Questions tagged [aseres-hadibros]

For questions relating to the Ten Commandments

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2
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4answers
185 views

Are the ten commandments more important than other mitzvot?

I heard this said by Dr. Jordan B. Peterson. I doubt that it's correct. Are there mitzvot more important than others? I know that all 613 are contained in them but that doesn't make the 10 more ...
3
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0answers
35 views

When, how and why did עשרת הדברים turn into עשרת הדברות?

God clearly spoke of עשרת הדברים in the Torah (Exodus.34.28, see also Deut.4.13) or 10.4): וַיְהִי־שָׁם עִם־ה'אַרְבָּעִים יוֹם וְאַרְבָּעִים לַיְלָה... וַיִּכְתֹּב עַל־הַלֻּחֹת אֵת דִּבְרֵי הַבְּרִית ...
-1
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2answers
117 views

Does G-d equate women to objects?

In Exodus 20:14 it reads: You shall not covet your neighbor’s house: you shall not covet your neighbor’s wife...or his ox or his ass, or anything that is your neighbor’s Does G-d equate women to ...
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1answer
70 views

Who wrote the second tablets God or Moshe

I was reading in Torah that in one place it says that God wrote the second tablets and the other verse says Moshe did Ex 34:27 and Deut 10:1 what is the explaintion to this since others claim it's a ...
0
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1answer
54 views

Does the בְ in לֹֽא־תַעֲנֶ֥ה בְרֵעֲךָ֖ עֵ֥ד שָֽׁקֶר only mean against?

Does the בְ in לֹֽא־תַעֲנֶ֥ה בְרֵעֲךָ֖ עֵ֥ד שָֽׁקֶר only mean against or can it mean about with the idea of claiming the innocence of a guilty person as well as accusing an innocent person? Or, maybe ...
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1answer
38 views

Source for dividing the ten commandments into Ben Adam Lamakom and Ben Adam Lechavero

This is something that I have heard and been taught many times, but I can't find it sourced anywhere. I do see this concept quoted often in various articles (via Google searches). The question on this ...
2
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1answer
74 views

Ana Nafshi Ketivat Yehavit - G-d in the Torah

In the Talmud (Babylonian Talmud, Shabbat 105a), Rabbi Yochanan teaches that Anochi is an acronym for: “Ana Nafshi Ketivat Yehavit”. This can be understood as that G-d Himself wrote and gave the Torah ...
3
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2answers
58 views

Were all of each of the dibrot said in one dibbur?

When discussing the discrepancy between the use of the words Shamor and Zachor in the two versions of the Aseret Hadevarim, commentators explain that the two words were said at Sinai simultaneously. ...
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0answers
63 views

Looking for the origin of custom to decorate the Aron Hakodesh with 10 Commandments

Many synagogues have the custom to decorate the Peroches (curtain covering the Ark) with imagery of the 10 Commandments or Luchos in some form. When did this custom originate? Is there any source for ...
1
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1answer
62 views

Why a Stumah Break Between Coveting Another's Wife and Other Possessions, if they are the Same Commandment?

In the Jewish way of numbering the 10 commandments, all the "do not covets" are part of the same commandment (that is, the 10th commandment.) However, in the text there is a stuma break ...
7
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1answer
85 views

What does "נגללים" mean about the tablets?

The commentary of the Rav (R. Ovadya) to Avos chapter 5 "והלחות" reads: של סנפרינון היו ארכן ששה ורחבן ששה ועבין שלשה כאבן אחת שארכה ורחבה ועביה שוין ונחלקה לשנים ונגללים היו וחצובים מגלגל ...
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2answers
104 views

Lo Yiyheh is the first of the Ten Commandments?

The Ten Commandments, or more accurately the Ten Statements (עשרת הדברות), are pretty well known. The first is (I believe universally) understood as the statement אנכי השם אלקים, I am the Hashem your ...
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1answer
123 views

Why continue to omit the Ten Commandments in Jewish liturgy?

The Ten Commandments were included in the Temple service, then were removed. The Talmud says: Rav Yehudah said in the name of Shmuel: [The Sages] wished to recite [the Ten Commandments with the ...
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1answer
76 views

The limits of "Do not covet"

The Rambam writes [Hilchot Gezelah v’Avedah 1:9]: Anyone who covets a male or female servant, or the house or the goods of his neighbor, or anything that he can buy from him, and he exerts friendly ...
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1answer
95 views

Was the fact that Moshe broke the Tablets Halachicly stealing from the Jewish people?

