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Questions tagged [acronyms]

An acronym (Hebrew: ראשי תיבות, rashei teivot) is a shortened form of a phrase, usually consisting of the first letters of each word.

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1 answer
143 views

Who is the author ע״ש quoted by באר היטב?

The באר היטב in חושן משפט quotes a posek ע״ש (not עיין שם). For example, ס׳ מ״ב ס׳ק ז: כגון. כתב הע"ש אבל אם כתב ר"ת כגון י"ב י"ג כשר שא"א לזייף וליכא למיחש שמא הי' כתוב ב' ...
2 votes
2 answers
492 views

Who is מהרי''א?

Meir Leibush ben Yehiel Michel Wisser constantly refers to מהרי''א? What is his full name? For example (Malbim on Shmuel II 22:1): אך למה הוצג גם כאן, ולמה באו פה שנויים רבים וחלופים בתיבות ובאותיות, ...
4 votes
1 answer
471 views

Why is יעל קגם out of order?

While the Gemara usually sides with Rava, there are famously 6 places where we say the Halacha is like Abaye, known as יע"ל קג"ם (as explained by Rashi) יאוש שלא מדעת - אביי אמר לא הוי יאוש ...
2 votes
3 answers
851 views

Is there a website that has a list of Roshei Teivot in text format?

I'm looking for a resource that has a list of Roshei Tevviot in text format. Where can I find this?
0 votes
1 answer
100 views

What does the abbreviation א״ mean? [closed]

I had a look on Wikipedia but cannot find what an Aleph with gershayim at the top left stands for.
1 vote
1 answer
189 views

What’s the meaning of the abbreviation (ז"פ)?

What’s the meaning the abbreviation (ז"פ)? Example as found in Sefer HaGoralot by Rabbi Chaim Vital: “ וזאת היא התפלה שצריך להתפלל קודם שישליך הגורל: אנא בכח גדולת ימינך תתיר צרורה ז"פ.” ...
4 votes
2 answers
780 views

Is ב״ה Baruch HaShem or Bezrat HaShem?

Is ב״ה Baruch HaShem or Bezrat HaShem? Why did The Rebbe begin every letter with it?
-1 votes
1 answer
176 views

Meaning of the roshei teivot והיע"ב אכי"ר [closed]

The second part of the reshei tevot והיע"ב אכי"ר is of course amen kein yehi ratzon "so it may be His will", but I do not know the first part, היע"ב. Any thoughts would be ...
2 votes
1 answer
701 views

What does ממנ”פ mean?

I've seen the acronym ממנ”פ in multiple places but I am not sure what it means. קיצורים וראשי תיבות בעברית indicates that it means ממערכת נשימה פנימית but I am not sure if that is correct. Here are ...
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What is the מסכ"י?

While it is common to find the reshei tevot מס"כ (מסכת: -כלה, -כלאים, -כלים, -כריתות, -כתובות), it is less so to find מסכ"י. For instance, you find this in a phrase like עד כאן לשונו מסכ&...
0 votes
1 answer
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Reshei tevot question

Please, I would like to know the meaning of the reshei tevot בנד"מ as found, for example, in a situation like בנד"מ דף י"ג ע"א. Thanks!
20 votes
5 answers
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Meaning of ודו"ק

It is fairly common to find the abbreviation ודו"ק at the end of a complex explanation of a Torah thought (Maharsha, for example, famously does this very often). Roughly, it means: "I didn't explain ...
5 votes
1 answer
495 views

Source for Hardest Masechtos

I once saw that the hardest Masechtos in Shas are alluded to in "כל ימי -עני- רעים" (Mishlei 15:15), with ע standing for עירובין, and נ for נדרים (alternatively I've seen נדה or נזיר), ...
2 votes
1 answer
331 views

What does פ׳ ב׳ פ׳ stand for in the context of prayer (specifically related to prayer #8 of the Amidah)?

In the Siddur I am using (Siddurenu, The Prayer Book Press, 1961), there is a supplemental prayer directly below prayer #8 of the Amida (on page 56) that prays for healing of specific individuals. (It ...
1 vote
4 answers
427 views

What does 'כו stand for?

One of the most famous abbreviations in Jewish Hebrew texts is the word 'כו, meaning et cetera. However, I have heard and seen different forms of this abbreviation, and I want to know what does it ...
1 vote
1 answer
118 views

לפ"ד ש"פ Acronym deciphering

In Beur Hagra EH 7.14, SK 54, there is an Acronym I don't understand "ל"ד ש"פ". Can someone help me?
0 votes
0 answers
120 views

Use of יצ"ו, expanded to יבנה ציון וירושלים (May He build Zion and Jerusalem), how and where used?

