Questions tagged [aseres-hadibros]

For questions relating to the Ten Commandments

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13
votes
2answers
422 views

Ten Commandments. What did Moshe hear?

Rashi on 20 (1) says all these words: [This] teaches [us] that the Holy One, blessed be He, said the Ten Commandments in one utterance, something that is impossible for a human being to say [in a ...
12
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3answers
838 views

Is there a deeper significance of squares and cubes?

I've noticed that many of the structures in the Mishkan as well as elsewhere in Judaism are cubes and squares, or multiples of cubes and squares. The luchot are two half-cubes which combine to make a ...
12
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2answers
411 views

What is the point of the luchos if they are never even taken out of the aron?

What purpose do the luchos serve? By this I mean to say the physical tablets themselves. Had Moshe gone up to Har Sinai and come down with nothing, or perhaps a fully written out torah scroll, would ...
10
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2answers
2k views

Origin, need, and purpose of "Upper" trope for reading 10 Commandments

Most תקון לקוראים (study "guide used by Torah reader to prepare for reading weekly Torah portion) that I have seen have a special trope for the reading of the 10 Commandments called טעם עליון (loosely ...
10
votes
1answer
185 views

Why don't we have to work every non-Shabbos day?

We are told multiple times in the Torah ששת ימים תעבוד Six days you should work. But many people do not actually work 6 days a week. For example, in the United States, Sunday is considered a weekend ...
9
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2answers
464 views

Standing during the Aseres HaDibros

There are people that always stand by Laining and people that always sit. Among those that sit there are those that stand at certain points, such as the Aseres HaDibros or the Shira, etc. Is it proper ...
8
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3answers
5k views

Can the 10 commandments be violated to save a life?

According to a book I'm reading (Judaism: Everything You Need to Know About: Jewish Religion) and various other Jews I have talked to say, you can violate the 10 commandments to save a life. Is this ...
8
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2answers
11k views

What does adultery mean in the 7th commandment?

Exodus 20:14, the 7th 'commandment' of the Decalogue. Does it mean only having sex with someone else' wife or having sex outside marriage? What is the actual Hebrew word and what possible ...
8
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3answers
688 views

Is the first of the 10 Commandments considered a mitzvah?

I realize that the English translation of עשרת הדברים / דברות is better translated as "Ten pronouncements" rather than "10 Commandments". However, in viewing the text, 2 - 10 seem to be commanding ...
8
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5answers
619 views

Why the specific commandments in the Aseret haDibrot

What is HKBH trying to teach us by his choice of commandments that make up the Aseret haDibrot
7
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3answers
144 views

Changing name of 10 Hadvarim to 10 Hadibrot

Inspired by this discussion. When did the Decalogue (עשרת הדברים) begin being called the Aseres Hadibros (no Biblical source for those words) as opposed to the Aseres Hadevarim (Shemos 34:28, Devarim ...
7
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2answers
255 views

Source for the Aseres Hadibros being set up in pairs?

I have heard from different rebbeim that each of the aseres hadibros is linked to another, specifically in terms of the root concept of that commandment being the same as another one of the aseres ...
7
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1answer
87 views

What does "נגללים" mean about the tablets?

The commentary of the Rav (R. Ovadya) to Avos chapter 5 "והלחות" reads: של סנפרינון היו ארכן ששה ורחבן ששה ועבין שלשה כאבן אחת שארכה ורחבה ועביה שוין ונחלקה לשנים ונגללים היו וחצובים מגלגל ...
7
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1answer
120 views

Where were the Luchos for the year before the Mishkan was erected?

After the erection of the Mishkan, the Luchos were kept in the Aron therein. But there is an issue of timing. Moshe received the Luchos shortly after leaving Egypt, but the Mishkan was only erected ...
6
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4answers
742 views

Why did God need to command the Jews not to kill?

There is a principle 'svara lamah li krah i.e. if a certain idea is logical and self evident to the average healthy mind, the Torah does not need to teach that idea. Additionally, what seems to be ...
6
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1answer
486 views

Why do some of the Ten Commandments include Noahide Laws?

Of the Seven Noahide Laws, at least three are identical to one of the Ten Commandments. To be specific I am referring to Do not murder Do not steal Do not deny God Do not blaspheme I understand that ...
6
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6answers
311 views

Is sarcasm a violation of the 9th commandment?

Is talking sarcastically with a friend as an innocent joke (not intending to offend him or bother him) a transgression of the ninth commandment, Don't lie (לא תענה)?
6
votes
2answers
205 views

Is Exodus 20:4 a command about icons or idols?