Famously when Moshe came down from Sinai the first time and saw the Jews sinning he cast down the tablets of the law given to him by God. My question works on the basic assumption that these tablets ...
2
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1answer
124 views

What happened on the first and third stay of Moshe on Har Sinai?

I understand that Moshe ascended Har Sinai 3 times. The 1st time was on 6th of Sivan The 2nd time seems to have occurred after the sin of the Golden Calf, starting on 18 Tamuz and he spent 40 days ...
2
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1answer
397 views

Does 'thou shalt not steal' refer to general theft or specifically to kidnapping?

I admit that I sometimes just can't keep my fingers to myself. I felt thirsty so I took a refreshing ginger ale from my neighbour's freezer. I typed into Google 'thou shall not steal' after realizing ...
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3answers
685 views

Is the first of the 10 Commandments considered a mitzvah?

I realize that the English translation of עשרת הדברים / דברות is better translated as "Ten pronouncements" rather than "10 Commandments". However, in viewing the text, 2 - 10 seem to be commanding ...
1
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2answers
192 views

Why is the 7th commandment restricted to adultery?

The seventh of the ten commandments is Lo Tin'af, do not engage in adultery. But the Talmud tells us that we may break all commandments to save a life, except those against idolatry, murder and sexual ...
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2answers
186 views

Why are there two different versions of the Decalogue?

Why are there two different versions of the Shabbat commandment in Exodus 20 and Deuteronomy 5? In Exodus 20 the Shabbat recalls the cosmogony in six days, but in Deuteronomy 5 the Shabbat ...
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0answers
92 views

Why is the Sinai revelation of the Decalogue called "Matan Torah"? [duplicate]

This question focuses on the term "Matan Torah" used everywhere, its practical and factual events (no metaphors, please). Also, this is not about the festival of Shavuos as in this question. I've ...
2
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1answer
203 views

Is the Decalogue (Ten Commandments) legislation for all the world?

It is popularly believed and taught in the Gentile world that the Ten Commandments/Decalogue (Exodus 20:1-17; Deuteronomy 5:5b-21) should be kept/observed by all. For example, the Council of Trent in ...
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1answer
152 views

What was the Chiddush (novelty) in the 10 commandments?

I'm trying to imagine myself exiting Egypt and arriving at Matan Torah. I expect that for 49 days the Jewish people expect G-d to give them something they didn't already know. Instead, G-d recites the ...
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0answers
37 views

Was the wording on each tablet sized differently?

Was the wording on each tablet sized differently? It's said that the second tablet that contained the Commandments for man's relationship to man had larger wording so man would have no problem reading ...
1
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1answer
58 views

How the Tablets were written - all at once or letter by letter?

In my previous question the Torah says explicitly that the Tablets were written by G-d's finger. Does it mean they were written letter by letter, as one finger can do, or all at once?
2
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1answer
180 views

Have the 613 commandments ever been ranked by order of importance?

Has any major commentator ever attempted to rank the 613 commandments by order of importance? There are hints in the Sources about relative importance: The Ten Commandments, the Noahide Laws, the Big ...
4
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3answers
85 views

What is the significance of the title of Parshat Yitro?

What is the significance that the parsha that contains the events of Mattan Torah and the Aseret Hadibrot is called "Yitro", who was a convert? I understand that the simple answer is that "Yitro" is ...
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3answers
5k views

Can the 10 commandments be violated to save a life?

According to a book I'm reading (Judaism: Everything You Need to Know About: Jewish Religion) and various other Jews I have talked to say, you can violate the 10 commandments to save a life. Is this ...
2
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0answers
100 views

What was given on Mt. Sinai at each of the 40-day intervals

It's known that Moshe was on the mountain for 120 days and nights total, although I personally am not sure exactly what was given when. (I'm aware of this question How is the story of the Torah being ...
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0answers
65 views

The practical (Halachic) importance of the Luchot Habrit (the Tablets)

Is there any practical נ"מ (implications) of the fact that the 10 Mitzvos are written in the Luchos, and not in the plain text of the Torah outside the Luchos? For example: because "לא תרצח" is ...
4
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0answers
50 views

Odd flow in shacharis of Shabas [duplicate]

The central benediction of the morning amida prayer on the sabbath reads as follows (in loose translation): Moses… stood before You on Mt. Sinai. He brought down [from the mountain], by hand, two ...
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6answers
867 views

Correct translation of "לא תרצח" - Thou shalt not kill or murder?

