Questions tagged [aseres-hadibros]

For questions relating to the Ten Commandments

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32 views

Why did Moses tell the 10 commandments by heart instead of reading them from the Torah scroll?

In Parashat Vaetchanan Moses repeats the 10 commandments by heart with some degree of freedom, instead of reading the whole passage from the existing Torah scroll. (I assume here that the first 4 ...
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3answers
656 views

Is the first of the 10 Commandments considered a mitzvah?

I realize that the English translation of עשרת הדברים / דברות is better translated as "Ten pronouncements" rather than "10 Commandments". However, in viewing the text, 2 - 10 seem to be commanding ...
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2answers
137 views

Why is the 7th commandment restricted to adultery?

The seventh of the ten commandments is Lo Tin'af, do not engage in adultery. But the Talmud tells us that we may break all commandments to save a life, except those against idolatry, murder and sexual ...
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2answers
136 views

Why are there two different versions of the Decalogue?

Why are there two different versions of the Shabbat commandment in Exodus 20 and Deuteronomy 5? In Exodus 20 the Shabbat recalls the cosmogony in six days, but in Deuteronomy 5 the Shabbat ...
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Why is the Sinai revelation of the Decalogue called “Matan Torah”? [duplicate]

This question focuses on the term "Matan Torah" used everywhere, its practical and factual events (no metaphors, please). Also, this is not about the festival of Shavuos as in this question. I've ...
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1answer
155 views

Is the Decalogue (Ten Commandments) legislation for all the world?

It is popularly believed and taught in the Gentile world that the Ten Commandments/Decalogue (Exodus 20:1-17; Deuteronomy 5:5b-21) should be kept/observed by all. For example, the Council of Trent in ...
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1answer
138 views

What was the Chiddush (novelty) in the 10 commandments?

I'm trying to imagine myself exiting Egypt and arriving at Matan Torah. I expect that for 49 days the Jewish people expect G-d to give them something they didn't already know. Instead, G-d recites the ...
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33 views

Was the wording on each tablet sized differently?

Was the wording on each tablet sized differently? It's said that the second tablet that contained the Commandments for man's relationship to man had larger wording so man would have no problem reading ...
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1answer
57 views

How the Tablets were written - all at once or letter by letter?

In my previous question the Torah says explicitly that the Tablets were written by G-d's finger. Does it mean they were written letter by letter, as one finger can do, or all at once?
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1answer
103 views

Have the 613 commandments ever been ranked by order of importance?

Has any major commentator ever attempted to rank the 613 commandments by order of importance? There are hints in the Sources about relative importance: The Ten Commandments, the Noahide Laws, the Big ...
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Why there were TWO separate tablets - Luchot HaBrit?

Following my previous, unanswered question: The-halachic-importance-of-the-luchot-habrit-the-tablets... This seems trivial as we're so used to the idea of the two tablets, but still... "וַיִּתֵּן ...
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What is the significance of the title of Parshat Yitro?

What is the significance that the parsha that contains the events of Mattan Torah and the Aseret Hadibrot is called "Yitro", who was a convert? I understand that the simple answer is that "Yitro" is ...
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5k views

Can the 10 commandments be violated to save a life?

According to a book I'm reading (Judaism: Everything You Need to Know About: Jewish Religion) and various other Jews I have talked to say, you can violate the 10 commandments to save a life. Is this ...
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54 views

What was given on Mt. Sinai at each of the 40-day intervals

It's known that Moshe was on the mountain for 120 days and nights total, although I personally am not sure exactly what was given when. (I'm aware of this question How is the story of the Torah being ...
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54 views

The practical (Halachic) importance of the Luchot Habrit (the Tablets)

Is there any practical נ"מ (implications) of the fact that the 10 Mitzvos are written in the Luchos, and not in the plain text of the Torah outside the Luchos? For example: because "לא תרצח" is ...
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49 views

Odd flow in shacharis of Shabas [duplicate]

The central benediction of the morning amida prayer on the sabbath reads as follows (in loose translation): Moses… stood before You on Mt. Sinai. He brought down [from the mountain], by hand,...
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6answers
268 views

Correct translation of “לא תרצח” - Thou shalt not kill or murder?