I'm trying to remember where I have seen this (יצ"ו) used. I think it appears sometimes in sefarim, sometimes after the names of towns (not in Israel), and that the intent is to hope for the ...
1 vote
1 answer
370 views

What do these abbreviations mean? נ''י & מו''ה

I am filling out an authorization form for medical treatment. I am not 100% on what the abbreviations נ''י & מו''ה & mean. זֶה לאשׁר בי מו''ה (מורי וחמי?) ______ נ''י (נרו יאיר?) ...
5 votes
0 answers
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What or who Ben Ish Hai means with נ"א?

בס"ד In his derashot[ (parashah Shoftim, 4) the Ben Ish Hai writes: "פירש הרב נ"א ז"ל".Who is this rabbi נ"א? He cites this acrostic in other places too, but in anyone ...
5 votes
1 answer
125 views

Where is the first time that Tehillim, Mishlei, Iyov are referred to as ספרי אמ"ת?

The books of Tehillim, Mishlei, Iyov are often referred as ספרי אמ"ת. Where is the first source making this reference?
4 votes
1 answer
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Perplexing Abbreviation in Tzafnas Paneach

The Tzafnas Paneach has a strange abbreviation in his commentary to Rambam, Sefer Zmanim, Chapter 5, Halacha 5. Here's the Rambam: ונהגו כל ישראל בזמנים אלו להתענות בשלשה עשר ג באדר זכר לתענית שהתענו ...
3 votes
1 answer
139 views

Deciphering Acronym in Holy Book

I'm reading an introductory book on kabalistic topics, "Amud Haavoda" from Rabbi Boruch Kosover. At the end of the first part, question--answer, when the author says an original and deep ...
14 votes
1 answer
1k views

What does כתר"ה stand for?

What does כתר"ה mean? It's mentioned very often in Igros Moshe, often in reference to the one who asked the shailah e.g. "שאל כתר"ה"
37 votes
2 answers
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Abbreviations before/after names

What are the more common abbreviations one might see printed before or after a person's name, and what do they mean? Please include honorifics (R'=Rabbi) as well as memorial - or prayerful - suffixes ...
7 votes
3 answers
293 views

Source for this Remez expansion of יד שחט דם

There is an acronym for the liquids that make things able to be made ritually impure. The Halacha is in order for fruit and the like to be made ritually impure it has to be made wet with these ...
2 votes
1 answer
104 views

Sources referenced as אר"ח ח"ב and קונדרסים

I'm reading an article in Encyclopedia Talmudit (Cherem א) and finding it a bit difficult to trace its sources. The ones I'm struggling with are described as below. Can anyone help me with full names ...
5 votes
2 answers
178 views

Who is the החזו"א

I saw the roshei teivos החזו"א in the Dirshu notes to Mishna Berura in Hilchos Rosh Hodesh. Can you tell me who it is? Is there a general resource to figure this out?
1 vote
2 answers
135 views

What does דשלהי stand for?

I've seen this mentioned in the context of tefillot (and shiurim as well). What does דשלהי stand for: For example: להחזיק ביד לומדי התורה ולחזק הני ברכי דרבנן דשלהי . . . נתינה זו הנזכרת בכתוב ...
5 votes
4 answers
1k views

Is there a feminine equivalent of Zt"l? [duplicate]

Inspired by this question, I am wondering: Is zt"l -- זצ“ל, zatzal = zecher tzadik livracha "May the memory of this tzaddik be a blessing" -- ever used for tzadkaniyot, righteous females? Or else is ...
2 votes
1 answer
154 views

What are the abbreviations in Jastrow?

I was looking at Jastrow and there were several English abbreviations related to the definition or word structure that I didn't recognize. I looked through this and many of the abbreviations are ...
4 votes
6 answers
894 views

Mnemonic of Rebbi Yehuda

The Haggadah tells us that Rebbi Yehuda came up with a mnemonic for remembering the Ten Plagues: Dtzach Adash B'Achav Why was the mnemonic necessary? It doesn't seem to me to be that difficult to ...
2 votes
0 answers
42 views

Why is שהחיינו called "ז" in P'sachim but "ח" in M'gila?

Why is the "שהחיינו" blessing abbreviated "ז" in Bavli P'sachim 103 but "ח" in Bavli M'gila 21? I'd expect some consistency. And it's not like "ז" makes more sense, or "ח" less sense, in P'sachim than ...
2 votes
1 answer
263 views

Pronunciation of גפ״ת

Does גפ״ת (which stands for גמרא, פרש״י, תוספות) have a conventional pronunciation, as do שליט״א ("shlita"), תנ״ך ("tanakh"), etc.?
1 vote
1 answer
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What does תושׁלכ"ע mean?

