Questions tagged [aleph-bet-letters]

Questions about the Hebrew letters, or aleph-bet.

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1answer
65 views

Is there a Siddur with Tagim (crowns)

As per the teaching of the Besht I’ve been really meditating on the letters as I daven but I realized that the true shapes of letters as they are written in a Torah or mezuzah which includes the tagim ...
9
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3answers
10k views

How many words are there in Tanach?

How many letters are in the Torah? How many words are in the Torah? How many verses are in the Torah? How many chapters are in the Torah? How many letters, words, verses, and chapters are in every ...
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1answer
145 views

Reason for different punctuation of the prefix vav?

In the Siddur, the prefix vav is seen with various punctuations (e.g., shva, kamatz, patah, shuruk). When is each of these different punctuations used with a prefix vav and how does each affect the ...
17
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3answers
832 views

Aleph with a Dagesh

In four places in Tanakh, our text has an aleph with a dagesh: Gen 43:26, Lev 23:17, Job 33:21, and Ezra 8:18. What is the significance of this, and for the first two examples, how would you indicate ...
1
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1answer
138 views

Where does the Talmud reference the pronunciation of guttural letters?

Where does the Talmud reference the pronunciation of guttural letters? I remember coming across a quote once from the Talmud which stated that the Jews of Galilee used to neglect their ayn (or some ...
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1answer
43 views

Is it in the zohar that ישראל is ראשי תיבות of יש ששים ריבוי אותיות לתורה

I am wondering if it is written in the zohar that ישראל is ראשי תיבות of יש ששים ריבוי אותיות לתורה. Additionally, if it is, can someone give me the chapter? I saw it written in a book and seem to ...
1
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1answer
280 views

Is there math in Torah?

I have watched a nice movie back in the day that deals with numbers. In one of the scenes. A Jewish man comes to The Mathematician and tells about how the Hebrew uses the same "letters" as letters ...
2
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1answer
99 views

Small Dalet in Mishlei (Proverbs) 28:17

In Mishlei (Proverbs) 28:17, the letter dalet is small in the word "adam". Why is this?
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1answer
79 views

What makes Ksav Arizal unacceptable to some?

A certain rabbi said that Megillas Ester written in Ksav Arizal should not be used in nussach Sefard shul because people won't be yotze with its reading. What makes Ksav Arizal so different as to make ...
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2answers
647 views

Is there an online list of Perakim of Mishnayos arranged alphabetically?

There is a popular custom cited by Chabad to recite Mishnayos which initialize the deceased’s name. While they note that many Siddurim and Mishnayos have a list which alphabetizes the Mishnayos by ...
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0answers
50 views

what are the different versions of miluiyim for the Hebrew letters?

When calculating gematrias for the Hebrew letters there are letter expansions called "miluyim". what are all the valid miluiyim letter expansions according to chazal? (ex. midrashim, talmud, zohar, ...
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1answer
112 views

Berachot 4b - What's so special about an alphabetical acrostic?

The Talmud in Berachot 4b states: אמר רבי אלעזר א"ר אבינא כל האומר תהלה לדוד בכל יום שלש פעמים מובטח לו שהוא בן העולם הבא מאי טעמא אילימא משום דאתיא באל"ף בי"ת נימא אשרי תמימי דרך ...
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2answers
198 views

Tagin on letter Tet

Shalom! I recently read that in Genesis 1:4, the word Tov is used for the first time and when written in Hebrew, the Tet is crowned with 4 tagin instead of the usual 3. I have been searching for ...
6
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1answer
71 views

May one place letters under one another as long as there is a space between them?

Soferim 2:2 rules that one must put a line-width space between lines, a letter-width space between words, and a hair-width space between letters. Certain letters leave much space beneath them, and ...
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1answer
96 views

How Many vav Hahipuchs in each of the 24 books of Tenach

How Many vav Hahipuchs (Conversive vav) are in each of the 24 books of Tenach compared with the number of letters / verses in that book. As far as I know they are only in Tenach rather than Mishna or ...
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4answers
169 views

Ktav Ivri in the Middle Ages

During the Middle Ages and the Renaissance did religious Jews know about Ktav Ivri? Are there examples of traditional texts they would have been exposed to written in Ktav Ivri? Would highly ...
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2answers
147 views

Is there a 3D Hebrew Alphabet?

