The beginning of Tetzaveh in Shemot 28:3, G-d tells Moshe to speak to the "people whom G-d inspired with knowledge of the heart" to make the garments for Aharon and his sons.

In viewing the language used for the different garments, I noticed that only the ephod is expressed in plural "**they**** shall make. All the other garments, the stones, the chains, etc. are expressed in singular.

Didn't the above cited verse say that the "wise men" should make these items? Why wasn't the plural used for all the garments? What was different about the ephod that only for that the Torah used the plural form?

  • Please please, always quote the original Hebrew text, I have no idea what "they" in Hebrew you're talking about – Al Berko Feb 14 '19 at 18:15

Keli Yakar to 28:6 says that only the Ephod and the Aron as well were constructed by the entire nation, since they come to atone for Avodah Zarah (Arachin 16), which the whole nation sinned in at the Ma'aseh Ha'egel. However, for the other garments, as well as the other vessels of the Mishkan, it remains in the singular form (presumably aimed at Moshe).

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