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Questions tagged [anshei-knesset-hagedolah]

Anshei Knesset Hagedolah, often translated as "the Men of the Great Assembly" (or Great Synagogue) were a group of Jewish leaders who lived in the Land of Israel circa the end of the Persian period-beginning of the Hellenistic period, and are mentioned particularly in Tannaitic and Amoraic sources.

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Why are רצה and שים שלום classified as thanksgiving and not as petitionary?

Rambam writes regarding the makeup of shemoneh esrei (tefilah 1:4) that שָׁלֹשׁ רִאשׁוֹנוֹת שֶׁבַח לַה' וְשָׁלֹשׁ אַחֲרוֹנוֹת הוֹדָיָה. וְאֶמְצָעִיּוֹת יֵשׁ בָּהֶן שְׁאֵלַת כָּל הַדְּבָרִים שֶׁהֵן ...
Nahum's user avatar
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2 votes
2 answers
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How was Daniel in the Great Assembly?

I have heard people say that the Knesses Hagdolah was established in the beginning of Bais Sheni. Is that correct? As quoted from chabad.org "Anshei Knesses Hagdolah ... among its more prominent ...
Menachem Drelich's user avatar
1 vote
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Did the Rambam consider all of these men prophets?

In his Introduction to the Mishna, Rambam wrote (emphasis mine): "Until came the time of the men of the Great Assembly – and they were Chaggai, Zechariah, Malachi, Daniel, Chananiah, Mishael, ...
Harel13's user avatar
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5 votes
1 answer
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Membership in the Great Assembly

Who picked the 120 Men of the Great Assembly (Anshei Knesset HaGedolah - אַנְשֵׁי כְּנֶסֶת הַגְּדוֹלָה‎), who were rabbis, scribes and prophets? Ezra by himself? A group of leaders? Perhaps their ...
Maurice Mizrahi's user avatar
6 votes
1 answer
242 views

אנשי כנסת הגדולה and סנהדרין relationship

What is the relationship between the אנשי כנסת הגדולה and the Sanhedrin? Is the 70 of the Sanhedrin always included in the 120 of the כנסת הגדולה? In the time both existed what was the division of ...
Gary Huber's user avatar
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Why are there so few sources available from post-Tanach, pre-Mishnah?

Why are there so few sources available from the Anshei Knesses HaGedolah? We have some Sifrei Tanach from them, written with Nevuah (Trei Asar) or Ruach HaKodesh (Ezra, Esther, Chronicles). We have ...
DonielF's user avatar
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6 votes
2 answers
130 views

Why doesn't the Talmud consider the possibility that the later court was greater in wisdom and number?

In discussing the source that Megillat Esther may be read on the 11th, 12th, or 13th of Adar in addition to the 14th and 15th of Adar, the Talmud (Megillah 2a) has the following exchange: What we ...
Alex's user avatar
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Why did Sanhedrin deal with who has a share in Olam Habah?

The Gemmorah (Sanhedrin 104b) describes that the members of the Great Assembly dealt with the question of who does or does not deserve a share in the World to Come. As they demonstratively disagreed ...
Al Berko's user avatar
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3 votes
1 answer
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Were redemption related Amida blessings composed for that time or the future?

The members of the anshei knesses hagedolah are said to have compiled the blessings of the Amida prayer (Megilah 17b). Why did they include the blessings that pertain to the redemption (rebuilding ...
user9806's user avatar
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2 votes
1 answer
452 views

Who wrote the Amidah?

Who wrote the Amidah, and if it was Anshei Knesset Hagedolah in the time of the second temple period, why are there blessings for Rebuilding Jerusalem, Redemption, etc.?
Reuben Bakst's user avatar
2 votes
0 answers
495 views

Halachic status of divrei sofrim

As this answer explains, "divrei sofrim" refers to a category of halachos instituted by rabbis, but understood as having a Divine imprimatur because prophets were involved in their legislation. They ...
SAH's user avatar
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