Questions tagged [abraham]

First of the Patriarchs אברהם

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3answers
64 views

Understanding העמק דבר on בראשית טו ה

In Lech L'cha, 15:5 (JPS), Hashem tells Avram: הַבֶּט נָא הַשָּׁמַיְמָה וּסְפֹר הַכּוֹכָבִים אִם תּוּכַל לִסְפֹּר אֹתָם Look now toward heaven, and count the stars, if thou be able to count them ...
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In what way was the test of לֶךְ־לְךָ֛ greater than the test of א֣וּר כַּשְׂדִּ֗ים?

I assume that Avrohom's tests increased in difficulty. The first test was whether or not to go into the furnace. The test of leaving his birthplace has to be more difficult. HKB”H made three ...
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2answers
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Why is the information that Malchi-Tzedek was a priest not written earlier in the posuk?

In parshas Lech Lecha, after Avraham had successfully conquered the four kings and rescued his nephew Lot, it says (Bereishis 14,18): וּמַלְכִּי-צֶדֶק מֶלֶךְ שָׁלֵם, הוֹצִיא לֶחֶם וָיָיִן; וְהוּא ...
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1answer
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Connection Between Going to Canaan and Becoming a Great Nation

In Genesis (12:1-2) God tells Avraham to go to the land he would show him [Canaan] and that he would make him a great nation: לֶךְ־לְךָ֛ מֵאַרְצְךָ֥ וּמִמּֽוֹלַדְתְּךָ֖ וּמִבֵּ֣ית אָבִ֑יךָ אֶל־...
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Avraham's ten tests and the miracles in Mitzraim

Avos d'Rebbi Nassan* 33 recounts that corresponding to Avraham's ten tests,1 Hashem performed ten miracles for the Bnei Yisrael in Mitzraim2 and struck the Mitzriim with ten makkos, and likewise He ...
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Why does God Tell Abimelech that he is innocent?

Why does God tell Amibelech that he innocently abducted Sara. One of the commentators (Rava?) says that in Abimelech's mind, he thought he was honoring Sarai by making her his Queen. Why does ...
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When is Avraham's birthday?

I saw in a popular book a suggestion that Avraham was born on Rosh Chodesh Tevet. Does anyone have any backing sources for this?
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How come the Torah doesn't recount how Avraham and Sarah met?

We know how Yitzchak met Rivka, and how Yaakov met Rachel & Leah- but why doesn't the Torah tell us how Avraham and Sarah met? If you want to say that it's because they weren't Jewish at the time ...
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(Why) did Sarah allow herself to be put in a compromising situation

Starting in Genesis 12:13 Avraham and Sarah deceive Pharaoh into thinking that Sarah was not married. It seems from the verses that Avraham and Sarah understood that if Pharaoh thought Sarah was ...
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Centrality of Jerusalem for forefathers and before Temple

I was having an argument about the centrality of Jerusalem in our tradition when I realized surprisingly, that, seemingly from the scriptures, Jerusalem wasn't so central for our forefathers at all. ...
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Avraham's Converts [duplicate]

In Bereishis 12:5 we see that Avraham took with him את הנפש אשר עשו בחרן "the soul they had made in Charan." Rashi there comments that "Abraham would convert the men, and Sarah would convert the women,...
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Who performed the bris of Abraham?

It is clear that Abraham understood the Torah, and that he waited to enact his bris until commanded, but who performed it? Did he do it himself, or was someone else instructed to do it, to serve in ...
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Are there any Jewish traditions that can place Abraham in the location of present day Mecca? [closed]

The Quran states... And (remember) when Ibrahim (Abraham) and (his son) Isma'il (Ishmael) were raising the foundations of the House (the Ka'bah at Makkah), (saying), "Our Lord! Accept (this service)...
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Where, and what, is Elonei Mamre? And who is Mamre?

In Sefer Bereshit (specifically Parshat Lech Lecha, Vayera, and Chayei Sarah) the is a place called Elonei Mamre. This is usually translated something along the lines of "the trees of Mamre." Where/...
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Did Avrahom fail the test?

I was having a discussion with someone in Shul and he said that many big Rabbi's believe that he failed the test. Because: He should of said no to gd when asked to kill his son and he lost ...
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Did Hashem originally intend to have a connection with everyone?

Does it say anywhere that when Hashem created the world it was with the intention to have a connection with everyone, but because people sinned Hashem saw he could only have this intimate connection ...
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2answers
636 views

How many descendants did Abraham give rise to?

