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Why aren't all Leviyim Kohanim?

As the firstborn initially served as Kohanim (Onkelos, etc) and the Leviyim were swapped for them (Eg Bamidbar 3) then why are only Aharon and his sons Kohanim and not all of Shevet Levi?
Nahum's user avatar
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Exodus | Death of the Firstborn | Why weren't the Hebrews' animals slain?

So I've been reading through Exodus a lot lately, and one of the things that stood out to me was the death of the firstborn of the animals during the final plague / strike. Now, the firstborn of the ...
Ryan Pierce Williams's user avatar
1 vote
1 answer
28 views

Is there a mitzvah to honor a bechor who’s an adopted brother

The Halacha states that there is a mitzvah to honor first born brothers. My question is, does this apply if the oldest brother is adopted? What if the oldest brother who is adopted is a first born ...
Kirk's user avatar
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4 votes
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55 views

Angelic wrestling and the intergenerational transmission of rights and priestly duties

In Gen. 32:26, during Ya'aqobh's struggle with a malakh (angel/emissary), he is struck. The Ba'al ha-Turim there offers two explanations for the location that the malakh chose to strike his body. The ...
Deuteronomy's user avatar
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2 votes
1 answer
511 views

First-born in a case of two wives

In the beginning of parshas כי תצא (Devarim 21:15-17), the Torah commands that in a case of one man having two wives who both bear him sons - that the first-born, even if it is from the wife he loves ...
malkizedek's user avatar
2 votes
1 answer
110 views

Can a woman have a bechor for inheritance?

A convert has a son who dies. The man has no assets but marries a convert woman, who also has no assets. They have a son together. The man died and the woman does the same thing again. I made everyone ...
Clint Eastwood's user avatar
3 votes
2 answers
77 views

Is the Pidyon haben a debt with the Beit Hamikdash?

Is the Pidyon haben done to exempt the firstborn from his original duties to the Beit Hamikdash? I heard that, since Hashem saved the Jewish firstborns from the Makat Bechorot, when they also should ...
Renan Suchmacher's user avatar
1 vote
1 answer
164 views

firstborn status after the arrival of the moshiach

The Ohr Hachaim (Bamidbar 3,45) says a chiddush that seems to not have any obvious source, that לעתיד לבא (after the arrival of mashiach) the Avoda in the Beis Hamikdash will return to the firstborn! (...
shayachagigah's user avatar
0 votes
3 answers
121 views

Which peshat Torah or Tanach passage supports the reaction of Joseph when Israel places a right hand of blessing over the head of the younger son?

Which peshat Torah or Tanach passage supports the negative reaction of Joseph when his father Israel (in Genesis 48:14) places a right hand of blessing over the head of the younger son of Joseph? This ...
ninamag's user avatar
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0 votes
3 answers
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When a Yavam marries his brother's wife, does he get his brother's double portion if he was a Bechor?

Yaakov has two sons, Reuven and Shimon. When Reuven dies and Shimon takes his wife in Yibum, he inherits Reuven, so Shimon gets a double portion from Yaakov's estate, his and Reuven's. What happens if ...
Volvie's user avatar
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4 votes
2 answers
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Why did the last plague target only the firstborn?

There must be a reason that the firstborn were targeted in the last of the 10 plagues before the Israelites escaped from Egypt. Were the other Egyptians more righteous? Why did the 10th plague target ...
Yehuda W's user avatar
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1 vote
2 answers
101 views

Why was Eisav born before Yaakov?

If the plan was to have Yaakov get the bchor for just some soup, why didn’t Yaakov get the bchor in the 1st place?
yogazefish's user avatar
2 votes
0 answers
53 views

Why did both Nadav and Avihu go up?

This question asks why didn't Elazar and Itamar go up Har Sinai like Nadav and Avihu. I'm wondering why both Nadav and Avihu went up. There's a disagreement who were the kohanim that went up the ...
Harel13's user avatar
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8 votes
3 answers
435 views
+50

Unusually high ratio of Levites to Firstborn-Levites

Near the beginning of the Book of Numbers (from roughly 3:39 to 3:51), G-d commands that all the firstborn Israelite males need to be redeemed via a 1:1 'trade' with a Levite. There were 22,000 ...
Salmononius2's user avatar
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0 answers
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When discussing the avoida of the 'bchoros', first-born, is the correct term 'bchoros' or 'bchorim'?

I think I've seen it written as 'bchoros' but since they are male shouldn't it be 'bchorim'?
Dovid's user avatar
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When did korbanot become a Jewish thing?

Cain and Abel and Noah did traditional offerings. Abraham did some odd ritual involving cutting animals in half and walking through them, Yaakov poured some oil on a rock. But does do a real sacrifice ...
Clint Eastwood's user avatar
2 votes
1 answer
65 views

Who are the Kohanim mentioned in the preparation for the giving of the Torah?

