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The Pirkei Avot 1:1 says

משֶׁה קִבֵּל תּוֹרָה מִסִּינַי, וּמְסָרָהּ לִיהוֹשֻׁעַ, וִיהוֹשֻׁעַ לִזְקֵנִים, וּזְקֵנִים לִנְבִיאִים,
וּנְבִיאִים מְסָרוּהָ לְאַנְשֵׁי כְנֶסֶת הַגְּדוֹלָה.

Moshe received the Torah from Sinai and transmitted it to Yehoshua, and Yehoshua to the Elders, and the Elders to the Prophets, and the Prophets transmitted it to the Men of the Great Assembly.

Who were the Elders? And How can we understand their spiritual abilities?

  • Why do you assume that they were great? – Joel K Jan 27 '19 at 10:32
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    Those are two different questions. Please elaborate on what do you mean by greatness. – Al Berko Jan 27 '19 at 10:32
  • The leading Torah scholars of those generations were collectively called "The Elders". – shmu Jan 27 '19 at 14:00
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See mefarshim, e.g. Yachin:

הן השופטים שאחר יהושע:‏

The elders: The judges after Yehoshua.

שעלי השופט האחרון מסר לשמואל ראש הנביאים.‏

Eli (Hakohen), the last judge, transmitted to Shmuel, the first prophet.

What was their greatness? They were the leaders of the Israeli Nation.

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    The answer neither does explain their greatness – Rh Haokip Jan 27 '19 at 10:22

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