Questions tagged [abraham]

First of the Patriarchs אברהם

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5 votes
3 answers
271 views

Age of Avram (Avraham) when he left for Kena'an out of the Ur Kasdim?

Nechemyah 9:7-8 teaches that it was HaShem who brought (or called?) Avram forth out of the Ur Kasdim. Bereshit 11:31 teaches that Terach took his whole household in which included Avram and they went ...
3 votes
3 answers
281 views

Angels Frequently Visiting Avraham

Rashi (Bereishis 16:13) notes that Hagar wasn't frightened to see angels because she normally saw angels frequenting Avraham's household: לְשׁוֹן תֵּמַהּ; וְכִי סְבוּרָה הָיִיתִי שֶׁאַף הֲלוֹם ...
1 vote
2 answers
147 views

Signing off the bracha of 'magen Avraham' with just Avraham

In Parshas Lech Lecha 12:2, the pasuk famously reads: וְאֶֽעֶשְׂךָ֙ לְג֣וֹי גָּד֔וֹל וַאֲבָ֣רֶכְךָ֔ וַאֲגַדְּלָ֖ה שְׁמֶ֑ךָ וֶהְיֵ֖ה בְּרָכָֽה׃ I will make of you a great nation, And I will bless you; ...
7 votes
2 answers
321 views

Did Avraham invite the angels into his house?

Avraham sits at the entrance to his tent waiting for guests. When the three angels arrive he runs out to greet them and pleads that they stay. He then tells them (Bereishit 18:4): יֻקַּח-נָא מְעַט-...
16 votes
4 answers
4k views

Why didn't Abraham ask the single best question?

Genesis 18:24ff: And Abraham... said: Will You [God] also cause to perish the righteous one with the wicked one? ...Will You not spare the place for the sake of [say] 50 righteous ones in its ...
1 vote
1 answer
171 views

Why not interpret consistently the way the age at death is expressed?

The Torah says: וַיִּהְיוּ֙ חַיֵּ֣י שָׂרָ֔ה מֵאָ֥ה שָׁנָ֛ה וְעֶשְׂרִ֥ים שָׁנָ֖ה וְשֶׁ֣בַע שָׁנִ֑ים שְׁנֵ֖י חַיֵּ֥י שָׂרָֽה׃ Sarah’s lifetime came to one hundred years and twenty years and seven years ...
3 votes
1 answer
140 views

What made Malkitzedek a Cohen more than Abraham?

IIRC, before Mt. Sinai, priestly rights were given to the firstborns. For those who say, Malkitzedek was Shem Ben Noah, he wasn't Noah's firstborn. I don't know if Abraham was a firstborn, but, unlike ...
0 votes
2 answers
58 views

Why is it important to state that Avraham was a prophet?

In Beresheet 20:7 it says: "וְעַתָּה הָשֵׁב אֵשֶׁת הָאִישׁ כִּי נָבִיא הוּא וְיִתְפַּלֵּל בַּעַדְךָ וֶחְיֵה וְאִם אֵינְךָ מֵשִׁיב דַּע כִּי מוֹת תָּמוּת אַתָּה וְכָל אֲשֶׁר לָךְ" "...
2 votes
4 answers
161 views

Why did Sarai & Abram have the slave Hagar?

Why did Sarai & Abram have the Egyptian slave/servant girl (שִׁפְחָ֥ה) Hagar? Was it custom for newlywed Hebrew couples like them to have servants?
0 votes
1 answer
81 views

Philistines destroyed the Temple?

Posting for someone else: The Rashbam on Bereshis 22:1 brings that Hashem, in retaliation for Avraham giving 7 sheep to Avimelech, says that Avimelech's descendants will destroy 7 sanctuaries of ...
0 votes
1 answer
99 views

A prophet from the seed of Ishmael is necessary to fufill Genesis 17:7?

In Genesis 17:7 I will establish my covenant between me and you, and your offspring after you throughout their generations, for an everlasting covenant, to be God to you and to your offspring after ...
1 vote
1 answer
81 views

How did Abraham end up in Ur Kasdim when Shem and Ever lived in Israel?