In Genesis 22 there is a divine oath that seems to suggest that Abraham's descendants will be way more numerous than has yet been realize: Berean Study Bible Genesis 22: 16 and said, "By Myself I ...
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Why is Abraham considered the “Founder of Judaism”?

Why is Abraham called 'the founder of Judaism' given that he didn't write its founding legislation, which is what 'founders' of other religions did (for example, Paul and Muhammed)? What place does ...
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Avraham a father of many

What was meant when HaShem told Avraham His covenant would be with him and he would become the father of a multitude of nations? (Genesis 17:4, see also 12:2-3). To whom does the multitude of nations ...
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What method of reasoning did Abraham use to reach Enlightenment?

What method(s) of reasoning did Abraham use to discover HaShem's existence and that he is Adon Olam? I'm wondering about particular methods. [1] http://www.chabad.org/library/article_cdo/aid/434682/...
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Why was Lech Lecha a Nisayon?

The Rambam in his commentary to the Mishna list the 10 Nisayon's, challenges, which Avraham went through and passed. The first one is when G‑d tells him to leave his homeland to be a stranger in the ...
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5answers
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Commandments/Laws followed by Avraham

Genesis 26:5 states: Because that Avraham obeyed my voice, and kept my charge, my commandments, my statutes, and my laws. What were these laws, statutes, and commandments that Avraham was ...
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Meaning of “the lame and the blind”

I read somewhere recently that the "the lame and the blind" in 2 Samuel 5 is a reference to the patriachs, and that Abraham had made an agreement with the Philistines not to lay claim to Jerusalem in ...
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1answer
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How old was Avraham when Nimrod threw him into the fire in Ur Kasdim?

Rashi, the Midrash Rabbah, and many others mention the story of Avraham being thrown into a fiery furnace by Nimrod for refusing to worship Avoda Zara and being miraculously saved. I've spent a while ...
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66 views

Why was it that Lot and the place he fleed to were saved from the destruction of Sodom and Gemorah?

Bereshit 12:4 Lot went with him (Avraham).. 13:1 Lot with him (Avraham).. 13:5 And Lot also, who went with Avram.. After these points Lot goes on a seperate way from Avraham, but HaShem still shows ...
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1answer
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What was the sanctification of Abraham?

"And is a Jew excluded from the category of bnei Noach? Since Avraham was sanctified they are called by my name" ״וישראל מי נפיק מכלל בני נח? כיון דאיקדש אברהם איתקרו על שמיה״ -Talmud Bavli, ...
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Avraham's tithe

Genesis 14:20 says that Avraham gave "a tenth of all" to Malki-Tzedek. A tenth of what? His annual income, his assets, the booty from the war, or something else?
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Covenant of pieces; cutting

The birds or pigeons in this covenant making (the ברית בין הבתרים) are not cut in two, but why? What is the meaning behind this?
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Where does Flavius Josephus gets his description of historical events about the Patriarchs

Josephus lived in the 1st century and would accurately report the history in that time period. However he does report about the activities of the Patriarchs. These stories are found in the Jewish ...
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Age of Avram (Avraham) when he left for Kena'an out of the Ur Kasdim?

Nechemyah 9:7-8 teaches that it was HaShem who brought (or called?) Avram forth out of the Ur Kasdim Bereshit 11:31 teaches that Terach took his whole household in which included Avram and they went ...
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Rabbinic endorsement of Indians as descendants of Avraham?

There are some who have suggested that the Indian peoples (or, more specifically, the original Aryan tribes and/or the Brahmin caste) are descendants of Avraham's sons Zimran, Yokshan, Medan, Midian, ...
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1answer
85 views

What is the meaning and history behind the velvet signs decorating Abraham's tomb?

I was recently reading up on Wikipedia regarding the Tomb of the Patriarchs, and was particularly interested in this picture: https://upload.wikimedia.org/wikipedia/commons/8/89/Cenotaph_of_Abraham_-...
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3answers
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If there were people before/during Avraham's life that recognised Hashem, why was Avraham chosen specifically?

We know that Shem lived during the life of Avraham Avinu, described as Malki Tzedek. Why is Avraham considered the first to spread ethical monotheism (concluding in G-d choosing him) if it's known ...
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2answers
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“As many as the stars in the sky”- literally or allegorically?

In Bereishis 15:5 HaShem promises Avraham that his descendants will be as many as the stars in the sky: וַיּוֹצֵ֨א אֹת֜וֹ הַח֗וּצָה וַיֹּ֙אמֶר֙ הַבֶּט־נָ֣א הַשָּׁמַ֗יְמָה וּסְפֹר֙ הַכּ֣וֹכָבִ֔ים ...
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Why is Milah considered Avraham's first Mitzvah. Why not Lech-Lecha?