Is there a 3D Alef-Bet? In which case Samekh could be something like a sphere, etc. Or for that matter something 4D like kinetic sculptures, which would explain how the aseret ha-dibrot were legible ...
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0answers
64 views

Where is a free online copy of the Torah with the “correct” number of letters in it?

First off, my intention is to create a pretty decent replica of the Hebrew text close to the formatting of the Sefer Torah or a Tikkun, for personal documentation purposes. My question though is 2-...
8
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1answer
115 views

Analysis of an answer to “Why does the Torah begin with the letter bet?”

Why does the Torah begin with the second letter, bet, rather than the first letter, aleph? There are many answers, but let's focus on this one: Bet is the beginning of the word barukh (blessed), ...
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0answers
37 views

Two beginnings related to heavens and earth

IIRC, there is a medrash conecting the first letter of torah (beit) + the word reshit by saying that with 2 beginnings (meaning the heavens and earth) the world came into existence. Does anyone happen ...
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1answer
205 views

Why is the Yod smaller in Pinchas' name in Bamidbar 25:11?

Pinchas is mentioned several times in the Tanach but in the pasuk Bamidbar 25:11 this is the only time the 'yod' in his name is diminished in size. I don't know if every manuscript has this anomaly. ...
11
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2answers
475 views

Eicha - why are the Pesukim with the פ before the Pesukim with the ע?

The first 4 Perakim of Eicha are written in the order of the Aleph Bais. However in Perek 2, 3, & 4 the Pesukim for פ are written before the Pesukim with the ע. Why? And then why in Perek 1 is it ...
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0answers
48 views

Large Nun in Num 27:5

וַיַּקְרֵב מֹשֶׁה אֶת מִשְׁפָּטָן לִפְנֵי יְהוָה.‏ I've seen the ן letter in Number 27:5 (above) is written enlarged (Nun Rabati (Great)). Why is that?
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2answers
173 views

Why are there 7 inverted letter nuns in Tehillim 107?

In the Masoretic text of Tehillim 107 there are 7 pesukim which contain an inverted letter nun (similar to those in Sefer Bamidbar). In my standard edition Mikraot Gedolot none of the commentaries ...
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2answers
142 views

Where is the midrash of “300 days of Tefillin?”

According to various Rishonim and Acharonim who are listed in R' Binyomin Shlomo Hamburger's "Shorshei Minhag Ashkenaz Volume 5," there is a Midrash that states that the Shin on Tefillin boxes alludes ...
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6answers
1k views

Different Size Letters in the Torah

I've often wondered if someone has compiled anything about the "special letters" in the Torah: All the letters that are either big or small. Together, do they read as something special? One or more ...
4
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1answer
387 views

Hebrew Letters and corresponding body parts

When I was a little child, I remember being taught that each of the Hebrew letters had a corresponding body part. I am sure I learned what they were at the time, but I've long forgotten most of them. ...
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0answers
42 views

Is the dot of Shin and Sin explained as a part of Nikkud?

Following the question about שכר ושכר, Shin and Sin letters have a little dot that does not have a name and is used exclusively to differentiate between them (diacritic). I read books about the ...
22
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2answers
3k views

Why does the Hebrew alphabet not have letters representing vowels?

The Hebrew alphabet is actually an abjad rather than a "true" Western-style alphabet, in that every letter represents a consonant, and vowels, if they're indicated at all, require diacritics. This ...
22
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4answers
4k views

Relationship between Samekh and Sin

What is the relationship between the letters samekh and sin? Did they ever have distinct sounds? Why do they exist as separate letters?
5
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1answer
187 views

What is the origin of the Rashi script?

I believe the script which is called "Rashi script" was invented to avoid using the normal Hebrew alphabet for things which weren't strictly Torah. Is this true? If so - why are only TWO letters ...
2
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1answer
73 views

Within Judaism is there a tradition of interpreting individual letters such as with YHVH

Two recent questions on Christianity Stack have got me thinking about the way some people interpret the divine name. One answer gave this interpretation: Yod - י Hand Hey - ה Open Window, to reveal ...
2
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1answer
76 views

Why is the מ in מוֹקְדָ֨ה small?

In Parshat צו, Chapter 6, verse 2 the מ in מוֹקְדָ֨ה is small according to Minchas Shai. Why is the מ in מוֹקְדָ֨ה small?
2
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0answers
56 views

Significance of Torah Midpoint

What is the significance of the middle of the Torah in letters being the vav in גָּחוֹן (Vayika 11:42)? (source: Kiddushin 30a) What is special about the vav in גָּחוֹן that the Almighty chose to ...
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6answers
478 views

Why is the Aleph diminished in size in Vayikra 1:1?