IIRC, it starts with Noah landing on the Ararat mountains somewhere in nowadays Turkey. Some 300 years later we hear that Shem runs a Yeshiva in Eretz Israel together with his grand-grandson Ever and ...
15 votes
3 answers
430 views

Why did Avraham argue with G-d about Sodom but not about his son's sacrifice?

Are there any Mefarshim who commented on why Avraham chose to advocate on behalf of Sodom when G-d tells him that the city will be destroyed, but chose to remain silent and just accept the decree when ...
4 votes
1 answer
154 views

Avraham was one of the builders of the Tower of Bavel?

Ibn Ezra to Gen. 11:1 says that "Avraham was amongst the builders of the Tower." "Hu haya Avraham mibonei hamigdal." Does Ibn Ezra mean that Avraham Avinu was actually one of the ...
9 votes
5 answers
2k views

Did Abraham and Noah know of each other?

Are there any sources that discuss whether Abraham and Noah knew of each other's existence, if there was ever any interactions between the two and/or if they ever met (not sure if their lives actually ...
0 votes
0 answers
70 views

When did Abraham establish the morning prayer?

Related: "why-would-abraham-establish-the-morning-prayer" The Talmud proposes that the morning prayer was established by Abraham (Berakhot.26b): "תַּנְיָא כְּווֹתֵיהּ דְּרַבִּי יוֹסֵי ...
0 votes
0 answers
45 views

Why would Abraham establish the morning prayer?

The Talmud proposes that the morning prayer was established by Abraham (Berakhot.26b): "תַּנְיָא כְּווֹתֵיהּ דְּרַבִּי יוֹסֵי בְּרַבִּי חֲנִינָא: אַבְרָהָם תִּקֵּן תְּפִלַּת שַׁחֲרִית, ...
5 votes
1 answer
100 views

Why did God listen to Lot's prayer to save Sodom, yet didn't listen to Abraham's?

After all of Abraham's wondorous prayers to Hashem to save Sodom the posuk says (י״ח:לג): וַיֵּ֣לֶךְ יְהוָ֔ה כַּאֲשֶׁ֣ר כִּלָּ֔ה לְדַבֵּ֖ר אֶל־אַבְרָהָ֑ם וְאַבְרָהָ֖ם שָׁ֥ב לִמְקֹמֽוֹ God 'went' when ...
2 votes
1 answer
62 views

Why the long delay for Akeidas Yitzchak?

In Bereishis 21:8 the pasuk writes: וַיִּגְדַּ֥ל הַיֶּ֖לֶד וַיִּגָּמַ֑ל וַיַּ֤עַשׂ אַבְרָהָם֙ מִשְׁתֶּ֣ה גָד֔וֹל בְּי֖וֹם הִגָּמֵ֥ל אֶת־יִצְחָֽק׃ The child grew up and was weaned, and Abraham held a ...
1 vote
2 answers
150 views

Were there any Tzaddikim in Sodom?

In Vayera, Avraham asks HaShem to save Sodom if even 10 righteous people exist. Sodom gets destroyed. Are there any sources that say Sodom had any righteous people, even if less than ten?
1 vote
1 answer
46 views

Hashem vindicates Sarah's jealousy?

According to the Ibn Ezra (21,9), Sarah's demand to banish Yishmael was based purely on jealousy. Why would Hashem agree with her and instruct Avraham to send him away?
2 votes
0 answers
37 views

What do Chazal say as to why Avram and Terach left Ur Kasdeem

The Torah in Bereishis does not elaborate as to why Terach and Avram left Ur Kasdeem. Could it have been because of a massive earthquake and the fear that it might reoccur and harm the family? The ...
2 votes
1 answer
76 views

Why did HaShem send an angel to speak to Avraham?

During the Akeida of Yitzchak, the Torah tells us twice that an Angel called out to Avraham. HaShem spoke to Avraham Avinu many times; why here was an angel used (twice!)?
1 vote
0 answers
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Did the patriarchs travel at night?

