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Some questions about the Talmud [closed]

I have some questions about the way the Gemara is formulated. Feel free to answer all, some, or just one! What exactly is the Vilna Shas? Is it the only type of Shas used today? I Know there are 2,...
yisrael's user avatar
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1 vote
1 answer
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The oldest Avot DeRabbi Natan Manuscript?

Avot DeRabbi Natan was written soon after the penning of Pirkei Avot (according to this, it was written from 160 CE to as late as six or seventh centuries). As far as I'm aware, no manuscript of Avot ...
Yosef's user avatar
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4 votes
1 answer
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Reference for alleged quote in Avot D'Rabbi Natan

Yohanan ben Zakkai allegedly said the following: “If you are holding a sapling in your hand and someone tells you, 'Come quickly, the Messiah is here!', first finish planting the tree and then go to ...
Yosef's user avatar
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2 votes
1 answer
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Looking for Avot deRabbi Natan B ch 9 & 42 *in English*

I'm translating an essay from French into English, and the author references Avot deRabbi Nathan version B twice. One quote is from chapter 9. The other is cited as being from chapter 42 and ...
emmalune's user avatar
2 votes
1 answer
144 views

Why did Geviha ben Pesisa give the response that he gave to the Mitzri'im?

Sanhedrin 91a records the following exchange: שוב פעם אחת באו בני מצרים לדון עם ישראל לפני אלכסנדרוס מוקדון אמרו לו הרי הוא אומר (שמות יב, לו) וה' נתן את חן העם בעיני מצרים וישאילום תנו לנו כסף וזהב ...
DonielF's user avatar
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9 votes
1 answer
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Which region took the majority of wealth?

Avos d’Rebbi Nassan 28:1: רבי נתן אומר [...] ואין לך חכמה כחכמה של ארץ ישראל. ואין לך יופי כיופי של ירושלים. ואין לך עושר כעושר של מדי. ואין לך גבורה כגבורה של פרס. ואין לך זנות כזנות של ערביים. ...
DonielF's user avatar
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3 votes
1 answer
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Is there any significance in the distinction between Avos d’Rebbi Nassan and Bereishis Rabbah regarding Chavah and the snake?

In Avos d’Rebbi Nassan 1:5, as quoted and linked by DanF here, when Chavah told the snake that Hashem commanded them not to touch nor eat from the Etz HaDa’as, the snake touched the tree, saying, “...
DonielF's user avatar
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Why didn't R' Akiva sin? What kind of an excuse is that?

This is part of a series of questions regarding the Braisa in Avos d'Rebbi Nassan 16:2 that lists how Yosef HaTzaddik, R' Tzadok, R' Akiva, and R' Eliezer HaGadol were able to overcome their ...
DonielF's user avatar
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2 votes
0 answers
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Why is R' Tzadok greater than Yosef?

This is part of a series of questions regarding the Braisa in Avos d'Rebbi Nassan 16:2 that lists how Yosef HaTzaddik, R' Tzadok, R' Akiva, and R' Eliezer HaGadol were able to overcome their ...
DonielF's user avatar
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1 vote
2 answers
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What happened to HaShem loves the righteous?

This is part of a series of questions regarding the Braisa in Avos d'Rebbi Nassan 16:2 that lists how Yosef HaTzaddik, R' Tzadok, R' Akiva, and R' Eliezer HaGadol were able to overcome their ...
DonielF's user avatar
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3 votes
0 answers
47 views

Why does the good inclination come in 13 years late?

To paraphrase Avos D'Rebbi Nassan 16:2: The evil inclination grows when a person is born, while the good inclination enters at Bar/Bas Mitzvah. As a minor, if he desecrates Shabbos, his inclination ...
DonielF's user avatar
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2 votes
2 answers
152 views

If Adam had eaten sooner, would he have survived?

