Questions tagged [abraham]

First of the Patriarchs אברהם

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Who performed the bris of Abraham?

It is clear that Abraham understood the Torah, and that he waited to enact his bris until commanded, but who performed it? Did he do it himself, or was someone else instructed to do it, to serve in ...
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According to Rashi by Avraham's prayer for Sodom he reasoned that there were 8 righteous being saved. How would Ham be considered righteous?

According to Rashi on Genesis 18:32, Abraham reasoned that 8 righteous people weren't enough to save the world so that's the limit. However given what we know about Ham (cited here and other places), ...
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1answer
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Angels Frequently Visiting Avraham

Rashi (Bereishis 16:13) notes that Hagar wasn't frightened to see angels because she normally saw angels frequenting Avraham's household: לְשׁוֹן תֵּמַהּ; וְכִי סְבוּרָה הָיִיתִי שֶׁאַף הֲלוֹם ...
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2answers
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Why wasn't Avraham lying when he said “Eloh-im yireh lo haseh li-ola, bni”?

When Avraham was going with Yitzchok to the Akaida. As far as Avraham knew at the moment, there was no lamb. So the answer to Yitzchok's question should have been that there will be no lamb for the ...
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Did Avraham invite the angels into his house?

Avraham sits at the entrance to his tent waiting for guests. When the three angels arrive he runs out to greet them and pleads that they stay. He then tells them (Bereishit 18:4): יֻקַּח-נָא מְעַט-...
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Where was Berit Ben Habetarim done?

I've always imagined that Berit Ben Habetarim was done in Eretz Yisrael, but someone recently told me it happened in Haran. Anybody have any sources for either?
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Did the Avos light the menorah? [duplicate]

The Gemara Yoma 28b says that Avraham Avinu kept the whole Torah including Eruv Tavshilin. We see that Avraham kept the Rabbinic laws. Does this mean he lit the Menorah as well? אמר (רב) ואיתימא רב ...
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Did God want converts in the early days of Judaism?

The Midrash says that Abraham and Sarah made many converts, presumably with God's blessing: Abraham made converts, for it is written, "And Abraham took Sarai his wife... and all the souls that they ...
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Commandments/Laws followed by Avraham

Genesis 26:5 states: Because that Avraham obeyed my voice, and kept my charge, my commandments, my statutes, and my laws. What were these laws, statutes, and commandments that Avraham was ...
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Sources that Avraham Avinu personified Gemilas Chasodim

See this thread which discusses that Avraham Avinu used to make his guests pay exorbitant prices if they did not wish to bless Hashem for the food. I am struggling to differentiate between a ...
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In Avraham's story, what's the importance of his burial place, Meoras hamachpeila?

The Torah spends a couple of pages describing Avraham's desire to [be buried and] bury Sarah in a particular place - the Cave of the patriarchs. I find it difficult to comprehend this desire. After ...
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1answer
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Why did Avraham respond to Avimelech but not Pharaoh?

There are two instances recorded in the Torah where Avraham and Sarah have to leave their home and go to a dangerous region. Both times Avraham tells people that Sarah is his sister, and both times ...
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1answer
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Why did Yitzchok use the same subterfuge for his wife that had not worked for Avraham?

When I read the Parashas Toldos, I was surprised to see that when Yitzchok went to the land of Avimeleh, he said that Rivka was his sister to protect his life in Bereshis, 26, 7. It is obvious that ...
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Deep Sleep Genesis 15.12

I would like to know if the "deep sleep" of Abraham (Genesis 15.12) is literally a "sleep", or a state of "trance" as The Midrash of Philo says (15.12). What does the biblical term mean? Also, ...
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Why Me'arat Hamachpela was bought by Avraham and not conquered?

Don't get me wrong, I'm not an aggressor, but conquest and war are always in our set of tools (see Yaakov's preparations to meeting his brother). IIRC Hittim people were idolaters and doomed to be ...
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Why Sarah didn't have more kids with Avraham?

IIRC, Sarah was completely rejuvenated in order to give birth to Itzhak, but I don't remember that G-d took it back after he was born. Apparently, Avraham was eager to have more kids in his old age. ...
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1answer
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Why it was important for Avraham to bring more goyish children in his old age?

וַיֹּסֶף אַבְרָהָם וַיִּקַּח אִשָּׁה וּשְׁמָהּ קְטוּרָה׃ Abraham took another wife, whose name was Keturah. (Gen 25.1) While the Gemmorah (Yevomos 62b) learns that a person must procreate through ...
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Source for Rashi's claim that some nations worshiped dust?