There are, basically, two English translations of the Sixth Commandment - "לא תרצח" (Ex 20:13 and Deut 5:17): some read "kill", some read "murder". Murder seems more accurate since there is ...
3
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2answers
375 views

You shall not have any other gods

In Exodus 20:3 the words lo yihyeh (לֹא יִהְיֶה־לְךָ) are often translated as: 'you shall not have'. The base word is היה (hayah) meaning "to exist." Which reminded me of the Adon Olam ...
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0answers
26 views

Why is there a minhag to stand for the public reading of the 10 Commandments throughout the year? [duplicate]

Yesterday, my rav read from Otzar Dinim U'minhagim, where he explains the the only time people stand for the reading of the 10 Commandments is when it is read during the Shabbat that we read parshat ...
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1answer
2k views

Punishment for breaking the 10 commandments

I would like to find the Mishna juridicial decision of the 10 Commandments (Exodus 20:2-13, Deuteronomy 5:6-17) which states the punishments for breaking said commandments in summary form.
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1answer
136 views

Kiddush H' rather than retzicha of a Nochri?

Are you supposed to make a kiddush H'--that is, sacrifice your own life--rather than be m'ratzech a nochri, Gd forbid? If not-and this is the more important part of my question, because I think the ...
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3answers
140 views

Changing name of 10 Hadvarim to 10 Hadibrot

Inspired by this discussion. When did the Decalogue (עשרת הדברים) begin being called the Aseres Hadibros (no Biblical source for those words) as opposed to the Aseres Hadevarim (Shemos 34:28, Devarim ...
2
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0answers
28 views

The “Ten Commandments” enumeration compared to the Masoretic text [duplicate]

As noted in Daat Mikra (quoting Mordechai Breuer's Tanakh) there is a discrepancy between the way the Ten Commandments are laid out in the Masoretic text and how they are counted. According to the ...
7
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2answers
252 views

Source for the Aseres Hadibros being set up in pairs?

I have heard from different rebbeim that each of the aseres hadibros is linked to another, specifically in terms of the root concept of that commandment being the same as another one of the aseres ...
3
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2answers
244 views

What type of theft does Lo Signov refer to?

One of the Aseres Hadevarim (more commonly referred to as "Dibros") is "לא תגנוב". I can think of different types of theft / Geneivah such as stealing money/possesions, Geneivas Daas, and kidnapping. ...
13
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2answers
417 views

Ten Commandments. What did Moshe hear?

Rashi on 20 (1) says all these words: [This] teaches [us] that the Holy One, blessed be He, said the Ten Commandments in one utterance, something that is impossible for a human being to say [in a ...
1
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1answer
136 views

Can a suitor help an aguna?

This takes place in Bavel where the Rabbis have legal civil authority. There is an aguna that I would like to marry. The Rabbi asks for volunteers to help "convince" the recalcitrant husband to ...
0
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1answer
118 views

Is a hired non-Jewish maid prohibited to work on Shabbat?

I am trying to understand what is meant by Devarim 5:14. It says that your slave may not perform any melacha so that they "may rest as you do". Does this mean that if someone has a full-time live-in ...
0
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1answer
77 views

Translation of key words in Devarim 10:2 and 10:4

Follow up to my other question regarding what was written on the two tablets: Devarim 10:2: ואכתוב על הלחות את הדברים אשר היו על הלוחות הראשונים אשר שברת I shall write on the tablets the words that ...
4
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1answer
111 views

What was actually written on the two tablets?

The two versions of the 10 Commandments (one in Yitro and the 2nd in Va'etchanan) have different phrasing, most notably in commandments 4, 5 and 10. What was actually written on the two tablets? ...
1
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1answer
108 views

Repetition of 10 commandments

The 10 commandments first appear in Shemos Chapter 20. In Devarim Chapter 5 they make a second appearance, this time with slight changes. What is the purpose for the repetition? Is it just for the ...
4
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1answer
291 views

613 mitzvos in the aseres hadibbros

I once heard that each of the 613 mitzvos can be categorized as being one of the 10 commandments, and was under the impression one of the early commentators did this categorization. I thought it was ...
1
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1answer
249 views

Is killing a gentile also forbidden with the לאו of לא תרצח?

Is killing a gentile also forbidden with the לאו of לא תרצח just in terms of this commandment ? And if so, how can it be permissible to go to war against a nation (מלחמת רשות / discretionary war) ...
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1answer
133 views

'An eye for an eye' and the sixth commandment

If 'an eye for an eye' is how the Hebrew people delineated the law of retaliation, is going beyond the law of proportional response with respect to killing then a breaking of the sixth commandment, in ...
3
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0answers
71 views

How do we know where the Dibros start and end?

Each of the Aseres HaDibros, generally speaking, begin and end at consecutive Parshah breaks. Nevertheless, the first and second are combined into one parshah, while the last one is split into two. ...