Stack Exchange Network

Stack Exchange network consists of 175 Q&A communities including Stack Overflow, the largest, most trusted online community for developers to learn, share their knowledge, and build their careers.

Visit Stack Exchange

Questions tagged [aseres-hadibros]

For questions relating to the Ten Commandments

-1
votes
0answers
17 views

How זכור ושמור were written on the Luchos?

Follow up to "Were שמור וזכור said together?": For those who hold that they were said in unison, and the two pairs of the Luchos had the same version, how was that commandment written? Were there ...
1
vote
0answers
32 views

Was the wording on each tablet sized differently?

Was the wording on each tablet sized differently? It's said that the second tablet that contained the Commandments for man's relationship to man had larger wording so man would have no problem reading ...
1
vote
1answer
49 views

How the Tablets were written - all at once or letter by letter?

In my previous question the Torah says explicitly that the Tablets were written by G-d's finger. Does it mean they were written letter by letter, as one finger can do, or all at once?
2
votes
1answer
77 views

Have the 613 commandments ever been ranked by order of importance?

Has any major commentator ever attempted to rank the 613 commandments by order of importance? There are hints in the Sources about relative importance: The Ten Commandments, the Noahide Laws, the Big ...
0
votes
0answers
18 views

Why there were TWO separate tablets - Luchot HaBrit?

Following my previous, unanswered question: The-halachic-importance-of-the-luchot-habrit-the-tablets... This seems trivial as we're so used to the idea of the two tablets, but still... "וַיִּתֵּן ...
4
votes
3answers
55 views

What is the significance of the title of Parshat Yitro?

What is the significance that the parsha that contains the events of Mattan Torah and the Aseret Hadibrot is called "Yitro", who was a convert? I understand that the simple answer is that "Yitro" is ...
8
votes
2answers
5k views

Can the 10 commandments be violated to save a life?

According to a book I'm reading (Judaism: Everything You Need to Know About: Jewish Religion) and various other Jews I have talked to say, you can violate the 10 commandments to save a life. Is this ...
2
votes
0answers
37 views

What was given on Mt. Sinai at each of the 40-day intervals

It's known that Moshe was on the mountain for 120 days and nights total, although I personally am not sure exactly what was given when. (I'm aware of this question How is the story of the Torah being ...
0
votes
0answers
47 views

The practical (Halachic) importance of the Luchot Habrit (the Tablets)

Is there any practical נ"מ (implications) of the fact that the 10 Mitzvos are written in the Luchos, and not in the plain text of the Torah outside the Luchos? For example: because "לא תרצח" is ...
4
votes
0answers
49 views

Odd flow in shacharis of Shabas [duplicate]

The central benediction of the morning amida prayer on the sabbath reads as follows (in loose translation): Moses… stood before You on Mt. Sinai. He brought down [from the mountain], by hand,...
1
vote
6answers
190 views

Correct translation of “לא תרצח” - Thou shalt not kill or murder?

There are, basically, two English translations of the Sixth Commandment - "לא תרצח" (Ex 20:13 and Deut 5:17): some read "kill", some read "murder". Murder seems more accurate since there is ...
3
votes
2answers
113 views

You shall not have any other gods

In Exodus 20:3 the words lo yihyeh ( לֹא יִהְיֶה־לְךָ) are often translated as: 'you shall not have'. The base word is היה (hayah) meaning "to exist." Which reminded me of the Adon Olam phrase: 'V'hu ...
0
votes
0answers
21 views

Why is there a minhag to stand for the public reading of the 10 Commandments throughout the year? [duplicate]

Yesterday, my rav read from Otzar Dinim U'minhagim, where he explains the the only time people stand for the reading of the 10 Commandments is when it is read during the Shabbat that we read parshat ...
-1
votes
1answer
318 views

Punishment for breaking the 10 commandments

I would like to find the Mishna juridicial decision of the 10 Commandments (Exodus 20:2-13, Deuteronomy 5:6-17) which states the punishments for breaking said commandments in summary form.
2
votes
1answer
117 views

Kiddush H' rather than retzicha of a Nochri?

Are you supposed to make a kiddush H'--that is, sacrifice your own life--rather than be m'ratzech a nochri, Gd forbid? If not-and this is the more important part of my question, because I think the ...
6
votes
3answers
108 views

Changing name of 10 Hadvarim to 10 Hadibrot

Inspired by this discussion. When did the Decalogue (עשרת הדברים) begin being called the Aseres Hadibros (no Biblical source for those words) as opposed to the Aseres Hadevarim (Shemos 34:28, Devarim ...
2
votes
0answers
28 views

The “Ten Commandments” enumeration compared to the Masoretic text [duplicate]

As noted in Daat Mikra (quoting Mordechai Breuer's Tanakh) there is a discrepancy between the way the Ten Commandments are laid out in the Masoretic text and how they are counted. According to the ...
5
votes
2answers
221 views

Source for the Aseres Hadibros being set up in pairs?