Rashi (Gen 18,4) on "יֻקַּח־נָא מְעַט־מַיִם וְרַחֲצוּ רַגְלֵיכֶם׃" says: כַּסָּבוּר שֶׁהֵם עַרְבִיִּים שֶׁמִּשְׁתַּחֲוִים לַאֲבַק רַגְלֵיהֶם He thought they were Arabians who worship the dust of ...
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Why did Avraham ask Eliezer to go to his family?

What was so special about Avraham's family that he prefers that Eliezer should search there for a wife for Yitzchok (Bereshis 24:40)?
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What was Avraham Avinu's mother's name?

What was Avraham Avinu's mother's name? Our shul received a paper with questions on Simhat Torah, with this question being one of the harder ones. Is there a midrash on her name?
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Prayer for individual tzadikim in Sodom

According to Rashi, Avraham began his prayers by reasoning let the tzadikim save the entire cities, and if the tzadikim can't save the whole city, at least don't kill the tzadikim themselves. אולי יש ...
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Why didn't Avraham argue with HaShem about sacrificing Yitzchak just like he argued with Him about destroying Sodom? [duplicate]

It's known that when Avraham found out that Hashem was going to destroy Sodom and the other cities, he fervently argued with Hashem to save them. My question is: when Hashem told Avraham to sacrifice ...
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3answers
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What was the ethnicity of Abraham?

The Book of Genesis says that Abraham was from Ur Kasdim. Usually English translations renders it "Ur of the Chaldees/Chaldeans". It is impossible for Kasdim to mean Chaldeans if the Torah was written ...
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Looking for a source about Avraham compared to Noah

I'm having some trouble tracking down a source I saw earlier that I'd like to review. Around Beresheit 18:18 when Hashem is deciding whether or not to tell Avraham about the impending destruction of ...
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Why didn't Abraham ask the single best question?

Genesis 18:24ff: And Abraham... said: Will You [God] also cause to perish the righteous one with the wicked one? ...Will You not spare the place for the sake of [say] 50 righteous ones in its ...
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Why does Rashi say Avraham thought the angels were wayfarers?

Rashi on Breishis 18:16 And the men arose from there, and they looked upon Sodom, and Abraham went with them to escort them, says to escort them: Heb. לְשַׁלְּחָם, to escort them. He thought ...
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(Why) did Sarah allow herself to be put in a compromising situation

Starting in Genesis 12:13 Avraham and Sarah deceive Pharaoh into thinking that Sarah was not married. It seems from the verses that Avraham and Sarah understood that if Pharaoh thought Sarah was ...
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Avraham Adon shel Sarah?

Why does Sarah refers to Avraham as אדני Adoni (Genesis 18:12)? Why not say Ishi אישי or Ba'ali בעלי if she is refering to him as her husband? Why would she call him her master/lord?
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Rashi's explanation of why we are told that Avram was 86 at the birth of Yishma'el

Bereishit 16:16: וְאַבְרָ֕ם בֶּן־שְׁמֹנִ֥ים שָׁנָ֖ה וְשֵׁ֣שׁ שָׁנִ֑ים בְּלֶֽדֶת־הָגָ֥ר אֶת־יִשְׁמָעֵ֖אל לְאַבְרָֽם׃‏ Avram was eighty-six years old when Hagar bore Yishma'el to Avram. ...
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Did Abraham and Noah know of each other?

Are there any sources that discuss whether Abraham and Noah knew of each other's existence, if there was ever any interactions between the two and/or if they ever met (not sure if their lives actually ...
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What was G-d's plan in having 20 generations before Abraham appears?

I'm trying to understand G-d's plan for creating wicked and sinful humans, waiting for 1600 years/10 generations for them to sin, wiping them out completely, then waiting for another 400 years for the ...
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Did Abraham always follow halacha?

-The Talmud says that Abraham followed halacha [derived from Genesis 26:5]. -The Torah outlaws child sacrifice. -So: On what grounds did Abraham agree to perform God's command to sacrifice his ...
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Why didn't Terach go to the Land of Canaan?

In Genesis 11:31, Terach takes Avraham (then Avram), Sarah (then Sarai), and Lot to the Land of Canaan, i.e. Israel. However, they stopped in Charan, and Terach spent the rest of his life there. Why ...
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Did Avrahom fail the test?

