the destruction of the Second Temple in 70 C.E., anyone considered ...
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If humans build the third temple, would the builders be required to be cleared of "purity standards" for the project?

We are taught that when we came to Israel, King David could not build the temple because he had blood on his hands. Though he was acting under divine command and in the interest of the nation, he ...
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Why were the temples built in Jerusalem and not in Bethel, as suggested in Genesis 28:17?

Bereishit/Genesis JPS 28:17 And he was frightened, and he said, "How awesome is this place! This is none other than the house of God, and this is the gate of heaven." Bereishit/Genesis 28:17 ...
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Trying to find a mekor that if someone is leaning on something, it's considered as if he is fully standing on it

I'm learning the gemara in Zvachim 19b that says that if a Kohein is leaning on another Kohein, his avoda is kasher if not for the din amida of לשרת. My question is if this is considered like he is ...
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What is meant by "pure" oil for Hanukka?

The concept of "pure" oil is central to the holiday of Hanukka (see, for example, https://www.chabad.org/holidays/chanukah/article_cdo/aid/221817/jewish/Pure-Oil.htm and https://www.aish.com/...
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Does it matter where the flames came from in the Beit ha Mikdash?

In the Greek book commonly known as Second Maccabees (not generally recognized among Jews as being authoritative), there is a detail given about the rededication of the Second Temple where the relit ...
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Did the כלי המקדש (menorah, shulchan, etc) need to be made לשמה?

When they were made did they need to be made leshem menoras hamikdash, leshem shulchan shel hamikdash, etc?
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