Vayikra 1:1 "And He called to Moshe and spoke..." In some Torah scrolls the Aleph in the first word is diminished in size. What is the significance of this anomaly? (The very next word — to Moshe — ...
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2answers
4k views

Talmud Statistics

How many letters are in the Talmud?* How many words are in the Talmud? How many dafim are in the Talmud? How many tractates are in the Talmud? How many letters, words, and dafim are in every ...
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2answers
760 views

Who were the original users of Ktav Ashuri?

According to one opinion found in the Talmud Sanhedrin 22a ktav ashuri was brought up from the first exile, assumedly adopted from Babylonian sources. Who exactly was using this alphabet? Do we have ...
2
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1answer
130 views

How to pronounce the name שימי

There's an amora (or at least one) in the Bavli named שימי. I think I've always heard this pronounced with an initial letter sin. However, I saw recently that the Koren-Steinsaltz edition has a ...
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0answers
61 views

Minhag Hebrew Pronunciation each letter

Is the pronunciation of the Hebrew letters a minhag or is the pronunciation of each individual letter each an individual minhag itself? For example would the pronunciation of the letter dalet be one ...
4
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1answer
80 views

Elevated Ayin (ע) in Iyov 38:13 and 38:15

I noticed this in Iyov 38:13,15: יג לֶאֱחֹז, בְּכַנְפוֹת הָאָרֶץ; וְיִנָּעֲרוּ רְשָׁעִים מִמֶּנָּה.‏ טו וְיִמָּנַע מֵרְשָׁעִים אוֹרָם; וּזְרוֹעַ רָמָה, תִּשָּׁבֵר.‏ I know about ...
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0answers
57 views

What was the first siddur to contain an aleph-bet chart?

Many siddurim (prayerbooks) published today contain a chart of the Hebrew alphabet towards the beginning (see e.g. page 11 of this pdf). What was the first siddur published to contain an alphabet ...
7
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4answers
14k views

Complete list of verses corresponding to people's names?

There is a custom to say a verse corresponding to ones name at the end of the Amidah, as a Segulah not to forget his name on the day of Judgement. There are several sources for this practice, ...
24
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3answers
2k views

Is the winding פ in this sefer torah kosher?

Leaving aside all other issues with the text as displayed, are the pehs acceptable, or do they actually need an inverted vav on the inside (instead of these whirls)?
1
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1answer
243 views

How many letters are there in Tanach? [duplicate]

Although I know how many letters there are in the five books of the Torah, 304,805, I do not know how many letters there are in Neviim and Kesuvim. So, my question is, "How many letters are there in ...
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2answers
727 views

Mishneh Torah Statistics

This question addresses how many halachos there are in Mishneh Torah. How many chapters are in the Mishneh Torah? How many books are in the Mishneh Torah?
4
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3answers
405 views

What sources try to rectify the difference in the actual vs 600K letters in the Torah?

The New Zohar Shir Hashirim 658 זוהר חדש, שיר השירים, תרנ"ח is [seemingly] the first reference to the number of 600K (ס' רבוא) letters of the Torah corresponding to all the Jews (at least in the ...
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2answers
302 views

Why does Orthodoxy hold that the Torah has not changed?

King David c. 1040–970 BCE, indeed any of the ancient Jewish kings, if presented with a modern Sefer Torah would not have been able to read it. The masoretic text we now have, written between the 7th ...
1
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0answers
89 views

What is the history and origin of the Etz Chayim symbol and the 10 Sefiroth?

This question is related to the question 'what is the origin of the Hebrew language?' since Hebrew is a key part of the Kabbalistic Tree of Life. However, the question of Hebrew language origins seems ...
4
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2answers
574 views

The almost-alphabetic acrostic Al Chet

The Al Chet that we say four times on Yom Kippur - the long list of sins that we list and ask to be forgiven for - is a double-acrostic (in nusach Ashkenaz). Each letter is represented twice in a row ...
3
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1answer
72 views

Not verbally spelling Hashem's names

Where do we find that it's forbidden to spell out Hashem's names? For example, people will say Yud-Kay - replacing the Hay with a Kay. Or Yud-Kay-Vov-Kay for the Tetragrammaton. We know it's ...