Questions tagged [acronyms]

An acronym (Hebrew: ראשי תיבות, rashei teivot) is a shortened form of a phrase, usually consisting of the first letters of each word.

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2answers
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Abbreviations before/after names

What are the more common abbreviations one might see printed before or after a person's name, and what do they mean? Please include honorifics (R'=Rabbi) as well as memorial - or prayerful - suffixes ...
18
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5answers
850 views

Meaning of ודו"ק

It is fairly common to find the abbreviation ודו"ק at the end of a complex explanation of a Torah thought (Maharsha, for example, famously does this very often). Roughly, it means: "I didn't explain ...
15
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4answers
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B'siyata D'shmaya or Baruch Hashem

Often, at the top of written work, Jews write either ב"ה, which stands for Baruch Hashem =blessed is the Name i.e., God, or בס"ד, which stands for b'siyata d'shmaya =with Heavenly help. What is the ...
15
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2answers
468 views

Can anyone explain the meaning of this amulet / inscription?

Right before my grandfather went away to fight in WWII, a rabbi in Munkács (מונקאטש) gave him a small cloth container that had a piece of parchment in it, as a kind of amulet. The piece of paper has ...
14
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1answer
11k views

Does ב"ה actually stand for Boruch Hashem?

We asked here about writing either ב"ה or בס"ד on the top of a letter. In the question it was assumed that ב"ה stands for Boruch Hashem. Do we have a source that ב"ה actually stands for Boruch Hashem?...
9
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3answers
309 views

Meforshim Nick"names

It has become common practice to refer to most meforshim by acronyms of their name (eg Rashi, Rosh, etc.). When and why did this practice start, and is it proper?
9
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1answer
281 views

Why was Rabbi Yitzchok Alfasi known as the Rif - rather than the Ria? (הרי"ף - רבי יצחק אלפסי)

Rabbi Yitzchok Alfasi was known as the Rif. The Roshei Teivos of his name is רי"א, and as far as I know there is no other historic figure known as the רי"א. Then why was he known as the Rif?
9
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2answers
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Hebrew letters Hey-Yud-Dalet after a name

I'd seen some stuff written about a man, with the Hebrew הי"ד (Hey-Yud-quotes-Dalet) after his name. What does that mean?
9
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1answer
291 views

What does א.ד.ג.‏ stand for in Yiddish? [closed]

What does א.ד.ג.‏ stand for in Yiddish? It seems from context that it is the equivalent to etc. but I can't find what it stands for exactly. For example, this this excerpt from a Hassidic story ...
9
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3answers
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What does בי in בירבי mean?

The word בירבי "the son of Rabbi..." appears many times in the acrostics of piyyutim (e.g. El'azar the Kalir signs his name אלעזר בירבי קליר, e.g. in the יוצר beginning אומן בשמעו). (I have seen it ...
8
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2answers
264 views

What's the significance of בי״ה שמ״ו סימן, espcially on Dt. 31:28?

In most sifre Tora (Torah scrolls), 240 columns of text each start with the letter vav (ו), and five do not. The first of those five exceptional columns, of course, is the first column of the Torah, ...
7
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2answers
746 views

Wedding invitation Hebrew abbreviation

What do the letters ayin, bet, gimmel stand for between the groom's name and the bride's name on a Jewish, Hebrew wedding invitation? In the past, I've seen ayin, bet, lamed which I believe stands ...
7
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1answer
210 views

Changing “shlit”a“s to ”za“l”s?

The name of living Torah scholar mentioned or quoted in another's book is often followed by an abbreviation of blessing such as שליט"א or נר"ו. The name of a past scholar, no longer living, is ...
7
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1answer
592 views

Why are wedding invitation abbreviated b'rachos different for males and females?

Many wedding invitations written in Hebrew that I've seen have the abbreviations נ"י - after the groom's name - and תחי'‏ - after the bride's name. (Example) Sometimes they are slight alterations ...
6
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1answer
92 views

Abbreviation: בש"ט on a gravestone

While researching this question I came across a picture of the gravestone of Reb Arye Kaplan זצ"ל. The post-final line reads: נפטר בש"ט בי"ד בשבט תשמ"ג‏ What does the abbreviation בש"ט stand ...
6
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2answers
460 views

How do you find or understand acronyms?

I've heard that the acronym in a sefer usually appears in the sefer in its full form somewhere before the acronym does, and in many cases I find this, but sometimes I do not, and cannot figure out the ...
6
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1answer
774 views

When did “Zal” give way to “Zatzal”?