According to Avos d'Rebbe Nassan 1:8 and Sanhedrin 38b, Adam was brought into Gan Eden in the ninth hour, was commanded not to eat in the tenth hour, ate in the eleventh hour, and was kicked out in ...
DonielF's user avatar
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Mefarshim on Avos d'Rebbi Nassan?

Are there any popular mefarshim on Avos d'Rebbi Nassan not brought down in the standard Vilna Shas (i.e. not Tomas Yesharim or Binyan Yehoshua)?
DonielF's user avatar
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3 votes
1 answer
125 views

Avraham's ten tests and the miracles in Mitzraim

Avos d'Rebbi Nassan* 33 recounts that corresponding to Avraham's ten tests,1 Hashem performed ten miracles for the Bnei Yisrael in Mitzraim2 and struck the Mitzriim with ten makkos, and likewise He ...
DonielF's user avatar
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1 vote
0 answers
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Understanding Avot D'Rav Natan 33:2 regarding spliting of the Sea of Reeds

I'm trying to reconcile Avot D'Rav Natan 33:2's description of what occurred on the bank of the Sea of Reeds. He seems to indicate that Moshe had to coax B'nai Yisra'el to enter the sea. Each time, ...
DanF's user avatar
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1 vote
0 answers
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Understanding places where the Torah writes היא instead of הוא

In most cases in the Torah, the feminine 2nd person word (equiv. to "she" or "her" in English) is written as הוא using a ו and pronounced הִוא . Avot Derabbi Natan 42:5 lists 11 places in the Torah ...
DanF's user avatar
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3 votes
3 answers
190 views

Understanding Avot DeRabbi Natan 9:2 about Lashon Hara

I am trying to understand Avot Derabbi Natan 9:2. It explains that B'nai Israel tested G-d 10 times in total in the desert, but G-d did not punish them until they spoke lashon hara about the land of ...
DanF's user avatar
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1 vote
1 answer
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Give money to defendants to pay their claims? Won't that increase theft?

Avos d'R' Nasan, 33:1: … Not only that, but our father Abraham did tz'daka (≈social justice) first and thereafter mishpat (≈justice), as is said [Gen. 18:19] "for I know him, for he will command ...
msh210's user avatar
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3 votes
1 answer
112 views

How many days was B'nei Yisra'el given to prepare for receiving the Torah?

I am trying to resolve what appears to be a conflict in several sources. Avot D'rav Natan 2:3 (excerpt) איזו סייג שעשה משה לדבריו? הרי הוא אומר: (שמות יט) "ויאמר ה' אל משה, לך אל העם וקדשתם ...
DanF's user avatar
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4 votes
1 answer
193 views

Can you learn portions of Avot D'Rav Nattan on Tish'a B'Av?

This M.Y. answer provides a list of permissible learning items on Tish'a B'Av. All these items are somehow related to the themes of mourning, the Temple destruction, etc. Avot D'Rav Natan has several ...
DanF's user avatar
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6 votes
1 answer
751 views

Rebbe Akiva's encounter with the stone

The Gemara in Kesubos 62b - 63a, "Rebbe Akiva was a shepherd for Ben Kalba Savua. His daughter saw that he was modest and of fine character. She asked him, ‘If I marry you, will you go to the Beis ...
Chiddushei Torah's user avatar
0 votes
1 answer
107 views

Source for quote about a slight wrong being a serious matter

I heard someone quote an Avos D’Rabbi Noson which said, “If you have done your fellow man a slight wrong, let it be a serious matter in your eyes… but it you have done him much good, let it be a ...
Chiddushei Torah's user avatar
3 votes
2 answers
146 views

When the Gemarrah quotes midrashim mentioned in Avot D'Rav Nattan, why does it not attribute its source?

If my history is correct, Rav Natan lived before the Bavli was compiled. It seems that in a sense, Avot D'Rav Natan is a type of "tosefta". There are numerous midrashim and quotations in the Gemarrah ...
DanF's user avatar
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