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Bava Basra 15a-b lists a number of opinions as to when Iyov lived:

  • R' Levi bar Chama: In the days of Moshe
  • Rava: In the days of the Meraglim
  • Unnamed student of R' Shmuel bar Nachmani: Iyov never lived; it's entirely a mashal
  • R' Yochanan and Rav Elazar: Beginning of Bayis Sheini
  • Simple understanding of an unattributed Braisa: During Galus Mitzraim
  • R' Eliezer: In the days of Sefer Rus
  • R' Yehoshua ben Karchah: In the days of Achashveirosh
  • R' Nassan: In the days of the kingdom of Sheva
  • Chachamim: In the days of the Kasdim (i.e. Nevuchadnetzar - Rashi)
  • Yeish Omrim: In the days of Yaakov

The Gemara ibid. quotes a Braisa that Sefer Iyov was written by Moshe Rabbeinu; this opinion can only hold according to R' Levi bar Chama, Rava, the student of R' Shmuel bar Nachmani, the unattributed Braisa, and Yeish Omrim. According to the remaining six opinions, Iyov lived after Moshe.

According to these opinions, who wrote Sefer Iyov?

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    Related: judaism.stackexchange.com/q/29305/13438 – Alex Mar 1 '19 at 4:36
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    "this opinion can only hold according...": Can't he write about the future? Some say he wrote he died, for example. – msh210 Mar 1 '19 at 7:17
  • @msh210 That’s a bit different, due to the reasoning brought in the Gemara there - “how can it be that Moshe took the Sefer Torah and it wasn’t yet complete?!” That line of logic doesn’t apply to Sefer Iyov, so I’d rather avoid saying it’s prophetic unless someone says so explicitly. – DonielF Mar 1 '19 at 14:21

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