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Questions tagged [aseres-hadibros]

For questions relating to the Ten Commandments

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What was given on Mt. Sinai at each of the 40-day intervals

It's known that Moshe was on the mountain for 120 days and nights total, although I personally am not sure exactly what was given when. (I'm aware of this question How is the story of the Torah being ...
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41 views

The practical (Halachic) importance of the Luchot Habrit (the Tablets)

Is there any practical נ"מ (implications) of the fact that the 10 Mitzvos are written in the Luchos, and not in the plain text of the Torah outside the Luchos? For example: because "לא תרצח" is ...
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47 views

Odd flow in shacharis of Shabas [duplicate]

The central benediction of the morning amida prayer on the sabbath reads as follows (in loose translation): Moses… stood before You on Mt. Sinai. He brought down [from the mountain], by hand,...
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1answer
66 views

Thou shalt not kill or murder?

There are, basically, two English translations of the Sixth Commandment - "לא תרצח" (Ex 20:13 and Deut 5:17): some read "kill", some read "murder". Murder seems more accurate since there is ...
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0answers
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You shall not have any other gods

In Exodus 20:3 the words lo yihyeh ( לֹא יִהְיֶה־לְךָ) are often translated as: 'you shall not have'. The base word is היה (hayah) meaning "to exist." Which reminded me of the Adon Olam phrase: 'V'hu ...
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Why is there a minhag to stand for the public reading of the 10 Commandments throughout the year? [duplicate]

Yesterday, my rav read from Otzar Dinim U'minhagim, where he explains the the only time people stand for the reading of the 10 Commandments is when it is read during the Shabbat that we read parshat ...
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1answer
192 views

Punishment for breaking the 10 commandments

I would like to find the Mishna juridicial decision of the 10 Commandments (Exodus 20:2-13, Deuteronomy 5:6-17) which states the punishments for breaking said commandments in summary form.
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1answer
111 views

Kiddush H' rather than retzicha of a Nochri?

Are you supposed to make a kiddush H'--that is, sacrifice your own life--rather than be m'ratzech a nochri, Gd forbid? If not-and this is the more important part of my question, because I think the ...
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3answers
103 views

Changing name of 10 Hadvarim to 10 Hadibrot

Inspired by this discussion. When did the Decalogue (עשרת הדברים) begin being called the Aseres Hadibros (no Biblical source for those words) as opposed to the Aseres Hadevarim (Shemos 34:28, Devarim ...
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25 views

The “Ten Commandments” enumeration compared to the Masoretic text [duplicate]

As noted in Daat Mikra (quoting Mordechai Breuer's Tanakh) there is a discrepancy between the way the Ten Commandments are laid out in the Masoretic text and how they are counted. According to the ...
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2answers
205 views

Source for the Aseres Hadibros being set up in pairs?

I have heard from different rebbeim that each of the aseres hadibros is linked to another, specifically in terms of the root concept of that commandment being the same as another one of the aseres ...
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2answers
130 views

What type of theft does Lo Signov refer to?

One of the Aseres Hadevarim (more commonly referred to as "Dibros") is "לא תגנוב". I can think of different types of theft / Geneivah such as stealing money/possesions, Geneivas Daas, and kidnapping. ...
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2answers
208 views

Ten Commandments. What did Moshe hear?

Rashi on 20 (1) says all these words: [This] teaches [us] that the Holy One, blessed be He, said the Ten Commandments in one utterance, something that is impossible for a human being to say [in a ...
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1answer
113 views

Can a suitor help an aguna?

This takes place in Bavel where the Rabbis have legal civil authority. There is an aguna that I would like to marry. The Rabbi asks for volunteers to help "convince" the recalcitrant husband to ...
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1answer
102 views

Is a hired non-Jewish maid prohibited to work on Shabbat?

I am trying to understand what is meant by Devarim 5:14. It says that your slave may not perform any melacha so that they "may rest as you do". Does this mean that if someone has a full-time live-in ...
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1answer
68 views

Translation of key words in Devarim 10:2 and 10:4

Follow up to my other question regarding what was written on the two tablets: Devarim 10:2: ואכתוב על הלחות את הדברים אשר היו על הלוחות הראשונים אשר שברת I shall write on the tablets the ...
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1answer
70 views

What was actually written on the two tablets?