There are, basically, two English translations of the Sixth Commandment - "לא תרצח" (Ex 20:13 and Deut 5:17): some read "kill", some read "murder". Murder seems more accurate since there is ...
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2answers
126 views

You shall not have any other gods

In Exodus 20:3 the words lo yihyeh ( לֹא יִהְיֶה־לְךָ) are often translated as: 'you shall not have'. The base word is היה (hayah) meaning "to exist." Which reminded me of the Adon Olam phrase: 'V'hu ...
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Why is there a minhag to stand for the public reading of the 10 Commandments throughout the year? [duplicate]

Yesterday, my rav read from Otzar Dinim U'minhagim, where he explains the the only time people stand for the reading of the 10 Commandments is when it is read during the Shabbat that we read parshat ...
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1answer
443 views

Punishment for breaking the 10 commandments

I would like to find the Mishna juridicial decision of the 10 Commandments (Exodus 20:2-13, Deuteronomy 5:6-17) which states the punishments for breaking said commandments in summary form.
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1answer
119 views

Kiddush H' rather than retzicha of a Nochri?

Are you supposed to make a kiddush H'--that is, sacrifice your own life--rather than be m'ratzech a nochri, Gd forbid? If not-and this is the more important part of my question, because I think the ...
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Changing name of 10 Hadvarim to 10 Hadibrot

Inspired by this discussion. When did the Decalogue (עשרת הדברים) begin being called the Aseres Hadibros (no Biblical source for those words) as opposed to the Aseres Hadevarim (Shemos 34:28, Devarim ...
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The “Ten Commandments” enumeration compared to the Masoretic text [duplicate]

As noted in Daat Mikra (quoting Mordechai Breuer's Tanakh) there is a discrepancy between the way the Ten Commandments are laid out in the Masoretic text and how they are counted. According to the ...
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230 views

Source for the Aseres Hadibros being set up in pairs?

I have heard from different rebbeim that each of the aseres hadibros is linked to another, specifically in terms of the root concept of that commandment being the same as another one of the aseres ...
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156 views

What type of theft does Lo Signov refer to?

One of the Aseres Hadevarim (more commonly referred to as "Dibros") is "לא תגנוב". I can think of different types of theft / Geneivah such as stealing money/possesions, Geneivas Daas, and kidnapping. ...
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Ten Commandments. What did Moshe hear?

Rashi on 20 (1) says all these words: [This] teaches [us] that the Holy One, blessed be He, said the Ten Commandments in one utterance, something that is impossible for a human being to say [in a ...
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1answer
120 views

Can a suitor help an aguna?

This takes place in Bavel where the Rabbis have legal civil authority. There is an aguna that I would like to marry. The Rabbi asks for volunteers to help "convince" the recalcitrant husband to ...
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1answer
109 views

Is a hired non-Jewish maid prohibited to work on Shabbat?

I am trying to understand what is meant by Devarim 5:14. It says that your slave may not perform any melacha so that they "may rest as you do". Does this mean that if someone has a full-time live-in ...
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1answer
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Translation of key words in Devarim 10:2 and 10:4

Follow up to my other question regarding what was written on the two tablets: Devarim 10:2: ואכתוב על הלחות את הדברים אשר היו על הלוחות הראשונים אשר שברת I shall write on the tablets the ...
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What was actually written on the two tablets?

The two versions of the 10 Commandments (one in Yitro and the 2nd in Va'etchanan) have different phrasing, most notably in commandments 4, 5 and 10. What was actually written on the two tablets? ...
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1answer
87 views

Repetition of 10 commandments

The 10 commandments first appear in Shemos Chapter 20. In Devarim Chapter 5 they make a second appearance, this time with slight changes. What is the purpose for the repetition? Is it just for the ...
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1answer
181 views

613 mitzvos in the aseres hadibbros

I once heard that each of the 613 mitzvos can be categorized as being one of the 10 commandments, and was under the impression one of the early commentators did this categorization. I thought it was ...
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1answer
185 views

Is killing a gentile also forbidden with the לאו of לא תרצח?

Is killing a gentile also forbidden with the לאו of לא תרצח just in terms of this commandment ? And if so, how can it be permissible to go to war against a nation (מלחמת רשות / discretionary war) ...
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115 views

'An eye for an eye' and the sixth commandment

If 'an eye for an eye' is how the Hebrew people delineated the law of retaliation, is going beyond the law of proportional response with respect to killing then a breaking of the sixth commandment, in ...
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57 views

How do we know where the Dibros start and end?