Inspired by this answer and it's comments. Early on, it was standard to refer to great Rabbis who had passed away with the appellation "Zal" - "zichrono/ah livracha "May his/her/their memory be a ...
6
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0answers
73 views

Acronym for ישראל (original source)

Where was this insight originally brought down from? י = יצחק, יעקב ש = שרה ר = רבקה, רחל א = אברהם ל = לאה The earliest work I could find was שני לוחות הברית But I'm not sure if it ...
6
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1answer
161 views

Source for this Remez expansion of יד שחט דם

There is an acronym for the liquids that make things able to be made ritually impure. The Halacha is in order for fruit and the like to be made ritually impure it has to be made wet with these ...
5
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4answers
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Is there a feminine equivalent of Zt"l? [duplicate]

Inspired by this question, I am wondering: Is zt"l -- זצ“ל, zatzal = zecher tzadik livracha "May the memory of this tzaddik be a blessing" -- ever used for tzadkaniyot, righteous females? Or else is ...
5
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6answers
398 views

Gematrias or Roshei Taivos for the year 5772 [closed]

Looking for Gematrios of phrases and/or Roshei Teivos that are appropiate for the year 5772 (by adding up to either 5772 or 772, which is the accepted numerical abbreviation for the year after ...
5
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1answer
167 views

What does והבוכ"ע mean?

I have found this word a few times in the Satmar Rebbe's Divrei Yoel (such as here, for example, in Parshat Metzora'). I am assuming that it is an acronym, rather than a transliterated Yiddish word, ...
5
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1answer
96 views

Who is the החזו"א

I saw the roshei teivos החזו"א in the Dirshu notes to Mishna Berura in Hilchos Rosh Hodesh. Can you tell me who it is? Is there a general resource to figure this out?
5
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1answer
183 views

What does חיו“ש וכט”ס stand for?

What does this abbreviation stand for? It is part of the greeting section of a letter written in Hebrew from the late 19th century. The phrase in which it appears is: שפעת חיו"ש וכט"ס לכבוד הרב וכו ...
5
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3answers
159 views

Academic abbreviations

Academic texts typically use acronyms to refer to books in Tana"ch, Talmud, and rabbinic literature. I am presently working on editing the citations given within a translation to bring them more in ...
5
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1answer
150 views

What is the oldest work to incorporate an acrostic of shem Havaya in the opening?

I have seen many books where the first letters of the first 4 works in the first sentence of the work spell out the shem Havaya (the Tetragrammaton, yud-kay and vav kay). What was the first Jewish ...
5
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1answer
104 views

What's “מיי׳” short for?

The En Mishpat Ner Mitzva on the Bavli (in the standard edition, anyway) refers to the Mishne Tora (Yad Hachazaka) as "מיי׳". What is this an abbreviation of? (I have an ...
5
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2answers
347 views

When did the use of Rashei Tevot, Heh Kuf, הק׳ in writings, books, letters, etc., begin?

Perhaps I'm among the last to have found this out, but it took me quite a while to understand why, in a signature, the name was preceded by a הק׳. The Ozar Rashei Tevot book has 31 different ...
4
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1answer
2k views

Meaning of the (Hebrew?) abbreviation Ka"H

I saw this on a frum forum: It bothers me when my daughters keep hearing about their (ka"h) appearance,and no one talks about character. I had never seen this abbreviation before. Does anyone ...
4
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1answer
113 views

What does LAYT stand for?

I received a letter from a rabbi, in his capacity of leading a Jewish institution, that opened with Dear _____, LAYT I assume, given the context, that "LAYT" is some sort of Jewish blessing or ...
4
votes
1answer
59 views

Acronyms in Tanya

At the end of known editions of sefer hatanya, there is a a Luach Rashe Tevot, table of Acronyms. But through the lecture of the book I didn't find the significance of "דש''ע". It's in daf 104b (page ...
4
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1answer
165 views

What is the proper way to write the year when it is a year that ends in מנצפך?

When the year ends with one of the letters of מנצפך - for example 5780 - What is the correct way to write it תש"פ or תש"ף?
4
votes
1answer
183 views

Closing abbreviation ושכמ"ה

Every [anonymous] question asked in the responsum Torah Lishmah ends with an address to the answerer and the abbreviation ושכמ"ה (e.g.). The Otzar Rashei Teivos had only one entry for this ...
4
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1answer
82 views

Who was ר"מ in Sefer Kol Bo?