The two versions of the 10 Commandments (one in Yitro and the 2nd in Va'etchanan) have different phrasing, most notably in commandments 4, 5 and 10. What was actually written on the two tablets? ...
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1answer
66 views

Repetition of 10 commandments

The 10 commandments first appear in Shemos Chapter 20. In Devarim Chapter 5 they make a second appearance, this time with slight changes. What is the purpose for the repetition? Is it just for the ...
4
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1answer
143 views

613 mitzvos in the aseres hadibbros

I once heard that each of the 613 mitzvos can be categorized as being one of the 10 commandments, and was under the impression one of the early commentators did this categorization. I thought it was ...
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1answer
167 views

Is killing a gentile also forbidden with the לאו of לא תרצח?

Is killing a gentile also forbidden with the לאו of לא תרצח just in terms of this commandment ? And if so, how can it be permissible to go to war against a nation (מלחמת רשות / discretionary war) ...
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1answer
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'An eye for an eye' and the sixth commandment

If 'an eye for an eye' is how the Hebrew people delineated the law of retaliation, is going beyond the law of proportional response with respect to killing then a breaking of the sixth commandment, in ...
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0answers
49 views

How do we know where the Dibros start and end?

Each of the Aseres HaDibros, generally speaking, begin and end at consecutive Parshah breaks. Nevertheless, the first and second are combined into one parshah, while the last one is split into two. ...
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Pesuchah and Setumah between Third and Fourth Dibros [duplicate]

In Parshas Yisro, between the third and fourth commandments (20:7-8), there is a pesuchah, not found anywhere else in the Aseres HaDibros. In Parshas Va'Eschanan, in fact, this Pesuchah is a Setumah,...
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1answer
44 views

What do commentaries say about the different version of “Honor Thy Parents”?

Regarding the mitzva of Honor Thy Father and Mother, the reading of the Aseret Hadibrot in V'etchanan is slightly different than the previous reading in Yitro. The words "because God has commanded ...
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3answers
51 views

Are there mitzvot in the Torah that include an explicit reason?

I was watching the video on "Honor Thy Father and Mother" from Dennis Prager's video series on the Ten Commandments. In the video (at 8 seconds in) Prager claims that the mitzva of honoring parents ...
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2answers
98 views

Different words for “desire”

In the (second presentation of the) tenth commandment (Deut 5:17), why does the Torah use two different words in Hebrew (תחמד and תתאוה) that mean almost the same thing is English ("covet" or "desire")...
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167 views

Etnachta in taam elyon

Except in Tehillim, Mishlei, and most of Iyov, the etnachta indicates the biggest break in a pasuk. In the taam elyon in both Yitro and Vaetchanan, the first and second dibrot are combined into one ...
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1answer
82 views

Where were the Luchos for the year before the Mishkan was erected?

After the erection of the Mishkan, the Luchos were kept in the Aron therein. But there is an issue of timing. Moshe received the Luchos shortly after leaving Egypt, but the Mishkan was only erected ...
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128 views

Is one commanded to hear the Ten Commandments on Shavuot?

Is it really an obligatory mitzvah to hear a reading of the Ten Commandments on the first day of Shavuot (as distinct from the general commandment to hear Torah)? What is the source, if any, for this ...
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2answers
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The 5th Commandment - Who should be financially supported first - children or parents?

During a recent Pirkei Avot shi'ur in my synagogue, our rabbi discussed two concepts. Jewish Virtual Library citing of Talmud, Tractate Kiddushin 31B Our Rabbis taught: What is "revere" and what ...
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1answer
83 views

Why Pesucha between Lo Sisa and Zachor Es HaShabbos?

In the Aseres HaDibros in Yisro, why is there Pesucha at the end of Lo Sisa and before Zachor Es HaShabbos, while the rest are separated by stumos? Edit: Besides being out of place in Yisro, In V'...
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100 views

Which groups of people read the 10 Commandments using the “lower” trope?

See this M.Y. question for a brief description of "upper" vs. "lower" trope for the 10 Commandments. Most Nusach Ashkenaz shuls that I have attended use the upper trope while reading the 10 ...
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1answer
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Origin, need, and purpose of “Upper” trope for reading 10 Commandments

Most תקון לקוראים (study "guide used by Torah reader to prepare for reading weekly Torah portion) that I have seen have a special trope for the reading of the 10 Commandments called טעם עליון (loosely ...
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2answers
114 views

The ten commandments ,are the five first and the five last connected:1-6,2-7,3-8 and so on?