I have heard from different rebbeim that each of the aseres hadibros is linked to another, specifically in terms of the root concept of that commandment being the same as another one of the aseres ...
3
votes
2answers
137 views

What type of theft does Lo Signov refer to?

One of the Aseres Hadevarim (more commonly referred to as "Dibros") is "לא תגנוב". I can think of different types of theft / Geneivah such as stealing money/possesions, Geneivas Daas, and kidnapping. ...
13
votes
2answers
283 views

Ten Commandments. What did Moshe hear?

Rashi on 20 (1) says all these words: [This] teaches [us] that the Holy One, blessed be He, said the Ten Commandments in one utterance, something that is impossible for a human being to say [in a ...
1
vote
1answer
116 views

Can a suitor help an aguna?

This takes place in Bavel where the Rabbis have legal civil authority. There is an aguna that I would like to marry. The Rabbi asks for volunteers to help "convince" the recalcitrant husband to ...
0
votes
1answer
105 views

Is a hired non-Jewish maid prohibited to work on Shabbat?

I am trying to understand what is meant by Devarim 5:14. It says that your slave may not perform any melacha so that they "may rest as you do". Does this mean that if someone has a full-time live-in ...
0
votes
1answer
70 views

Translation of key words in Devarim 10:2 and 10:4

Follow up to my other question regarding what was written on the two tablets: Devarim 10:2: ואכתוב על הלחות את הדברים אשר היו על הלוחות הראשונים אשר שברת I shall write on the tablets the ...
4
votes
1answer
86 views

What was actually written on the two tablets?

The two versions of the 10 Commandments (one in Yitro and the 2nd in Va'etchanan) have different phrasing, most notably in commandments 4, 5 and 10. What was actually written on the two tablets? ...
1
vote
1answer
77 views

Repetition of 10 commandments

The 10 commandments first appear in Shemos Chapter 20. In Devarim Chapter 5 they make a second appearance, this time with slight changes. What is the purpose for the repetition? Is it just for the ...
4
votes
1answer
161 views

613 mitzvos in the aseres hadibbros

I once heard that each of the 613 mitzvos can be categorized as being one of the 10 commandments, and was under the impression one of the early commentators did this categorization. I thought it was ...
1
vote
1answer
178 views

Is killing a gentile also forbidden with the לאו of לא תרצח?

Is killing a gentile also forbidden with the לאו of לא תרצח just in terms of this commandment ? And if so, how can it be permissible to go to war against a nation (מלחמת רשות / discretionary war) ...
-2
votes
1answer
108 views

'An eye for an eye' and the sixth commandment

If 'an eye for an eye' is how the Hebrew people delineated the law of retaliation, is going beyond the law of proportional response with respect to killing then a breaking of the sixth commandment, in ...
3
votes
0answers
54 views

How do we know where the Dibros start and end?

Each of the Aseres HaDibros, generally speaking, begin and end at consecutive Parshah breaks. Nevertheless, the first and second are combined into one parshah, while the last one is split into two. ...
2
votes
0answers
14 views

Pesuchah and Setumah between Third and Fourth Dibros [duplicate]

In Parshas Yisro, between the third and fourth commandments (20:7-8), there is a pesuchah, not found anywhere else in the Aseres HaDibros. In Parshas Va'Eschanan, in fact, this Pesuchah is a Setumah,...
1
vote
1answer
50 views

What do commentaries say about the different version of “Honor Thy Parents”?

Regarding the mitzva of Honor Thy Father and Mother, the reading of the Aseret Hadibrot in V'etchanan is slightly different than the previous reading in Yitro. The words "because God has commanded ...
0
votes
3answers
53 views

Are there mitzvot in the Torah that include an explicit reason?

I was watching the video on "Honor Thy Father and Mother" from Dennis Prager's video series on the Ten Commandments. In the video (at 8 seconds in) Prager claims that the mitzva of honoring parents ...
3
votes
2answers
100 views

Different words for “desire”

In the (second presentation of the) tenth commandment (Deut 5:17), why does the Torah use two different words in Hebrew (תחמד and תתאוה) that mean almost the same thing is English ("covet" or "desire")...
3
votes
0answers
217 views

Esnachta in taam elyon

Except in Tehillim, Mishlei, and most of Iyov, the esnachta indicates the biggest break in a pasuk. In the taam elyon in both Yisro and Vaetchanan, the second dibra is one pasuk, with the esnachta ...
7
votes
1answer
94 views

Where were the Luchos for the year before the Mishkan was erected?