In parashat Yitro, before the giving of the Torah, God summons Moshe up the mountain to tell him to go down again and warn the people to stay away from the mountain. He mentions that even the "...
Clint Eastwood's user avatar
1 vote
1 answer
59 views

How to sell a Pregnant Kosher Bechor Animal to a Non Jew to avoid a Bechor

what is the correct way for it to be sold? do you need a shtar, (assuming the animal cannot be picked up). or is kinyan kessef enough? like if the non Jew pays you $2.00 cash are you fully covered?
David Basch's user avatar
2 votes
1 answer
147 views

What physical/health factors disqualify an otherwise qualified bechor from pidyon haben?

If a first-born son meets the qualifications for pidyon ha'ben (first born of his mother, born naturally, parents are both Yisroel), what physical health issues would "disqualify" the bechor ...
Benjamin G's user avatar
3 votes
0 answers
45 views

Bechor for special occasions

The Mishnah in Sheviis 7:4 seems to imply that it was fairly standard for people to buy a bechor (baal mum, obviously) from a Kohen to serve at special occasions, like Yom Tov or a wedding. Is that ...
Heshy's user avatar
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8 votes
1 answer
124 views

Success of the Younger Brother

While the Torah appears to exemplify the status of a Bechor (first born) - there appears to be a pattern throughout the Tanach of the younger brother carrying on the legacy and success of their ...
user16508's user avatar
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1 answer
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Is there any (relatively) simple way to calculate when/how often the Daf Yomi cycle will finish a tractate on Erev Pesach?

Shulchan Aruch O.C. 470:1 codifies that firstborns fast on Erev Pesach. In my experience, the widespread practice is for firstborns to attend a siyum of the completion of a tractate of Talmud, usually ...
Alex's user avatar
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3 votes
0 answers
56 views

What's the significance of putting a firstborn animal's hair in the window?

Bechorot 3:4 (≈Eduyot 5:6) discusses the case in which the hair of a wounded firstborn animal fell off, then a person put the hair in the window, and then slaughtered the firstborn (or in another ...
b a's user avatar
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0 votes
1 answer
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Why Ishmael never claimed the right of firstborn?

Note: the question should have read "did he ever claim" but I assumed he didn't as I didn't hear of it. (I'm aware of the Midrash that says that his descendants claimed before Alexander the Great the ...
Al Berko's user avatar
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3 votes
0 answers
56 views

Levi's role before Golden Calf

On the one hand it appears the tribe of Levi was granted their role as those who serve in the Mishkan/Beis Hamikdash from Bamibdar (3:12) וַאֲנִ֞י הִנֵּ֧ה לָקַ֣חְתִּי אֶת־הַלְוִיִּ֗ם מִתּוֹךְ֙ ...
NJM's user avatar
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6 votes
1 answer
173 views

Why Abel didn't ask Cain to bring his sacrifice?

The Torah declares that before Matan Torah, the firstborns were responsible for bringing sacrifices and Cohanim replaced them after the Golden Calf incident (Num 3,40): :וְלָקַחְתָּ אֶת־הַלְוִיִּם ...
Al Berko's user avatar
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10 votes
2 answers
175 views

Why is the word "Makkat" added to 10th plague of Bechorot?

Why does the Haggadah refer only to the 10th plague with "Makkat" and not by the other 9 plagues? :אֵלּוּ עֶשֶׂר מַכּוֹת שֶׁהֵבִיא הַקָּדוֹשׁ בָּרוּךְ הוּא עַל־הַמִּצְרִים בְּמִצְרַיִם, וְאֵלוּ הֵן ...
user18660's user avatar
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1 vote
1 answer
49 views

Why would one who redeems someone else's firstborn donkey be able to keep it, if he's effectively forcing the owner into a sale?

Bechoros 11a rules that one may redeem someone else's firstborn donkey on their behalf. The Gemara asks: If someone were to do this, who gets to keep the donkey? Now, there's a dispute between R' ...
DonielF's user avatar
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2 votes
1 answer
98 views

The fast or the rejoicing of the first born erev pesach?

I seem to recall seeing somewhere that the fast of bechoros should indeed be a day of Taanug and not fasting. Since the true girsa in Masheches Sofrim should read מתענגין instead of מתענין. Does ...
sam's user avatar
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6 votes
1 answer
244 views

Petting an unredeemed firstborn donkey ("Peter Chamor")

The Talmud (Bekhoroth 9b) cites the opinion of Rabbi Yehuda that it is forbidden to derive benefit from a firstborn donkey before it is redeemed. This view is codified by the Rambam (Bikkurim 12:4) ...
Loewian's user avatar
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5 votes
2 answers
377 views

Can one lechatchila choose to behead a firstborn donkey?

A firstborn donkey must be redeemed by giving a lamb or goat kid to a kohen. If the owner of the donkey doesn't redeem it, the donkey must be decapitated with an ax and buried. Rashi says that this ...
Leopold says Reinstate Monica's user avatar
-1 votes
1 answer
172 views

Bas Cohen having relations with a non-Jew Clarification

I have seen the original question. BUT this part of the question has remained unanswered: "if a Bas Kohain had a child with a non-Jew, later divorced him (or he passed away) then marries a Kohan and ...
Yerucham David ben Mordecai's user avatar
2 votes
1 answer
151 views

Firstborn is sick on erev Pesach

What is the halacha regarding the fast if a firstborn is sick on erev Pesach and can't attend a siyum?
Freddie's user avatar
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2 votes
3 answers
269 views

Did Ishmael receive "שְׁנַיִם, בְּכֹל אֲשֶׁר-יִמָּצֵא, לוֹ" like a firstborn does?