I have heard that Abraham and the other Patriarchs would have travelled during the night and encamp during the daytime. What evidence is there for such a claim?
0 votes
2 answers
129 views

Why was Abraham cheap with Hagar and his son Yishmael?

Following "why-would-Hagar-go-to-the-desert-to-die", IIRC Abraham was freakishly wealthy and he should be full of Chessed (toward his former wife and his own son), Sarah didn't deny any ...
5 votes
1 answer
342 views

Midrash on the sale of the Machpelah Cave

A few days ago I saw in a library book a midrash on the sale of the Machpelah Cave. The midrash detailed the names of the four witnesses who signed their names on the deed. Unfortunately, I returned ...
9 votes
3 answers
191 views

Source for Rashi's claim that some nations worshiped dust?

Rashi (Gen 18,4) on "יֻקַּח־נָא מְעַט־מַיִם וְרַחֲצוּ רַגְלֵיכֶם׃" says: כַּסָּבוּר שֶׁהֵם עַרְבִיִּים שֶׁמִּשְׁתַּחֲוִים לַאֲבַק רַגְלֵיהֶם He thought they were Arabians who worship the dust of ...
11 votes
2 answers
4k views

Did Abraham know that Lot survived the Destruction of Sodom and Gomorrah?

In last week's Parasha, we all know the story of Abraham arguing with God to have God spare the cities on account of the righteous. However, I haven't heard much about the end of the story. Genesis ...
9 votes
2 answers
135 views

Hashem's inconsistent responses about Sedom

In parshas Vayeira there is a whole back-and-forth between Hashem and Avraham. Each time Avraham pleaded to save everyone if a certain number of righteous individuals would be found. Each time Hashem ...
2 votes
1 answer
83 views

Why was it that Lot and the place he fleed to were saved from the destruction of Sodom and Gemorah?

Bereshit 12:4 Lot went with him (Avraham).. 13:1 Lot with him (Avraham).. 13:5 And Lot also, who went with Avram.. After these points Lot goes on a seperate way from Avraham, but HaShem still shows ...
0 votes
1 answer
60 views

Why didn’t Avraham run the first time he saw the three men?

It becomes clear from Bereshit 18:2 that Avraham is looking around from the entrance of the tent and sees three men appearing, cause it reads: והנה שלשה אנשים נצבים עליו. But what did Avraham see the ...
3 votes
3 answers
438 views

Does Rashi refer to Arabs when describing the 3 people who visited Abraham?

The Torah writes (Bereshit 18:2) [Abraham] saw three men standing near him Rashi comments right after (on 18:4) כַּסָּבוּר שֶׁהֵם עַרְבִיִּים which can be translated "[Abraham] thought they ...
2 votes
2 answers
134 views

Why was King David allowed to kill Phillistines?

In Breishit 21:23–24, Avimelech asks Avrahm to swear that his future generations will not destroy his sons or grandchildren. Bechor Shor commentary says: תעשה עמדי. כשתבא לידך שלא תגרש גם אתה את זרעי:...
5 votes
1 answer
182 views

Where does Flavius Josephus get his description of historical events about the Patriarchs

Josephus lived in the 1st century and would accurately report the history in that time period. However he does report about the activities of the Patriarchs. These stories are found in the Jewish ...
6 votes
2 answers
2k views

What is the source for: One shouldn't name a baby using names from before Abraham

I've heard or I've been taught one shouldn't name a baby (or take a name, in the case of a ger) from names in the Torah before Abraham, namely Adam, Noah etc. This makes sense to me, as Abraham is the ...
7 votes
2 answers
330 views

Why does God appear to Avraham about Sarah’s laughter?

In Bereshis (Perek 18) why would God appear to Avraham regarding Sarah’s laughter and not appear to Sarah herself? Isn’t one’s relationship with God personal, not necessarily involving one’s spouse? ...
3 votes
1 answer
319 views

Per the claim that Abraham kept the whole Torah, why didn't he circumcise Ishmael and all his slaves earlier?

