Questions tagged [archaeology]

The tag has no usage guidance.

Filter by
Sorted by
Tagged with
26
votes
9answers
3k views

Archeological proof of Exodus?

Is there empirical proof that the exodus from Egypt and related happenings (like Har Sinai etc) did in fact occur (i.e: Archeological proof)? I believe in the Torah, but how would you prove to someone ...
19
votes
1answer
837 views

Critical Jewish analysis of the Ipuwer papyrus

I just stumbled across information about the Ipuwer papyrus, and I was wondering how many Jewish Egyptologists have had an opportunity to review and study it at length. Other than this very brief ...
15
votes
1answer
469 views

Nullifying Ancient Israelite Idols

Following up on a question raised on the Avodah list (see here & here under the subject “Destroying Idols”). Archaeologists often dig up idols whose worshipers have abandoned them over the ...
12
votes
2answers
1k views

What should our response be to ancient scripts that mirror the Torah?

There are quite a number of ancient documents that have been found that (supposedly) predate the Torah, and yet they share many lines practically verbatim. If the Torah is truly divine, how could this ...
11
votes
2answers
509 views

Is it possible for mesorah to be discovered?

Suppose there was a previously unknown collection of midrash or sayings or halachah or commentary that was discovered in an archaeological excavation and is hundreds or thousands of years old. ...
11
votes
1answer
441 views

Was Ankhmahor really Yosef?

I was reading an article today on circumcision a news website I frequent. It displayed a picture from the tomb of Ankhmahor, a high ranking Egyptian official that was, apparently, responsible for mass ...
6
votes
0answers
108 views

Can we use archaeology to determine halacha or mesorah?

Can archaeology be used to determine the proper halacha or mesorah in certain cases? For instance, what if we found a Sefer Torah from the times of Moshe Rabbeinu and it differed from our mesorah. ...
5
votes
3answers
618 views

How do the Dead Sea Scrolls of Isaiah compare with today's version?

To what degree do the Dead Sea Scrolls of the book of Isaiah match our version of the book of Isaiah?
5
votes
1answer
171 views

Is there any support for the claim that tekhelet and argaman could be derived from the same creature?

Is there any indication in Chazal (or at least in other ancient literature) that tekhelet and argaman could be derived from the same creature (as currently proposed by the Tekhelet Institute)?
5
votes
2answers
283 views

Have Egyptian paintings of the exodus been discovered? (some claim they are shown in this book)

I was in shul on this past tikkun leil shavuot, as they had some interesting shiurim. They had a rabbi associated with aish there, I don't recall who it was, and he gave a talk about archaeology and ...
3
votes
4answers
277 views

Book on Biblical Archeology

I'm looking to increase my knowledge of biblical archeology. As an orthodox jew, I'd prefer a book which takes a more traditional view with regards to the historicity of tanach. Any suggestions?
3
votes
2answers
49 views

Recommendation for Temple archeological tour

It's been a while since I have visited the archeological sites near the Temple area. I believe that you appreciate what you read in history is best appreciated by personally seeing it. As I plan to ...
3
votes
3answers
224 views

Where was Herod's temple built?

The Scripture says that the Second Temple was built on the foundation of Solomon's Temple, but was Herod's Temple built in the same place or was it built next to it? (Do we have any records that say ...
2
votes
6answers
196 views

Websites or books about the Torah and history of the world

I am looking for recommendations of good websites and books that talk about various ways of understanding the 'conflicts' between the Torah and a modern understanding of the age of the universe, the ...
2
votes
2answers
122 views

Jewish Archaeology

I'm looking for a good read which discusses archaeology and the Tanach, Chazal, etc. Could anyone point me to some resources? I would prefer that the book be in English, and have pictures throughout. ...
2
votes
2answers
119 views

Archaeological findings of events in the Torah or Neviim Rishonim

I am looking for archaeological findings that support what is written in the Torah or Neviim Rishonim. I am looking for non-sensational findings that are agreed upon by the general scientific ...
2
votes
1answer
81 views

Using archaeological findings for determining weights and measurements

Halacha uses many units of length (amot/cubits), volume (k'zayit/olive), etc. There are multiple opinions regarding how to translate these into modern equivalent units. For instance, the Chazon Ish ...
2
votes
1answer
169 views

Archaeology and תחיית המתים

A few minutes ago, while standing in the rain and seeing some people passing out some pamphlets an idea occurred to me. Are there any papers, books, dvar torahs etc, which links the traditional ...
2
votes
0answers
98 views

Tetragrammaton in paleo-Hebrew within Hebrew text of Tehilim

Many scrolls were found (in Qumran?) depicting a regular Hebrew scripture text with the Holy name written in paleo-Hebrew (כתב עברי), like this one: What Talmudic explanation fits these findings, if ...
2
votes
0answers
54 views

Is the Midrash Chad Shenati available online?

According with this article, Midrash Chad Shenati was discovered in the Cairo Genizah almost a century ago. It is an early medieval midrashic collection most likely of eastern provenance, dating from ...
1
vote
1answer
223 views

The luxury of murex trunculus indigo

The Tekhelet Institute acknowledges that murex trunculus indigo is molecularly equivalent to plant-based indigo that was available in the ancient world for far cheaper (kala ilan). They reason that ...
1
vote
1answer
107 views

Updating of holy books

I am curious if such thing is possible, e.g. if some new evidence is found (archeological or other scientific or other). So the next generation will have more accurate interpretation, because we all ...
1
vote
1answer
363 views

What is the source that the Western Wall was built by the poor?

I understand that there is a general Jewish tradition that the Western Wall/Kotel was built by the poor (I believe under the command of King Solomon) (link). What is the source for the tradition (...
1
vote
1answer
221 views

How to deal with modern archaeological knowledge regarding supposed polytheism of ancient Israel?

Supposedly, modern archaeological findings hold that ancient Israel was polytheistic (with the exodus from Egypt simply being a legend), and then gradually shifted to monotheism. How does one ...
1
vote
0answers
57 views

Online Depictions of the Colorful Second Temple

Are there any artistic depictions, available online, of the multicolored appearance of the Second Temple, based on archaeological finds (see, e.g., here), or, e.g., the depiction of the blue/green and ...
0
votes
2answers
61 views

Exodus points for discussion?

I have a few questions abou the Exodus. Is there any way to know in which era or year the Exodus took place? And do we take Pharaoh to mean Pharaoh or could it be any family member, vice or under ...
0
votes
0answers
47 views

What is the halacha regarding archeological digging near the Temple Mount?

Follow up to this question that discusses the holiness of the stone that fell off the Western Wall. What is the halachic status regarding any kedusha (holiness) in doing archeological excavations on ...
0
votes
0answers
66 views

If the Ark was found today how should it be handled Halachicly?

Imagine that the Aron Kodesh that contains the two sets of tablets given at Sinai, which was hidden away towards the end of the first temple period, was found today (in modern times). What are the ...
-1
votes
2answers
244 views

Is there any evidence of Nephilim?

Numbers 13:33 Numbers 13:32–33 includes a description by the Twelve Spies of giant "Nephilim" that they saw in Canaan: 32 And they spread an evil report of the land which they had spied out unto ...
-3
votes
3answers
164 views

Did Og exist or was he a metaphor?

Did Og exist or was he a metaphor? I am asking this because we did not find any giant bones in the fossil record as to date. It also doesn’t seem to make sense to me since Judaism is the religion of ...