Questions tagged [ashkenazi]

Literally "Germany". Questions about the Jews of all the area that was once medieval Germany, more generally of all Catholic and Protestant (and some Eastern Orthodox) lands, and their laws and customs.

31 questions with no upvoted or accepted answers
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What is the approximate date of the demarcation between Ashkenazim and Sephardim?

Based on this article it would seem that the transition from a unified people into two groups, Ashkenazim and Sephardim, began in the 9th century and proceeded over time. I would like to know if there ...
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1k views

Is one allowed to brush teeth on yom kippur with toothpaste without any water?

Is one allowed to brush teeth on Yom Kippur with toothpaste on a toothbrush without rinsing toothbrush before and without rinsing mouth after? What if its prescription which I would think probably ...
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1answer
252 views

Piyutim in the Scroll

The Shulchan Aruch (OC 139:4) discusses the potential issue that a listener might think that the blessings for an aliya are actually written in the Torah scroll. Different suggestions are offered for ...
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185 views

Original Sources of Origin Claims of Hebrew's Pronunciations

I'm interested in finding out where the differences between Sephardic and Ashkenazic pronunciation of Hebrew come from. On wikipedia it says: "Leopold Zunz believed that the Ashkenazi pronunciation ...
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259 views

Why did Ashkenazi Jews not adopt the custom of reading the Book of Job in synagogue on Tisha B'Av, as Sephardim do?

I understand that Sephardim have the custom of reading the Book of Job on Tisha B'Av. Is there any historic discussion among Ashkenazi rabbis regarding why the practice was not adopted by them?
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Leyning on Chol Ha-moed Sukkot

Can anyone explain the rationale for the Ashkenazi leyning in chutz la-aretz on Chol Ha-Moed? For example, on the first day of chol ha-moed, we leyn as follows: first aliya - uvayom ha sheni; second ...
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1answer
150 views

Is there a movement to centralize Rabbinical authority through all Jewish communities?

Due to the exile, Jewish civilization ended up splintering off into various sub-groups. Ashkenazim Sephardim/Mizrahim etc. Through this division, Judaism developed a series of "flavors" with ...
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1answer
269 views

Lithuanian minhag for talis katan material

Not an halachic question, but we can read many things about talis katan: wool over cotton, tzitzis out or in, etc. It seems that the Lithuanian minhag was to tuck them in, but what about the material? ...
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KfP-for-Ashk'nazim rice cakes… now what if they're soaked?

A rabbi visited a ricecake factory, found that the rice never became wet in the process of manufacture (and was sifted well to be sure it's only rice), and decided that the ricecakes, which are anyway ...
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177 views

Retraining my davening pronunciation

I received a p'sak from my rav earlier today permitting me to revert my pronunciation from a modern Israeli-American pronunciation that I learned as a child to the old Yekkish Ashkenazis (with the ...
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192 views

Pronunciation of מסכתא (tractate)

Sometimes I hear מסֶכתא (pronounce: masechta) pronounced as מסִכתא (pronounce: masichta) by some people, particularly in Ashkenazi circles. Why is this?
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115 views

Is switching customs allowed?

To what extent are, say, Ashkenazic Jews halachically obligated to follow Ashkenazic customs by, say, refraining from eating kitniyot on Pessah? Chullin 110a-b says: Follow the restrictions of the ...
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59 views

Birkat kohanim at shacharit and ne'ilah of Yom Kippur

Rema Orach Chayyim 128:44 notes that some Ashkenazi communities recite birkat kohanim at ne'ilah of Yom Kippur, and some even at shacharit. Every Ashkenazi synagogue (outside of Israel) that I've ...
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793 views

Why has a single daled knot become the “standard” on tefillin?

It has been brought to my attention that originally, both Ashkenazim and Sephardim used a square knot (also called the "double-daled knot") on the tefillin shel rosh, but when the daled knot was ...
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285 views

Can an Ashkenazi use Bet Yosef Shechita or vice versa?

