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Questions tagged [adar]

Questions regarding the month of Adar, the last month (or two months in a Jewish leap year) of the Jewish year, which is traditionally associated with rejoicing.

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The reverse name YHWH not for Adar?

As most of us know, each month has a combination of the holy name YHWH - that's 3 letters YHW times 4 places gives 12 combinations. It is intended to be kept in mind while saying the Brocho of Musaf ...
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What exactly do we celebrate on Purim - the 14th of Adar?

In the Purim timeline, we can see a series of beneficial events: the King couldn't sleep and remembered Mordechai (the turn of the story) Hanging of Haman with his sons and Appointing of Mordechai ...
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Purim in Adar: Haman's choice or a toss?

בַּחֹדֶשׁ הָרִאשׁוֹן ... הִפִּיל פּוּר הוּא הַגּוֹרָל לִפְנֵי הָמָן מִיּוֹם לְיוֹם וּמֵחֹדֶשׁ לְחֹדֶשׁ שְׁנֵים־עָשָׂר הוּא־חֹדֶשׁ אֲדָר׃ (Ester 3.6) In the first month ... pur—which means “the ...
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How did Haman know Moshe Rabeinu's Yahrzeit but not his Birthday?

I remember learning some years ago in Gemarah Megillah 13: that when Haman drew lots he was happy it landed in Adar since it is the month that Moshe Rabeinu died. However, he didn't know that Moshe ...
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Are anniversaries celebrated in Adar I or Adar II?

For those who celebrate anniversaries, or for calculating the end of Shanah Rishonah, if a couple gets married in Adar of a non-leap-year, when is the anniversary celebrated in a leap year? Is it in ...
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Purim Katan in Adar I but no Purim Gadol in Adar II

Wikipedia says the following: During leap years on the Hebrew calendar, Purim is celebrated in the second month of Adar... The 14th of the first Adar is then called Purim Katan ("Little Purim" in ...
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Why do we have Adar I & Adar II- why don't we give the additional month a new name?

Building off the question of why Adar is chosen as the month to be doubled, why in a leap year do we have an Adar I and Adar II? Why wasn't the additional month given a brand new name?
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source for lighting candles on zayin adar?

I was told that the Ben Ish Chai says to there is an inyan to light candles on zayin adar. Where does he say this and what is his source?
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Zayin Adar customs

As tomorrow is Zayin Adar (and I'm a bit fed up with PTIJ), I was trying to find sources that Moses was born and died on Zayin Adar, and it was more difficult as it is widely known. For the record, it ...
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Why do we say Tachanun during Adar?

According to this answer, we don't say tachanun on days that are yemei simcha -- days of happiness. But the Talmud (Taanit 29a) says Mishenichnas Adar marbim b'simcha -- once Adar begins we increase ...
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משנכנס אדר מרבין בשמחה - from first day of Rosh Chodesh? [duplicate]

Does the increase of joy in Adar begin on the first day of Rosh Chodesh, since it is "Rosh Chodesh Adar" (even if it is not yet Adar)?
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Bar mitzvah for child born in Adar

If a child is born in Adar of a non-leap year, and he/she reaches the age of 13/12 in a leap year, when is it appropriate to celebrate the child becoming bar/bat mitzvah? Would that be Adar I or Adar ...
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Happiness in the Second Half of Adar

The Gemara tells us that in the same way one must decrease joy in Av, one must increase joy in Adar: אמר רב יהודה בריה דרב שמואל בר שילת משמיה דרב כשם שמשנכנס אב ממעטין בשמחה כך משנכנס אדר מרבין ...
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What is the name of the special parsha read on the shabbos before purim?

What is the parasha that we read on the shabbos before purim called?
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Trying to understand Mishnah Megilla 1:4

Mishnah Megillah 1:4 states: קראו את המגילה באדר הראשון ונתעברה השנה, קורין אותה באדר השני. אין בין אדר הראשון לאדר השני אלא קריאת המגילה ומתנות לאביונים . If the Megillah was read in first ...
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What is the halacha regarding Adar yahrtzeits?

IIRC, During a Judaic leap year, my father, a"h observed 2 Yahrtzeits for his father who died during Adar of a non-leap year. He lit the yahrtzeit candle and said Kaddish twice - once for the date in ...
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Why is there no exchanging of food gifts during Purim Katan?