I saw the abbreviation תושׁלכ"ע in the introduction to a textbook (Classical Mechanics, by Herbert Goldstein). What does it stand for?
1 vote
0 answers
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Moreh Makom or Mar'eh Makom

A Torah source is often referred to as a M"M, which I have heard read as both מורה מקום, Moreh Makom and מראה מקום, Mar'eh Makom, (see here for example) which have similar meanings, and mean something ...
4 votes
1 answer
97 views

Acronyms in Tanya

At the end of known editions of sefer hatanya, there is a a Luach Rashe Tevot, table of Acronyms. But through the lecture of the book I didn't find the significance of "דש''ע". It's in daf 104b (page ...
2 votes
0 answers
362 views

Origin and meaning of the honorific Shlita [duplicate]

It seems to me that for a long time, the word Shlita was popularly associated with the Lubavitcher Rebbe. And in those days when I was first encountering the term and asking about it, I was told that ...
2 votes
1 answer
134 views

Who are the מאמ"ר and the כה"ח?

I found a reference to turning the body when waving the lulav. The text reads ויש נוהגים גם להפנות את הגוף לארבע רוחות (מאמ"ר יג; כה"ח צו). What, please, is the meaning of the abbreviations used ...
3 votes
1 answer
209 views

What does אחדשה"ט stand for? [closed]

I received a letter that began with the date, my name, and then on it's own line "אחדשה"ט", then the content of the letter. Any clue as to what it stands for/means?
7 votes
1 answer
212 views

Abbreviation: בש"ט on a gravestone

While researching this question I came across a picture of the gravestone of Reb Arye Kaplan זצ"ל. The post-final line reads: נפטר בש"ט בי"ד בשבט תשמ"ג‏ What does the abbreviation בש"ט stand ...
6 votes
0 answers
113 views

Acronym for ישראל (original source)

Where was this insight originally brought down from? י = יצחק, יעקב ש = שרה ר = רבקה, רחל א = אברהם ל = לאה The earliest work I could find was שני לוחות הברית But I'm not sure if it ...
2 votes
1 answer
95 views

What does אה"ת stand for?

What do these rashei teivos stand for? See, for example, the Dikdukei Sofrim here.
9 votes
3 answers
299 views

What does בי in בירבי mean?

The word בירבי "the son of Rabbi..." appears many times in the acrostics of piyyutim (e.g. El'azar the Kalir signs his name אלעזר בירבי קליר, e.g. in the יוצר beginning אומן בשמעו). (I have seen it ...
9 votes
1 answer
318 views

Changing "shlit"a"s to "za"l"s?

The name of living Torah scholar mentioned or quoted in another's book is often followed by an abbreviation of blessing such as שליט"א or נר"ו. The name of a past scholar, no longer living, is ...
2 votes
1 answer
181 views

What does נלבעה mean?

When written on a tombstone, what does נלבעה mean (e.g. נלבעה יום שישי)? Also, more importantly, which is more correct: נלבעה or נלבע"ה? Is the quotation mark necessary to indicate proper meaning (i....
4 votes
0 answers
54 views

יר"ה honorific for a king in Mishnah Berurah -- a reference to a specific monarch?

In סימן דש, סקכ"ו the Mishnah Berurah says as follows: במקום שהמלך יר"ה גזר שאין שום אדם... My edition of Mishnah Berurah the acronym is expanded as: "יָרוּם הוֹדוֹ", which I believe means May his ...
16 votes
4 answers
6k views

B'siyata D'shmaya or Baruch Hashem

Often, at the top of written work, Jews write either ב"ה, which stands for Baruch Hashem =blessed is the Name i.e., God, or בס"ד, which stands for b'siyata d'shmaya =with Heavenly help. What is the ...
2 votes
1 answer
503 views

Meaning of abbreviation tblch"t / tblch"a

What do these abbreviations stand for? I have seen them beside the names of righteous females. Does it mean that she should have long life? What is the equivalent for males?
0 votes
2 answers
383 views

What are the abreviations on tefillin cases?

I have seen two common abbreviations written on tefillin cases (I'm referring to the, most commonly red, cases that you put the tefillin into when you have completed wearing them): תובב"א and פעיה"ק ...
1 vote
0 answers
493 views

Why do tefillin cases have the פעיה"ק and תובב"א acronyms on them?

This M.Y. question explains the meaning of 2 common acronyms that appear on tefillin cases (the storage boxes that the tefillin are put into.) (see pictures below) When did this minhag begin? Why are ...