When The Lord says, "Do not make for yourself an image," does he mean an image for the purpose of worship, that is an idol, or any image whatsoever, such as the depiction of a narrative or a ...
6
votes
1answer
95 views

Was the fact that Moshe broke the Tablets Halachicly stealing from the Jewish people?

Famously when Moshe came down from Sinai the first time and saw the Jews sinning he cast down the tablets of the law given to him by God. My question works on the basic assumption that these tablets ...
5
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3answers
980 views

Is it allowed to make paintings of living creatures?

Among the Ten Commandments is: Thou shalt not make unto thee a graven image, nor any manner of likeness, of any thing that is in heaven above, or that is in the earth beneath, or that is in the ...
5
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4answers
675 views

10 Commandments, Round or Square? [duplicate]

So i have two questions. This upcoming Shavu'oth i'll be giving a talk on the history of the physical tablets that the ten commandments were written on. i will be focusing on three topics, the ...
5
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1answer
222 views

Don't covet? Don't steal? What exactly is חמד in the Aseret Hadibrot?

The Aseret Hadibrot include a commandment against stealing ( לא תגנב) and one against adultery, and then later include לא תחמד, which is usually translated "do not covet" (including by JPS). It then ...
5
votes
1answer
172 views

Is there debate about what the 10 statements are?

I see in this webpage it says "The passage in Exodus contains more than ten imperative statements, totalling 14 or 15 in all. However, the Bible itself assigns the count of '10'..." So is there ...
5
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0answers
63 views

Looking for the origin of custom to decorate the Aron Hakodesh with 10 Commandments

Many synagogues have the custom to decorate the Peroches (curtain covering the Ark) with imagery of the 10 Commandments or Luchos in some form. When did this custom originate? Is there any source for ...
5
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0answers
87 views

Why does the depiction of the tablets not contain the full wording?

In every single synagogue I've been in which has a depiction of the ten commandments on tablets, not a single one of them had all the words of the commandments fully written out. Usually they have the ...
4
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1answer
4k views

Source for "Ben Adam Lemakom" and "Ben Adam Lechavero"

Where does the concept of Ben Adam Lemakom and Ben Adam Lechavero come from? I know there is a concept of the first five of the ten commandments being between 'man and his friend' and the second ...
4
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3answers
93 views

What is the significance of the title of Parshat Yitro?

What is the significance that the parsha that contains the events of Mattan Torah and the Aseret Hadibrot is called "Yitro", who was a convert? I understand that the simple answer is that "Yitro" is ...
4
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1answer
310 views

613 mitzvos in the aseres hadibbros

I once heard that each of the 613 mitzvos can be categorized as being one of the 10 commandments, and was under the impression one of the early commentators did this categorization. I thought it was ...
4
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1answer
126 views

Why do we need both the Two Tablets as well as the Sefer Torah?

The sefer Torah, i.e., the full scroll containing all 5 Books contains the 10 Commandments, which was inscribed on the 2 luchot ("tablets"). All of Israel heard the 10 Commandments (according to ...
4
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1answer
118 views

What was actually written on the two tablets?

The two versions of the 10 Commandments (one in Yitro and the 2nd in Va'etchanan) have different phrasing, most notably in commandments 4, 5 and 10. What was actually written on the two tablets? ...
4
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0answers
92 views

Why is the Sinai revelation of the Decalogue called "Matan Torah"? [duplicate]

This question focuses on the term "Matan Torah" used everywhere, its practical and factual events (no metaphors, please). Also, this is not about the festival of Shavuos as in this question. I've ...
4
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0answers
50 views

Odd flow in shacharis of Shabas [duplicate]

The central benediction of the morning amida prayer on the sabbath reads as follows (in loose translation): Moses… stood before You on Mt. Sinai. He brought down [from the mountain], by hand, two ...
3
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2answers
148 views

Are you yoitze the Mitzva of Pirya Verivya with children born out of wedlock

I know there is a machlokes Rishonim (rambam / Rosh) if Kedushin is a Mitzva or Hecsher Mitzva for Pirya Verivya. Say one has children out of wedlock, is that Mitzva fulfilled or do we say its a ...
3
votes
2answers
252 views

What type of theft does Lo Signov refer to?

One of the Aseres Hadevarim (more commonly referred to as "Dibros") is "לא תגנוב". I can think of different types of theft / Geneivah such as stealing money/possesions, Geneivas Daas, and kidnapping. ...
3
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1answer
314 views

Which groups of people read the 10 Commandments using the "lower" trope?