I was having a discussion with someone in Shul and he said that many big rabbis believe that he failed the test. Because: He should have said no to gd when asked to kill his son, and he lost ...
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In what manner / How, did Hashem appear to Avraham at Mamre? (Gen 18:1)

In what manner / How, did Hashem appear to Avraham at Mamre? (Gen 18:1) We read in Gen 18:1 וַיֵּרָא אֵלָיו יְהוָה, בְּאֵלֹנֵי מַמְרֵא; וְהוּא יֹשֵׁב פֶּתַח-הָאֹהֶל, כְּחֹם הַיּוֹם. And Hashem/The ...
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Source for Avraham's Conversation About Hoshana Rabba

Although many websites quote a Midrash saying Hashem told Avraham, "I will give your descendants a special day for forgiveness: Hoshana Rabbah. If they are not forgiven on Rosh Hashana then let ...
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1answer
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Why count the stars in the daytime? [closed]

It says in Lech Lecha that Hashem took Abraham outside and asked him to count the stars. And from the word "habet" we learn it was during the daytime. Why would it be during the daytime when stars ...
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1answer
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Did the sea split in Yosef's merit or Avraham's merit?

The pasuk (Tehillim 114:3) tells us that at Kriyas Yam Suf, "the Sea saw and fled." It seems that the Sea would not split until it saw something. The Medrash explains: What did it see? It saw Yosef's ...
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Avraham's first prophecy

Parshas Lech Lecha has the first record of Hashem communicating with Avraham (Genesis 12:1): וַיֹּ֤אמֶר יְהוָה֙ אֶל־אַבְרָ֔ם לֶךְ־לְךָ֛ מֵאַרְצְךָ֥ וּמִמּֽוֹלַדְתְּךָ֖ וּמִבֵּ֣ית אָבִ֑יךָ אֶל־...
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Where does Flavius Josephus gets his description of historical events about the Patriarchs

Josephus lived in the 1st century and would accurately report the history in that time period. However he does report about the activities of the Patriarchs. These stories are found in the Jewish ...
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“As many as the stars in the sky”- literally or allegorically?

In Bereishis 15:5 HaShem promises Avraham that his descendants will be as many as the stars in the sky: וַיּוֹצֵ֨א אֹת֜וֹ הַח֗וּצָה וַיֹּ֙אמֶר֙ הַבֶּט־נָ֣א הַשָּׁמַ֗יְמָה וּסְפֹר֙ הַכּ֣וֹכָבִ֔ים אִם־...
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1answer
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What would qualify a Sedomite as a “righteous person”?

In Genesis 18:23-33, Avraham pleads with God to spare Sedom from the destruction it had earned through its wicked institutionalized cruelty. Eventually, Avraham extracts an agreement from God that the ...
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Why identified by the name Og?

Although the Midrash Bereshis Rabbah (42:8) records the story behind the origin of Og's name: וַיָּבֹא הַפָּלִיט (בראשית יד, יג), רֵישׁ לָקִישׁ בְּשֵׁם בַּר קַפָּרָא הוּא עוֹג הוּא פָּלִיט, ...
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Why don't we have a weaning party like Avraham did?

וַיִּגְדַּל הַיֶּלֶד וַיִּגָּמַל וַיַּעַשׂ אַבְרָהָם מִשְׁתֶּה גָדוֹל בְּיוֹם הִגָּמֵל אֶת־יִצְחָק׃ The child [Itzchak] grew up and was weaned, and Abraham held a great feast on the day that Isaac was ...
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Why is Abraham considered the “Founder of Judaism”?

Why is Abraham called 'the founder of Judaism' given that he didn't write its founding legislation, which is what 'founders' of other religions did (for example, Paul and Muhammed)? What place does ...
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1answer
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Sources for what happened to Avraham’s Converts? [duplicate]

In Bereishis (12:5 and in Rashi) we see that Avraham converted people in Charan, and then took them with him to Kena’an. Do we know what happened to them? • When Avraham and Lot separated, who did ...
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If there were people before/during Avraham's life that recognised Hashem, why was Avraham chosen specifically?

We know that Shem lived during the life of Avraham Avinu, described as Malki Tzedek. Why is Avraham considered the first to spread ethical monotheism (concluding in G-d choosing him) if it's known ...
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1answer
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Avraham's ten tests and the miracles in Mitzraim

Avos d'Rebbi Nassan* 33 recounts that corresponding to Avraham's ten tests,1 Hashem performed ten miracles for the Bnei Yisrael in Mitzraim2 and struck the Mitzriim with ten makkos, and likewise He ...
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Who owns the Cave of Machpelah today?

In Genesis 23, Abraham purchased the Cave of Machpelah from Efron the Hittite. Several generations of Abraham's family were buried there, although eventually new burials ceased. According to Jewish ...
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347 views

How could Avraham feed his guests tongue?

Avraham served his guests three tongues in mustard.1 However, Avraham kept all the mitzvot,2 one of which is to give the foreleg, jaw (including the tongue3), and maw of each slaughtered animal to the ...