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I have always been puzzled by "בבואו מאדום" Zemer that many sing at Seuda Shlishis (actually found in the Bentcher as part of "Boruch Hashem Yom Yom"):

בְּבוֹאוֹ מֵאֱדוֹם חֲמוּץ בְּגָדִים, זֶבַח לוֹ בְּבָצְרָה וְטֶבַח לוֹ בּבוֹגְדִים, וְיֵז נִצְחָם מַלְבוּשָׁיו לְהַאְדִּים, בְּכֹחוֹ הַגּדוֹל יִבְצֹר רוּחַ נְגִידִים, הָגָה בְּרוּחוֹ הַקָּשָׁה בְּיוֹם קָדִים. רְאוֹתוֹ כִּי כֵן אֲדֹמִי הָעוֹצֵר, יַחְשָׁב לוֹ בָּצְרָה תִקְלֹט כְּבֶצֶר, וּמַלְאָךְ כְּאָדָם בְּתוֹכָהּ יִנָּצֵר, וּמֵזִיד כַּשּׁוֹגֵג בְּמִקְלָט יֵעָצֵר, אֶהֱבוּ אֶת ה׳ כָּל חֲסִידָיו אֱמוּנִים נוֹצֵר

The angel fleeing from before Hashem when Moshiach comes makes three glaring mistakes:

  • He thought that Botzrah (not an Ir Miklat) sheltered like Betzer (a certified Ir Miklat)
  • He thought that a Malach could be considered as a person and be sheltered in an Ir Miklat
  • He thought that a Meizid (purposeful killer) could be sheltered there like a Shogeig (accidental killer)

What does it mean that an angel makes those mistakes? I think that this Zemer is just shouting for a deeper explanation. Does anyone have something to share?

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    For reference, that part of the zemer is clearly based on Reish Lakish’s teaching in Makkos 12a. Everyone that I’ve seen commenting there seems to focus on the importance of those mistakes, rather than how they’re made in the first place. Keep in mind that this is the same Malach we pull the same trick on every single year when we don’t blow the Shofar on Erev Rosh Hashanah. I wonder if the point is that the Yetzer Hara, while crafty, isn’t very bright, and hence yet another Gemara’s teaching that a person can only sin when possessed by a spirit of insanity. – DonielF Jan 15 at 2:21
  • @DonielF, I don't think the point is the Yetzer Harah isn't very bright. A malach cannot be compared on the level of man. We do find in other areas that malachim seem to make mistakes, which in general, I believe, requires some explanation. – Rafael Jan 15 at 3:56
  • @Doodle, honestly the malach could've made any one of those 3 mistakes and it would've been enough. Just interesting to point out. – Rafael Jan 15 at 3:57
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    not an answer, because it's original, but these are the mistakes the evil inclination makes us make: blurring the difference between 'by mistake' and 'on purpose', making things 'basically the same so it's alright' and 'if it's good for him it's good for me' – Orangesandlemons Jan 15 at 13:22
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    @Doodle As is pointed out in the midrashim which discuss the birth of Armilus HaRasha, he is not a normal human being. It indicates that his creation is rooted in the same aspect of Gevurah that caused the 'Tzimtzum HaRishon' at the very beginning of creation. This means the total concealment of G-d's presence. Armilus HaRasha did not have free choice, like other Jews. He is like an angel with the appearance of a Jew. A similar concept (the elimination of free choice) is discussed by Rambam in Hilchot Teshuva in connection with Pharaoh. – Yaacov Deane Jan 15 at 15:18

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