See this M.Y. question for a brief description of "upper" vs. "lower" trope for the 10 Commandments. Most Nusach Ashkenaz shuls that I have attended use the upper trope while reading the 10 ...
3
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2answers
404 views

You shall not have any other gods

In Exodus 20:3 the words lo yihyeh (לֹא יִהְיֶה־לְךָ) are often translated as: 'you shall not have'. The base word is היה (hayah) meaning "to exist." Which reminded me of the Adon Olam ...
3
votes
2answers
137 views

Different words for "desire"

In the (second presentation of the) tenth commandment (Deut 5:17), why does the Torah use two different words in Hebrew (תחמד and תתאוה) that mean almost the same thing is English ("covet" or "desire")...
3
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1answer
352 views

Why aren't all Ten Commandments referenced in Shema in Sephardic siddurs?

I was looking at a Sephardic Siddur called "Yosef Chaim", based on the teachings of Yosef Chaim Mizrachi (is that the Ben Ish Chai)? On various phrases in the Shema (I think the first 2 paragraphs), ...
3
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2answers
259 views

The 5th Commandment - Who should be financially supported first - children or parents?

During a recent Pirkei Avot shi'ur in my synagogue, our rabbi discussed two concepts. Jewish Virtual Library citing of Talmud, Tractate Kiddushin 31B Our Rabbis taught: What is "revere" and what ...
3
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1answer
129 views

Why Pesucha between Lo Sisa and Zachor Es HaShabbos?

In the Aseres HaDibros in Yisro, why is there Pesucha at the end of Lo Sisa and before Zachor Es HaShabbos, while the rest are separated by stumos? Edit: Besides being out of place in Yisro, In V'...
3
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2answers
59 views

Were all of each of the dibrot said in one dibbur?

When discussing the discrepancy between the use of the words Shamor and Zachor in the two versions of the Aseret Hadevarim, commentators explain that the two words were said at Sinai simultaneously. ...
3
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0answers
37 views

When, how and why did עשרת הדברים turn into עשרת הדברות?

God clearly spoke of עשרת הדברים in the Torah (Exodus.34.28, see also Deut.4.13) or 10.4): וַיְהִי־שָׁם עִם־ה'אַרְבָּעִים יוֹם וְאַרְבָּעִים לַיְלָה... וַיִּכְתֹּב עַל־הַלֻּחֹת אֵת דִּבְרֵי הַבְּרִית ...
3
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0answers
72 views

How do we know where the Dibros start and end?

Each of the Aseres HaDibros, generally speaking, begin and end at consecutive Parshah breaks. Nevertheless, the first and second are combined into one parshah, while the last one is split into two. ...
3
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0answers
264 views

Esnachta in taam elyon

Except in Tehillim, Mishlei, and most of Iyov, the esnachta indicates the biggest break in a pasuk. In the taam elyon in both Yisro and Vaetchanan, the second dibra is one pasuk, with the esnachta ...
3
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0answers
143 views

How did chaza"l derive the first two commandments if they are both combined in a single parsha (paragraph)?

Generally, each of the Ten Commandments is written in its own paragraph in the Torah, except for the 1st two. Shmot (Ex.) 20:2 is the 1st commandmnet - "I am G-d" and the 2nd commandment is from Shmot ...
3
votes
1answer
271 views

Is a non Jew allowed to wear the tablets of the 10 commandments as a necklace?

Is a non Jew allowed to wear the tablets of the 10 commandments as a necklace? I am sking this question because I heard that a non Jew is not allowed to wear a mezuza as a necklace even if it is not ...
2
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4answers
367 views

Is the commandment 'You shall not murder' the most important commandment in Judaism? [closed]

Does the rule 'You shall not murder' stand above all other rules in Judaism?
2
votes
1answer
424 views

Does 'thou shalt not steal' refer to general theft or specifically to kidnapping?

I admit that I sometimes just can't keep my fingers to myself. I felt thirsty so I took a refreshing ginger ale from my neighbour's freezer. I typed into Google 'thou shall not steal' after realizing ...
2
votes
2answers
178 views

How were זכור and שמור said together?

In the Mishnah Berurah (271:3), it says that the word זכור from "זכור את יום השבת לקדשו" of the first Aseres Hadibros, and the word שמור from "שמור את יום השבת לקדשו" of the second Aseres Hadibros ...
2
votes
4answers
214 views

Are the ten commandments more important than other mitzvot?

I heard this said by Dr. Jordan B. Peterson. I doubt that it's correct. Are there mitzvot more important than others? I know that all 613 are contained in them but that doesn't make the 10 more ...