For the most part, I gather that an Ashkenazi should not follow Sephardi minhag or vice versa. (E.g. - nusach hatefilla, kitniyot on Pesach.) I am Ashkenazi. I am somewhat "liberal" regarding my use ...
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105 views

How did the Ashkenazi Yom Tov “prayer mode” become so popular?

Since i'm not sure what to call it, a "prayer mode" here is the style of the tunes used. I'm not exactly sure how to describe the tunes. Either you know it or you don't. The traditional mode for Yom ...
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Can an non-North African Jew participate in post-Pesach Mimouna celebrations?

Mimouna is a customary post-Pesach celebration originally observed by Moroccan and Algerian Jews. When large numbers of those groups made aliyah, the custom was adopted by many Israelis as well. The ...
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2answers
337 views

Sephardim following Ashkenazim in Halacha on modern issues

I heard that if there is no argument between the Remah and the Mechaber, then a Sephardi can follow Rav Moshe Feinstein for instance. How does it work? I try my best to strictly follow HaRav Ovadia ...
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60 views

קָמָץ vs. קָמַץ in Ashkenazi pronunciation

All Ashkenazi readers/minhagim/etc. I've seen call this vowel קָמַץ, while there is considerable variation on whether the second syllables of the other vowel names (except for סֶגּוֹל, though there is ...
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39 views

Ashkenazi shat”z in a mixed shul?

According to this question and the answer Ashkenazi shat”z? Someone who pronounces an ע and an א the same can be shat”z, as long as everyone in the shul does so too. What if a couple of people ...
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197 views

Is there a yekkish minhog regarding peyos?

Is there a yekkish minhog regarding peyos? Please cite sources.
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93 views

Minhogim of Breslau, Poland

As a descendant of a long line of Jews from Breslau, Poland, I was wondering: Are there any specific minhogim of Breslau (modern day Wrocław) and if yes what are they? This might be different from ...
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60 views

Should one use the holiday/shabbat greetings that are common in his neighborhood or can he/she stick with his custom?

Sefardim say Shabbat Shallom and Chag Samayach; Ashkenazim say Gut Shabbos and Gut Yontif. May one keep his own greetings when living in a community that is predominately of a different descent (for ...
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61 views

Shiluvim and Ashkenazim

In many Edot haMizrach siddurim, the tetragrammaton is printed with kavvanot (called shiluvim) in the final ה. Is it appropriate, according to Ashkenazi poskim, to pay attention to these kavanot?
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115 views

Mayim Achronim according to the Rama

The Rama in his Darkei Moshe writes that we pasken like Tosfos that today mayim achronim is not necessary. However, The Mechaber 181:10 writes that there is an opinion who holds we don't do mayim ...
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224 views

Regional Ashkenazi Pronunciation

I don't know if this is the right forum to ask this, but I would like to find audio tracks of Jews from different Ashkenazi communities speaking Hebrew (be they leyning, davening, discoursing or ...
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160 views

When do German Ashkenazim make havdalah?

I know that there are several opinions regarding the calculation​ of the time of motsei Shabbas. What method of calculating the time for Havdalah is used in German Ashkenaz minhag?
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102 views

Maharil and Terumat haDeshen: Mayim Shelanu

Inspired by this question. I have heard a machloket in the names of the Maharil and the Terumat haDeshen about the source for mayim shelanu. While the details were given, the sources were not. The ...
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61 views

Hagahot to Kitzur Yalkut Yosef

Related question Has any Ashkenazi posek or commentator written glosses on the Yalkut Yosef with opinions according to Ashkenazi minhagim (where they differ of course)?
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Minhag and Kulot

Say I need to buy some retzuot or tzitzit strings and for some reason or another I don't know whether my family accepts avodat mechona or not. Is it typically acceptable to rule leniently according to ...
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1answer
91 views

What is a typical Ashkenazi Seder like?

Inspired by the comments here, I realized how little I know about what other customs' Sedarim are like. As an Ashkenazi, I'd only ever participated in Ashkenazi Sedarim. Surely there are those who ...