I learned to lein Taamei Emes a few years ago using this link, which I found in a comment here on MY.

However, the tradition recorded there only takes the mafsikim into account, and all the mesharsim, with a couple of exceptions, are treated equally. Some of the secondary stresses, like tzinoris, are completely ignored. Does anyone have a way to lein that take ALL of the trop, or at least more of them, into account?

My primary motivation here is to get a sense of the grammar implied by the trop, which is very complicated as I found when writing this answer. I'd prefer a real tradition if that exists, but I'd be ok with a method that's reconstructed or even just made up in a systematic way that respects the grammar. (Of course, it should be honest about where it comes from. I don't want another Yerushalmi Kodshim.)

  • Generally only Ashkenazim add tunes to conjunctive notes, so seemingly no, there is no tradition available at all.
    – Double AA
    Feb 6, 2019 at 14:05
  • @DoubleAA as I said, in the one I linked some of the notes don't seem to do anything, and they have to be there for some purpose. Also there could be one made up.
    – Heshy
    Feb 6, 2019 at 14:10
  • For non ashkenazim meshartim do indeed do just about nothing. I'm not denying someone could make something up
    – Double AA
    Feb 6, 2019 at 14:11
  • @DoubleAA in the 21 books, they do indicate the stress, which I don't call "nothing" even if the exact identity of the symbol doesn't matter to non-Ashkenazim. In Eme"s there are some symbols that don't seem to do anything at all.
    – Heshy
    Feb 6, 2019 at 15:40
  • In EMT they indicate stress too. The only possible exception is the "Oleh". Is that what you mean?
    – Double AA
    Feb 6, 2019 at 15:46

1 Answer 1


Check out "Max Tawil Tehillim Lesson- I" on this page: http://www.pizmonim.org/section.php?maqam=Tehillim

There are other sources that explain the logic of the grammar better, but this is a "real tradition". (The middle eastern communities have 3 separate tunes for Iyyov, Mishlei, and Tehillim by the way. Eshet Hayil is read with the Mishlei tune on Erev Shabbat.)

  • Do they have tunes for conjunctive notes?
    – Double AA
    May 19, 2019 at 23:06
  • I can't say that it covers "all the mesharsim" as the question asked. However, Tawil discusses each ta'am and explains which are emphasized and which aren't. Consider too that it's possible that the conjunctive accents in some books never had musical notes specifically associated with them.
    – pandichef
    May 19, 2019 at 23:20
  • About how many conjunctive accents are assigned specific tunes? The question was particularly targeting that info so please include it. And while it is possible they never had tunes it's not particularly likely since then they'd have had no purpose.
    – Double AA
    May 19, 2019 at 23:21
  • 1
    I asked a Syrian friend once if I could hear him lein Tehillim, and (at least his version of) their tradition doesn't have a tune for the mesharsim. But I can give it a try.
    – Heshy
    May 19, 2019 at 23:25
  • 2
    Do you have a good sense of the difference between a mercha and a munach, for instance? I don't.
    – Heshy
    May 19, 2019 at 23:48

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