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Questions tagged [archaeology]

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6
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78 views

Can we use archaeology to determine halacha or mesorah?

Can archaeology be used to determine the proper halacha or mesorah in certain cases? For instance, what if we found a Sefer Torah from the times of Moshe Rabbeinu and it differed from our mesorah. ...
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0answers
53 views

Online Depictions of the Colorful Second Temple

Are there any artistic depictions, available online, of the multicolored appearance of the Second Temple, based on archaeological finds (see, e.g., here), or, e.g., the depiction of the blue/green and ...
-3
votes
3answers
148 views

Did Og exist or was he a metaphor?

Did Og exist or was he a metaphor? I am asking this because we did not find any giant bones in the fossil record as to date. It also doesn’t seem to make sense to me since Judaism is the religion of ...
0
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0answers
42 views

What is the halacha regarding archeological digging near the Temple Mount?

Follow up to this question that discusses the holiness of the stone that fell off the Western Wall. What is the halachic status regarding any kedusha (holiness) in doing archeological excavations on ...
0
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2answers
56 views

Exodus points for discussion?

I have a few questions abou the Exodus. Is there any way to know in which era or year the Exodus took place? And do we take Pharaoh to mean Pharaoh or could it be any family member, vice or under ...
2
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2answers
105 views

Archaeological findings of events in the Torah or Neviim Rishonim

I am looking for archaeological findings that support what is written in the Torah or Neviim Rishonim. I am looking for non-sensational findings that are agreed upon by the general scientific ...
2
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2answers
108 views

Jewish Archaeology

I'm looking for a good read which discusses archaeology and the Tanach, Chazal, etc. Could anyone point me to some resources? I would prefer that the book be in English, and have pictures throughout. ...
0
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0answers
61 views

If the Ark was found today how should it be handled Halachicly?

Imagine that the Aron Kodesh that contains the two sets of tablets given at Sinai, which was hidden away towards the end of the first temple period, was found today (in modern times). What are the ...
2
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1answer
71 views

Using archaeological findings for determining weights and measurements

Halacha uses many units of length (amot/cubits), volume (k'zayit/olive), etc. There are multiple opinions regarding how to translate these into modern equivalent units. For instance, the Chazon Ish ...
5
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2answers
253 views

Have Egyptian paintings of the exodus been discovered? (some claim they are shown in this book)

I was in shul on this past tikkun leil shavuot, as they had some interesting shiurim. They had a rabbi associated with aish there, I don't recall who it was, and he gave a talk about archaeology and ...
2
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0answers
49 views

Is the Midrash Chad Shenati available online?

According with this article, Midrash Chad Shenati was discovered in the Cairo Genizah almost a century ago. It is an early medieval midrashic collection most likely of eastern provenance, dating from ...
3
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3answers
190 views

Where was Herod's temple built?

The Scripture says that the Second Temple was built on the foundation of Solomon's Temple, but was Herod's Temple built in the same place or was it built next to it? (Do we have any records that say ...
1
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1answer
200 views

How to deal with modern archaeological knowledge regarding supposed polytheism of ancient Israel?

Supposedly, modern archaeological findings hold that ancient Israel was polytheistic (with the exodus from Egypt simply being a legend), and then gradually shifted to monotheism. How does one ...
5
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3answers
373 views

How do the Dead Sea Scrolls of Isaiah compare with today's version?

To what degree do the Dead Sea Scrolls of the book of Isaiah match our version of the book of Isaiah?
5
votes
1answer
152 views

Is there any support for the claim that tekhelet and argaman could be derived from the same creature?

Is there any indication in Chazal (or at least in other ancient literature) that tekhelet and argaman could be derived from the same creature (as currently proposed by the Tekhelet Institute)?
1
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1answer
207 views

The luxury of murex trunculus indigo

The Tekhelet Institute acknowledges that murex trunculus indigo is molecularly equivalent to plant-based indigo that was available in the ancient world for far cheaper (kala ilan). They reason that ...
10
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2answers
1k views

What should our response be to ancient scripts that mirror the Torah?

There are quite a number of ancient documents that have been found that (supposedly) predate the Torah, and yet they share many lines practically verbatim. If the Torah is truly divine, how could this ...
11
votes
1answer
421 views

Was Ankhmahor really Yosef?

I was reading an article today on circumcision a news website I frequent. It displayed a picture from the tomb of Ankhmahor, a high ranking Egyptian official that was, apparently, responsible for mass ...
11
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2answers
491 views

Is it possible for mesorah to be discovered?

Suppose there was a previously unknown collection of midrash or sayings or halachah or commentary that was discovered in an archaeological excavation and is hundreds or thousands of years old. ...
3
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4answers
242 views

Book on Biblical Archeology

I'm looking to increase my knowledge of biblical archeology. As an orthodox jew, I'd prefer a book which takes a more traditional view with regards to the historicity of tanach. Any suggestions?
1
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1answer
328 views

What is the source that the Western Wall was built by the poor?

I understand that there is a general Jewish tradition that the Western Wall/Kotel was built by the poor (I believe under the command of King Solomon) (link). What is the source for the tradition (...
-1
votes
2answers
227 views

Is there any evidence of Nephilim?

Numbers 13:33 Numbers 13:32–33 includes a description by the Twelve Spies of giant "Nephilim" that they saw in Canaan: 32 And they spread an evil report of the land which they had spied out unto ...
1
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1answer
106 views

Updating of holy books

I am curious if such thing is possible, e.g. if some new evidence is found (archeological or other scientific or other). So the next generation will have more accurate interpretation, because we all ...
15
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1answer
404 views

Nullifying Ancient Israelite Idols

Following up on a question raised on the Avodah list (see here & here under the subject “Destroying Idols”). Archaeologists often dig up idols whose worshipers have abandoned them over the ...
19
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1answer
796 views

Critical Jewish analysis of the Ipuwer papyrus

I just stumbled across information about the Ipuwer papyrus, and I was wondering how many Jewish Egyptologists have had an opportunity to review and study it at length. Other than this very brief ...
2
votes
1answer
167 views

Archaeology and תחיית המתים

A few minutes ago, while standing in the rain and seeing some people passing out some pamphlets an idea occurred to me. Are there any papers, books, dvar torahs etc, which links the traditional ...
25
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9answers
3k views

Archeological proof of Exodus?

Is there empirical proof that the exodus from Egypt and related happenings (like Har Sinai etc) did in fact occur (i.e: Archeological proof)? I believe in the Torah, but how would you prove to someone ...