I've been studying Masechet Zevachim, and it seems very easy for a sacrifice to become invalid. Even if it doesn't become invalid, it seems that even the slightest mistake can force the person offering the korban to replace the korban when he did not fulfil his obligation e.g a Neder ( nedava is exempt from replacement)

Under the circumstances, it seems that a negligent Kohen could cause great financial losses to other Jews. Would such a Kohen be required to pay for sacrifices that he disqualified? If so, under what circumstances? Could he be excluded from bringing offerings for making too many mistakes?


The Tashbeitz (14th century) Chelek Gimmel 82 gives a good summary of what the Halacha is for Hezek sheeino Nikar with Kodshim

בענין מטמא טהרותיו של חבירו ובכלהו אינך דפ' הנזקין (נ"ג ע"א) קי"ל כר' יוחנן דאמר היזק שאינו ניכר לא שמיה היזק כמו שכתב הריא"ף ז"ל בפ"ק דבבא קמא ולא קיימא לן כחזקיה דאמר שמיה היזק אע"ג דחזקיה רביה דר' יוחנן הוא ואין הלכ' כתלמיד במקום הרב כיון דרב נחמן בר רב יצחק דבתרא לא מתרץ למתניתא הכי. כוותי' קי"ל ועוד דהכי אסיק רב פפא האי דחזקיה בתיובתא וכיון דהיזק שאינו ניכר אינו הזיק שוגג פטור מן הדין והכא דמזיד חייב אינו אלא מפני תקון העולם שלא יטמא כל אחד טהרותיו של חבירו ויאמר פטור אני כדמפרש תלמודא התם

Someone who Rittually contaminates or causes any other Damage not noticeable the Halacha Follows Rabbi Yochanan that by mistake one is exempt from paying Damages as it is not considered damages. Even though Chizkia argues, since Chizkia who holds one has to pay for unnoticeable damage was proven wrong by a Braisa, and Rav Nachman Bar Yitzchok and Rav Popo later Amoraim support Rabbi Yochanan against his Rebbe Chizkia one is not liable for inadvertent unnoticeable damage. But if (a Cohen or someone else) he Ritually contaminates (or any other type of damage that is not physical) a Korban on purpose because of tikkun olam (people who don't like each other would cause losses to each other with unless punished), he has to pay for his damages. (like Rabbi Yehuda and the Stam Mishna)

There are 4 things included under Hezek sheeino Nikar with Kodshim mentioned later in the Tashbeitz:
1. מטמא - Ritually contaminating a Korban (or teruma or any chullin that was supposed to be eaten Betohoro)
2. מדמע - throwing a peice of Teruma in a pile of less than 100 times its size (not Kodshim but related) and rendering the pile unfit to eat by a Yisroel or Cohen Tamei
3. מנסך - Mixing a Libation offering (or regular wine) with Avoda Zara wine (making it a libation for avoda zara would be Kam Lei Bidraba Minei and chayav Misa)
4. כהנים שפגלו - Kohanim who render a Korban Invalid by saying (according to some opinions even thinking) during Avoda that it should be eaten outide the time limit or out of the bounderies.

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