Each of the Aseres HaDibros, generally speaking, begin and end at consecutive Parshah breaks. Nevertheless, the first and second are combined into one parshah, while the last one is split into two. ...
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Pesuchah and Setumah between Third and Fourth Dibros [duplicate]

In Parshas Yisro, between the third and fourth commandments (20:7-8), there is a pesuchah, not found anywhere else in the Aseres HaDibros. In Parshas Va'Eschanan, in fact, this Pesuchah is a Setumah,...
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What do commentaries say about the different version of “Honor Thy Parents”?

Regarding the mitzva of Honor Thy Father and Mother, the reading of the Aseret Hadibrot in V'etchanan is slightly different than the previous reading in Yitro. The words "because God has commanded ...
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57 views

Are there mitzvot in the Torah that include an explicit reason?

I was watching the video on "Honor Thy Father and Mother" from Dennis Prager's video series on the Ten Commandments. In the video (at 8 seconds in) Prager claims that the mitzva of honoring parents ...
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Different words for “desire”

In the (second presentation of the) tenth commandment (Deut 5:17), why does the Torah use two different words in Hebrew (תחמד and תתאוה) that mean almost the same thing is English ("covet" or "desire")...
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236 views

Esnachta in taam elyon

Except in Tehillim, Mishlei, and most of Iyov, the esnachta indicates the biggest break in a pasuk. In the taam elyon in both Yisro and Vaetchanan, the second dibra is one pasuk, with the esnachta ...
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Where were the Luchos for the year before the Mishkan was erected?

After the erection of the Mishkan, the Luchos were kept in the Aron therein. But there is an issue of timing. Moshe received the Luchos shortly after leaving Egypt, but the Mishkan was only erected ...
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176 views

Is one commanded to hear the Ten Commandments on Shavuot?

Is it really an obligatory mitzvah to hear a reading of the Ten Commandments on the first day of Shavuot (as distinct from the general commandment to hear Torah)? What is the source, if any, for this ...
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2answers
202 views

The 5th Commandment - Who should be financially supported first - children or parents?

During a recent Pirkei Avot shi'ur in my synagogue, our rabbi discussed two concepts. Jewish Virtual Library citing of Talmud, Tractate Kiddushin 31B Our Rabbis taught: What is "revere" and what ...
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1answer
95 views

Why Pesucha between Lo Sisa and Zachor Es HaShabbos?

In the Aseres HaDibros in Yisro, why is there Pesucha at the end of Lo Sisa and before Zachor Es HaShabbos, while the rest are separated by stumos? Edit: Besides being out of place in Yisro, In V'...
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1answer
156 views

Which groups of people read the 10 Commandments using the “lower” trope?

See this M.Y. question for a brief description of "upper" vs. "lower" trope for the 10 Commandments. Most Nusach Ashkenaz shuls that I have attended use the upper trope while reading the 10 ...
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Origin, need, and purpose of “Upper” trope for reading 10 Commandments

Most תקון לקוראים (study "guide used by Torah reader to prepare for reading weekly Torah portion) that I have seen have a special trope for the reading of the 10 Commandments called טעם עליון (loosely ...
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2answers
137 views

The ten commandments ,are the five first and the five last connected:1-6,2-7,3-8 and so on?

The ten commandments ,are the five first and the five last connected? Rabbi Mordechai Kraft teaches that the sages(I have no source)did teach that the first five commandments works together with the ...
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312 views

Is the commandment 'You shall not murder' the most important commandment in Judaism? [closed]

Does the rule 'You shall not murder' stand above all other rules in Judaism?
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6answers
277 views

Is sarcasm a violation of the 9th commandment?

Is talking sarcastically with a friend as an innocent joke (not intending to offend him or bother him) a transgression of the ninth commandment, Don't lie (לא תענה)?
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4answers
719 views

Why did God need to command the Jews not to kill?

There is a principle 'svara lamah li krah i.e. if a certain idea is logical and self evident to the average healthy mind, the Torah does not need to teach that idea. Additionally, what seems to be ...