Purim Katan ("little Purim") occurs on the 14th and 15th of Adar I, which is only during leap years, such as the current year. Mishnah Megillah 1:4 says: קראו את המגילה באדר הראשון ונתעברה השנה, ...
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5 Iyar vs. 10 Adar

In Jewish tradition, we generally commemorate the ends of wars rather than their beginnings (e.g./i.e. Chanuka, Purim). The commemoration of the rebirth of Israel as the Jewish homeland in the past ...
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How often does Addar II happen?

I was sitting over dinner with the mispaha (family) talking about the calendar and I said that Addar 2 happens every seven years, but my dad said that it happens every four. So, my question is: how ...
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Do people still celebrate “Frankfurt Purim”?

The people of Frankfurt, historically, have celebrated a mini-Purim ("פורים קטן") on 20 Adar, to commemorate their salvation from threat of extinction (see this article for a summary of the events). ...
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Why is Adar 1 30 days long?

The Talmud Ta'anit 6b says אין בין אדר הראשון לאדר השני אלא קריאת המגילה ומתנות לאביונים "There is no difference between the 1st Adar and 2nd Adar except for reading the Megillah and giving presents ...
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In a leap year, is the extra month Adar I or Adar II?

I'm implementing support for the Hebrew calendar in Noda Time, my date/time library for .NET. I think I'm mostly there aside from text support (although beta testers would be very welcome!) but one ...
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Why did Hashem create the world in such a way that a leap year is needed?

I understand why we have a leap year; to keep the sun and moon cycles in sync, so that Pessach is always in the spring. That's all technical, as a result of the moon orbiting too slowly - or the sun ...
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Practically increasing simcha in Adar

Does anyone have personal/practical suggestions of how to increase one's simcha in Adar? (related)
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Heter to decorate the shul in a humorous way in Adar?

I am bias here, I was raised to treat a beit k'neset (shul) with utmost respect; not to use the sanctuary as a shortcut, avoid mundane discussions there etc. I now live in a community which festively ...
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Why is Purim on Adar II during a leap year?

On a leap year, when a second Adar is added, we celebrate Purim on the second Adar. I would think it should be celebrated on the first Adar, since the Megillah goes out of its way in several places to ...
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Time Parameters of Mishenichnas Adar Marbin B'Simcha

Is "Mishenichnas Adar Marbin B'Simcha" just for the month of Adar, and then you take a step down in simcha for Nisan? Or are you supposed to raise your level of simcha and stay there until Av, when ...
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“When Adar Comes We Increase in Joy” - already from Adar I?

Does the Talmudic dictum משנכנס אדר מרבין בשמחה (When Adar comes we increase in joy) start even in אדר ראשון (Adar I) in a leap year?
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Hallel on Yom Nicanor

Yom Nicanor celebrated the victory of Yehuda Maccabi (a few years after the events commemorated on Chanuka) over Nicanor, the Syrian-Greek governor who threatened to destroy the Temple if he wasn't ...
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If Sarah's Death is a “Merit” for Cheshvan, Why Isn't Moshe's Death a “Merit” for Adar?

When I was young(er) I used to listen to to Toravision's Purim Story tape. (Yeah, I know, I'm dating myself.) It's a great tape, and the older I've gotten, the more it's amazed me how close the tape ...
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Twelve Months of Mourning During a Leap Year

For those who are mourning a parent for the requisite twelve-month aveilus, would Adar 1 and Adar 2 count as two separate months towards the twelve? Or does one year mean a full year, i.e., from ...
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When Adar Begins we increase our Joy-משנכנס אדר מרבים בשמחה

משנכנס אדר מרבים בשמחה- When Adar Begins we increase our Joy (I know it is not in Shulchan Aruch or the Rambam) What is the practical application of it?
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Parshas Shekalim before Adar I

Suppose a Shul makes a mistake one week, forgetting there are 2 Adars that year, and the Baal Korei reads Parshas Shekalim. Would they read Parshas Shekalim again before Rosh Chodesh Adar Sheni?
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Moshe Rabeinu's Yarzheit

It is common knowledge that Moshe Rabeinu was Niftar on 7 Adar. Was it a plain year with 1 Adar or a leap year with 2 Adars? If it was a leap year on what Adar was he Niftar?
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“Veadar” as the name of the extra month in leap years?

In older books and other publications that describe the Jewish calendar, it's quite common to see the extra leap month referred to as "Veadar." (One example is here.) But I have yet to hear that ...
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Why do we use Adar, specifically, for the Jewish leap year?

Why when we add an additional month to the year do we only add it in Adar? Why not have a second Cheshvon or a second Shevat, etc.?