As the context isn't clear and I don't speak hebrew

So I don't know what it's exactly about.


Look back to 14:4:

וְנָשָׂאתָ הַמָּשָׁל הַזֶּה, עַל-מֶלֶךְ בָּבֶל--וְאָמָרְתָּ: אֵיךְ שָׁבַת נֹגֵשׂ

Proclaim this allegory concerning the King of Babylon: how the oppressor has stopped!

So the next few verses are all metaphors for the King of Babylon (a flesh-and-blood person). There's a consistent pattern of "you were so mighty, but not anymore", in various metaphorical terms.

14:14 thus reads:

אֵיךְ נָפַלְתָּ מִשָּׁמַיִם, הֵילֵל בֶּן-שָׁחַר; נִגְדַּעְתָּ לָאָרֶץ, חוֹלֵשׁ עַל-גּוֹיִם.

How did you fall from the skies, helel ben shachar; you were cut down to earth, weakener of nations [or "decider of nations' fates"].

Shachar is Hebrew for "dawn." Helel is "bringer"; the common translation is "the morning star" [i.e. bringer of dawn]. Another allegory for Babylon's fallen might -- you were the morning star and now you've fallen.

The Hebrew Wikisource notes that the Greek translation was heosphoros, which just means "bringer of light"; that went to the Vulgate (i.e. Latin translation) "Lucifer", meaning simply "light-bearer." Later Christian interpretations took that to mean the devil, which is probably what you'd heard.


It is not clear what translation you are using and where you see Lucifer. chabad.org translates

Your pride has been lowered into Gehinnom, the stirring of your psalteries. Maggots are spread under you, and worms cover you. How have you fallen from heaven, the morning star? You have been cut down to earth, You who cast lots on nations. And you said to yourself, 'To the heavens will I ascend, above God's stars will I raise my throne, and I will sit on the mount of the assembly, in the farthest end of the north. I will ascend above the heights of the clouds; I will liken myself to the Most High.'

while Koren translates

Thy pomp is brought down to She᾽ol, and the noise of thy lutes: worms are spread under thee, and worms cover thee. How art thou fallen from heaven, O bright star, son of the morning! how art thou cut down to the ground, that didst rule over the nations! For thou hast said in thy heart, I will ascend into heaven, I will exalt my throne above the stars of God: I will sit also upon the mount of the congregation, in the farthest north: I will ascend above the heights of the clouds; I will be like the most High.

and JPS

Your pomp is brought down to Sheol, And the strains of your lutes! Worms are to be your bed, Maggots your blanket!” How are you fallen from heaven, O Shining One, son of Dawn! How are you felled to earth, O vanquisher of nations! Once you thought in your heart, “I will climb to the sky; Higher than the stars of God I will set my throne. I will sit in the mount of assembly, On the summit of Zaphon: I will mount the back of a cloud— I will match the Most High.”

None of these mentions Lucifer.

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