After the erection of the Mishkan, the Luchos were kept in the Aron therein. But there is an issue of timing. Moshe received the Luchos shortly after leaving Egypt, but the Mishkan was only erected ...
1
vote
0answers
136 views

Is one commanded to hear the Ten Commandments on Shavuot?

Is it really an obligatory mitzvah to hear a reading of the Ten Commandments on the first day of Shavuot (as distinct from the general commandment to hear Torah)? What is the source, if any, for this ...
3
votes
2answers
170 views

The 5th Commandment - Who should be financially supported first - children or parents?

During a recent Pirkei Avot shi'ur in my synagogue, our rabbi discussed two concepts. Jewish Virtual Library citing of Talmud, Tractate Kiddushin 31B Our Rabbis taught: What is "revere" and what ...
3
votes
1answer
93 views

Why Pesucha between Lo Sisa and Zachor Es HaShabbos?

In the Aseres HaDibros in Yisro, why is there Pesucha at the end of Lo Sisa and before Zachor Es HaShabbos, while the rest are separated by stumos? Edit: Besides being out of place in Yisro, In V'...
0
votes
0answers
111 views

Which groups of people read the 10 Commandments using the “lower” trope?

See this M.Y. question for a brief description of "upper" vs. "lower" trope for the 10 Commandments. Most Nusach Ashkenaz shuls that I have attended use the upper trope while reading the 10 ...
6
votes
1answer
907 views

Origin, need, and purpose of “Upper” trope for reading 10 Commandments

Most תקון לקוראים (study "guide used by Torah reader to prepare for reading weekly Torah portion) that I have seen have a special trope for the reading of the 10 Commandments called טעם עליון (loosely ...
1
vote
2answers
125 views

The ten commandments ,are the five first and the five last connected:1-6,2-7,3-8 and so on?

The ten commandments ,are the five first and the five last connected? Rabbi Mordechai Kraft teaches that the sages(I have no source)did teach that the first five commandments works together with the ...
1
vote
4answers
291 views

Is the commandment 'You shall not murder' the most important commandment in Judaism? [closed]

Does the rule 'You shall not murder' stand above all other rules in Judaism?
5
votes
6answers
266 views

Is sarcasm a violation of the 9th commandment?

Is talking sarcastically with a friend as an innocent joke (not intending to offend him or bother him) a transgression of the ninth commandment, Don't lie (לא תענה)?
5
votes
4answers
677 views

Why did God need to command the Jews not to kill?

There is a principle 'svara lamah li krah i.e. if a certain idea is logical and self evident to the average healthy mind, the Torah does not need to teach that idea. Additionally, what seems to be ...
4
votes
1answer
122 views

Don't covet? Don't steal? What exactly is חמד in the Aseret Hadibrot?

The Aseret Hadibrot include a commandment against stealing ( לא תגנב) and one against adultery, and then later include לא תחמד, which is usually translated "do not covet" (including by JPS). It then ...
5
votes
1answer
193 views

Why do some of the Ten Commandments include Noahide Laws?

Of the Seven Noahide Laws, at least three are identical to one of the Ten Commandments. To be specific I am referring to Do not murder Do not steal Do not deny God Do not blaspheme I understand that ...
5
votes
1answer
133 views

Is there debate about what the 10 statements are?

I see in this webpage it says "The passage in Exodus contains more than ten imperative statements, totalling 14 or 15 in all. However, the Bible itself assigns the count of '10'..." So is there ...
3
votes
2answers
133 views

Are you yoitze the Mitzva of Pirya Verivya with children born out of wedlock

I know there is a machlokes Rishonim (rambam / Rosh) if Kedushin is a Mitzva or Hecsher Mitzva for Pirya Verivya. Say one has children out of wedlock, is that Mitzva fulfilled or do we say its a ...
3
votes
1answer
176 views

Is a non Jew allowed to wear the tablets of the 10 commandments as a necklace?

Is a non Jew allowed to wear the tablets of the 10 commandments as a necklace? I am sking this question because I heard that a non Jew is not allowed to wear a mezuza as a necklace even if it is not ...
0
votes
1answer
179 views

Ayin miraculously holding it's place in the second tablets?

The Gemara (Sanhedrin 21b-22a) records a discussion about the script of Torah scrolls (ashiri or ivri). Many commentators look at the first opinion in the discussion and wonder if it means that the ...