(בראשית כד ב) שים נא ידך תחת ירכי ופירש רש"י תחת ירכי לְפִי שֶׁהַנִּשְׁבָּע צָרִיךְ שֶׁיִּטוֹל בְּיָדוֹ חֵפֶץ שֶׁל מִצְוָה, כְּגוֹן סֵפֶר תּוֹרָה, אוֹ תְּפִילִין (שבועות ל"ח), וְהַמִּילָה הָיְתָה ...
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Is it required for observant Jews to not associate with one who has rejected Judaism?

I have observed that Orthodox Jews seem to withdraw from those who were once "frum" (observant) but are now secular. Are they obligated to do so? How are we to understand the parable in which God ...
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2answers
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In Avraham all to be blessed?

In relation to another question of mine Avraham a father of many Bereshit 12:2-3 reads: And I will make of thee a great nation, and I will bless thee, and make thy name great; and be thou a blessing....
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Midrash about Abraham , Moon and 14 generations?

I heard one rabbi tell a story connecting Abraham , and cycles of the moon and generations it takes to David from Abraham! Is anyone familiar with this story and where can i find it?
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Why did the angels not go straight to S'dom?

It says in Bereishis 18,16 “and the men arose from there and they looked upon S’dom, and Avraham went with them to escort them”. This is followed by several posukim dealing with the dialogue between ...
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1answer
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Who was Hagar's (Avraham's maid/wife) grandfather?

Who was Hagar's (Avraham's maid/wife) grandfather? I know there is a source somewhere for this but I am baffled as to where.
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1answer
41 views

Give money to defendants to pay their claims? Won't that increase theft?

Avos d'R' Nasan, 33:1: … Not only that, but our father Abraham did tz'daka (≈social justice) first and thereafter mishpat (≈justice), as is said [Gen. 18:19] "for I know him, for ...
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1answer
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Avraham's first prophecy

Parshas Lech Lecha has the first record of Hashem communicating with Avraham (Genesis 12:1): וַיֹּ֤אמֶר יְהוָה֙ אֶל־אַבְרָ֔ם לֶךְ־לְךָ֛ מֵאַרְצְךָ֥ וּמִמּֽוֹלַדְתְּךָ֖ וּמִבֵּ֣ית אָבִ֑יךָ אֶל־...
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2answers
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Looking for midrash on the reason why Avraham bought Machpelah

In Bereishit 23, Avraham buys Maarat HaMachpelah for four hundred shekels even though Ephron generously offers to give him the cave for free. I recall there being a midrash that explains the reason ...
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1answer
645 views

What percentage of Jews are descendants of Abraham?

From my limited understanding of the religion being Jewish requires being born of Jewish parents or following some moderately complex procedures. From that I would assume that every Jew alive today ...
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In what manner / How, did Hashem appear to Avraham at Mamre? (Gen 18:1)

In what manner / How, did Hashem appear to Avraham at Mamre? (Gen 18:1) We read in Gen 18:1 וַיֵּרָא אֵלָיו יְהוָה, בְּאֵלֹנֵי מַמְרֵא; וְהוּא יֹשֵׁב פֶּתַח-הָאֹהֶל, כְּחֹם הַיּוֹם. And Hashem/The ...
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Is the line of David known/documented? [duplicate]

Bear in mind, I have a background in Christianity, so my superficial knowledge of Judaism is at best base on the old testament. In the old testament David is told his line will result in the Messiah. ...
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1answer
129 views

Angels Frequently Visiting Avraham

Rashi (Bereishis 16:13) notes that Hagar wasn't frightened to see angels because she normally saw angels frequenting Avraham's household: לְשׁוֹן תֵּמַהּ; וְכִי סְבוּרָה הָיִיתִי שֶׁאַף הֲלוֹם ...
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Uncomfortable Discussions Around Guests

Why doesn't Avraham wait until escorting the angelic "men" out of the tent before having the conversation with Sarah about "laughing" - the pesukim (Bereishis 18:15-16) follow one after the other. ...
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Avraham's Strange Happiness to Death?

Since והיה generally refers to something not bad, Vayikra Rabba (11:7) - כל מקום שנאמר ויהי אין שמחה והיה אין צרה why does Avraham use the word to start the following potentially tragic ...
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635 views

Where was Abraham born?

Where was Abraham born? There are a couple of confusing, and perhaps even conflicting verses in the bible about Abraham's original homeland. The general consensus is that Abraham and his family were ...