Nobody knows for certain who authored Sefer Kol Bo (ספר כל-בו), and various theories exist as to who, and when, it might have been. (For a brief example of such theories, see here). Likely it was in ...
4
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0answers
46 views

יר"ה honorific for a king in Mishnah Berurah — a reference to a specific monarch?

In סימן דש, סקכ"ו the Mishnah Berurah says as follows: במקום שהמלך יר"ה גזר שאין שום אדם... My edition of Mishnah Berurah the acronym is expanded as: "יָרוּם הוֹדוֹ", which I believe means May his ...
4
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0answers
317 views

The difference between Chazal and Razal

I have heard it said before that Chazal (חז"ל = חכמינו זכרונם לברכה; "our sages of blessed memory") refers to sages of the Mishna and Gemara, while Razal (רז"ל = רבנים/נו זכרונם לברכה; "our/the ...
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3answers
852 views

Elul's acronyms

What are the Roshei Teivos (acronyms) of Elul (א.ל.ו.ל) and what are their significances?
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6answers
499 views

Mnemonic of Rebbi Yehuda

The Haggadah tells us that Rebbi Yehuda came up with a mnemonic for remembering the Ten Plagues: Dtzach Adash B'Achav Why was the mnemonic necessary? It doesn't seem to me to be that difficult to ...
3
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1answer
145 views

What sefer has rashei teivot הל''פ?

The Kaf Hahayyim in Yoreh Deah often cites a sefer whose name he abbreviates with the rashei teivot הל''פ. I can't find this acronym in his luach rashei teivot at the beginning of Yoreh Deah volume 1, ...
3
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1answer
103 views

Perplexing Abbreviation in Tzafnas Paneach

The Tzafnas Paneach has a strange abbreviation in his commentary to Rambam, Sefer Zmanim, Chapter 5, Halacha 5. Here's the Rambam: ונהגו כל ישראל בזמנים אלו להתענות בשלשה עשר ג באדר זכר לתענית ...
3
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2answers
116 views

What does the abbreviation ז׳׳ק mean after a person's name

I'm editing a translation of a yizkor book. It contains a full-page essay/tribute to a rabbi. The closing line of the essay has the author's name, followed by ז׳׳ק and I'm unsure how it should be ...
3
votes
1answer
164 views

Altering the Spelling out the Hebrew Year

In 1983-1984, the Hebrew year was 5744. Normally, the year would have been spelled out in Hebrew letters תשמ״ד, but according to my rabbi then, Rabbi Phillip Rabinowitz, zt'l, as pronounced the word ...
3
votes
1answer
116 views

What does this acronym mean? [duplicate]

I have an Asher Yazar card dedicated Le'ilu'i Nishmat HaRav 'Ovadyah Yosef A"H. At the bottom of the card is the Rav's name followed by זצוקללה"ו. I've been unable to decipher the full acronym through ...
3
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0answers
73 views

Who developed the " symbol, to be used for rashei teyvot or acronyms? [closed]

What are the earliest sources for the use of the " symbol before the final letter, to denote an acronym? This symbol (geresh) can be found in all Jewish languages, including Hebrew, Yiddish, Ladino......
3
votes
1answer
127 views

Acronym for ה׳תש״ע [closed]

I know that every Hebrew year has one or more acronym for it. What acronyms do we use for the year ה׳תש״ע? Google is not helping me.
2
votes
1answer
72 views

Who are the מאמ“ר and the כה”ח?

I found a reference to turning the body when waving the lulav. The text reads ויש נוהגים גם להפנות את הגוף לארבע רוחות (מאמ"ר יג; כה"ח צו). What, please, is the meaning of the abbreviations used ...
2
votes
1answer
71 views

Deciphering Acronym in Holy Book

I'm reading an introductory book on kabalistic topics, "Amud Haavoda" from Rabbi Boruch Kodover. At the end of the first part, question--answer, when the author says an original and deep chiddush, he ...
2
votes
1answer
111 views

What does אחדשה"ט stand for? [closed]

I received a letter that began with the date, my name, and then on it's own line "אחדשה"ט", then the content of the letter. Any clue as to what it stands for/means?
2
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1answer
73 views

What does אה"ת stand for?

What do these rashei teivos stand for? See, for example, the Dikdukei Sofrim here.
2
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1answer
123 views

Meaning of abbreviation tblch“t / tblch”a

What do these abbreviations stand for? I have seen them beside the names of righteous females. Does it mean that she should have long life? What is the equivalent for males?