"Abraham was ninety-nine years old when he circumcised the flesh of his foreskin, and his son Ishmael was thirteen years old when he was circumcised in the flesh of his foreskin. Thus Abraham and ...
4 votes
5 answers
963 views

What was the ethnicity of Abraham?

The Book of Genesis says that Abraham was from Ur Kasdim. Usually English translations renders it "Ur of the Chaldees/Chaldeans". It is impossible for Kasdim to mean Chaldeans if the Torah was written ...
3 votes
1 answer
756 views

What is the exact meaning of "ha Elohim" in Genesis 22:1?

In Genesis 22: 1 we read: "And it came to pass after these things, that ha Elohim tested Abraham, and He said to him, "Abraham," and he said, "Here I am." I see that the ...
1 vote
1 answer
51 views

Why did Sarah demand to expel Hagar?

IIRC, Hagar was [happily] married to Abraham for at least 17 years (one or two for pregnancy, 13 of Yishmael before his circumcision, one for Sarah's pregnancy, and two for Itzhak's Gmilah). If it was ...
3 votes
0 answers
125 views

Do Arabs have a distinct stature among non-Jews as they descend from Abraham?

To best of my knowledge, according to Judaism, both Arabs and Jews descend from Abraham. In particular, Arabs are believed to be descended from Ishmael, and Jews are believed to be descended from ...
2 votes
2 answers
105 views

Why did Avraham ask Eliezer to go to his family?

What was so special about Avraham's family that he prefers that Eliezer should search there for a wife for Yitzchok (Bereshis 24:40)?
5 votes
1 answer
215 views

Where was Malkitzedek of Jerusalem at the time of the Akedah?

ארץ המוריה: יְרוּשָׁלַיִם (Rashi Genesis.22.2) "And King Melchizedek of Salem brought out bread and wine...", Targum "וּמַלְכִּי צֶדֶק מַלְכָּא דִירוּשְׁלֶם" Genesis.14.18 If ...
1 vote
1 answer
112 views

Rav Moshe on Midrash about Avraham sending his son to get water

I recently read the following here p.8 (third column): Similarly, Reb Moshe comments on the Midrash that is critical of Avraham Avinu for sending his son to get water for his guests instead of ...
1 vote
0 answers
24 views

Why is God unspecific with directions to Abraham?

The LORD said to Abram, “Go forth ... to the land that I will show you." Genesis.12.1 And He said, “Take your son... and offer him there as a burnt offering on one of the heights that I will ...
3 votes
2 answers
178 views

Was Abraham given a scripture?

According to the Quran, Abraham was given a scripture just like Moses. This is certainly ˹mentioned˺ in the earlier Scriptures— the Scriptures of Abraham and Moses. [Quran 87/18-19] The scripture ...
0 votes
3 answers
81 views

Why the choice of Abraham preceded finding him righteous?

We say it daily in the morning prayer: אַתָּה־הוּא ה"א אֲשֶׁר בָּחַרְתָּ בְּאַבְרָם וְהוֹצֵאתוֹ מֵאוּר כַּשְׂדִּים וְשַׂמְתָּ שְּׁמוֹ אַבְרָהָם׃ וּמָצָאתָ אֶת־לְבָבוֹ נֶאֱמָן לְפָנֶיךָ... You ...
6 votes
2 answers
129 views

Why doesn't the Chumash record a blessing for Yitzchak?

Yitzchak blesses his two sons. Ya'acov blesses his twelve sons and even a couple of grandsons. Even Noach tells of the future of his sons. Does Avraham ever formally bless Yitzchak? If so, why doesn't ...
4 votes
3 answers
312 views

Why did Abraham give his sons impure gifts?

The Torah says that Abraham gave gifts to his sons (other than Isaac) and sent them away: And Abraham gave all that he had to Isaac. But to the sons of [his] concubines [he] gave gifts while he was ...
0 votes
1 answer
63 views

Did Abraham and Sarah say a blessing on hearing a good news about their future heir?

IIRC, one says a Brachah of "Hatov veha-Meitiv" on hearing good news (source needed). When the angels came to inform Abraham and Sara of giving birth to Isaac in exactly one year, did they ...