The ten commandments ,are the five first and the five last connected? Rabbi Mordechai Kraft teaches that the sages(I have no source)did teach that the first five commandments works together with the ...
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4answers
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Is the commandment 'You shall not murder' the most important commandment in Judaism? [closed]

Does the rule 'You shall not murder' stand above all other rules in Judaism?
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6answers
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Is sarcasm a violation of the 9th commandment?

Is talking sarcastically with a friend as an innocent joke (not intending to offend him or bother him) a transgression of the ninth commandment, Don't lie (לא תענה)?
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3answers
648 views

Why did God need to command the Jews not to kill?

There is a principle 'svara lamah li krah i.e. if a certain idea is logical and self evident to the average healthy mind, the Torah does not need to teach that idea. Additionally, what seems to be ...
4
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1answer
107 views

Don't covet? Don't steal? What exactly is חמד in the Aseret Hadibrot?

The Aseret Hadibrot include a commandment against stealing ( לא תגנב) and one against adultery, and then later include לא תחמד, which is usually translated "do not covet" (including by JPS). It then ...
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1answer
149 views

Why do some of the Ten Commandments include Noahide Laws?

Of the Seven Noahide Laws, at least three are identical to one of the Ten Commandments. To be specific I am referring to Do not murder Do not steal Do not deny God Do not blaspheme I understand that ...
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1answer
120 views

Is there debate about what the 10 statements are?

I see in this webpage it says "The passage in Exodus contains more than ten imperative statements, totalling 14 or 15 in all. However, the Bible itself assigns the count of '10'..." So is there ...
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2answers
131 views

Are you yoitze the Mitzva of Pirya Verivya with children born out of wedlock

I know there is a machlokes Rishonim (rambam / Rosh) if Kedushin is a Mitzva or Hecsher Mitzva for Pirya Verivya. Say one has children out of wedlock, is that Mitzva fulfilled or do we say its a ...
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1answer
165 views

Is a non Jew allowed to wear the tablets of the 10 commandments as a necklace?

Is a non Jew allowed to wear the tablets of the 10 commandments as a necklace? I am sking this question because I heard that a non Jew is not allowed to wear a mezuza as a necklace even if it is not ...
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1answer
162 views

Ayin miraculously holding it's place in the second tablets?

The Gemara (Sanhedrin 21b-22a) records a discussion about the script of Torah scrolls (ashiri or ivri). Many commentators look at the first opinion in the discussion and wonder if it means that the ...
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1answer
94 views

Why do we need both the Two Tablets as well as the Sefer Torah?

The sefer Torah, i.e., the full scroll containing all 5 Books contains the 10 Commandments, which was inscribed on the 2 luchot ("tablets"). All of Israel heard the 10 Commandments (according to ...
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Carving the second set of tablets in less than a day

I don't know a lot about the tools and technologies that would have been available at the time, I wonder what Jewish opinion is on the carving. Is the command for Moses to carve the tablets by the ...
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4answers
430 views

10 Commandments, Round or Square? [duplicate]

So i have two questions. This upcoming Shavu'oth i'll be giving a talk on the history of the physical tablets that the ten commandments were written on. i will be focusing on three topics, the ...
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2answers
161 views

Is Exodus 20:4 a command about icons or idols?

When The Lord says, "Do not make for yourself an image," does he mean an image for the purpose of worship, that is an idol, or any image whatsoever, such as the depiction of a narrative or a ...
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1answer
70 views

Why is there a guilt offering and not a sin offering for slander? [closed]

I read this on Chabad.org in its discussion of Parshat Vayikra: • The different types of “sin offering” (chatat) brought to atone for transgressions committed erroneously by the high priest, the ...
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1answer
155 views

the Sixth Commandment versus the prophecy of relocation of all Jews to Israel [closed]

Is it allowed to murder (any human from anywhere with any race and any belief) to fulfill the prophecy of relocation of all Jews to Israel, gathered from the four corners of the earth (Deut. 30:3-4; ...
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102 views

How did chaza"l derive the first two commandments if they are both combined in a single parsha (paragraph)?

Generally, each of the Ten Commandments is written in its own paragraph in the Torah, except for the 1st two. Shmot (Ex.) 20:2 is the 1st commandmnet - "I am G-d" and the 2nd commandment is from Shmot ...