Did Ishmael ben Avraham receive a double-portion in accordance to the rights of the firstborn? Or did he forfeit them because he was estranged from the family? I know that the law of the double ...
ninamag's user avatar
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2 votes
1 answer
91 views

Is there a mitzvah to honor the bechor?

I have heard that the mitzvah to honor ones parents includes a commandment to honor one's oldest brother. Is this really the case?
Ze'ev's user avatar
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4 votes
1 answer
92 views

Is the mitzvah to honor the bechor d'oraisa or d'raban?

I see in the answer to this question that the mitzvah to honor one's mother and father includes an obligation to honor one's oldest brother. This idea is originally referenced in Ketubot 103a. Is this ...
Ze'ev's user avatar
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-1 votes
1 answer
181 views

Is Redeeming the Firstborn Son Optional?

Are there any early Judaic sources that discuss whether all firstborn sons HAVE to be redeemed, or can any firstborn son be dedicated as a priest - and NOT redeemed? Note: Like, the Tannaim, the ...
elika kohen's user avatar
2 votes
2 answers
129 views

Why did Yacov suddenly ask for the first-born rights?

I was amazed when suddenly Yacov Avinu asked his brother for the right of being first born son when Eisav asked for food to eat. Why did he choose that moment?
Yamin's user avatar
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8 votes
3 answers
413 views

Why did Yaakov buy the Bechora from Esav?

This question came up recently, and the immediate answer that I got from people around me is that Yaakov was securing the brachos which are due to the bechor. However, the problem with this answer is ...
yydl's user avatar
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1 vote
0 answers
27 views

Were firstborn children born to a mother who miscarried killed during Makat Bechorot? [duplicate]

The last of the ten plagues was Makat Bechorot, where all firstborn Egyptians were killed overnight. We know from Pidyon Haben that a firstborn son, born after a mother had miscarried (after more ...
CodyBugstein's user avatar
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1 vote
1 answer
498 views

Do women need to do the first-born fast for a minor son?

Rema in Shulchan Aruch, 470:2 says that a father should fast for his first born (or attend a siyum) on Erev Pesach, if the son is too young to fast, himself. He also states, that if the father, ...
DanF's user avatar
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3 votes
1 answer
150 views

What is "birthright" really?

I am having a hard time in understanding these biblical verses: And the sons of Reuben the first-born of Israel—for he was the first-born; but, forasmuch as he defiled his father's couch, his ...
FMS's user avatar
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1 vote
0 answers
39 views

If a woman had an aborted pregnancy, is the next son born considered, halachically, a bechor? [duplicate]

Does the halachic definition of "bechor" specifically apply to a full birth or a fetus? Thus, if a woman aborted her first pregnancy, and the 2nd pregnancy produces a male birth, is that boy ...
DanF's user avatar
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2 votes
1 answer
115 views

Bechor that also the only son

Does a bechor needs to have younger siblings? Is he still be a bechor if he happen to be the only son in the family?
deogratia's user avatar
1 vote
1 answer
60 views

Why was Zerach called the Bechor? [duplicate]

In Bereshis 38:28 Zerach puts his hand outside the womb first and the midwife ties a string on it saying "this one came out first". However in Bechoros 8:1 (46a, et passim) it indicates that only ...
user9426's user avatar
5 votes
4 answers
310 views

Does a b'chor need to fast if he didn't partake in food from the siyum?

If a b'chor attended (or made) a siyum on taanis bechoros but did not partake of any food does he need to fast?
user9229's user avatar
3 votes
1 answer
74 views

"bechor hashifcha" and "bechor hashvi" -- why the change? (Shemos 11:5, 12:29)

During leining today, I noticed that the Torah changes its wording, when describing the breadth of Makkas Bechoros -- when Pharaoh is warned, in Shemot 11:5, we have: וּמֵת כָּל בְּכוֹר בְּאֶרֶץ ...
MTL's user avatar
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8 votes
2 answers
853 views

What is considered to be "firstborn"?

This is probably a bit pedantic and beside-the-point, but here goes: in Exodus 12 (I am reading the Jewish Publication Society translation), we have: 12 For I will go through the land of Egypt in ...
user avatar
3 votes
1 answer
135 views

Was Zerach really the first born?

וַיְהִי בְלִדְתָּהּ וַיִּתֶּן יָד וַתִּקַּח הַמְיַלֶּדֶת וַתִּקְשֹׁר עַל יָדוֹ שָׁנִי לֵאמֹר זֶה יָצָא רִאשֹׁנָה And it came about when she gave birth, that he (the infant) stretched out his hand. ...
user avatar
3 votes
2 answers
240 views

Would an abortion invalidate the first living son as a Bechor?

If someone had an abortion prior to giving birth to her first living child, a son, is that son not a Bechor which would require a redemption? My assumption is that he's not since the Bechor is ...
Echad-Ani-Yodeya's user avatar